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Msebenzi Zwane meeting with mining sector bosses in London
 
05:02
South Africa's mining minister, Msebenzi Zwane has been meeting with senior mining sector bosses in London to reassure them in the face of turmoil within industry. Mr Zwane told the SABC he is working hard to ensure South African's do not lose their jobs as many global mining companies re-evaluate their assets and operations within South Africa. Our correspondent Dan Whitehead started by asking him what he was doing to reassure mining leaders. For more News visit: http://www.sabc.co.za/news
Views: 116 SABC Digital News
United East Indies Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:59:24
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company 00:05:48 1 Company name, logo, and flag 00:07:45 2 History 00:07:54 2.1 Origins 00:11:17 2.2 Formation, rise, and fall 00:11:27 2.2.1 Formative years 00:15:54 2.2.2 Growth 00:21:43 2.2.3 Reorientation 00:30:47 2.2.4 Decline and fall 00:37:02 3 Organizational structure 00:43:02 4 Shareholder activism at the VOC and the beginnings of modern corporate governance problems 00:45:35 5 Main trading posts, settlements, and colonies 00:45:47 5.1 Europe 00:45:55 5.1.1 Netherlands 00:46:14 5.2 Africa 00:46:22 5.2.1 Mauritius 00:46:37 5.2.2 South Africa 00:46:50 5.3 Asia 00:46:58 5.3.1 Indonesia 00:47:09 5.3.2 Indian subcontinent 00:47:41 5.3.3 Japan 00:48:00 5.3.4 Taiwan 00:48:26 5.3.5 Malaysia 00:48:41 5.3.6 Thailand 00:48:54 5.3.7 Vietnam 00:49:11 6 Conflicts and wars involving the VOC 00:50:29 7 Historical roles and legacy 00:54:03 7.1 Institutional innovations and impacts on modern-day global business practices and financial system 01:00:16 7.2 Impacts on social, economic, financial, political, and military history of the Netherlands 01:04:52 7.3 Roles in the history of the global economy and international relations 01:09:30 7.4 Artistic, scientific, technological, and cultural legacies of the VOC World 01:09:44 7.4.1 VOC World as an information/knowledge exchange network in the Dutch maritime world-system 01:12:30 7.4.2 Influences on Dutch Golden Age art 01:13:45 7.4.3 Formation of early modern religious communities and ethnic groups within the VOC World 01:13:59 7.5 Contributions in the Age of Exploration 01:14:50 7.5.1 iHalve Maen'/is exploratory voyage and role in the formation of New Netherland 01:17:38 7.5.2 Dutch discovery, exploration, and mapping of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and various islands 01:22:27 7.5.3 VOC-sponsored inland exploration and mapping of Southern Africa 01:22:39 8 Criticism 01:23:10 8.1 VOC colonialism, monopoly policy and uses of violence 01:23:23 8.2 Dutch slave trade and slavery under the VOC colonial rule 01:28:15 9 Cultural depictions of people and things associated with the VOC 01:32:08 10 VOC world etymologies 01:32:19 10.1 Places and things named after the VOC and its people 01:35:08 10.2 Places and things named by VOC people 01:36:16 11 Populated places established by VOC people 01:37:48 12 Important heritage sites in the VOC World 01:38:33 13 VOC buildings and structures 01:39:11 14 VOC archives and records 01:39:59 15 Field of VOC World studies 01:42:42 15.1 VOC World archaeology 01:42:53 16 VOC timeline and historical firsts 01:43:42 16.1 Proto-VOC period (with the establishment of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 01:46:25 16.2 VOC era (with the amalgamation of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 01:59:07 17 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9770717874062174 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (voorcompagnieën) in the early-17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March 1602, as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The Company has been often labelled a trading company (i.e. a company of merchants who buy and sell goods produced by other people) or sometimes a shipping company. However, the VOC was in fact a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as international trade (especially intra-Asian trade), shipbuilding, both production and trade of East Indian spices, Formosan sugarcane, and South African wine. The Company was a transcontinental employer and an early pioneer of outward foreign direct invest ...
Views: 22 wikipedia tts
United East India Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:17:06
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company 00:06:30 1 Company name, logo, and flag 00:08:40 2 History 00:08:49 2.1 Origins 00:12:29 2.2 Formation, rise, and fall 00:12:39 2.2.1 Formative years 00:17:32 2.2.2 Growth 00:23:47 2.2.3 Reorientation 00:33:35 2.2.4 Decline and fall 00:40:18 3 Organizational structure 00:46:48 3.1 VOC outposts 00:47:32 3.2 Council of Justice in Batavia 00:47:52 4 Shareholder activism at the VOC and the beginnings of modern corporate governance problems 00:50:35 5 Main trading posts, settlements, and colonies 00:50:47 5.1 Europe 00:50:55 5.1.1 Netherlands 00:51:16 5.2 Africa 00:51:24 5.2.1 Mauritius 00:51:40 5.2.2 South Africa 00:51:53 5.3 Asia 00:52:02 5.3.1 Indonesia 00:52:13 5.3.2 Indian subcontinent 00:52:47 5.3.3 Japan 00:53:07 5.3.4 Taiwan 00:53:36 5.3.5 Malaysia 00:53:51 5.3.6 Thailand 00:54:04 5.3.7 Vietnam 00:54:23 6 Conflicts and wars involving the VOC 00:58:30 7 Historical roles and legacy 01:02:22 7.1 Institutional innovations and impacts on modern-day global business practices and financial system 01:09:09 7.2 Impacts on social, economic, financial, political, and military history of the Netherlands 01:14:08 7.3 Roles in the history of the global economy and international relations 01:19:10 7.4 Artistic, scientific, technological, and cultural legacies of the VOC World 01:19:24 7.4.1 VOC World as an information/knowledge exchange network in the Dutch maritime world-system 01:22:24 7.4.2 Influences on Dutch Golden Age art 01:23:44 7.4.3 Formation of early modern religious communities and ethnic groups within the VOC World 01:23:58 7.5 Contributions in the Age of Exploration 01:24:53 7.5.1 iHalve Maen'/is exploratory voyage and role in the formation of New Netherland 01:27:53 7.5.2 Dutch discovery, exploration, and mapping of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and various islands 01:33:05 7.5.3 VOC-sponsored inland exploration and mapping of Southern Africa 01:33:17 8 Criticism 01:33:51 8.1 VOC colonialism, monopoly policy and uses of violence 01:34:04 8.2 Dutch slave trade and slavery under the VOC colonial rule 01:39:19 9 Cultural depictions of people and things associated with the VOC 01:43:39 10 VOC world etymologies 01:43:50 10.1 Places and things named after the VOC and its people 01:46:59 10.2 Places and things named by VOC people 01:48:15 11 Populated places established by VOC people 01:49:56 12 Important heritage sites in the VOC World 01:50:47 13 VOC buildings and structures 01:51:29 14 VOC archives and records 01:52:22 15 VOC coinage 01:52:32 16 VOC ships 01:52:47 17 Field of VOC World studies 01:55:57 17.1 VOC World archaeology 01:56:08 18 VOC timeline and historical firsts 01:57:02 18.1 Proto-VOC period (with the establishment of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 02:00:04 18.2 VOC era (with the amalgamation of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 02:14:12 19 Gallery 02:14:32 20 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8461302477082473 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën or pre-companies) in the early 17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March 1602, as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The VOC was an early multinational/transnational corporation in its modern sense. The Company has been often labelled a trading company (i.e. a company of merchants who buy and sell goods produced by other people) or sometimes a shipping company. However, the VOC was in fact a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as internat ...
Views: 31 wikipedia tts
Dutch East India Company | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:11:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company 00:06:10 1 Company name, logo, and flag 00:08:16 2 History 00:08:25 2.1 Origins 00:11:58 2.2 Formation, rise, and fall 00:12:08 2.2.1 Formative years 00:16:48 2.2.2 Growth 00:22:47 2.2.3 Reorientation 00:32:14 2.2.4 Decline and fall 00:38:43 3 Organizational structure 00:45:02 3.1 VOC outposts 00:45:44 3.2 Council of Justice in Batavia 00:46:04 4 Shareholder activism at the VOC and the beginnings of modern corporate governance problems 00:48:41 5 Main trading posts, settlements, and colonies 00:48:53 5.1 Europe 00:49:01 5.1.1 Netherlands 00:49:21 5.2 Africa 00:49:30 5.2.1 Mauritius 00:49:45 5.2.2 South Africa 00:49:58 5.3 Asia 00:50:06 5.3.1 Indonesia 00:50:18 5.3.2 Indian subcontinent 00:50:50 5.3.3 Japan 00:51:08 5.3.4 Taiwan 00:51:35 5.3.5 Malaysia 00:51:51 5.3.6 Thailand 00:52:03 5.3.7 Vietnam 00:52:21 6 Conflicts and wars involving the VOC 00:56:10 7 Historical roles and legacy 00:59:53 7.1 Institutional innovations and impacts on modern-day global business practices and financial system 01:06:23 7.2 Impacts on social, economic, financial, political, and military history of the Netherlands 01:11:11 7.3 Roles in the history of the global economy and international relations 01:15:59 7.4 Artistic, scientific, technological, and cultural legacies of the VOC World 01:16:14 7.4.1 VOC World as an information/knowledge exchange network in the Dutch maritime world-system 01:19:06 7.4.2 Influences on Dutch Golden Age art 01:20:23 7.4.3 Formation of early modern religious communities and ethnic groups within the VOC World 01:20:37 7.5 Contributions in the Age of Exploration 01:21:29 7.5.1 iHalve Maen'/is exploratory voyage and role in the formation of New Netherland 01:24:25 7.5.2 Dutch discovery, exploration, and mapping of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and various islands 01:29:24 7.5.3 VOC-sponsored inland exploration and mapping of Southern Africa 01:29:37 8 Criticism 01:30:09 8.1 VOC colonialism, monopoly policy and uses of violence 01:30:22 8.2 Dutch slave trade and slavery under the VOC colonial rule 01:35:25 9 Cultural depictions of people and things associated with the VOC 01:39:36 10 VOC world etymologies 01:39:47 10.1 Places and things named after the VOC and its people 01:42:45 10.2 Places and things named by VOC people 01:43:58 11 Populated places established by VOC people 01:45:34 12 Important heritage sites in the VOC World 01:46:22 13 VOC buildings and structures 01:47:02 14 VOC archives and records 01:47:53 15 VOC coinage 01:48:03 16 VOC ships 01:48:18 17 Field of VOC World studies 01:51:21 17.1 VOC World archaeology 01:51:31 18 VOC timeline and historical firsts 01:52:23 18.1 Proto-VOC period (with the establishment of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 01:55:14 18.2 VOC era (with the amalgamation of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 02:08:20 19 Gallery 02:08:40 20 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9307992778992489 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën or pre-companies) in the early 17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March 1602, as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The VOC was an early multinational/transnational corporation in its modern sense. The Company has been often labelled a trading company (i.e. a company of merchants who buy and sell goods produced by other people) or sometimes a shipping company. However, the VOC was in fact a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as internat ...
Views: 54 wikipedia tts
Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:52:26
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company 00:05:14 1 Company name, logo, and flag 00:07:02 2 History 00:07:10 2.1 Origins 00:10:10 2.2 Formation, rise, and fall 00:10:20 2.2.1 Formative years 00:14:18 2.2.2 Growth 00:19:25 2.2.3 Reorientation 00:27:22 2.2.4 Decline and fall 00:32:50 3 Organizational structure 00:38:09 3.1 VOC outposts 00:38:47 3.2 Council of Justice in Batavia 00:39:05 4 Shareholder activism at the VOC and the beginnings of modern corporate governance problems 00:41:18 5 Main trading posts, settlements, and colonies 00:41:30 5.1 Europe 00:41:38 5.1.1 Netherlands 00:41:56 5.2 Africa 00:42:05 5.2.1 Mauritius 00:42:19 5.2.2 South Africa 00:42:32 5.3 Asia 00:42:40 5.3.1 Indonesia 00:42:51 5.3.2 Indian subcontinent 00:43:20 5.3.3 Japan 00:43:38 5.3.4 Taiwan 00:44:03 5.3.5 Malaysia 00:44:18 5.3.6 Thailand 00:44:29 5.3.7 Vietnam 00:44:46 6 Conflicts and wars involving the VOC 00:48:07 7 Historical roles and legacy 00:51:17 7.1 Institutional innovations and impacts on modern-day global business practices and financial system 00:56:44 7.2 Impacts on social, economic, financial, political, and military history of the Netherlands 01:00:48 7.3 Roles in the history of the global economy and international relations 01:04:51 7.4 Artistic, scientific, technological, and cultural legacies of the VOC World 01:05:05 7.4.1 VOC World as an information/knowledge exchange network in the Dutch maritime world-system 01:07:31 7.4.2 Influences on Dutch Golden Age art 01:08:38 7.4.3 Formation of early modern religious communities and ethnic groups within the VOC World 01:08:50 7.5 Contributions in the Age of Exploration 01:09:36 7.5.1 iHalve Maen'/is exploratory voyage and role in the formation of New Netherland 01:12:05 7.5.2 Dutch discovery, exploration, and mapping of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and various islands 01:16:19 7.5.3 VOC-sponsored inland exploration and mapping of Southern Africa 01:16:30 8 Criticism 01:16:59 8.1 VOC colonialism, monopoly policy and uses of violence 01:17:11 8.2 Dutch slave trade and slavery under the VOC colonial rule 01:21:28 9 Cultural depictions of people and things associated with the VOC 01:25:02 10 VOC world etymologies 01:25:12 10.1 Places and things named after the VOC and its people 01:27:49 10.2 Places and things named by VOC people 01:28:53 11 Populated places established by VOC people 01:30:17 12 Important heritage sites in the VOC World 01:30:56 13 VOC buildings and structures 01:31:31 14 VOC archives and records 01:32:16 15 VOC coinage 01:32:25 16 VOC ships 01:32:40 17 Field of VOC World studies 01:35:13 17.1 VOC World archaeology 01:35:23 18 VOC timeline and historical firsts 01:36:07 18.1 Proto-VOC period (with the establishment of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 01:38:37 18.2 VOC era (with the amalgamation of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 01:50:01 19 Gallery 01:50:19 20 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9307297285589624 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën or pre-companies) in the early 17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March 1602, as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The VOC was an early multinational/transnational corporation in its modern sense. The Company has been often labelled a trading company (i.e. a company of merchants who buy and sell goods produced by other people) or sometimes a shipping company. However, the VOC was in fact a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as internat ...
Views: 37 wikipedia tts
Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:30:39
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company 00:07:24 1 Company name, logo, and flag 00:09:49 2 History 00:09:59 2.1 Origins 00:14:14 2.2 Formation, rise, and fall 00:14:25 2.2.1 Formative years 00:20:06 2.2.2 Growth 00:27:25 2.2.3 Reorientation 00:38:52 2.2.4 Decline and fall 00:46:43 3 Organizational structure 00:54:19 4 Shareholder activism at the VOC and the beginnings of modern corporate governance problems 00:57:28 5 Main trading posts, settlements, and colonies 00:57:41 5.1 Europe 00:57:49 5.1.1 Netherlands 00:58:12 5.2 Africa 00:58:20 5.2.1 Mauritius 00:58:38 5.2.2 South Africa 00:58:52 5.3 Asia 00:59:01 5.3.1 Indonesia 00:59:13 5.3.2 Indian subcontinent 00:59:52 5.3.3 Japan 01:00:14 5.3.4 Taiwan 01:00:47 5.3.5 Malaysia 01:01:04 5.3.6 Thailand 01:01:18 5.3.7 Vietnam 01:01:39 6 Conflicts and wars involving the VOC 01:03:14 7 Historical roles and legacy 01:07:44 7.1 Institutional innovations and impacts on modern-day global business practices and financial system 01:15:39 7.2 Impacts on social, economic, financial, political, and military history of the Netherlands 01:21:28 7.3 Roles in the history of the global economy and international relations 01:27:18 7.4 Artistic, scientific, technological, and cultural legacies of the VOC World 01:27:34 7.4.1 VOC World as an information/knowledge exchange network in the Dutch maritime world-system 01:31:02 7.4.2 Influences on Dutch Golden Age art 01:32:35 7.4.3 Formation of early modern religious communities and ethnic groups within the VOC World 01:32:51 7.5 Contributions in the Age of Exploration 01:33:53 7.5.1 iHalve Maen'/is exploratory voyage and role in the formation of New Netherland 01:37:23 7.5.2 Dutch discovery, exploration, and mapping of mainland Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and various islands 01:43:26 7.5.3 VOC-sponsored inland exploration and mapping of Southern Africa 01:43:39 8 Criticism 01:44:18 8.1 VOC colonialism, monopoly policy and uses of violence 01:44:32 8.2 Dutch slave trade and slavery under the VOC colonial rule 01:50:38 9 Cultural depictions of people and things associated with the VOC 01:55:31 10 VOC world etymologies 01:55:43 10.1 Places and things named after the VOC and its people 01:59:23 10.2 Places and things named by VOC people 02:00:50 11 Populated places established by VOC people 02:02:46 12 Important heritage sites in the VOC World 02:03:46 13 VOC buildings and structures 02:04:33 14 VOC archives and records 02:05:33 15 Field of VOC World studies 02:09:03 15.1 VOC World archaeology 02:09:14 16 VOC timeline and historical firsts 02:10:16 16.1 Proto-VOC period (with the establishment of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 02:13:47 16.2 VOC era (with the amalgamation of the ivoorcompagnieën/pre-companies/i) 02:30:19 17 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7188161908832603 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (voorcompagnieën) in the early-17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March 1602, as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast Asian countries when the Dutch government granted it a 21-year monopoly on the Dutch spice trade. The Company has been often labelled a trading company (i.e. a company of merchants who buy and sell goods produced by other people) or sometimes a shipping company. However, the VOC was in fact a proto-conglomerate company, diversifying into multiple commercial and industrial activities such as international trade (especially intra-Asian trade), shipbuilding, both production and trade of East Indian spices, Formosan sugarcane, and South African wine. The Company was a transcontinental employer and an early pioneer of outward foreign direct invest ...
Views: 34 wikipedia tts
Eighty Years' War | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:26:20
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Eighty Years' War Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Eighty Years' War (Dutch: Tachtigjarige Oorlog; Spanish: Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands. After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. Under the leadership of the exiled William the Silent, the northern provinces continued their resistance. They eventually were able to oust the Habsburg armies, and in 1581 they established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The war continued in other areas, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened; this included the beginnings of the Dutch Colonial Empire, which at the time were conceived as carrying overseas the war with Spain. After a 12-year truce in which the Dutch Republic achieved de facto recognition, hostilities broke out again around 1619, which can be said to coincide with the Thirty Years' War. An end was reached in 1648 with the Peace of Münster (a treaty part of the Peace of Westphalia), when the Dutch Republic was definitively recognised as an independent country no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire. The Republic had already been recognized by Spain and the major European powers at the occasion of the Twelve Years' Truce of 1609. The Peace of Münster is sometimes considered the beginning of the Dutch Golden Age.
Views: 80 wikipedia tts
Congestie in een pas gemaaide sloot langs de Grensweg in Losser met niet al te helder water.
 
12:48
Congestie in een pas gemaaide sloot na de zware regen en onweersbui van 6 september 2013 die in Losser in nog geen 15 minuten 24 mm neerslag bracht. Ik fietste hier net langs en heb toen dit filmpje gemaakt. Let op, het is een opname van ruim tien minuten. Groeten uit Losser, Johan Effing.
Views: 2198 Johan Effing