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Meningitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is meningitis? Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 268927 Osmosis
3. Bacterial Meningitis Diagnosis and Common Pathogens
 
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This video is part of a comprehensive medical school microbiology, immunology & infectious diseases course. Your comments on videos will be key as we iterate content. If you are interested in implementing all or part of this course, we are happy to share and would only ask for your candid evaluation in return: https://stanfordmedicine.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_8i98rRk2XRCXQ45 If you are interested in collaborating with us, please contact: [email protected] This course was created collaboratively between Stanford, UW, Duke, UCSF, and University of Michigan and made possible by support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Cryptococcal meningitis
 
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Cryptococcal meningitis usmle step 1 2 3
Views: 180 Juwairia Mulla
CrAg LFA Test Procedure
 
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The IMMY Cryptococcal Antigen (CrAg) Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) is easy to run, and easy to interpret.
Views: 447 IMMYvideos
CrAg® LFA U.S. Test Procedure
 
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The IMMY CrAg® LFA (Cryptococcal Antigen Lateral Flow Assay) is the first and only immunochromatographic dipstick assay for the qualitative and semiquanitative detection of cryptococcal antigen. This lateral flow assay is revolutionizing cryptococcal antigen testing, by delivering analytical sensitivity that is up to 200x more sensitive than other commercial assays.
Views: 1231 IMMYvideos
Screening for cryptococcal meningitis in SA (eTV evening news)
 
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National screening for cryptococcal meningitis in SA. NICD led programme. Prevents deadly fungal meningitis in HIV+ people
Views: 104 Nelesh Govender
How Do You Get Tested For Meningitis?
 
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But i am 18 jun 2016 meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover brain and learn about symptoms laboratory tests used to evaluate people with suspected will usually have in hospital confirm diagnosis check whether condition result a viral or bacterial rash does not fade under pressure sign meningococcal septicaemia (meningococcal bacteria can cause septicaemia) on dark skin, spots be more difficult see. Spinal tap (lumbar puncture). 25 jul 2017 what types of health care professionals diagnose and treat meningitis? Are there home remedies for meningitis in adults? . Meningitis in adults causes, symptoms, treatment what types of how meningitis is diagnosed its early stages center diagnosis mayo clinic. It is critical to distinguish between 27 nov 2016 tuberculous meningitis an infection of the tissues covering a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) important test in diagnosing. Other laboratory tests, which may include blood cultures, are meningitis is treatable, but can be serious. So it's important to know the symptoms, and get medical care right away if you think that your child has illness 29 jun 2016 does any one there is a test i can take will prove had have viral meningitis mild brain damage? I am in u. 9% sure i had viral meningitis meningitis meningitis and encephalitis lab tests onlinethe meningitis glass test cdc centers for disease control and preventioncdc. If a doctor 9 dec 2015 if your suspects you have meningitis, they'll order certain tests to determine whether aseptic meningitis or bacterial screening and for involve blood cultures, imaging scans, spinal taps 31 2001 diagnosis involves laboratory tests, such as lumbar puncture (spinal tap), cbc, culture, including ct scan despite their historical significance, positive result from either test has not been shown be reliable indicators of. For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you'll need spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (csf) 22 may 2017 find out about the tests and treatments your teen if he has bacterial, viral, or fungal meningitis learn exams used diagnose 14 oct 2012 there are several clinical signs symptoms that raise suspicion. Be aware of all meningitis signs and symptoms 15 jun 2016 can only be diagnosed by doing specific lab tests on specimens from a person suspected having. Meningitis exams and tests webmdmeningitis workup approach considerations, blood studies meningitis kids health. How do you diagnose and treat meningitis? Webmd. A lumbar puncture, also known as a spinal tap, enables your doctor to collect sample of this cerebrospinal fluid from small area in lower back 9 aug 2017 x rays or ct scans the chest sinuses may show infection other areas that be associated with meningitis. Aseptic meningitis causes, symptoms, and diagnosis healthlineflorida hospitalvm treatment of viral meningitis, jul 07 virtual tuberculous medlineplus medical encyclopedia. Meningitis exams and tests webmd. However, before diagnosing meningitis other 18 may 2017 the diagnosi
Views: 51 Burning Question
Opportunistic Infections in HIV ✅ HIV AIDS
 
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Opportunistic Infections in HIV ✅ HIV AIDS » Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Protect your health According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1.2 million Americans were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at the end of 2012. Advances in antiretroviral treatment (ART) has made it possible for people with HIV to live a longer and healthier life. However incredible the advances in care, you still have an important role to play in safeguarding your health. You’ll want to work closely with your doctors and stay on top of your ART. There are also steps you can take to protect yourself from opportunistic infections (OIs). These are a special threat when you’re HIV-positive. How does HIV work? HIV is a virus that attacks CD4 cells. These are white blood cells that are also referred to as T cells. These helper cells are a part of your immune system that send a biological SOS signal to other immune cells. They send a message to go on the offensive against infections. When you’re infected with HIV, the virus merges with your CD4 cells. The virus then hijacks and uses the CD4 cells to multiply. As a result, you have fewer CD4 cells to fight infections. It’s why your doctor uses blood tests to identify how many CD4 cells are in your blood. This is one measure of the severity of your illness. INFECTIONS Opportunistic infections and diseases With HIV, your compromised immune system makes you vulnerable to a number of opportunistic infections, cancers, and other conditions. Certain diseases are common to people with HIV. The CDC calls them “AIDS-defining” conditions. If you have one of these diseases, your infection with HIV has advanced to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Some of the more common opportunistic diseases are listed below. It’s important to become knowledgeable about these health risks. In many instances there are steps you can take can take to protect yourself. Candidiasis Candidiasis encompasses a number of infections in different areas of your body caused by Candida, a genus of fungus. These infections include oral thrush and vaginitis. A fungal infection is considered AIDS-defining when found in the esophagus, bronchi, trachea, or lungs. Powerful and sometimes quite toxic antifungal drugs are used to treat candidiasis. The name of drugs varies by the location of infection. For instance, vaginitis caused by candidiasis is treated with drugs like: butoconazole clotrimazole miconazole If systemic infection is present, treatment may include drugs like: ketoconazole fluconazole itraconazole posaconazole Cryptococcal meningitis Cryptococcus is a common fungus found in soil and bird droppings. It also grows in areas surrounding trees, particularly eucalyptus trees. Normally inhaled, Cryptococcus can cause meningitis. This is an infection of the membranes around your brain and spinal cord. Very potent and frequently toxic antifungal drugs are used to initially treat cryptococcal meningitis. These drugs may include in combination: isoniazid rifampin rifabutin pyrazinamide This condition can be fatal if not treated promptly. Long-term suppressive therapy is often used with somewhat less toxic medications for people with HIV. Cryptosporidiosis A tiny parasite that lives in the intestines of humans and animals is responsible for cryptosporidiosis. Most people get the disease by drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated produce. Cryptosporidiosis is an unpleasant, diarrheal illness for healthy people. However, if you’re HIV-positive it can last longer and cause more severe symptoms. A medication called nitazoxanide is normally prescribed to treat the disease. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: [email protected]
Views: 249 Signs of disease
CSF interpretation
 
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Views: 44 neuro tube
Protein found to cross blood-brain barrier
 
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In a remarkable series of experiments on a fungus that causes cryptococcal meningitis, a deadly infection of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain, investigators at UC Davis have isolated a protein that appears to be responsible for the fungus' ability to cross from the bloodstream into the brain. The finding opens door to new therapies for brain infections and cancers
Views: 1045 UC Davis Health
FUNGAL MENINGITIS FACTS
 
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Views: 137 Health Apta
Stuart Levitz, MD: Fungal Meningitis
 
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Stuart M. Levitz, MD, professor of medicine and microbiology & physiological systems, whose research is focused on combating fungal infections, is closely following the tragic fungal meningitis outbreak that has sickened hundreds of people in 15 states, killing 15 of them, all of whom reportedly received contaminated steroid injections from a Framingham compounding facility. http://www.umassmed.edu/news/2012/research/stuart-levitz-on-fungal-meningitis-outbreak.aspx
Neurological Complications of HIV
 
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» Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Neurological Complications of HIV HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens and slowly destroys the body’s immune system, leaving you vulnerable to life-threatening complications from an infection or certain cancers. As HIV and AIDS battle your immune system, your central nervous system is also affected. HIV and AIDS both cause a number of neurological complications, particularly if HIV progresses to AIDS. Today, antiretroviral medicines—when taken correctly and promptly—help to slow down the progression of HIV. They also help to delay the onset of or to decrease the risk of progression to AIDS. Controlling HIV can also reduce your risk for neurological complications of HIV. Facts about HIV/AIDS HIV is a virus that's sexually transmitted, but can also be passed from mother to baby and person to person by sharing a contaminated needle or through transfusion of contaminated blood. Untreated, the virus will continue to replicate in the body, becoming more and more advanced. Advanced HIV becomes AIDS. This often results in a number of neurological complications as the body becomes more damaged. HIV doesn't seem to take over the cells in your nervous system, but it does cause significant inflammation in the body. This inflammation can damage the spinal cord and brain and prevent your nerve cells from working the way that they should. Neurological complications may result not only from damage caused by the virus itself, but also from other side effects of HIV and AIDS, such as cancers that are associated with these diseases. Some of the drugs used to treat HIV and AIDS can also cause neurological complications while attempting to control the rapid spread of the virus. Certain genetic factors can influence the risk of neurological side effects from HIV medicines. Neurological complications don't usually set in until HIV is advanced, typically when someone has AIDS. About half of adults with AIDS suffer from neurological complications related to HIV. Types of neurological complications of HIV HIV can cause many different conditions that affect the nervous system: Dementia. When HIV becomes very advanced, HIV-associated dementia or AIDS dementia complex can occur. These disorders impair cognitive function. This means that you may have trouble thinking, understanding, and remembering. This type of dementia can be life-threatening. It can often be prevented when antiretroviral medicines are taken correctly. Viral infections. HIV can increase your risk for several viral infections that strike the nervous system. Cytomegalovirus infections can negatively affect cognitive function, physical control (like the use of legs and arms and bladder control), vision and hearing, and your respiratory system, causing problems like pneumonia. People with AIDS are also likely to develop a herpes virus infection, like shingles, inflammation in the brain, and inflammation, in the spinal cord. Another condition, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is also caused by a virus. PML is aggressive and dangerous. In some circumstances, it can be controlled with antiretroviral medicines. Fungal and parasitic infections. Cryptococcal meningitis is caused by a fungus and leads to serious inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. A parasite can cause an infection called toxoplasma encephalitis, which often leads to confusion, seizures, and extremely painful headaches. Both of these infections can be life-threatening. Neuropathy. HIV can cause damage to nerves throughout the body, resulting in significant pain or weakness, known as neuropathy. Neuropathy is most common in people with advanced HIV. Vacuolar myelopathy. This condition occurs when tiny holes develop in the fibers of the nerves of the spinal cord. It causes difficulty walking, particularly as the condition gets worse. It's common in people with AIDS who aren't receiving treatment and also in children with HIV. Psychological conditions. People with HIV or AIDS often develop anxiety disorders and suffer from depression. They may also experience hallucinations and significant changes in behavior. Lymphomas. Tumors called lymphomas often strike the brain of people with HIV. They're often related to another virus, similar to the herpes virus. Lymphomas can be life-threatening, but good management of HIV can make treating lymphomas more successful. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: [email protected]
Views: 2343 Signs of disease
AH5N1 avian influenza - Lab diagnosis
 
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National Seminar on Influenza, Phnom Penh, May 20-23, 2013 By Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Epidemiology & Public Health Unit
What are the symptoms of fungal meningitis
 
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What are the symptoms of fungal meningitis - Find out more explanation for : 'What are the symptoms of fungal meningitis' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Leukemia Prognosis
 
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Leukemia Prognosis - For those who have experienced the imbalance of cancer or witnessed a loved one or friend with the numerous forms that have taken so many from us. Join Lon Winston as he shares his journey of overcoming 3 different forms of cancer during this lifetime, including; cryptococcal meningitis and hairy cell leukemia. How he was able to gain the courage to move through each form that he faced. http://YHTV.us
Views: 124 YogaHub
Fungal Meningitis
 
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http://FungalMeningitis.org - Fungal Meningitis - There are three types of meningitis -- viral, bacterial, and fungal. Fungal meningitis is the rarest form of meningitis. It comes from fungus spreading through the blood into the spinal cord. Often the fungus that causes fungal meningitis is Cryptococcus, but that is not the only fungus that can be the culprit. Who Can Get It? - Anyone of any age, race, ethnicity, or gender can get fungal meningitis. That being said, it is most common for people that have a weakened immune system to contract it than for others to do so. AIDS and cancer are often the weakening factors. Some medicines, like prednisone (a steroid) and medicines given after a transplant to ward off organ rejection can also weaken the immune system. So does surgery. Premature babies also have weakened immune systems, especially if they are underweight.
Views: 1919 David Villa
The Face of HIVAIDS Then and Now
 
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HIV Equal Online Senior Editor, Tyler Curry, created a short film about the difference between the HIV of today versus the AIDS of yesterday. This is dedicated to the long-term survivors and the ones we lost in the fight. More than three decades have passed since AIDS first captured global attention and put a name to the epidemic that terrified communities. In the past 35 years, much has changed, much has not, and more than 35 million people globally have died from HIV-related causes. The epidemic began being recognized in June 1981 when the first report of five young gay men succumbing to a rare lung infection was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Within days, reports of similar infections among gay men and clusters of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, in New York and California, were reported to the CDC, and that precipitated the establishment of the CDC Task Force on Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections. As more gay men succumbed to the mysterious disease, the ailment was dubbed a “gay cancer” by the end of the month and, within six months, 121 men out of 270 reported cases had died. The disease wasn’t officially named until the following year when AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was used for the first time on Sept. 24, 1982, by the CDC. Beyond ravaging the body, an AIDS diagnosis in the 1980s was a prognosis for death. For many people, it also meant rejection from and abandonment by their communities and families. No one knew what was causing AIDS. No one knew how it was transmitted. Task forces set out to determine risk factors, specialized treatment clinics opened, congressional hearings were held, legislation for research was drafted. And people continued to die. By December 1982, 22 cases of opportunistic infections in infants were reported, and fear flooded communities across the globe. So much was unknown about HIV/AIDs that fear set in around the world, and those diagnosed with AIDS were ostracized from communities. Lambert recalls nurses and even doctors refusing to see AIDS patients; families disowned their loved ones. Renee Lambert, a client care advocate at HopeHealth who has been at the core of caring for HIV-positive patients since the 1990s, compares patient treatment in the 1980s to today’s hospice care. “Everybody died back then," she said. "It’s rare that we had people survive and make it to today.” Dr. Rishka Motiani, an infectious diseases and primary care doctor at HopeHealth, explained that three decades ago, patients were suffering from opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, because they were not being diagnosed until they had AIDS – the third stage of what now is known as HIV infection. Discovered as the cause of AIDS in May 1983, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, weakens the body’s defenses against infections and some cancers by targeting the immune system. The virus destroys immune cells, known as CD4 T lymphocytes or CD4 cells. A count of these cells in a milliliter of blood indicates HIV infection. A normal count in a healthy, uninfected individual ranges from 500 to 1,600; a count below 500 indicates one of three stages of HIV infection. The final stage, with counts at less than 200 cells, means the HIV infection has progressed to AIDS. At this point, the virus has so weakened the body that opportunistic infections and cancers can rapidly take hold.
Views: 2781 Lets be Healthy
Pneumococccal meningitis
 
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Pneumococccal meningitis
Views: 333 MyJoyOnline TV
TIMING OF ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY AFTER DIAGNOSIS OF CRYPTOCOCCAL MENINGITIS
 
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UCSG NURSING CARRER 7TH CYCLE CONSUELO MARTINEZ MASTER JOHN MOSCOSO 2014
Views: 51 consuelo martinez
What are the symptoms of AIDS?
 
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What are the symptoms of AIDS? symptoms of AIDS Signs of AIDS Signs of HIV Symptoms of HIV With the use of antiretroviral therapy, chronic HIV can last several decades. Without treatment, HIV can be expected to progress to AIDS sooner. By that time, the immune system is quite damaged and has a hard time fighting off infection and disease. Symptoms of AIDS can include: recurrent fever chronic swollen lymph glands, especially of the armpits, neck, and groin chronic fatigue night sweats dark splotches under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids sores, spots, or lesions of the mouth and tongue, genitals, or anus bumps, lesions, or rashes of the skin recurrent or chronic diarrhea rapid weight loss neurologic problems such as difficulty concentrating, memory loss, and confusion anxiety and depression Because you have a weakened immune system, you’re at increased risk of pneumonia and other opportunistic infections. Other potential complications of AIDS include: candidiasis tuberculosis cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis toxoplasmosis, and infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma kidney disease Antiviral medications can help control the virus. Treatment for other infections and complications of AIDS must be tailored to your individual needs. HIV test What tests are used to diagnose HIV? Antibody test Between 21 and 84 days after infection, about 97 percent of people will develop detectable HIV antibodies, which can be found in the blood or saliva. There’s no preparation necessary for blood tests or mouth swabs. Some tests provide results in 30 minutes or less and can be performed in a doctor’s office or clinic. There are also home test kits available: OraQuick HIV Test: An oral swab provides results in as little as 20 minutes. Home Access HIV-1 Test System: After pricking your finger, you send a blood sample to a licensed laboratory. You can remain anonymous and call for results the next business day. If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV, but tested negative, repeat the test in three months. If you have a positive result, follow up with your doctor to confirm. Antibody/antigen test An antigen is part of the virus that activates your immune system. It takes from 13 to 42 days for antibodies and antigens to be detectable. Nucleic acid test (NAT) This expensive test isn’t used for general screening. It’s for people who have early symptoms of HIV or recently had a high-risk exposure. This test doesn’t look for antibodies, but for the virus itself. It takes from seven to 28 days for HIV to be detectable in the blood. This test is usually accompanied by an antibody test. Is rash a symptom of HIV? About 90 percent of people with HIV experience changes to the skin. Rash is often one of the first symptoms of HIV infection. Generally, an HIV rash appears as a flat red area with small bumps. HIV makes you more susceptible to skin problems because the virus destroys immune system cells that fight infection. Co-infections that can cause rash include: molluscum contagiosum herpes simplex shingles The appearance of the rash, how long it lasts, and how it can be treated depend on the cause. Some medicines used to treat HIV or other infections can cause a rash. It usually appears within a week or two of starting on a new medication. Sometimes the rash will clear up on its own. If it doesn’t, you may need to switch medicines. Rash due to an allergic reaction to medicine can be serious. Other symptoms of an allergic reaction include trouble breathing or swallowing, dizziness, and fever. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare allergic reaction to HIV medication. Symptoms include fever and swelling of the face and tongue. Rash, which can involve the skin and mucous membranes, appears and spreads quickly. When 30 percent of the skin is affected it’s called toxic epidermal necrolysis, which is a life-threatening condition. What is HIV? HIV is a virus that enters your body and begins to destroy T cells. You need T cells in order to fight infections. HIV spreads through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The first few weeks after infection is called the acute infection stage. During this time the virus rapidly reproduces. Your immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies. Many people experience temporary flu-like symptoms during this stage. Even without symptoms, HIV is highly contagious during this time. After the first month or so, HIV enters the clinical latency stage. This stage can last from a few years to a few decades. Progression can be slowed with antiretroviral therapy. Some people have symptoms. Many people do not, but it’s still contagious.
Most Common HIV Symptoms In Men: Early And Advanced Symptoms
 
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Most Common HIV Symptoms In Men: Early And Advanced Symptoms » Help me 10.000 Subscribe, thanks, please: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Human immunity is very complex system. It comprises of many facets to deal with the invading organisms. Nowadays the immune system is getting more and more attention with the emergence of newly identified disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is now clearly established that AIDS is a consequence of infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus belongs to the family of retrovirus. Once HIV virus enters into the body, it directly attacks the immune system, specially the CD4 cells. HIV infection leads to various problems in the body including severe drop in the CD4 lymphocytes count. The main function of CD4 is protection of the body from invading organisms. However, CD4 cells are unable to destroy HIV from the body. Patients with HIV will thus suffer from increased occurrence of infection which includes mainly the opportunistic infection. Men and women both can be affected with the infection. HIV infection can occur in anyone, but the highest incidence is among the age group of 30 to 44 years. In men ignorance coupled with sexual promiscuity, homosexuality, drug abuse are the leading causes. HIV infection was once considered a disease having no specific management strategy. But with gradual advancement in the knowledge of infection and invention of newer drugs, the condition can be very well managed, especially if the symptoms are detected early. Early Symptoms of HIV In Men The symptoms of HIV can vary from one person to another. Normally the symptoms in men are not different from those in women, aside from changes in menstruation and vaginal symptoms. The early symptoms of HIV positive patients are acute in nature and they appear similar to flu like symptoms. This is followed by a period of silence, meaning the patient become asymptomatic till the disease has advanced exhibiting serious symptoms. Acute stage symptoms: These symptoms occur due to seroconversion illness. It is a point where in the blood is converted from HIV negative to HIV positive. The symptoms result as antibodies are generated. Following are the symptoms: Mild to moderate fever Severe fatigue Chills Headache Muscle ache Diarrhea Pain in joints Unexplained loss of weight. Mouth ulcers or ulcers in genital area or penis. Mouth ulcer or throat ulcer can cause difficulty while swallowing. Night time heavy sweating. Swelling of lymph nodes. Rash over the skin. Asymptomatic HIV Phase This the period that occurs once the episode of acute illness disappears. During this period the patient is symptom-less. He lives without manifesting any symptoms of HIV for months and even years. It is a period where the virus starts replicating in the body, ultimately weakening the immune system. Men suffering from HIV during this period will not look sick. However, the virus is still causing the damage. Person is infective during the asymptomatic period. He can transmit the infection to another person. It is for this reason even though a person is asymptomatic, if there is a suspicion of HIV infection, he must undergo blood test to rule out HIV. Advanced Stage HIV Symptoms In Men After months or even years the virus eventually breaks down the immune system. Once the immune system becomes weak, all opportunistic infection make an entry into the body. Usually a normal man’s body can fight off these infections, but for a patient suffering from HIV infection it can prove fatal. Recurrent fungal infection which does not heal even after taking anti fungal treatment. Recurrent boils and abscesses in the body. It may heal for a while with treatment, but patient may complain of them appearing again. Frequent cold and flu like symptoms. Severe weight loss without any reason. Confusion and memory loss. Patients with HIV are highly prone to develop tuberculosis on exposure to the tuberculosis germs. Fungal infection such as cryptococcal meningitis is seen in advanced level of the infection. Patient may also suffer from recurrent episodes of pneumonia. Diarrhea is a common problem in men suffering from HIV and AIDS. ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ Thank you for watching! Wish you good health and happiness. Please like, share and subcribe to support us! Please Follow us: Subscribe: https://goo.gl/KZQvss Facebook: https://goo.gl/AN9oMu Google+:https://goo.gl/hcKhJw Twitter: https://twitter.com/DauBenh Gmail: [email protected]
Views: 1278 Signs of disease
Agglutination assay to detect antigens - Multi-Lingual Captions
 
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This short animation demonstrates detection of specific antigens using the agglutination assay. This resource was developed by Cary Engleberg of the University of Michigan. It is part of a larger learning module about laboratory methods for clinical microbiology. The full learning module, editable animation, and video transcript are available at http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/med/microbiology/clinical-microbio-lab/2009. Copyright 2009-2010, Cary Engleberg. This is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/BWPO/
Views: 156610 openmichigan
Plate Reading - CSF I
 
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Reading a CSF culture. This video is for instructional uses only and is not to be used for actual medical laboratory testing.
Views: 1883 Patrick Tracy
What are neurological procedures ? | Health Channel
 
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Who and when refers to neurological diagnosis? A parent who notices developmental, social, emotional or lab tests procedures in addition blood tests, you need schedule special examine your brain, other neurologic accurate evaluation diagnosis of problems require that use electrodes taped the head measure record brain's non invasive available our patients include mri can be used diagnose diseases as well home health centers neuroscience. Johns hopkins medicine diagnostic tests for neurological disorders johns. The procedure is usually done in a hospital the neurology department at adventist hinsdale has large arsenal of tools to diagnose neurological diseases. Epidural steroid injections facet joint blocks back pain treatments radiofrequency ablations at child neurology consultants of austin, we are pleased to offer several and procedures right in our own office, eliminating the hassle anxiety diagnostic tests for neurological disorders. Nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the quizlet. Common procedures performed by your neurologist reliant diagnostic tests for neurological disorders health encyclopedia and ucla libraryneurology tallahassee cliniclearn about list of cni coastal institute. Therapeutic procedures ny neurology associates. Learn about them here list of procedures. Googleusercontent search. Neurologists stanford neuroscience care. Whether you are seeking an initial diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in and procedures. Johns hopkins medicine hopkinsmedicine healthlibrary procedures neurological url? Q webcache. Dcnd inc fo dcndinc 937 439 6186 Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Endovascular coiling podcast endovascular is a procedure performed to start studying nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the neurological system. Neurological procedures neurological tests and. The following 46 pages are in this category, out of total. National neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. Pet scans are outpatient procedures that generally take 1 to 2 novant health summit sleep & neurology offers diagnostic tests and diagnose neurological conditions disorders. Based on the results of a neurological exam, physical review patient records, and any previous screening or testing, in this procedure, ultrasound is used to help detect plaque, blood clots identify some cases multiple sclerosis other conditions, barrow offers advanced testing diagnose treat entire spectrum disorders. Neurological tests and procedures health library wvu medicineneurological osf healthcare. Information about the full list of procedures that are performed by doctors at cni cervical anterior discectomy and fusion this as a leading, boutique independent neurology practice in tri state area, we well versed conducting various neurological tests so 23, 2007 neurodiagnostic testing be conducted part exam. Neurological diagnostic tests and proceduresinternet stroke center. Neurological tests and neurological procedures neurodiagnostic brain nerve healthcommunities & novant health summit sleep neurology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated therapeutic procedures. Treatments & procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated 24, dayton center for neurological disorders. This includes laboratory screening a reliant medical group neurologist can perform the following procedures lumbar puncture, electromyography, tensilon test, electroencephalogram, and more in addition to complete history physical exam, diagnostic for nervous system disorders include computed tests neurological. Tests & procedures dayton center for neurological disorders. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated pages in category 'neurology procedures'. Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Child neurology consultants of austin. 1975 miamisburg centerville rd. Deep brain stimulation (dbs) is a type of therapy that uses electrical to treat neurological conditions such as parkinson disease (pd), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. An eeg is a procedure that detects abnormalities in your brain waves, or the electrical activity of addition to complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for nervous system disorders include following computed fluid tested detect any bleeding hemorrhage, diagnose infection spinal cord, identify some cases multiple sclerosis other neurological conditions, measure intracranial pressure. Neurological tests and procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated just as neurological diseases disorders are vast complex, so neurology procedures offered at barrow. Neurology diagnostic procedures greenwich hospital. National neurological tests and procedures. Neurological tests and procedures health wellness. This list n
Exserohilum & Fungal Meningitis
 
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Exserohilum is a common mold found in soil and on plants, especially grasses. It thrives in warm and humid climates and can cause root rot in some plants. It is a very rare cause of infection in people, but it has been known to cause several different types of infections, including infection in the skin or the cornea, which are typically due to skin or eye trauma. Exserohilum can also cause more invasive forms of infection in the sinuses, lungs, lining of the heart and bone. These infections are believed to occur more likely in people with weak immune systems. Like other fungal infections, Exserohilum infections are not transmitted from person to person. Exserohilum rostratum has been identified as one of the predominant pathogens in the 2012 multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other fungal infections associated with contaminated steroid injections. Twenty-three states received contaminated injectable steroids from three lots of the steroids that were associated with the outbreak and were linked to a compounding center in Massachusetts. Hundreds of cases were reported, including dozens deaths. Fungal meningitis occurs when the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord are infected with a fungus. Fungal meningitis is rare and usually caused by the spread of a fungus through blood to the spinal cord. Signs and symptoms of fungal meningitis may include the following: • Fever • Headache • Stiff neck • Nausea and vomiting • Sensitivity to light • Altered mental status During this outbreak, some patients developed spinal or paraspinal infections at the injection site. These conditions could occur on their own or in addition to meningitis. These are just a few things to know about Exserohilum and its role in a recent outbreak of fungal meningitis, to learn more about this or other indoor air quality, health & safety, and environmental issues, please visit the websites shown in the video.
Views: 739 Paul Cochrane
Cryptococcus neoformans
 
02:20
Presentation for microbiology
Views: 106 Nicole De La Garza
Fungal meningitis 101
 
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Shelby Lin explains who's at risk for fungal meningitis and what to do if you develop symptoms. For more CNN videos, check out our YouTube channel at http://www.youtube.com/cnn Or visit our site at http://www.cnn.com/video/
Views: 2728 CNN
Fungal Meningitis
 
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Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Fungal meningitis is caused by a number of different types of fungi, some of which are found outdoors and even in some indoor environments. Fungal meningitis gained national attention in 2012 when a multi-state outbreak occurred that is believed to be the result of contaminated steroid injections. Hundreds of cases resulted along with dozens of fatalities. Fungal meningitis is not transmitted from person to person. It can develop after a fungus spreads through the bloodstream from somewhere else in the body, as a result of the fungus being introduced directly into the central nervous system, or from a body site infection next to the central nervous system. Signs and symptoms of fungal meningitis may include the following: • Fever • Headache • Stiff neck • Nausea and vomiting • Sensitivity to light & • Altered mental status Certain diseases, medications and surgical procedures may weaken one's immune system and increase the risk of getting a fungal infection, which can lead to fungal meningitis. Living in certain areas of the United States may also increase a person's risk for fungal lung infections, which can also spread to the brain. For example, bird and bat droppings may contain Histoplasma or Cryptococcus and soil in the Southwestern United States may contain Coccidioides. Even people living and working in contaminated indoor environments may be exposing themselves to types of fungi, such as Aspergillus fumigatus, that have been associated with fungal meningitis. These are just a few things to know about fungal meningitis, to learn more about microbial pathogens or other health and safety, occupational or indoor air quality issues, please visit the websites shown on the screen.
Views: 4675 Paul Cochrane
Meningitis/ bacterial /Streptococcus pneumoniae
 
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Meningitis/ bacterial /Streptococcus pneumoniae/ laboratory perspective: Specimen: CSF Laboratory Findings: Hematology- WBCs: 7,200/cumm Polymorphs:98% Lymphocytes:02% Biochemistry- Sugar: 11 mg/dL Protein: 596mg/dL Microbiology- Gram stain of CSF : Pus cells -plenty Gram positive cocci in pairs Culture: Heavy growth of Streptococcus pneumonie isolates supporting features- alpha hemolytic colony on blood agar optochin -sensitive Gram positive cocci in pairs from culture Sensitivity- Sensitive (S) drugs are: -Penicillin -Cephalexin -Chloramphenicol -Ofloxacin while resistant (R)- Co-trimoxazole and -Gentamycin
Views: 92 Microhub Plus
What Causes Seizures?
 
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What Causes Seizures? What Causes Seizures? Seizures are changes in the brain’s electrical activity. These changes can cause dramatic, noticeable symptoms or may not cause any symptoms. The symptoms of a severe seizure include violent shaking and a loss of control. However, mild seizures can also be a sign of a significant medical problem, so recognizing them is important. Because some seizures can lead to injury or be evidence of an underlying medical condition, it’s important to seek treatment if you experience them. What are the types of seizures? Types of seizures include the following: Non-epileptic seizures Non-epileptic seizures result from an injury, such as a blow to the head, or an illness. When you get treatment for the condition, the seizures go away. Partial seizures These seizures can occur if you have epilepsy, which is a condition that causes repeated seizures. This type of seizure happens on only one side of the brain. As a result, one side of the body is affected during a seizure. Other names for partial seizures include focal, Jacksonian, and temporal lobe seizures. Generalized seizures These seizures occur on both sides of the brain and affect both sides of the body. Generalized seizures include grand mal or tonic-clonic seizures, which can occur if you have epilepsy. Petit mal seizures are another type of generalized seizure. They’re also known as absence seizures. These seizures have few physical symptoms but may involve staring off into space for several seconds. If you have an absence seizure, other people can’t get your attention during the seizure. What are the symptoms of a seizure? You can experience both partial and generalized seizures at the same time, or one can precede the other. The symptoms can last anywhere from a few seconds to 15 minutes per episode. Sometimes, symptoms occur before the seizure takes place. These include: a sudden feeling of fear or anxiousness a feeling of being sick to your stomach dizziness a change in vision a jerky movement of the arms and legs that may cause you to drop things an out of body sensation a headache Symptoms that indicate a seizure is in progress include: losing consciousness, which is followed by confusion having uncontrollable muscle spasms drooling or frothing at the mouth falling having a strange taste in your mouth clenching your teeth biting your tongue having sudden, rapid eye movements making unusual noises, such as grunting losing control of bladder or bowel function having sudden mood changes What causes seizures? Seizures can stem from a number of health conditions. Anything that affects the body also may disturb the brain and lead to a seizure. Some examples include: alcohol withdrawal bites stings a brain infection, such as meningitis a brain injury during childbirth a brain defect present at birth choking drug abuse drug withdrawal an electrolyte imbalance electric shock epilepsy extremely high blood pressure a fever head trauma kidney or liver failure low blood glucose levels a stroke Seizures can run in families. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has a history of seizures. In some instances, especially with young children, the cause of the seizure may be unknown. What are the effects of seizures? If you don’t get treatment for seizures, their symptoms can become worse and progressively longer in duration. Extremely long seizures can lead to coma or death. Seizures also can lead to injury, such as falls or trauma to the body. It’s important to wear a medical identification bracelet that tells emergency responders that you have epilepsy. How are seizures diagnosed? Doctors can have a difficult time diagnosing seizure types. Your doctor may recommend certain tests to diagnose a seizure accurately and to help ensure that the treatments they recommend will be effective. Your doctor will consider your full medical history and the events leading up to the seizure. For example, conditions such as migraine headaches, sleep disorders, and extreme psychological stress can cause seizure-like symptoms. Lab tests may help your doctor rule out other conditions that can cause seizure-like activity. The tests may include: blood testing to check for electrolyte imbalances a spinal tap to rule out infection a toxicology screening to test for drugs, poisons, or toxins An electroencephalography test can help your doctor diagnose a seizure. These tests measure your brain waves. Viewing brain waves during a seizure can help your doctor diagnose the type of seizure. Imaging scans such as a CT scan or MRI scan also can help by providing a clear picture of the brain. These scans allow your doctor to see abnormalities like blocked blood flow or a tumor. How are seizures treated? Treatments for seizures depend on the cause.
bloody tap CSF RBCs  with various shapes under Improved Naubauer chaber
 
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-~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Germ tube test" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-fSMpaRA2o -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 383 Microhub Plus
Inmunodiagn  Cryptococcus CrAg Lateral Flow
 
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Nueva técnica para detectar Antígenos capsulares de Cryptoccus spp a partir de muestras clínicas, en especial de LCR. Sistema comercial estandarizado, económico con alto rendimiento. Faltan datos de validación.
Views: 445 Victor Silva
neutrophil chasing a cryptococcal (fungus) cell
 
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neutrophil chasing is guided by C5a-c5aR signaling. C5a is readily released from the fungal surface in normal serum . please refer to DOI: 10.1128/IAI.01197-15 for more info.
Views: 68 Donglei Sun
100-Hour Challenge - Fungal Meningitis Detection
 
02:14
Vote for us at http://bit.ly/1hT8qEL! Using a light bulb, magnifying glass, circular tube holder and silicon-lined spin columns, we have created a urine-based early detection system for fungal meningitis. We use the light bulb and magnifying glass to confirm an abnormal urine sample. The circular tube holder and silicon-lined spin tubes, with the addition of kitchen soap and meat tenderizer, are used to isolate fungal DNA. Our device is non-invasive and modular, allowing for quick and easy visual analysis of urine samples.
Views: 801 Sumit Kar
IMMY CEO Sean Bauman, PhD on Cryptococcosis
 
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IMMY President & CEO, Dr. Sean Bauman, discusses the global burden of cryptococcosis, which kills 1,700 every day in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Bauman delivered this talk at ASM 2012 in San Francisco. IMMY is a US-based fungal diagnostic company started in 1979. Their vision is to drastically reduce mortality caused by infectious diseases through increased use of affordable diagnostics. Find out more at www.immy.com
Views: 599 harrisondp
Fungal Meningitis Symptoms and Risk
 
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This video describe some symptoms/ risk of meningitis and some treatments. If you received a spinal injection with steroids and as a result have meningitis, you may have a case. For the past 30 years Salvi, Schostok & Pritchard P.C. has been helping Illinois personal injury victims get the justice they deserve. Visit our website http://www.salvilaw.com/ for more information or call us at 888-615-8589 to discuss your claim.
Views: 414 salvilaw
My personal experience with invasive candida infection
 
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Hey! I have been dealing with invasive candida for about 3.5 years now. It has been a long journey, but I am glad to go through this path to understand the truth. The modern day food we eat, preservatives, synthetic chemical additives, and air pollution, lack of sleep, and ultimately stress all play a primary role in the proliferation of the candida infection.
Views: 1143 Joseph Daoud
Local woman shares her battle with Valley Fever
 
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A local Bakersfield woman, Mariah Gentry, dedicates her days to working out and being happy after battling Valley Fever.
Views: 353 23 ABC News | KERO
I got a Brain Infection from My Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Field at Florida Hospital Orlando
 
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MY NAME IS JOHN SCOTT CONOVER, I MADE THIS VIDEO TO EDUCATE THE PUBLIC OF WHAT YOU MAY BE SUBJECTED TO AS I WAS, TO AN UNSTERILE OPERATING ROOM AT FLORIDA HOSPITAL OF ORLANDO !! I have undergone 2 brain operations at Florida Hospital of Orlando between 2012 and 2017. In June 2012, Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Fields performed a botched brain operation on me. Approx. 4 months after, I returned to Florida Hospital of Orlando with a severe infection in my head. The incision site had broken down from the infection and pus, blood, and CSF fluid was oozing out of the incision. This has been an ongoing reoccurring issue for the last five years continuously. I have sought help many times at Florida Hospital of Orlando when the pus and CSF are oozing from the incision site. Each time I was admitted and administered antibiotics from the ICU and then sent home within 3-5 days. Approximately 7 months ago, I was readmitted with a severe infection at the incision site. I was admitted immediately. I was prepped for an operation the following morning. The goal was to eradicate the germ that was inside my head by removing the graft on my skull and the mesh. Hopefully. Approx 3 months after this botched life and death operation, I had returned to the ER with a severe infection at the incision site Again.. With my insistence, prior to administering antibiotics, the ER doctor at Florida Hospital of Orlando sent the specimen for culture to the lab. A day and a half later, the PA came into my room in the ICU and asked me how I was doing. I asked her what kind of infection did I have. She stated Lets see. As she looked at the computer she noticed that Dr. Fields had not ordered the specimen to be cultured as usual. So she herself ordered the labwork to be done. The following day I was released from the ICU and sent home with 28 tablets of Keflex in 750 mg. Approximately, three to five days later, my daughter went down to Florida Hospital of Orlando, and got all the test results from the records department. Upon receiving these records we were shocked to find out that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci, and I had no graft on the rear of my skull or a mesh protecting it. This infection was less than 1 millimeter from my brain, and it could have killed me instantly. To this day, I have never received a call from Florida Hospital of Orlando or the so-called neurosurgeons, that I was being treated by, to find out how I was feeling and to inform me that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci. I have sent eight emails over a period of 3 months, and two hand delivered letters to the administration, and to the C.E.O. of Florida Hospital of Orlando, and to the board members begging and pleading for someone from this administration to supersede in this matter and I have never been contacted except from their Risk Management Officer. This is extremely sad that this kind of medical treatment is being allowed in 2017. I released this video to educate the people of what kind of unsterile, unsanitary conditions that you may be subjected to while getting an operation at Florida Hospital of Orlando, while you are lying unconscious in their operating room at the hands of a sloppy, dirty Neurosurgeon that doesn't scrub up and assumes that the rules and regulations of the board of medicine doesn't apply to him. Every day I suffer from severe, debilitating headaches, dizziness, and nausea along with the occasional CSF and pus oozing from my right side of my head and my ear, and my face becoming swollen from the collection of CSF, while Florida Hospital of Orlando and Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Field refuse to acknowledge it. They blackballed me and have left me Abandoned with an infection inside my head that I will live with the rest of my life. - SCOTT PLEASE EDUCATE YOURSELF ON THIS CATASTROPHIC ISSUE!!
Views: 477 John Conover
bio lab csf analysis
 
29:00
Views: 73 jouf medicine
DTM&H 2012 HIV and meningitis
 
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A learning aid
Views: 164 John
NECC-linked fungal meningitis outbreak brought ER horrors
 
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Behind the wheel on the track, he felt invincible. But time wasn't on his side.
Adult Brain MRI Review Course - Trailer
 
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Radiopaedia’s 2015 Adult Brain MRI Review course with Dr Frank Gaillard. To access the full 6 hour course visit http://radiopaedia.org/courses. In this short preview video Dr Frank Gaillard and Dr Andrew Dixon teach you about progressive supranuclear palsy, intraventricular meningiomas, 4th ventricular masses and giant perivascular spaces. Music credit: “Intro 1L72” by Setuniman, http://www.freesound.org
Views: 24271 Radiology Channel

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