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This month, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) will hold
its 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee.
Recently, a party think-tank presented a reform plan to
improve relations between the CCP and Chinese enterprises.
However, some remarked that such a "reform route" should
have been implemented as early as 20 years ago.
By putting it off for such a long time there is nothing
exciting left in the plan.
As most Chinese people have lost their confidence in the
party, this reform blueprint won't make any real changes.
Recently the CCP's Development Research Center of the
State Council announced the full text of a reform plan.
According to Chinese media, this plan was worked out by a
group led by Liu He, vice director of National Development
and Reform Commission, and Li Wei, Research center head.
This report is also called the "383 reform plan", prepared for
the next 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee.
"383" means: three-in-one reform concepts, eight key fields
for reform, and three relevant reform packages.
The report says the "three-in-one reform" means improving
the market system, converting government functions and
introducing new structures to business units.
The key to this reform lies in "properly handling the
relations between government and market".
To accomplish this, the report claims that it is necessary
to push forward reforms in the following eight key fields:
Administrative framework, monopolized industries,
land policy, financial system, tax system, management of
state-owned properties, innovation acceleration
and openness of the state.
The report says China's economic and social development is
encountering serious problems from its regime and rules.
As a result, real improvement must be made in the next
few years on deepening the reform.
Xia Yeliang, Professor of Economics at Peking University:
"Personally I don't expect much from this plan because it's
simply trying to do something that was promised 20 years
ago but had never been done."
Xia Yeliang, believes that the CCP has missed the
best time to carry out the reform plan.
Now the overall social environment is no longer
what it was before.
Without touching the political framework it is not possible
for reforms in economic fields to change the whole picture.
A key factor here is that, most Chinese people and business
owners have totally lost confidence in any improvements
of China's current situation.
Over the years, the darkness of China's judicial system has
continuously made the environment for investment worse.
Many entrepreneurs were imprisoned or convicted by the
CCP with false excuses such as the "Striking black" campaign.
This has driven more and more entrepreneurs to
escape mainland China through emigration.
In July, Hunan businessman Zeng Chengjie was secretly
executed by the CCP which outraged the Chinese public.
On October 21st, Chinese private entrepreneur, founder
of Dinghui Investment was officially arrested on charges
of "disrupting order in a public place".
Outsiders doubt that that was suppression by the party
over Wang's consistent efforts on social benefit issues.
As such issues arise one after another, the "emigration
wave" of business people will definitely increase.
Cao Siyuan, President of Beijing Siyuan Consultancy:
"In reality there are so many judicial injustices that people
have to think what the causes are of for all those cases."
The US-based Chinese magazine Epoch Weekly reported that,
the CCP's 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee
may bring changes to the current judicial and anti-corruption
system in China.
There are two possible changes: first, to establish a single
but huge department for discipline inspection.
Second, implement supervision from superior-level
instead of peer-level.
Also courts and procuratorates will no longer
follow instructions of local governments.
Cao Siyuan:"19 years ago I presented the idea of independent
court trails and direct leadership of the Supreme Court overall.
This can solve the problem of regional protectionism
in the current judicial system."
On the other hand, the Epoch Weekly's report also cited
words from a Beijing lawyer that, even if local courts are
no longer led by local governments, they are still directly
controlled by the party.
In cases that the CCP regards as a threat to itself, such as
trials of dissidents and members of belief groups, courts still
follow the instructions from the party.
In conclusion, such a reform can only be a superficial one
without bringing any fundamental changes to the regime.