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Lecture on cryptococcal meningitis diagnosis (for LIFE Worldwide)
 
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Lecture on diagnosis of cryptococcal (fungal) meningitis by Professor Malcolm Richardson (University of Manchester) for LIFE Worldwide. Microscopy. Culture. Antigen detection (CrAg) by latex agglutination of laterla flow assay, and causes of false positives or false negatives. Histopathology and histological differential diagnosis. For slides and alternative formats please visit http://life-worldwide.org/life-education-slide-sets-video-presentations-and-reading-materials
Meningitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is meningitis? Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 388980 Osmosis
Cryptococcal Meningitis - Dr. O.C. Abraham -FIC
 
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A comprehensive 16 modules e-Course on the important aspects of fungal infections. Fungal Infections e-Course: https://fungalcourses.org/ Topics Covered: https://fungalcourses.org/local/staticpage/view.php?page=fungal-course-contents Faculty: https://fungalcourses.org/local/staticpage/view.php?page=faculty-fungal Supported & Sponsored by: FISF| Pfizer| Golden Tree Learning
Cryptococcal meningitis
 
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52-year-old female that presented with acute onset delirium and seizures. There is patchy ill-defined T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal involving the subcortical, deep, and periventricular white matter of the supratentorial compartment, worse in the frontal horn and periatrial regions. There is a more nodular region of T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal within the subcortical white matter of the posterolateral left temporal lobe and patchy T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal abnormality in the substance of the midbrain tegmentum extending into the tectal plate. There are no suspicious abnormalities on the diffusion-weighted images, and post contrast sequences demonstrate ill-defined enhancement along the perivascular spaces worse in the bilateral frontal regions. A differential of meningoencephalitis, demyelinating disease, and vasculitis was given. Lumbar puncture and CSF fluid analysis was performed demonstrating a cryptococcal meningitis. CNS cryptococcosis results from infection of the central nervous system the with the fungus cryptococcus neoformans. Disease is more commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical presentation typically begins with meningitis or meningoencephalitis, headache, seizure or altered vision due to raised intracranial pressure. Common MR imaging features include enlarged perivascular spaces within the basal ganglia with a pseudocyst appearance. NMR303G For more, visit our website at http://ctisus.com
Views: 211 CTisus
India ink positive ||Cryptococcal Meningitis
 
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||India Ink Preparation|| This test is ordered in suspected case of cryptococcal meningitis. Principle The capsule is non ionic, so that the  India ink  used will not bind to it. This is reason, capsule appears as a clear halo around the yeast cells. Requirements India ink slide and cover slip C.S.F. specimen Droppers or inoculating loop waste discarding container or Bunsen burner Centrifuge test tubes Procedure 1. Centrifuge the C.S.F. for 5 to  10 minutes, 2. Remove the supernatant fluid and mix the sediment. 3. Transfer  equal amount of  sediment and India ink i.e. a drop of the sediment to a slide and add a drop of India ink . 4. Mix and cover with a  cover slip. 5. Now, examine the preparation under microscope using the 40X objective. Observation Look for oval or round cells, some showing budding, irregular in size, measuring 2-10 µm in diameter and surrounded by  a large unstained capsule as shown in above figure. Very rarely capsules are absent. For more details, go with website @ http://universe84a.com/india-ink-preparation-cryptococcal-meningitis-suspected/ #EncapsulatedYEASTS #CapsulOfCryptococcus #FungalMeningitis
Views: 95 Microhub Plus
CrAg LFA Test Procedure
 
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The IMMY Cryptococcal Antigen (CrAg) Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) is easy to run, and easy to interpret.
Views: 613 IMMYvideos
Brain infection
 
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Views: 1384 Medical Doctor Media
Coccidioidomycosis
 
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Coccidioidomycosis
Views: 8134 Siri Cosper
CrAg® LFA U.S. Test Procedure
 
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The IMMY CrAg® LFA (Cryptococcal Antigen Lateral Flow Assay) is the first and only immunochromatographic dipstick assay for the qualitative and semiquanitative detection of cryptococcal antigen. This lateral flow assay is revolutionizing cryptococcal antigen testing, by delivering analytical sensitivity that is up to 200x more sensitive than other commercial assays.
Views: 1400 IMMYvideos
CSF Specimen Handling - What NOT To Do
 
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This is an MLS training video for students to identify mistakes and bad decisions made by Medical Laboratory Scientists while handling a CSF specimen. No actual patient specimens were used in this video. For training purposes only. This is not a documentary. This is not real!!
Views: 2689 Diann Trotman
Diagnosis of pulmonary cryptococcosis – Supplementary video ID 178391
 
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Supplementary video of original research “The performance of serum cryptococcal capsular polysaccharide antigen test, histopathology and culture of the lung tissue for diagnosis of pulmonary cryptococcosis in patients without HIV infection” published in the open access journal Infection and Drug Resistance by Zhou Y, Lin PC, Ye JR, et al. Read the full paper here: https://www.dovepress.com/the-performance-of-serum-cryptococcal-capsular-polysaccharide-antigen--peer-reviewed-article-IDR
Views: 58 Dove Medical Press
Lumbar puncture for cryptococcal meningitis patients (lecture by Dr Neil Stone for LIFE Worldwide)
 
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How to perform a lumbar puncture, in the context of a patient with cryptococcal meningitis. Indications/contraindications and complications. Contents of a spinal/lumbar puncture tray. Procedure. Using a manometer to measure opening and closing pressure. Sample collection.
I got a Brain Infection from My Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Field at Florida Hospital Orlando
 
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MY NAME IS JOHN SCOTT CONOVER, I MADE THIS VIDEO TO EDUCATE THE PUBLIC OF WHAT YOU MAY BE SUBJECTED TO AS I WAS, TO AN UNSTERILE OPERATING ROOM AT FLORIDA HOSPITAL OF ORLANDO !! I have undergone 2 brain operations at Florida Hospital of Orlando between 2012 and 2017. In June 2012, Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Fields performed a botched brain operation on me. Approx. 4 months after, I returned to Florida Hospital of Orlando with a severe infection in my head. The incision site had broken down from the infection and pus, blood, and CSF fluid was oozing out of the incision. This has been an ongoing reoccurring issue for the last five years continuously. I have sought help many times at Florida Hospital of Orlando when the pus and CSF are oozing from the incision site. Each time I was admitted and administered antibiotics from the ICU and then sent home within 3-5 days. Approximately 7 months ago, I was readmitted with a severe infection at the incision site. I was admitted immediately. I was prepped for an operation the following morning. The goal was to eradicate the germ that was inside my head by removing the graft on my skull and the mesh. Hopefully. Approx 3 months after this botched life and death operation, I had returned to the ER with a severe infection at the incision site Again.. With my insistence, prior to administering antibiotics, the ER doctor at Florida Hospital of Orlando sent the specimen for culture to the lab. A day and a half later, the PA came into my room in the ICU and asked me how I was doing. I asked her what kind of infection did I have. She stated Lets see. As she looked at the computer she noticed that Dr. Fields had not ordered the specimen to be cultured as usual. So she herself ordered the labwork to be done. The following day I was released from the ICU and sent home with 28 tablets of Keflex in 750 mg. Approximately, three to five days later, my daughter went down to Florida Hospital of Orlando, and got all the test results from the records department. Upon receiving these records we were shocked to find out that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci, and I had no graft on the rear of my skull or a mesh protecting it. This infection was less than 1 millimeter from my brain, and it could have killed me instantly. To this day, I have never received a call from Florida Hospital of Orlando or the so-called neurosurgeons, that I was being treated by, to find out how I was feeling and to inform me that I had tested positive for rare gram cocci. I have sent eight emails over a period of 3 months, and two hand delivered letters to the administration, and to the C.E.O. of Florida Hospital of Orlando, and to the board members begging and pleading for someone from this administration to supersede in this matter and I have never been contacted except from their Risk Management Officer. This is extremely sad that this kind of medical treatment is being allowed in 2017. I released this video to educate the people of what kind of unsterile, unsanitary conditions that you may be subjected to while getting an operation at Florida Hospital of Orlando, while you are lying unconscious in their operating room at the hands of a sloppy, dirty Neurosurgeon that doesn't scrub up and assumes that the rules and regulations of the board of medicine doesn't apply to him. Every day I suffer from severe, debilitating headaches, dizziness, and nausea along with the occasional CSF and pus oozing from my right side of my head and my ear, and my face becoming swollen from the collection of CSF, while Florida Hospital of Orlando and Neurosurgeon Dr. Melvin Field refuse to acknowledge it. They blackballed me and have left me Abandoned with an infection inside my head that I will live with the rest of my life. - SCOTT PLEASE EDUCATE YOURSELF ON THIS CATASTROPHIC ISSUE!!
Views: 647 John Conover
Meningitis - Spooky2 Rife Frequencies
 
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Learn more Spooky2 RIfe Frequencies: http://www.rifetherapies.com/. Meningitis Acute inflammation of meningeal membranes, due to viral, bacterial (including Lyme spirochetes), or other organisms. Bacterial: use Streptococcus Pneumoniae, Influenza Haemophilus Type B, and see Listeriose, and Leptospirosis. Viral: use Echo, Coxsackie, and Meningococcus programs. Brain Meningitis, aseptic - Coxsackie A and B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Echovirus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (Arenavirus), HSV-2 (Herpesvirus), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast) Meningitis, bacterial - Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci), Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous), Streptoccoccus pneumoniae (G+ cocci), Group B streptococcus (G+ cocci) Meningitis - cryptococcal. In most cases, CM is caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. This fungus is found in soil around the world. Cryptococcus gattii can also cause meningitis. CM most often affects people with a weakened immune system, including people with: AIDS Cirrhosis (a type of liver disease) Diabetes Leukemia Lymphoma Sarcoidosis An organ transplant It is rare in people who have a normal immune system and no long-term health problems. This form of meningitis starts slowly, over a few days to a few weeks. Symptoms may include: Fever Hallucinations Headache Mental status change (confusion) Nausea and vomiting Sensitivity to light Stiff neck. Your health care provider will examine you. You will likely have a: Fast heart rate Fever Mental status change Stiff neck A lumbar puncture ( spinal tap ) is used to diagnose meningitis. In this test, a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is removed from your spine and tested. Other tests that may be done include: Blood culture Chest x-ray Cryptococcal antigen in CSF or blood, to look for antibodies CSF examination for cell count, glucose, and protein CT scan of the head Gram stain, other special stains, and culture of CSF. Antifungal medicines are used to treat this form of meningitis. Intravenous (IV, through a vein) therapy with amphotericin B is the most common treatment. It is often combined with an oral antifungal medicine called 5-flucytosine. Another oral drug, fluconazole, in high doses may also be effective. If needed, it will be prescribed later. People who recover from CM need long-term medicine to prevent the infection from coming back. People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, will also need long-term treatment to improve their immune system. These complications may occur from this infection: Brain damage Hearing loss Hydrocephalus (excessive CSF in the brain) Seizures Amphotericin B can have side effects such as: Nausea and vomiting Fever and chills Joint and muscles aches Kidney damage. Call your local emergency number (such as 911) if you develop any of the serious symptoms listed above. Meningitis can quickly become a life-threatening illness. Call your local emergency number or go to an emergency room if you suspect meningitis in a young child who has these symptoms: Feeding difficulties High-pitched cry Irritability Persistent, unexplained fever. Cryptococcal meningitis. Central nervous system Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. Kauffman CA. Cryptococcosis. We are very happy to announce that the Spooky2 audio files are being upgraded, making them significantly better than before, and unrivalled elsewhere. The benefits are obvious: 1. True stereo, high sample-rate sound quality, with zero audio loss and astounding clarity. 2. Multiple frequencies broadcast simultaneously, producing beautiful, healing music. Unnatural tones are ancient by comparison. 3. Run-time is 20 minutes now, making them more effective and convenient. 4. Free for personal use. Because we care. Spread the love. Tell your friends about the exciting new Spooky2 programs, and please give feedback. Together, we can make a difference!
Views: 107 Spooky2 Rife
The Face of HIVAIDS Then and Now
 
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HIV Equal Online Senior Editor, Tyler Curry, created a short film about the difference between the HIV of today versus the AIDS of yesterday. This is dedicated to the long-term survivors and the ones we lost in the fight. More than three decades have passed since AIDS first captured global attention and put a name to the epidemic that terrified communities. In the past 35 years, much has changed, much has not, and more than 35 million people globally have died from HIV-related causes. The epidemic began being recognized in June 1981 when the first report of five young gay men succumbing to a rare lung infection was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Within days, reports of similar infections among gay men and clusters of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, in New York and California, were reported to the CDC, and that precipitated the establishment of the CDC Task Force on Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections. As more gay men succumbed to the mysterious disease, the ailment was dubbed a “gay cancer” by the end of the month and, within six months, 121 men out of 270 reported cases had died. The disease wasn’t officially named until the following year when AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was used for the first time on Sept. 24, 1982, by the CDC. Beyond ravaging the body, an AIDS diagnosis in the 1980s was a prognosis for death. For many people, it also meant rejection from and abandonment by their communities and families. No one knew what was causing AIDS. No one knew how it was transmitted. Task forces set out to determine risk factors, specialized treatment clinics opened, congressional hearings were held, legislation for research was drafted. And people continued to die. By December 1982, 22 cases of opportunistic infections in infants were reported, and fear flooded communities across the globe. So much was unknown about HIV/AIDs that fear set in around the world, and those diagnosed with AIDS were ostracized from communities. Lambert recalls nurses and even doctors refusing to see AIDS patients; families disowned their loved ones. Renee Lambert, a client care advocate at HopeHealth who has been at the core of caring for HIV-positive patients since the 1990s, compares patient treatment in the 1980s to today’s hospice care. “Everybody died back then," she said. "It’s rare that we had people survive and make it to today.” Dr. Rishka Motiani, an infectious diseases and primary care doctor at HopeHealth, explained that three decades ago, patients were suffering from opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, because they were not being diagnosed until they had AIDS – the third stage of what now is known as HIV infection. Discovered as the cause of AIDS in May 1983, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, weakens the body’s defenses against infections and some cancers by targeting the immune system. The virus destroys immune cells, known as CD4 T lymphocytes or CD4 cells. A count of these cells in a milliliter of blood indicates HIV infection. A normal count in a healthy, uninfected individual ranges from 500 to 1,600; a count below 500 indicates one of three stages of HIV infection. The final stage, with counts at less than 200 cells, means the HIV infection has progressed to AIDS. At this point, the virus has so weakened the body that opportunistic infections and cancers can rapidly take hold.
Views: 10167 Lets be Healthy
Protein found to cross blood-brain barrier
 
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In a remarkable series of experiments on a fungus that causes cryptococcal meningitis, a deadly infection of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain, investigators at UC Davis have isolated a protein that appears to be responsible for the fungus' ability to cross from the bloodstream into the brain. The finding opens door to new therapies for brain infections and cancers
Views: 1111 UC Davis Health
Cryptococcus (Cryptococcosis) Infection :
 
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Fungal Meningitis
 
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http://FungalMeningitis.org - Fungal Meningitis - There are three types of meningitis -- viral, bacterial, and fungal. Fungal meningitis is the rarest form of meningitis. It comes from fungus spreading through the blood into the spinal cord. Often the fungus that causes fungal meningitis is Cryptococcus, but that is not the only fungus that can be the culprit. Who Can Get It? - Anyone of any age, race, ethnicity, or gender can get fungal meningitis. That being said, it is most common for people that have a weakened immune system to contract it than for others to do so. AIDS and cancer are often the weakening factors. Some medicines, like prednisone (a steroid) and medicines given after a transplant to ward off organ rejection can also weaken the immune system. So does surgery. Premature babies also have weakened immune systems, especially if they are underweight.
Views: 1951 David Villa
What are the symptoms of AIDS?
 
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What are the symptoms of AIDS? symptoms of AIDS Signs of AIDS Signs of HIV Symptoms of HIV With the use of antiretroviral therapy, chronic HIV can last several decades. Without treatment, HIV can be expected to progress to AIDS sooner. By that time, the immune system is quite damaged and has a hard time fighting off infection and disease. Symptoms of AIDS can include: recurrent fever chronic swollen lymph glands, especially of the armpits, neck, and groin chronic fatigue night sweats dark splotches under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids sores, spots, or lesions of the mouth and tongue, genitals, or anus bumps, lesions, or rashes of the skin recurrent or chronic diarrhea rapid weight loss neurologic problems such as difficulty concentrating, memory loss, and confusion anxiety and depression Because you have a weakened immune system, you’re at increased risk of pneumonia and other opportunistic infections. Other potential complications of AIDS include: candidiasis tuberculosis cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis toxoplasmosis, and infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma kidney disease Antiviral medications can help control the virus. Treatment for other infections and complications of AIDS must be tailored to your individual needs. HIV test What tests are used to diagnose HIV? Antibody test Between 21 and 84 days after infection, about 97 percent of people will develop detectable HIV antibodies, which can be found in the blood or saliva. There’s no preparation necessary for blood tests or mouth swabs. Some tests provide results in 30 minutes or less and can be performed in a doctor’s office or clinic. There are also home test kits available: OraQuick HIV Test: An oral swab provides results in as little as 20 minutes. Home Access HIV-1 Test System: After pricking your finger, you send a blood sample to a licensed laboratory. You can remain anonymous and call for results the next business day. If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV, but tested negative, repeat the test in three months. If you have a positive result, follow up with your doctor to confirm. Antibody/antigen test An antigen is part of the virus that activates your immune system. It takes from 13 to 42 days for antibodies and antigens to be detectable. Nucleic acid test (NAT) This expensive test isn’t used for general screening. It’s for people who have early symptoms of HIV or recently had a high-risk exposure. This test doesn’t look for antibodies, but for the virus itself. It takes from seven to 28 days for HIV to be detectable in the blood. This test is usually accompanied by an antibody test. Is rash a symptom of HIV? About 90 percent of people with HIV experience changes to the skin. Rash is often one of the first symptoms of HIV infection. Generally, an HIV rash appears as a flat red area with small bumps. HIV makes you more susceptible to skin problems because the virus destroys immune system cells that fight infection. Co-infections that can cause rash include: molluscum contagiosum herpes simplex shingles The appearance of the rash, how long it lasts, and how it can be treated depend on the cause. Some medicines used to treat HIV or other infections can cause a rash. It usually appears within a week or two of starting on a new medication. Sometimes the rash will clear up on its own. If it doesn’t, you may need to switch medicines. Rash due to an allergic reaction to medicine can be serious. Other symptoms of an allergic reaction include trouble breathing or swallowing, dizziness, and fever. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare allergic reaction to HIV medication. Symptoms include fever and swelling of the face and tongue. Rash, which can involve the skin and mucous membranes, appears and spreads quickly. When 30 percent of the skin is affected it’s called toxic epidermal necrolysis, which is a life-threatening condition. What is HIV? HIV is a virus that enters your body and begins to destroy T cells. You need T cells in order to fight infections. HIV spreads through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The first few weeks after infection is called the acute infection stage. During this time the virus rapidly reproduces. Your immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies. Many people experience temporary flu-like symptoms during this stage. Even without symptoms, HIV is highly contagious during this time. After the first month or so, HIV enters the clinical latency stage. This stage can last from a few years to a few decades. Progression can be slowed with antiretroviral therapy. Some people have symptoms. Many people do not, but it’s still contagious.
Views: 4070 Good Health Good Life
Exserohilum & Fungal Meningitis
 
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Exserohilum is a common mold found in soil and on plants, especially grasses. It thrives in warm and humid climates and can cause root rot in some plants. It is a very rare cause of infection in people, but it has been known to cause several different types of infections, including infection in the skin or the cornea, which are typically due to skin or eye trauma. Exserohilum can also cause more invasive forms of infection in the sinuses, lungs, lining of the heart and bone. These infections are believed to occur more likely in people with weak immune systems. Like other fungal infections, Exserohilum infections are not transmitted from person to person. Exserohilum rostratum has been identified as one of the predominant pathogens in the 2012 multistate outbreak of fungal meningitis and other fungal infections associated with contaminated steroid injections. Twenty-three states received contaminated injectable steroids from three lots of the steroids that were associated with the outbreak and were linked to a compounding center in Massachusetts. Hundreds of cases were reported, including dozens deaths. Fungal meningitis occurs when the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord are infected with a fungus. Fungal meningitis is rare and usually caused by the spread of a fungus through blood to the spinal cord. Signs and symptoms of fungal meningitis may include the following: • Fever • Headache • Stiff neck • Nausea and vomiting • Sensitivity to light • Altered mental status During this outbreak, some patients developed spinal or paraspinal infections at the injection site. These conditions could occur on their own or in addition to meningitis. These are just a few things to know about Exserohilum and its role in a recent outbreak of fungal meningitis, to learn more about this or other indoor air quality, health & safety, and environmental issues, please visit the websites shown in the video.
Views: 804 Paul Cochrane
(Bacterial) Meningitis Pathophysiology
 
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Where do I get my information from: http://armandoh.org/resource HIT THE LIKE BUTTON! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ArmandoHasudungan Support me: http://www.patreon.com/armando Instagram: http://instagram.com/armandohasudungan Twitter: https://twitter.com/Armando71021105 SPECIAL THANKS: Patreon members
Views: 68605 Armando Hasudungan
Fungal Meningitis
 
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Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Fungal meningitis is caused by a number of different types of fungi, some of which are found outdoors and even in some indoor environments. Fungal meningitis gained national attention in 2012 when a multi-state outbreak occurred that is believed to be the result of contaminated steroid injections. Hundreds of cases resulted along with dozens of fatalities. Fungal meningitis is not transmitted from person to person. It can develop after a fungus spreads through the bloodstream from somewhere else in the body, as a result of the fungus being introduced directly into the central nervous system, or from a body site infection next to the central nervous system. Signs and symptoms of fungal meningitis may include the following: • Fever • Headache • Stiff neck • Nausea and vomiting • Sensitivity to light & • Altered mental status Certain diseases, medications and surgical procedures may weaken one's immune system and increase the risk of getting a fungal infection, which can lead to fungal meningitis. Living in certain areas of the United States may also increase a person's risk for fungal lung infections, which can also spread to the brain. For example, bird and bat droppings may contain Histoplasma or Cryptococcus and soil in the Southwestern United States may contain Coccidioides. Even people living and working in contaminated indoor environments may be exposing themselves to types of fungi, such as Aspergillus fumigatus, that have been associated with fungal meningitis. These are just a few things to know about fungal meningitis, to learn more about microbial pathogens or other health and safety, occupational or indoor air quality issues, please visit the websites shown on the screen.
Views: 5056 Paul Cochrane
HIV KHUN C TEL/LINE +6692-432-8907
 
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What is HIV? HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers. HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The virus doesn’t spread in air or water, or through casual contact. HIV is a lifelong condition and currently there is no cure, although many scientists are working to find one. However, with medical care, including treatment called antiretroviral therapy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the virus for many years. Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years. With antiretroviral therapy, HIV can be well-controlled and life expectancy can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV. It’s estimated that 1.1 million Americans are currently living with HIV. Of those people, 1 in 5 don’t know they have the virus. HIV can cause changes throughout the body. Learn about the effects of HIV on the different systems in the body. What is AIDS? AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS. HIV kills CD4 cells. Healthy adults generally have a CD4 count of 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS. A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if they have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection or cancer that’s rare in people who don’t have HIV. An opportunistic infection, such as pneumonia, is one that takes advantage of a unique situation, such as HIV. Untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectancy after diagnosis is about three years. This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness. However, treatment with antiretroviral drugs can prevent AIDS from developing. If AIDS does develop, it means that the immune system is severely compromised. It’s weakened to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections. That makes the person vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses, including: pneumonia tuberculosis oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth or throat cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal infection in the brain toxoplasmosis, a brain infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma The shortened life expectancy linked with untreated AIDS isn’t a direct result of the syndrome itself. Rather, it’s a result of the diseases and complications that arise from having an immune system weakened by AIDS. Learn more about possible complications that can arise from HIV and AIDS. HIV and AIDS: What’s the connection? To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS. Cases of HIV progress through three stages: stage 1: acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage stage 3: AIDS As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the immune system weakens. A typical adult’s CD4 count is 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS. How quickly a case of HIV progresses through the chronic stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be controlled. People with HIV often have a near-normal lifespan with early treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Along those same lines, there’s technically no cure for AIDS. However, treatment can increase a person’s CD4 count to the point where they’re considered to no longer have AIDS. (This point is a count of 200 or higher.) Also, treatment can typically help manage opportunistic infections. HIV and AIDS are related, but they’re not the same thing. Learn more about the difference between HIV and AIDS. CONTACT US TEL/LINE 092-432-8907
CrAg® LFA Semi-Quantitative Titration Procedure
 
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Utilizing the IMMY CrAg® LFA for the titration procedure will not only yield the most sensitive and accurate results for positive patients, but positive samples can be screened and titration performed in about 20 minutes, a process that takes upward of two hours with traditional latex agglutination testing. In order to minimize the cost of performing the titer, many labs utilize the IMMY titration algorithm
Views: 2420 IMMYvideos
Leukemia Prognosis
 
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Leukemia Prognosis - For those who have experienced the imbalance of cancer or witnessed a loved one or friend with the numerous forms that have taken so many from us. Join Lon Winston as he shares his journey of overcoming 3 different forms of cancer during this lifetime, including; cryptococcal meningitis and hairy cell leukemia. How he was able to gain the courage to move through each form that he faced. http://YHTV.us
Views: 126 YogaHub
Zolanix cap|Antifungal infection Cap
 
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Zolanix antifungal cap This medicine treat the fungal infection. 1xPack 4 Cap Price 405 Rs. Single Dose: Vaginal Candidiasis: The recommended dosage of Zolanix for vaginal candidiasis is 150 mg. Zolanix is used to treat fungal infections of the mouth, throat and food pipe (oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis), abdomen, lungs, blood, female genital infections (like vaginal candidiasis) and other organs. Zolanix is also used to treat fungal infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (cryptococcal meningitis/ fungal meningitis). Medicine Reviews • Ye hamara youtube channel h plz ise subcribe karien or sath bell icon pr click karien ta ke hm apne views or subcriber pure kr skien or hamari ane wali videos apko Asani se mil jae gi. Mujh se jitna ho ske ga m apke ilm m izafa kr skon gaa. Plz plz • Hamari video m kuch na smjh aye tu us video m comments karien or hamari video ko like karien. Thanks for watching my channel.
Views: 820 Medicine Reviews
Inmunodiagn  Cryptococcus CrAg Lateral Flow
 
02:43
Nueva técnica para detectar Antígenos capsulares de Cryptoccus spp a partir de muestras clínicas, en especial de LCR. Sistema comercial estandarizado, económico con alto rendimiento. Faltan datos de validación.
Views: 469 Victor Silva
Cryptococcus neoformans
 
02:20
Presentation for microbiology
Views: 144 Nicole De La Garza
IMMY CEO Sean Bauman, PhD on Cryptococcosis
 
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IMMY President & CEO, Dr. Sean Bauman, discusses the global burden of cryptococcosis, which kills 1,700 every day in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Bauman delivered this talk at ASM 2012 in San Francisco. IMMY is a US-based fungal diagnostic company started in 1979. Their vision is to drastically reduce mortality caused by infectious diseases through increased use of affordable diagnostics. Find out more at www.immy.com
Views: 613 harrisondp
Family: Meningitis Patient on Good Path
 
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The family of a Tennessee women who is in intensive care with meningitis says she has some blood on her brain, but is conscious and on a good path for recovery. A fungus has been blamed for causing a meningitis outbreak that is spreading across the countr
Views: 285 Associated Press
Fungal meningitis outbreak: New England pharmacy executives charged with murder for tainted steroids
 
01:17
Two senior executives at a Massachusetts pharmacy have been charged along with 12 others in connection with a 2012 fungal meningitis outbreak in the U.S. The primary fungus responsible for the infection was Exserohilum, a mold commonly found in soil and on plants, which was found in an injectable steroid medication produced by New England Compounding Company. A total of 751 people in 20 states developed meningitis or other infections after being administered the tainted steroids. Sixty-four of those people died. New England Compounding Center co-founder Barry Cadden and head pharmacist Glenn Adam Chin were both charged with 25 counts of second-degree murder. Twelve other employees face lesser charges. Fungal meningitis is usually caused by the spread of fungus through the blood to the spinal cord. It causes inflammation of the meninges covering the spinal cord and the brain. The swelling increases pressure on brain tissue and decreases cerebral blood flow, lowering the oxygen supply to the brain and eventually resulting in death. ----------------------------------------­--------------------- Welcome to TomoNews, where we animate the most entertaining news on the internets. Come here for an animated look at viral headlines, US news, celebrity gossip, salacious scandals, dumb criminals and much more! Subscribe now for daily news animations that will knock your socks off. For news that's fun and never boring, visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/TomoNewsUS Subscribe to stay updated on all the top stories: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCt-WqkTyKK1_70U4bb4k4lQ?sub_confirmation=1 Visit our official website for all the latest, uncensored videos: https://us.tomonews.net Check out our Android app: http://bit.ly/1rddhCj Check out our iOS app: http://bit.ly/1gO3z1f Stay connected with us here: Facebook http://www.facebook.com/TomoNewsUS Twitter @tomonewsus http://www.twitter.com/TomoNewsUS Google+ http://plus.google.com/+TomoNewsUS/ Instagram @tomonewsus http://instagram.com/tomonewsus -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Crying dog breaks the internet’s heart — but this sad dog story has a happy ending" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4prKTN9bYQc -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 7088 TomoNews US
Basic Science - Principles of influenza lab diagnosis
 
31:30
National Seminar on Influenza, Phnom Penh, May 20-23, 2013 By Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Epidemiology & Public Health Unit
Charité Clinical Journal Club by Fred Luft - 3.6.2015
 
48:18
The N Engl J Med image of the week shows a young woman with a generalized morbilliform eruption over her entire body; the chest is most prominent. She wears eye protection because of photophobia. You are offered polymorphous light eruption, Dengue fever, measles, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and acute cutaneous lupus erythematosis. Herpes Zoster is a reactivation of varicella virus that plagues older adults and immunosuppressed persons, although zoster can appear at almost any age. A vaccine is available. We inspect a better vaccine based on expression of the virus glycoprotein E recombinantly. The vaccine in two doses of HZ/su administered 2 months apart had a vaccine efficacy of 97.2%, as compared with placebo, in reducing the risk of herpes zoster in adults 50 years of age or older. Meiosis is a specialized type of cell division, which reduces the chromosome number by half. The process is crucial to species survival and is thus carefully genetically regulated. The genetic basis of nonobstructive azoospermia is unknown in the majority of infertile men; meiosis regulators could play a role. Investigators performed array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in blood samples obtained from patients with azoospermia and mutation screening by means of direct Sanger sequencing of the testis-expressed 11 (TEX11) gene open reading frame in patients with azoospermia and controls. TEX11 mutations occurred in infertile men with meiotic arrest. The finding is important for the diagnosis of azoospermia and meiotic arrest. It is also important for preconception testing in men who are partners of women undergoing in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or both. Financial incentives promote many health behaviors, but effective ways to deliver health incentives remain uncertain. Psychologists randomly assigned CVS Caremark employees and their relatives and friends to one of four incentive programs or to usual care for smoking cessation. Would you believe that paying people to stop smoking is successful? Anything can be had for money! The natural history of tuberculosis begins with the inhalation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis organisms; a period of bacterial replication and dissemination ensues, followed by immunologic containment of viable bacilli. This state-of-affairs is called latent tuberculosis and almost everyone in my generation has it. The chances of developing clinical tuberculosis at a later timepoint is 5-15%, N Engl J Med reviews this important topic. The N Engl J Med case is a middle-aged nonsmoking woman with non-small-cell lung cancer. She develops intractable pain. Her terminal treatment is termed “palliative sedation”. The distinction between this approach and assisted suicide is discussed. Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein has been shown to reduce LDL-C concentrations in addition to regular statin treatment in patients with hypercholesterolaemia or at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Inhibitors thus far have not prolonged life of persons at risk from cardiovascular disease. Nonetheless, in the Lancet we review a paper on a CETP inhibitor in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. In the fetus, the ductus venosus shunts a portion of the left umbilical vein blood flow directly to the inferior vena cava. Thus, the ductus-venosus shunt allows oxygenated blood from the placenta to bypass the liver. Increased impedance to flow in the fetal ductus venosus at 11-13 weeks’-gestation is associated with fetal aneuploidies, cardiac defects and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. No consensus exists for the best way to monitor and when to trigger delivery in mothers of babies with fetal growth restriction. Lancet investigators aimed to assess whether or not changes in the fetal ductus venosus Doppler waveform could be used as indications for delivery instead of cardiotocography short-term variation (STV). Unfortunately, the results do not inspire confidence. Mortality in people in Africa with HIV infection starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) is high, particularly in those with advanced disease, commonly complicated by cryptococcal meningitis, a treatable fungal meningeal disease. Therefore, investigators assessed the effect of a short period of community support to supplement clinic-based services combined with serum cryptococcal antigen screening. Just four short home visits by lay workers to provide adherence support combined with screening for cryptococcal meningitis led to a significant reduction in mortality in patients infected with HIV starting ART with advanced disease. The brachial plexus is a network of nerves, running from the spine, formed by the anterior rami of the lower four cervical nerves and first thoracic nerve (C5–C8, T1). Brachial plexus injuries can permanently impair hand function, yet present surgical reconstruction provides only poor results.
Opportunistic infections in HIV | Infectious Diseases | EduRx
 
02:25
People living with HIV have a weakened immune system (shown by a low CD4 count) and are at risk of developing ‘opportunistic infections’ ……which is when infections take the opportunity of the immune system being weak. Common opportunistic infections associated with HIV include: Cryptococcal meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, Oesophageal candidiasis, and certain cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma. Opportunistic infections (OIs) continue to cause morbidity and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection throughout the world.
Views: 100 EduRx
Fungal meningitis outbreak: New England pharmacy executives charged with murder for tainted steroids
 
00:54
For story suggestions please contact [email protected] Two senior executives at a Massachusetts pharmacy have been charged along with 12 others in connection with a 2012 fungal meningitis outbreak in the U.S. The primary fungus responsible for the infection was Exserohilum, a mold commonly found in soil and on plants, which was found in an injectable steroid medication produced by New England Compounding Company. A total of 751 people in 20 states developed meningitis or other infections after being administered the tainted steroids. Sixty-four of those people died. New England Compounding Center co-founder Barry Cadden and head pharmacist Glenn Adam Chin were both charged with 25 counts of second-degree murder. Twelve other employees face lesser charges. Fungal meningitis is usually caused by the spread of fungus through the blood to the spinal cord. It causes inflammation of the meninges covering the spinal cord and the brain. The swelling increases pressure on brain tissue and decreases cerebral blood flow, lowering the oxygen supply to the brain and eventually resulting in death.
Views: 823 News Direct
AH5N1 avian influenza - Lab diagnosis
 
21:32
National Seminar on Influenza, Phnom Penh, May 20-23, 2013 By Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Epidemiology & Public Health Unit
FLUKA150 TABLETS|फंगल इन्फेक्शन का इलाज |fluka 150 USES SIDE EFFECTS AND DOSE|BEST SKIN CARE part 2
 
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Fluka 150 MG Tablet Manufactured By Cipla Ltd. Contains Fluconazole Fluka 150 MG Tablet is an anti-fungal drug. It is used to prevent and treat infections caused by fungi and yeasts. It acts by stopping the growth and multiplication of these organisms. Uses of Fluka 150 MG Tablet What is it prescribed for? • Oropharyngeal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat fungal infection in the mouth. • Esophageal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat the fungal infection of the oesophagus or the "food pipe" causing odynophagia or painful swallowing. • Cryptococcal Meningitis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat meningitis, a rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called meninges that covers the brain and spinal cord, caused by a group of fungi of Cryptococcus strain. • Vaginal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat yeast infection in the female genital organ causing pain, itching and burning sensation with unusual discharge. • Urinary Tract Infection Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat fungal infections of the urinary tract. • Peritonitis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat the fungal infection that causes inflammation of the peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue that covers the inside of the abdomen and most of the organs present within the abdomen. • Candidemia Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat Candidemia, a condition in which the fungus Candida enters the bloodstream and from the blood to eyes, kidneys, liver and brain causing Invasive candidemia. • Prophylaxis of Infections in Special Population Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used for preventing possible fungal infections in people who are undergoing chemotherapy or have AIDS. Side effects of fluka 150 tablet Major & minor side effects for Fluka 150 MG Tablet • Headache • Nausea and Vomiting • Abdominal pain • Diarrhea • Skin rash • QT Prolongation • Alopecia • Seizures • Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet= -------------- In this video Following topic are covered: 1. fluka 150 dosage 2. fluka 150 tablet dosage 3. fluconazole 150 mg dosage 4. fluka 150 for female 5. fluconazole 150mg tablets uses in hindi 6. fluconazole 150 mg how fast does it work 7. fluconazole side effects 8. fluka 150 for male in hindi 9. fluka 150 tablet 10. fluka 150 tablet telugu 11. fluka 150 capsules 12. fluka 150 tablet dosage, 13. fluka 150 tablet tamil 14. fluka 150 how to use 15. fluka 150 hindi 16. fluka 150 tamil 17. fluka 150 गोली 18. fluka 150mg tablet full review in hindi 19. fluka 150 price 20. how to take fluka 150 21. fluka 150 के सभी जानकारी 22. fulka टेबलेट के बारे में सभी जानकारी 23. fluka 150mg tablet का क्या यूज है 24. fluka 150 25. fluka 150 tablet use 26. fluka 150 tablet dose 27. fluka 150 tablet side effect ================================================ हेल्लो दोस्तो ONLY MEDICINE चैनल पर आपका स्वागत है. ONLY MEDICINE चैनल पर आपको MEDICINE के USES,SIDE,EFFECT,TREATMENT के RELATED विडियो देखने को मिलेंगे.अगर आपको MEDICINE के RELATED कोई भी जानकारी चाहिये तो इस ONLY MEDICINE चैनल को SUBSCRIBE करे और साथ मे BELL के ICON को भी दबा दे. PLEASE CONSULT TO YOUR PHYSICIAN BEFORE USE OF ANY MEDICINES. ====================================== My social media.....: → Face book : https://bit.ly/2RQ6Tb9 → Twitter :https://bit.ly/2kDATUm → Instagram : https://www.instagram.com/aneesbharti/ → MY WEBSITE : https://only-medicine.blogspot.com ==================================================== → Credit ---- If i have used in this video some Google Data( Images, Music, etc.). So I Give the Credit of Respected Owners and thank you so much for providing the data. If you feel bad please 1st contact me and after take any action. → All rights reserved to the respective Owners* → No copyright infringement intended for music video. ====================================== Contact mail ID : [email protected] ====================================== #ONLYMEDICINE #fluka150tablets #fluconazoleTablets #fluconazole #fluka
Views: 2648 ONLY MEDICINE
Agglutination assay to detect antigens - Multi-Lingual Captions
 
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This short animation demonstrates detection of specific antigens using the agglutination assay. This resource was developed by Cary Engleberg of the University of Michigan. It is part of a larger learning module about laboratory methods for clinical microbiology. The full learning module, editable animation, and video transcript are available at http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/med/microbiology/clinical-microbio-lab/2009. Copyright 2009-2010, Cary Engleberg. This is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/BWPO/
Views: 170227 openmichigan
Overview of OI Prevention and Treatment
 
01:01:52
Speaker(s): Jose Montero, MD, FACP Florida/Caribbean AETC Associate Professor, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine Target Audience: Physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and nurse practitioners Description: Upon completion of this program, participants will be able to: - Define the difference between primary and secondary prophylaxis of opportunistic infections (OIs) in HIV-infected individuals - Identify the CD4 count for which antimicrobial prophylaxis would be needed to prevent Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, Toxoplasma gondii infection, and mycobacterium avium complex infection - Outline key clinical syndromes and diagnostic tests available for selected OIs including Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Recall the primary recommended treatment for OIs such as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, cerebral toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex infection, and cryptococcal meningitis - Outline general principles in vaccination of HIV-infected patients, including issues regarding live vaccines
Views: 257 FCAETC
Our microscopic army against fungal killers
 
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Alfred Kamuyango works in Professor Simon Johnston's lab at the University of Sheffield using a zebrafish model to examine how immune cells called macrophages destroy crytptococcus during infections. Ultimately these investigations may lead to development of novel therapies towards cryptococcal infections. Find out more about our work to combat the Killer Fungus here: http://www.killerfungus.org/
6 Risk Factors Associated with HIV
 
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HIV infection weakens the immune system and thus one becomes very susceptible to many types of infections and even some cancers. Infections that are commonly seen in HIV patients include: Tuberculosis Cytomegalovirus Candidiasis Cryptococcal meningitis Toxoplasmosis HIV/AIDs Read On : https://stdtestmd.com/blog/6-risk-factors-hiv/
Views: 81 STDTest MD
Victims of Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Still Waiting for Justice
 
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Nearly four years after more than 100 Tennesseans were sickened during a nationwide outbreak of fungal meningitis, some are still waiting for justice.
Views: 100 NewsChannel 5
Meningitis made very simple and super easy, By Daniel Garang Aluk Dinyo DG
 
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Meningitis is made simple and explained for you, not to replace your lecture note, any comment or suggestion or any question is of our concern
Salamat Dok: Q and A with Dra. Fortuna Corazon Roldan | Voice Problems
 
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Subscribe to the ABS-CBN News channel! - http://bit.ly/TheABSCBNNews Watch the full episodes of Salamat Dok on TFC.TV http://bit.ly/SalamatDok-TFCTV and on iWant for Philippine viewers, click: http://bit.ly/SalamatDok-iWant Visit our website at http://news.abs-cbn.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/abscbnNEWS Twitter: https://twitter.com/abscbnnews #SalamatDok #VoiceProblems
Views: 358 ABS-CBN News
STEP 5. Use the manometer
 
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Use manometer for opening pressure measurement. If possible, the CSF that is in the manometer should be used for tube 1.
Views: 1615 Мар'яна Маг
The Hagir Show S1 E8  HIV-Hope program
 
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"Key facts HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives so far. In 2016, 1.0 million people died from HIV-related causes globally. There were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2016 globally. 54% of adults and 43% of children living with HIV are currently receiving lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART). Global ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is high at 76% . The WHO African Region is the most affected region, with 25.6 million people living with HIV in 2016. The African region also accounts for almost two thirds of the global total of new HIV infections. HIV infection is often diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies. Most often these tests provide same-day test results, which are essential for same day diagnosis and early treatment and care. In 2015, an estimated 44% of new infections occurred among key populations and their partners. There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission so that people with HIV, and those at substantial risk, can enjoy healthy, long and productive lives. It is estimated that currently only 70% of people with HIV know their status. To reach the target of 90%, an additional 7.5 million people need to access HIV testing services. In mid-2017, 20.9 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally. Between 2000 and 2016, new HIV infections fell by 39%, and HIV-related deaths fell by one third with 13.1 million lives saved due to ART in the same period. This achievement was the result of great efforts by national HIV programmes supported by civil society and a range of development partners. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations. Signs and symptoms The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages. The first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience no symptoms or an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, rash, or sore throat. As the infection progressively weakens the immune system, an individual can develop other signs and symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhoea and cough. Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, severe bacterial infections and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma, among others. Transmission HIV can be transmitted via the exchange of a variety of body fluids from infected individuals, such as blood, breast milk, semen and vaginal secretions. Individuals cannot become infected through ordinary day-to-day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing personal objects, food or water. Risk factors Behaviours and conditions that put individuals at greater risk of contracting HIV include: having unprotected anal or vaginal sex; having another sexually transmitted infection such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and bacterial vaginosis; sharing contaminated needles, syringes and other injecting equipment and drug solutions when injecting drugs; receiving unsafe injections, blood transfusions, tissue transplantation, medical procedures that involve unsterile cutting or piercing; and experiencing accidental needle stick injuries, including among health workers. can occur during all stages of the infection. It is best practice to also retest all people initially diagnosed as HIV-positive before they enrol in care and/or treatment to rule out any potential testing or reporting error. Notably, once a person diagnosed with HIV and has started treatment they should not be retested. HIV testing services HIV testing should be voluntary and the right to decline testing should be recognized. Mandatory or coerced testing by a health care provider, authority, or by a partner or family member is not acceptable as it undermines good public health practice and infringes on human rights. New technologies to help people test themselves are being introduced, with many countries implementing self-testing as an additional option to encourage HIV diagnosis.All HIV testing services must follow the 5 Cs principles recommended by WHO: informed Consent Confidentiality Counselling Correct test results Connection (linkage to care, treatment and other services). Global health sector strategy on HIV, 2016-2021
Views: 173 The Hagir Show
St. Joe Co. Clerk returns to work as her fungal meningitis battle continues
 
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St. Joe Co. Clerk returns to work as her fungal meningitis battle continues Originally printed at http://www.abc57.com/news/health/St-Jo-Co-Clerk-returns-to-work-as-her-fungal-Meningitis-battle-continues-188135381.html By Judi Lykowski [email protected] January 23, 2013 SOUTH BEND, Ind. -- A high profile local victim of the nationwide meningitis outbreak is trying to get her life back on track after being hospitalized on October 15th of last year. Terri Rethlake, the Saint Joseph County Clerk said she contracted fungal meningitis after she got the steroids injected into her back to relieve her chronic back pain at the South Bend Clinic. Terri said a few days after her injection she started to develop odd side effects and soon after was notified by the South Bend Clinic that the vile she was injected with came from one of the lot numbers that contained the contaminated medicine. Thousands of people got the same contaminated shot across the country. The CDC currently reports that 678 people have developed fungal meningitis as a result and 44 people have died. The case count for Indiana tonight stands at 73. 9 people in the Hoosier state have died. 283 cases have been reported in Michigan and the infection has pr oven deadly for 12 of the victims. Terri has worked in the courthouse since 1979. She recently returned to her position as County Clerk this month on a part time basis but she is still suffering the side effects of this situation. Today as she sat at her desk she told ABC 57 News that she was suffering a pretty bad headache, light sensitivity and a nose bleed. Terri said, "Unfortunately a lot of people died and I'm grateful that I wasn't one of them." She admits while in the hospital her health got so bad she thought it might have been her time to go. In fact she told that to her colleague Rita Glenn, the St. Joseph County Deputy Clerk, when Rita came to visit her hospital room. "I had every side effect I think you can imagine," said Terri. Rita who has known Terri for decades said it was a hard pill to swallow. She considered Terri much more than a colleague. "It's never a fun way to watch somebody think that their life is passing right in front of you," said Rita. Terri's road to recovery hasn't been very pleasant either. "I hallucinated both visually and auditory and I was throwing up and from the drugs they are giving me to counteract the side effects because I had restless leg syndrome really bad. My legs at night just wouldn't stop," Terri said. Right now she is taking life day by day. "I come in, I only work part-time and Rita makes sure that I only work part-time." Rita said she's, "Glad to have her back and we'll just shut off that light when we think she's tired, so she can come back the next day just a little stronger." Going through this ordeal has given Terri a better appreciation for life. "You don't take it for granted anymore," she said. And the tight group of women who work in the the County Clerk's office said that going through this ordeal together has made the appreciation reciprocal. Terri said while fighting back her emotions, "We've become a pretty good family, this has made us a lot closer." She said she isn't quite sure how long she'll have to be on the medication to fight the fungal meningitis and she said her doctor isn't quite sure either. She suspects she'll be getting another MRI soon to reveal if the infection is still in her body or not.
Views: 105 Judi Lykowski
What are neurological procedures ? | Health Channel
 
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Who and when refers to neurological diagnosis? A parent who notices developmental, social, emotional or lab tests procedures in addition blood tests, you need schedule special examine your brain, other neurologic accurate evaluation diagnosis of problems require that use electrodes taped the head measure record brain's non invasive available our patients include mri can be used diagnose diseases as well home health centers neuroscience. Johns hopkins medicine diagnostic tests for neurological disorders johns. The procedure is usually done in a hospital the neurology department at adventist hinsdale has large arsenal of tools to diagnose neurological diseases. Epidural steroid injections facet joint blocks back pain treatments radiofrequency ablations at child neurology consultants of austin, we are pleased to offer several and procedures right in our own office, eliminating the hassle anxiety diagnostic tests for neurological disorders. Nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the quizlet. Common procedures performed by your neurologist reliant diagnostic tests for neurological disorders health encyclopedia and ucla libraryneurology tallahassee cliniclearn about list of cni coastal institute. Therapeutic procedures ny neurology associates. Learn about them here list of procedures. Googleusercontent search. Neurologists stanford neuroscience care. Whether you are seeking an initial diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in and procedures. Johns hopkins medicine hopkinsmedicine healthlibrary procedures neurological url? Q webcache. Dcnd inc fo dcndinc 937 439 6186 Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Endovascular coiling podcast endovascular is a procedure performed to start studying nclex diagnostic tests, procedures, & treatments the neurological system. Neurological procedures neurological tests and. The following 46 pages are in this category, out of total. National neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. Pet scans are outpatient procedures that generally take 1 to 2 novant health summit sleep & neurology offers diagnostic tests and diagnose neurological conditions disorders. Based on the results of a neurological exam, physical review patient records, and any previous screening or testing, in this procedure, ultrasound is used to help detect plaque, blood clots identify some cases multiple sclerosis other conditions, barrow offers advanced testing diagnose treat entire spectrum disorders. Neurological tests and procedures health library wvu medicineneurological osf healthcare. Information about the full list of procedures that are performed by doctors at cni cervical anterior discectomy and fusion this as a leading, boutique independent neurology practice in tri state area, we well versed conducting various neurological tests so 23, 2007 neurodiagnostic testing be conducted part exam. Neurological diagnostic tests and proceduresinternet stroke center. Neurological tests and neurological procedures neurodiagnostic brain nerve healthcommunities & novant health summit sleep neurology. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, diagnostic tests for neurological disorders in procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated therapeutic procedures. Treatments & procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated 24, dayton center for neurological disorders. This includes laboratory screening a reliant medical group neurologist can perform the following procedures lumbar puncture, electromyography, tensilon test, electroencephalogram, and more in addition to complete history physical exam, diagnostic for nervous system disorders include computed tests neurological. Tests & procedures dayton center for neurological disorders. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated pages in category 'neurology procedures'. Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures fact sheet. Child neurology consultants of austin. 1975 miamisburg centerville rd. Deep brain stimulation (dbs) is a type of therapy that uses electrical to treat neurological conditions such as parkinson disease (pd), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. An eeg is a procedure that detects abnormalities in your brain waves, or the electrical activity of addition to complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for nervous system disorders include following computed fluid tested detect any bleeding hemorrhage, diagnose infection spinal cord, identify some cases multiple sclerosis other neurological conditions, measure intracranial pressure. Neurological tests and procedures. Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated just as neurological diseases disorders are vast complex, so neurology procedures offered at barrow. Neurology diagnostic procedures greenwich hospital. National neurological tests and procedures. Neurological tests and procedures health wellness. This list n
Views: 117 BEST HEALTH Answers