Videos uploaded by user “Computer History Museum”
The Art of Writing Software
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Software is more than obscure computer code. It’s an art form: a meticulously-crafted literature that enables complex conversations between humans and machines. From FORTRAN to sophisticated programs in use today, discover the technology, creativity, hard work, and technique behind these elegant languages. Software pioneers share their stories. Catalog Number: 102695613 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Views: 559444 Computer History Museum
1401: The Dawn of a New Era
The IBM 1401, a medium-sized business computer introduced in 1959, became IBM's biggest selling computer of the early 1960s. By 1965, nearly half of all computers in the world were IBM 1401s. This success was fostered by IBM developing a system that preserved customers' existing investment in punched card business methods while allowing for a transition to newer methods of electronic, digital, stored program computing. The film unveils the history of this popular computer, based, in part, on interviews with its original designers. In its second half, the film covers the IBM 1401 Restoration Project at the Computer History Museum, in which a team of former IBM computing specialists spent a decade restoring two vintage IBM 1401 systems. The systems are now publicly demonstrated on a regular basis at the Computer History Museum. Lot Number: X7011.2014
David Cutler — 2016 CHM Fellow
CHM honors David Cutler for his fundamental contributions to computer architecture, compilers, operating systems and software engineering. Learn about Cutler’s life and career in this original CHM production. Visit computerhistory.org to learn more about the Computer History Museum Fellow Awards. For over 25 years, the Computer History Museum Fellow Awards have honored distinguished technology pioneers for their outstanding merits and significant contributions to the advancement of computer history and evolution of the Information Age. The Fellow Awards are an extension of the Computer History Museum’s overarching vision to explore the computing revolution and its impact on the human experience.
The Babbage Difference Engine #2 at CHM
[Recorded: July 23, 2012] In development with Microsoft Research, CHM produced this video of Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine #2 (no longer on display). This video also appears in the @CHM blog post: http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/lit-shot-and-gigapixeled/. Catalog Number: 102717236 Lot Number: X7288.2015
The Electronic Coach
[Recorded: circa 1959] "The Electronic Coach" is a short film made by IBM describing the use of computers in the management of a university basketball team. The film features computer science legend Don Knuth, then a junior at Case Institute of Technology. For all four of his undergraduate years at Case (1956-60), Knuth was manager of the basketball team and sought ways to improve his team's play by analyzing a series of special statistics he captured during games. The scoring method was unusual in the weightings it gave to activities not necessarily associated with traditional coaching but Knuth's insights into basketball, combined with his computerization of the reams of data he collected, helped Case's coaching staff make their basketball team a winner. The computer used is an IBM 650.
GitHub CEO on Learning to Code and Dropping Out of College
GitHub CEO Chris Wanstrath shares how he taught himself to code and how his passion for programming caused him to fail out of college.
History of Databases
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Every hour, every day, digital databases quietly store, cross-reference, and return information on every aspect of our lives. Discover the history of these powerful tools, including one man’s struggle to convince his employer listen to his idea – the idea that led to a billion dollar industry. Catalog Number: 102695602 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Xerox Parc - Office Alto Commercial
[May 14, 1979] In this short one-minute commercial, Xerox introduces its vision for the office of the future. Years ahead of its time, the 1972 Xerox Alto featured Ethernet networking, a full page display, a mouse, laser printing, e-mail, and a windows-based user interface. Although it's high price limited sales, the Alto was a groundbreaking invention and the inspiration for the Apple Macintosh and Microsoft Windows operating systems. Catalog Number: 102746224 (digital) Catalog Number: 102639652 (tape)
Views: 127102 Computer History Museum
False Dawn: The Babbage Engine
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Charles Babbage (1791-1871), computer pioneer, designed the first automatic computing engines. He invented computers but failed to build them. The first complete Babbage Engine was completed in London in 2002, 153 years after it was designed. Difference Engine No. 2, built faithfully to the original drawings, consists of 8,000 parts, weighs five tons, and measures 11 feet long. Catalog Number: 102695004 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Ernst Dickmanns’ VaMoRs Mercedes Van, 1986-2003
This video appears in the Computer History Museum exhibit “Where To? A History of Autonomous Vehicles," 2014. Ernst Dickmanns’ laboratory substantially pioneered practical self-driving technology; this van tested three generations of systems. Dickmanns’ 1993 VaMP Mercedes sedan would cover thousands of miles in traffic at up to 110 mph as part of the massive Eureka PROMETHEUS project. For more information about this exhibit, please visit: http://www.computerhistory.org/atchm/where-to-a-history-of-autonomous-vehicles/. Credit: © Ernst D. Dickmanns. All rights reserved. Object Number: 500003288 Resource Number: R0324.2015
An Analog Life: Remembering Jim Williams
CHM produced video produced for the exhibit "An Analog Life: Remembering Jim Williams." This video features interviews with Steve Pietkiewicz, Bob Swanson, Fran Hoffart, Tony Bonte, Bob Dobkin, Alan Chern, Bob Reay, Lothar Maier, and Paul Rako. Catalog Number: 102746468 Lot Number: X6653.2013
Margaret Hamilton - 2017 CHM Fellow
The Computer History Museum honors Margaret Hamilton for her leadership and work on software for DOD and NASA's Apollo space missions and for fundamental contributions to software engineering. For over 25 years, the Computer History Museum Fellow Awards have honored distinguished technology pioneers for their outstanding merits and significant contributions to the advancement of computer history and evolution of the Information Age. The Fellow Awards are an extension of the Computer History Museum’s overarching vision to explore the computing revolution and its impact on the human experience. Lot number: X8299.2018 Catalog number: 102740202
Ted Nelson's Eulogy for Douglas Engelbart
[Recorded: Dec 9, 2013] Ted Nelson's emotional and moving eulogy for his friend Douglas Engelbart. Given at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, CA, on December 9, 2013.
The Silicon Engine
[Recorded May 1, 2009] The powerful and ubiquitous silicon chips that run the computers, smart phones and even the cars and appliances we use daily all spring from the transistor. That breakthrough invention later became the building blocks of the integrated circuit (IC), which later still blossomed into the semiconductors and microprocessors that have reshaped our modern lives. This video presents an overview of the 60-year history of innovation, invention and development that took us from vacuum tubes to modern microprocessors and was created in May 2009 for the Computer History Museum's Silicon Engine exhibit. To provide YouTube viewers with the same visual experience as seen in person at the museum, this video is presented in its three-screen layout. You can learn about the history of transistors, semiconductors and microprocessors at the Computer History Museums Silicon Engine web exhibit: http://www.computerhistory.org/semiconductor/
Digital Dark Age
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Imagine a future where humans are unable to access the data, literature, art, photographs, discoveries, and vital records of previous generations. That bleak future may be on the horizon! Learn how our fragile, rapidly obsolete systems of storing data could lead to a digital dark age. Catalog Number: 102695601 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Human Computers
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" For centuries, “computers” were human beings—low-paid clerks doing simple math as part of a team performing complex calculations. Their humble work spurred advances in science, industry, national defense and, ultimately, in the invention of the computing machines that replaced them. Catalog Number: 102695595 Lot Number: X6142.2011
In Your Defense: The SAGE System
The SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) System, was designed and built in the 1950s to defend against the threat of Soviet bombers attacking the continental United States. The system was much influenced by the design of MIT's Whirlwind II computer system (which was never completed). IBM designed and built the AN/FSQ-7 computer, the heart of the SAGE program, with companies such as Western Electric (who produced In Your Defense), The Mitre Corporation and System Development Corporation were also major contractors on the project. There were more than twenty SAGE installations located across North America linking hundreds of radar stations, Air Force fighter wings, and missle defense sites in the first large-scale computer communications network. The SAGE network was decentralized and would allow a unit to continue operation even if other sites were disabled. As the Soviet attack threat shifted from long-range bombers to nuclear missles in the 1960's, the SAGE system became less strategic. However, parts of the system continued operation into the early 1980's. This film explains the national security threats of the 1950's and 60's that SAGE was built to defend against, shows the SAGE computer and network in operation and simulates how SAGE would react to an attack on the United States. Catalog Number: 102651595
Views: 212583 Computer History Museum
40th Anniversary of the Net - October 29, 1969
On the evening of October 29, 1969 the first data travelled between two nodes of the ARPANET, a key ancestor of the Internet. Even more important, this was one of the first big trials of a then-radical idea: Networking computers to each other. The men who symbolically turned the key on the connected world we know today were two young programmers, Charley Kline at UCLA and Bill Duvall at SRI in Northern California, using special equipment made by BBN in Cambridge, Massachussetts.
391 San Antonio—A Semiconductor Documentary
Silicon Valley is known worldwide as the global center of high tech innovation. In large part, the spark that ignited Silicon Valley's explosive growth can be traced back to a 50 year-old dispute that occurred in the building at 391 San Antonio Road, Mountain View, California. In the 1950s William Shockley was considered a "God" in the electronics world. He led the Bell Labs team that invented the transistor in 1948. With funding from Arnold Beckman -- a wealthy scientist-businessman -- Shockley established the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in 1955. Shockley went against Beckman's recommendation to set up in southern California, near Beckman's own company, and established the lab in a former Quonset hut at 391 San Antonio. Shockley's disruptive management style eventually forced eight of his young scientists to approach Arnold Beckman directly in an attempt to remove Shockley from day-to-day management. When their bid fails, the group feels they have burned their bridges and must find alternative employment. Through an East Coast banker, the scientists are introduced to Sherman Fairchild, a New York industrialist. He is intrigued by the potential of silicon transistors and agrees to support the group with an investment of $1.3 million to start a new company called Fairchild Semiconductor. In Silicon Valley lore, the dissenting scientists became known as the Traitorous Eight - some of whom went on to bigger and better things. Bob Noyce and Gordon Moore founded Intel in 1968, now the world's largest chipmaker. More than 400 electronics, computer and chip companies in Silicon Valley can trace their genealogy back to the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory at 391 San Antonio Road. Through interviews with historians and surviving former employees of Shockley Labs, filmmaker Craig Addison recounts the events that indirectly led to the explosive growth of Silicon Valley. The Computer History Museum thanks Craig Addison for making this film available. Lot Number: X5262.2009
Fairchild Briefing on Integrated Circuits
[Recorded: October, 1967] This half hour color promotional/educational film on the integrated circuit was produced and sponsored by Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation and first shown on television on October 11, 1967. In the film, Dr. Harry Sello and Dr. Jim Angell describe the integrated circuit (IC), discuss its design and development process, and offer examples of late 1960s uses of IC technology. Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation was one of the most influential early high-tech companies. Founded in Palo Alto California in 1957 by eight scientists and engineers from Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation was funded by Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation of Syossett, New York. Rapidly establishing itself as a technology innovator based on its invention of the planar manufacturing process in 1959, the company developed the first monolithic integrated circuit, the first CMOS device, and numerous other technical and business innovations. French oil field services company Schlumberger Limited purchased Fairchild in 1979 and sold a much weakened business to National Semiconductor in 1987. In 1997 National divested a group, formed as the present Fairchild Semiconductor, in a leveraged buy-out. The company re-emerged as a public entity based in South Portland, Maine in 1999 under the corporate name Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. Fairchild Semiconductor presented its new products and technologies with an entrepreneurial style, and its early manufacturing and marketing techniques helped give Californias Santa Clara County a new name: Silicon Valley. It was one of the early forerunners of what would become a worldwide high-tech industry, as evidenced in this short promotional film. Catalog Number: 102651800 Lot Number: X3929.2007
Views: 181215 Computer History Museum
The Atanasoff-Berry Computer In Operation
[Recorded: 1999] The Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC) occupies a special place in the history of computing in part for its technical accomplishments but also for being at the center of a landmark legal case. It was built by Iowa physics professor John Vincent Atanasoff and graduate student Clifford Berry. Technically, the ABC was an electronic equation solver. It could find solutions to systems of simultaneous linear equations with up to 29 unknowns, a type of problem encountered in Atansasoff's physics work. Construction of the ABC began in 1938 at Iowa State College (now University) in Ames, Iowa. It was about the size of a large desk, weighed 750 lbs, computed 0.06 operations per second (sustained) and had 0.37 KB of memory. It could also do 30 add/subtract operations per second. While not a computer in the modern sense (since it did not store its own program), it pioneered various techniques in digital computer design including binary arithmetic, parallel processing, and electronic (vacuum tube) switching elements. The device was completed in 1942 and worked, although its spark-gap printer mechanism needed further development. The legal dimension to the ABC story involves a lawsuit between two computer makers, Honeywell and Sperry-Rand. In 1967, Honeywell sued Sperry over their ENIAC patents using the ABC as evidence of prior art. (ENIAC was an early digital electronic calculator completed in 1946). After years of proceedings, on October 19, 1973 the judge in the case, Earl R. Larson, agreed with Honeywell that some of the ideas in the ENIAC, which had been considered the 'world's first computer,' in fact came from Atanasoff during a four-day visit ENIAC designer John Mauchly made to Atanasoff at Iowa State before ENIAC was designed. There was also months of correspondence between the two in which Mauchly expressed his desire to build a similar device. The net result of this judgment was that no one owned the patent on the computer: it was free to be developed by all. Gordon Bell has called this the 'dis-invention of the computer.' In 1993, Iowa State University began a historically-accurate reconstruction of the ABC, which it finished in 1997. The project cost $360,000 and involved about a dozen people in its realization. This film shows the ABC Reconstruction in operation, solving a simple algebra problem. Catalog number: 102781093 Lot number: X6054.2011
1963 Timesharing: A Solution to Computer Bottlenecks
[Recorded: May 9, 1963] This vintage film features MIT Science Reporter John Fitch at the MIT Computation Center in an extended interview with MIT professor of computer science Fernando J. Corbato. The film was co-produced by WGBH (Boston) and MIT. The prime focus of the film is timesharing, one of the most important developments in computing, and one which has come in and out of favor several times over the last several decades as the dichotomy between remote and centrally-managed computing resources played out; the latest incarnation for centrally-managed computing resources is known as cloud computing. Timesharing as shown in this film, was a novel concept in the early 1960s. Driven by a desire to more efficiently use expensive computer resources while increasing the interactivity between user and computer (man and machine), timesharing was eventually taken up by industry in the form of special timesharing hardware for mainframe and minicomputer computer systems as well as in sophisticated operating systems to manage multiple users and resources. Corbato describes how after the mid-1950s, when computers began to become reliable, the next big challenge to improve productivity and efficiency was the development of computer languages, FORTRAN being an example. One of the next bottlenecks in computing, according to Corabto, was the traditional batch processing method of combining many peoples computer jobs into one large single job for the computer to process at one time. He compares batch processing to a group of people catching a bus, all being moved at once. Timesharing, on the other hand, involves attaching a large number of consoles to the central computer, each of which is given a time-slice of the computers time. While the computer is rapidly switching among user applications and problems, it appears to the user that s/he has complete access to the central computer. Corbato then describes in technical detail a complex description of timesharing before showing some examples of timesharing from a terminal using a simple program to calculate a simple geometric problem (Pythagorean theorem). In the long run, Corbato says, timesharing will help address the increasing need for computer time and ease-of-use.
Views: 107600 Computer History Museum
Jean Bartik and the ENIAC Women
Jean Bartik, one of the earliest pioneering women in technology, talks about her memories of breaking into the then new field of computer science and working on the ENIAC in the 1940's The ENIAC and the story of the women behind it will be part of the upcoming Revolution exhibition at the Computer Science Museum in Mountain View, CA. Opening in January 2011, "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" will be the first major museum exhibition to trace the history of computers and information technology from the abacus to the Internet. More than 1,000 artifacts from the Museum's vast collection will be on view including rare computers, audio and video, photographs, games and hands-on displays. Updates on the exhibit can be found on Facebook at facebook.com/computerhistory, on Twitter @computerhistory and at www.computerhistory.org/exhibits/revolution
The Cray Way
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Seymour Cray, father of supercomputing, was a quiet man from Wisconsin who lived where he wanted to live, worked how he needed to work, challenged bureaucracy when it hindered progress, and, when necessary, humbly started over. His dogged persistence and staggering genius resulted in the fastest computers on earth. Catalog Number: 102695603 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Who Invented the Computer?
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" There are more than a dozen legitimate contenders to consider, all designers of unique, remarkable machines. But with facts and timelines clouded by controversy, contradictions, and intrigue, debate has raged in courtrooms and classrooms for decades. The answer may surprise you. Catalog Number: 102695599 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Views: 220873 Computer History Museum
Video Ethnography of “Gypsy” on Xerox Alto with Larry Tesler: Demonstration of Cut, Copy, and Paste
This short interpretive production was created from archival footage of Larry Tesler operating the program “Gypsy” on the Computer History Museum’s restored Xerox Alto computer at the Museum’s Shustek Center on September 20th, 2017. Gypsy is a modeless text editor and typesetter created by Larry Tesler and Tim Mott in the mid-1970s at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) for the Lexington, Massachusetts-based Ginn and Company, a Xerox subsidiary and textbook publisher. In Gypsy, Tesler and Mott made one of the earliest implementations of the “Cut, Copy, and Paste” idiom for text editing, which has become ubiquitous in computing. This video captures Larry Tesler’s demonstration of cut, copy, and paste in Gypsy.
CHM Revolutionaries: DARPA's Dan Kaufman with John Markoff of The New York Times
Watch videos from Intel Free Press Interview with Dan at the Computer History Museum: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&list=UUqOD8iOTgRltbtzXxZFVDIg&v=12G41HPtyk0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&list=UUqOD8iOTgRltbtzXxZFVDIg&v=W2vPEl_LP1w [Recorded: July 24, 2012] Imagine what the world would look like if we gave everyone the ability to solve its toughest problems, the freedom to explore the world, and the tools to build the future. These are ideas that have been driving Dan Kaufman and his research efforts at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). He is convinced that if we build the tools and technology to empower everyone to participate, we would be amazed at the results. Recently at DARPA there have been multiple efforts to research the mobilization and self-organization potential of social networks & crowd sourcing. Two interesting questions arise: can you use the power of the crowd to solve a specific problem, and can you find special people in the crowd to solve a problem who have never been asked before? The power of the crowd has been explored through DARPA's Network Challenge (commonly referred to as the Red Balloon Challenge) in which 10 large red weather balloons were placed at undisclosed locations across the US for one day. Finding people in the crowd who can contribute greatly has been explored through a recent DARPA sponsored experiment called the Shredder Challenge. In this test, the winning solution was not resolved by the "power of the crowd," but by finding, in the crowd, those special people who may have never been asked the question. Many thought the task impossible, but it turned out that they had been asking the wrong people. An obstacle to fully empowering the crowd is the need for software programmers. DARPA has pushed to develop tools that allow ordinary people to solve complex problems. The program RealWorld gave tools to U.S. soldiers to allow them to create their own mission-specific simulations, without expertise in computer programming. Those tools have now been used to build aircraft, medical, and neurological simulators. John Markoff has referred to DARPA as an "Agency of Wonder" -- join us to find out why.
EndGame: Challenging the Chess Masters
An overview of the history of computer chess, focusing on the matches between IBM's chess-playing supercomputer Deep Blue and World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov. In 1989, IBM hired Deep Thought team members Feng-Hsiung Hsu, Murray Campbell and Thomas Anantharaman to develop a computer that would beat reigning World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov. Although Deep Thought lost to Kasparov in 1989, the match led the team to refine its software and add more custom processors. By 1996, it could examine 100 million chess positions per second, or about nine to eleven moves ahead. That same year, Deep Thought was renamed Deep Blue and met Kasparov for a best-of-six games match. In the first game, Deep Blue made history by defeating Kasparov--marking the first time a current World Chess Champion had ever lost a game to a computer in a tournament setting--but Kasparov bounced back to win the match with a score of 4-2. After defeating Deep Blue in 1996, Garry Kasparov issued a rematch challenge for the following year. To prepare, the team tested the machine against several Grandmasters, and doubled the performance of the hardware. A six-game rematch took place in New York in May 1997. Kasparov won the first game but missed an opportunity in the second game and lost. Kasparov never recovered his composure and played defensively for the remainder of the match. In the last game, he made a simple mistake and lost, marking May 11, 1997, as the date on which a World Chess Champion lost a match to a computer. There have since been two other matches between a computer and a World Chess Champion. Both have ended in a tie. Created for the Computer History Museum exhibit "Mastering the Game: A History of Computer Chess". Be sure to check out the online exhibit on computer chess at: www.computerhistory.org/chess Catalog number: 102651039
Navigating Knowledge: Hypertext Pioneers
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" As the volume of world knowledge became too vast any one person to know or catalog, a passion to organize, cross-reference, and share information arose in the hearts of some visionary technologists. Discover the ideas, inventions, broken dreams, and altruistic visions that led to today’s hypertext world. Catalog Number: 102695606 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Remington-Rand Presents the Univac
UNIVAC is one of the earliest commercial computers and was easily the most famous computer of the 1950s. This film, produced between 1950 and 1952, shows how the UNIVAC computer was used in business, defense and by the census. The film shows several of the important portions of the UNIVAC system at work, including the high-speed printer, the UNISERVO tape drive, the UNITYPER, card readers and the mercury delay line tanks that served as main memory. The programming process is fully discussed and a business problem is demonstrated. These films served a promotional film as well as a way to demystify computers to the average person.
Secret History of Silicon Valley
[Recorded: November 20, 2008] Today, Silicon Valley is known around the world as a fount of technology innovation and development fueled by private venture capital and peopled by fabled entrepreneurs. But it wasn't always so. Unbeknownst to even seasoned inhabitants, today's Silicon Valley had its start in government secrecy and wartime urgency. In this lecture, renowned serial entrepreneur Steve Blank presents how the roots of Silicon Valley sprang not from the later development of the silicon semiconductor but instead from the earlier technology duel over the skies of Germany and secret efforts around (and over) the Soviet Union. World War II, the Cold War and one Stanford professor set the stage for the creation and explosive growth of entrepreneurship in Silicon Valley. The world was forever changed when the Defense Department, CIA and the National Security Agency acted like today's venture capitalists funding this first wave of entrepreneurship. Steve Blank shows how these groundbreaking early advances lead up to the high-octane, venture capital fueled Silicon Valley we know today. Catalog Number: 102695046 Lot Number: X5082.2009
Views: 362119 Computer History Museum
IBM STRETCH: A Technology Link Between Yesterday & Tomorrow
[1981] IBM's STRETCH program for the Government's Los Alamos lab, later named the IBM 7030 when sold commercially, was IBM's audacious gamble at creating the world's most advanced computing system: about 100 times faster than the most advanced computer working today, according to then IBM chairman Tom Watson, Jr. Design of the IBM STRETCH began in the summer of 1956, with a project team that eventually grew to 300 by 1959. When introduced, the STRETCH was considered a failure within IBM as it did not meet advertised expectations: though it was indeed the fastest computer then available, it was only 30 to 40 times faster than other systems (not 100 times as advertised). The Success of STRETCH: Even though initial commercial expectations were not fully met, the technical, manufacturing, and managerial experience that came from creating STRETCH fed directly into other IBM projects, including its later System/360 - the single most successful family of computers (by revenue) of all time. Concepts pioneered for STRETCH are now used in the world's most advanced microprocessors. These include: - Multiprogramming, enabling a computer to juggle more than one job at a time - Memory protection, preventing unauthorized memory access - Memory interleaving, breaking up memory into chunks for much higher bandwidth - Pipelining, lining up instructions in a queue, so that the computer doesn't have to wait between operations This historic film was produced in 1981 by Brigham Young University to document the story and technical features of the IBM 7030 (STRETCH) System as well as the University's accomplishments using the system. The film was donated to the Computer History Museum along with the University's Stretch system when it was decommissioned. Catalog Number: 102651558 (U-Matic master); 102651560 (Betacam SP preservation copy)
Cleve Moler - 2017 CHM Fellow
Computer History Museum honors Cleve Moler for his creation and development of the MATLAB numerical computing environment and programming language. For over 25 years, the Computer History Museum Fellow Awards have honored distinguished technology pioneers for their outstanding merits and significant contributions to the advancement of computer history and evolution of the Information Age. The Fellow Awards are an extension of the Computer History Museum’s overarching vision to explore the computing revolution and its impact on the human experience. Lot number: X8299.2018 Catalog number: 102740203
Birth of the World Wide Web
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" Visionaries dreamed of computerizing and linking the world’s knowledge. But the dream was out of reach until Tim Berners-Lee created the scheme that made it possible. This is the story of the World Wide Web, from a concept once described as “vague but exciting” to a tool used by more than two billion people! Catalog Number: X6142.2011 Lot Number: 102695607
CHM Revolutionaries: An Evening with Elon Musk
[Recorded: January 22, 2013] "I could either watch it happen or be part of it." Elon Musk on joining the Internet Revolution "If you had a chance to go back in time and work with Howard Hughes when he was creating TWA, if you had a chance to be there at that moment when it was the dawn of a brand new era, wouldn't you want to do that? That's why I'm here." Dr. Garrett E. Reisman NASA Astronaut (former) and Senior Engineer, SpaceX On CBS' 60 Minutes March 16, 2012 Elon Musk is living two ultimate boyhood fantasies: creating a sports car company and a rocket launch corporation. As co-founder of PayPal, Musk helped transform payment online systems and then, like a true revolutionary, set his sights on electric cars and space transport. Today Elon Musk is CEO of both Tesla Motors and SpaceX. He also serves as chairman of SolarCity, the solar power provider. In 2008, Musk was named as one of the 75 most influential people of the 21st century by Esquire magazine and one year later, the National Space Society awarded Musk their Von Braun Trophy, given for leadership of the most significant achievement in space. In 2010, Musk was the youngest recipient of the Auto Executive of the Year Innovator Award and was listed as one of Time Magazine's 100 of the World's Most Influential People. His life story was the inspiration for the Iron Man movies about an executive turned space hero. Join Alison van Diggelen of Fresh Dialogues for a lively conversation with Elon Musk about what inspired his entrepreneurial journey from South Africa to Silicon Valley; the lessons he learned at PayPal, Tesla Motors, SpaceX and SolarCity; and how he manages to lead two ground-breaking companies simultaneously. Why does he believe that electric cars are a vital component in the move away from oil to a more sustainable energy economy? And what is behind his fascination with creating a multiplanetary future for mankind, including a self-sustaining base on Mars?
Views: 189239 Computer History Museum
Yesterday's Computer of Tomorrow: The Xerox Alto │Smalltalk-76 Demo
Demonstration and discussion of the programming language and environment "Smalltalk-76” with Dan Ingalls. Recorded November 10, 2017. A recording of the full event is available here: https://youtu.be/4m_GhapEBLQ
DEC: Digital from the Beginning
This video appears in the Computer History Museum exhibition “Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing," 2011. Catalog Number: 102695721
2018 Fellow Award Honoree Introduction & Remarks—Guido van Rossum
Presenting the Fellow Award to Guido van Rossum is Drew Houston, cofounder and CEO of Dropbox. Lot number: X8621.2018 Catalog number: 102738784
How Computers Work: A Journey Into the Walk-Through Computer, hosted by David Neil
Recorded 1990 How Computers Work: A Journey Into the Walk-Through Computer is an educational video produced by The Computer Museum and hosted by David Neil of PBS's Newton's Apple. Join David Neil and his four young companions on an entertaining and illuminating trek through The Computer Museum's one-of-a-kind, two-story working model of a desktop computer. The Computer Museum in Boston, Massachusetts was the predecessor institution to the Computer History Museum located in Mountain View, California since 1996. Sadly, the walk-through computer did not move to California with the Computer Museum's collection, but as you can see from this video, it was a very engaging exhibit. Catalog Number: 102651194
Views: 189065 Computer History Museum
The Origins of Linux—Linus Torvalds
[Recorded Sept 19, 2001] Linus Torvalds, the creator of the operating system phenomenon Linux, tells the story of how he went from writing code as a graduate student in Helsinki in the early 1990s to becoming an icon for open source software by the end of the decade.
Views: 477159 Computer History Museum
UNIVAC - Information Age: Then and Now
[Recorded 1960] This humorous promotional film for the Remington Rand UNIVAC computer features J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly in leading roles. Produced in 1960, the film outlines the earlier history of computing leading to the development and application of the UNIVAC computer. J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the major figures in the creation of the ENIAC computer, left the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Engineering at the end of WWII to found their own firm. They had hoped to be the first to exploit the new concept of the electronic stored program computer, but were hampered by a lack of funds and, to some extent, by the bureaucracy surrounding their only major customer, the Census Bureau. They sought other investors but never had enough to properly complete their projects. They eventually sold their business to Remington Rand (later Sperry Rand) who incorporated it as the UNIVAC division of the company. Eckert remained with UNIVAC all his life but Mauchly left after a few years to become a private consultant. Remington Rand's Univac Division produced some of the earliest commercially available machines ahead of more famous firms such as IBM. The large management structure of the company often frustrated their engineers, many of whom left to found other very influential computer firms (e.g. Control Data Corporation). This bureaucracy is thought by many (including their Vice President, J. Presper Eckert) to have eventually limited their ability to take advantage of rapidly changing technology and to lose the lead to other firms such as IBM. In 1955 the Sperry Corporation and Remington Rand merged forming Sperry Rand. Sperry Rand then eventually merged with Burroughs to from Unisys and is still in business. You can learn about computing history at the Computer History Museum website: www.computerhistory.org Catalog number: 102639862
Views: 109765 Computer History Museum
The Beginning of Photoshop: Thomas Knoll, John Knoll & Russell Brown
Photoshop co-creators Thomas and John Knoll and Adobe Senior Creative Director Russell Brown talk about the birth of Photoshop. This clip was created from full-length interviews, conducted for CHM's upcoming exhibition, “Make Software: Change the World!” opening January 28, 2017. Catalog Numbers: 102746520, 102746532, and Lot Numbers: X6660.2013, X6677.2013, and X6611.2013
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" In 1961, computers were seriously big, seriously expensive, and seriously serious. Then came SpaceWar! But this early computer game was not just addictive play. It ignited interest in programming on college campuses, pushed the limits of technology, and was a step toward interactive personal computing. Catalog Number: 102695600 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Computer Pioneers: Pioneer Computers Part 1
[Recorded: 1996] Part 1 of 2 The Dawn of Electronic Computing 1935 1945 Computer pioneer Gordon Bell hosts this two-part program on the evolution of electronic computing from its pre-World War II origins through the development of the first commercial computers. His narration traces the development of the stored program computer architecture which remains the foundation of todays modern computers. In Part 1 The builders of the first five computer machines: the Bell Labs Model 1, the Zuse Z1-3, the Atanasoff-Berry Computer, the Harvard Mark 1 and the IBM SSEC tell their stories. Catalog Number: 102645565 Lot Number: X3169.2005
Views: 389186 Computer History Museum
Instant Insanity - Computer Vision & Robotics
[Recorded: 1971] Over the last decades, computer vision systems have become increasingly capable of controlling robotic movement. One example of early research and development of computer vision and robotic systems was recorded at the Stanford University Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in 1971. This film shows a computer vision system and robotic arm solve the Instant Insanity puzzle, which has been around for more than a century under various aliases. It consists of a set of four cubes with one of four colors on each of their six faces. The goal is to arrange the four cubes in a row so that all four colors appear on each of the row's four long sides. The order of the cubes doesn't matter, but that simplicity is deceptive. There are 41,472 different ways of arranging the four cubes in a row, so this is not a trivial task. The computer vision system first finds each of the four cubes by matching the visual edges to a prototype cube. In the case of a cube with only two faces visible, the arm turns the cube 45º so that three faces will be visible. The colors of the faces are then determined by reading in the scene again under three different color filters. The cubes are then turned over so that the three hidden back faces are visible to the camera and the process repeated. Once a solution is found the computer directs the arm to stack the blocks in the required order. Originally, this film was recorded without sound. A narration by Les Earnest and Lou Paul, of the Stanford AI Lab was added in 2009. Original Film Credits: Richard Paul, Karl Pingle, Jerome Feldman, & Alan Kay This film made available to the Computer History Museum courtesy of Stanford University. Catalog Number: 102743240 Lot Number: X5866.2011
CHM Live | Original iPhone Software Team Leader Scott Forstall (Part Two)
[Recorded June 20, 2017] This is part two of two from the CHM Live show “Putting Your Finger On It: Creating the iPhone.” Watch Part 1—Original iPhone Engineers Nitin Ganatra, Scott Herz & Hugo Fiennes: http://bit.ly/2tluoLN Watch the Full Show—http://bit.ly/2sVP10E During 2006, the year before the iPhone was introduced, it seemed that innovation in mobile devices was beginning to slip away from Silicon Valley. Wireless computing was advancing more quickly in Europe than it was in the United States. That all changed abruptly when Steve Jobs stepped onstage at Moscone Center in San Francisco and asserted he was introducing “three revolutionary products” in one package—the iPhone. How did iPhone come to be? On June 20, four members of the original development team will join historian and journalist John Markoff to discuss the secret Apple project, which In the past decade has remade the computer industry, changed the business landscape, and become a tool in the hands of more than a billion people around the world. Lot number: X8247.2017 Catalog number: 102738283 © Computer History Museum
The Apollo Guidance Computer, Part Two: David Scott
Recorded: June 10, 1982 This is a two-part talk that chronicles the design of the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC), the custom-made space borne navigation system that first guided men to the Moon in July of 1969. Part I covers the design of the AGC and features Apollo Guidance Computer lead designer Eldon Hall. Part II tells the AGC story from the astronaut’s point of view, with Apollo 9 and 15 pilot commander David Scott. Part Two Astronaut David Scott recounts his time at MIT, the Naval test pilot school, and early experiences with the AGC as a part of the Apollo training program. He discusses the reliability of the system, the training and development process, as well as his time flying in the Gemini program with Neil Armstrong. Scott describes the use of the DSKY interface and its language. With two character 'words' acting as commands, the DSKY language used a verb-noun format, and Scott covers some of the specific two-digit words, as well as how they were used in-flight. He describes the methods for control and guidance, including decisions made to allow for astronaut control over 'fly-by-wire'. He outlines some of the early limitations of both the ACG and the landing module itself, as well as detailing the process of using the ACG to touch down on the lunar surface. Part One: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbX8OtPe3eY Catalog Number: 102651598
Roots of Microsoft
CHM Exhibition "Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing" In 1975, two young hackers, united by a passion for computers, set out to share their obsession with the world. Bill Gates and Paul Allen reminisce about the modest beginnings and hobbyist roots of the company that grew to be global industry giant Microsoft. Catalog Number: 102695605 Lot Number: X6142.2011
Read and Understood: The Fairchild Notebooks
The Fairchild Patent and Laboratory Notebooks predate the integrated circuit. The work described in them revolutionized the science and manufacturing of microelectronics and drove the explosive growth of the region we now know as Silicon Valley. Fairchild was founded by Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, Jean Hoerni, Julius Blank, Eugene Kleiner, Victor Grinich, Jay Last, and Sheldon Roberts. The history-making contributions of these entrepreneurs included inventing modern semiconductor manufacturing technology (the planar process); building the first practical integrated circuits; inventing low power CMOS technology that enables today's portable digital devices; and pioneering the development of semiconductor memory. All of these breakthroughs and many others critical to our modern technological society grew from ideas written in these notebooks from 1957 to the 1980s. Thanks to Texas Instruments, which donated the Notebooks in 2012, the Computer History Museum is excited to continue preserving the heritage of Fairchild Semiconductor and its extraordinary founders. CHM encourages monetary donations to continue their work preserving and providing access to the Fairchild Notebooks, you can learn more at http://www.computerhistory.org/collections/fairchild/ Catalog Number: 102740135 Lot Number: X6772.2013
When Computers Changed the World from the Revolution Exhibition
"When Computers Changed the World" is just one of more than 100 videos in the Computer History Museum's new exhibition: "Revolution: the First 2000 Years of Computing." In the span of a single lifetime, computers have gone from large, incredibly expensive and rare devices to small, low-cost, ubiquitous tools that we can't imagine living without. Yet, few people know the history of how this came to be. Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing is a rich, multimedia exhibition that traces the history of modern computing. It begins with ancient efforts to make math easier and extends through to the modern marvels of hand-held devices and the Web. Revolution tells the stories of computing history in 19 galleries. Each gallery is a themed mini-exhibition that covers a particular aspect of the evolution of computing. Within each gallery is an icon—a distinguished artifact that represents and introduces the topic. In all, more than 1,100 objects, some rare and one-of-a-kind, are displayed. Revolution immerses visitors in the sights and sounds of the computer revolution through vivid graphics, hands-on displays, period settings, machine demonstrations, and more than 100 video, audio, and touch-screen stations. See the Revolution Exhibition at the Computer History Museum in Silicon Valley, California. Visitor information can be found at www.computerhistory.org/visit or on Facebook at facebook.com/ComputerHistory and on Twitter @computerhistory. Or visit Revolution Online at www.computerhistory.org/revolution