Search results “Candida cryptococcus neoformans images”
Fungal Infections and Antifungal Treatments Ringworm Candida Aspergillus Histoplasmosis
SKIP AHEAD: 0:32 – Intro to Fungi 2:17 – Systemic vs. Opportunistic Mycoses 4:52 – Coccidioidomycosis 5:41 – Histoplasmosis 6:23 – Blastomycosis 6:54 – Geographic Map of Systemic Fungi 7:26 – Cryptococcus 8:17 - Aspergillus 9:30 – PCP and Pneumocystis 10:06 - Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis & Rhizopus) 11:06 – Tineae (Athletes Foot, Ring worm, Tinea Versicolor …) 12:50 – Candida 14:07 – Sporothrix 14:29 – Azoles (Diflucan, Flucanazole, ketoconazole…) 15:20 – Amphotericin B & Nystatin 15:58 - Capsofungin & Micanofungin For the text and pictures in this video please go to my website http://www.stomponstep1.com/fungal-infections-antifungal-treatments-ringworm-candida-aspergillus-histoplasmosis/ Pictures Used: “Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coccidioidomycosis_Spherule.jpg via Public Domain ” Histoplasmosis Capsulatum” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histoplasmosis#/media/File:Histoplasmosis_capsulatum.jpg via Public Domain “Blastomyces dermatitidis” by CDC available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastomycosis#/media/File:Blastomyces_dermatitidis_GMS.jpeg via Public Domain Derivative of “Blastomycosis cropped” by Joel Mills available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blastomycosis_cropped.JPG via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Cryptococcus neoformans using a light India ink staining” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_neoformans_using_a_light_India_ink_staining_preparation_PHIL_3771_lores.jpg via Public Domain Derivative of “Cryptoccocus Gram Film” by Graham Beards available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cryptococcus_Gram_film.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution Share Alike Derivative of “Aspergilloma complicating tuberculosis 2” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aspergilloma_complicating_tuberculosis_2.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Aspergillosis, angioinvasive, intravascular” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390967599 via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis/mucormycosis” by Yale Rosen available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/pulmonary_pathology/5390897069 via Creative Commons 2.0 Atribution Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis, Mucormycosis 1” by Yale Rosen available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis,_mucormycosis_1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike Derivative of “Zygomycosis” by Nephron available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zygomycosis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Ringworm on the arm, or tinea corporis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ringworm_on_the_arm,_or_tinea_corporis_due_to_Trichophyton_mentagrophytes_PHIL_2938_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Teigne - Tinea capitis” by Grook Da Oger available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teigne_-_Tinea_capitis.jpg via Creative Commons 4.0 International Attribution Share Alike License “Onychomycosis due to Trychophyton rubrum, right and left great toe” by CDC available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Onychomycosis_due_to_Trychophyton_rubrum,_right_and_left_great_toe_PHIL_579_lores.jpg via Public Domain “Tinea versicolor1” by Sarahrosenau available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tinea_versicolor1.jpg via Creative Commons 2.0 Attribution-Share Alike “Candida albicans” by Y Tambe available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Candida_albicans.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike License “Human tongue infected with oral candidiasis” by James Heilman available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_tongue_infected_with_oral_candidiasis.jpg via Creative Commons 3.0 Unported Attribution-Share Alike
Views: 14150 Stomp On Step 1
An Overview of Fungal Infections (Fungal Infections - Lesson 2)
A summary of the various types of fungal infections, including those from candida, aspergillus, cryptococcus, histoplasma, blastomyces, cocci, and dermatophytes.
Views: 38829 Strong Medicine
Generally budding and rarely Blastospore of Cryptococcus neoformans in Gram's stain
Generally budding and rarely blastospore of Cryptococcus neoformans in Gram's stain... conformed organism biochemically and others too...
Views: 84 Microhub Plus
Cryptococcus neoformans Intracellular Proliferation and Capsule Size Determines Early Macrophage
Cryptococcus neoformans Intracellular Proliferation and Capsule Size Determines Early Macrophage Control of Infection. Aleksandra Bojarczuk et al (2016), Scientific Reports http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep21489 Cryptococcus neoformans is a significant fungal pathogen of immunocompromised patients. Many questions remain regarding the function of macrophages in normal clearance of cryptococcal infection and the defects present in uncontrolled cryptococcosis. Two current limitations are: 1) The difficulties in interpreting studies using isolated macrophages in the context of the progression of infection, and 2) The use of high resolution imaging in understanding immune cell behavior during animal infection. Here we describe a high-content imaging method in a zebrafish model of cryptococcosis that permits the detailed analysis of macrophage interactions with C. neoformans during infection. Using this approach we demonstrate that, while macrophages are critical for control of C. neoformans, a failure of macrophage response is not the limiting defect in fatal infections. We find phagocytosis is restrained very early in infection and that increases in cryptococcal number are driven by intracellular proliferation. We show that macrophages preferentially phagocytose cryptococci with smaller polysaccharide capsules and that capsule size is greatly increased over twenty-four hours of infection, a change that is sufficient to severely limit further phagocytosis. Thus, high-content imaging of cryptococcal infection in vivo demonstrates how very early interactions between macrophages and cryptococci are critical in the outcome of cryptococcosis.
Views: 172 ScienceVio
Chapter 21 Part 13 Candida albicans Clinical Microbiology made Ridiculously Simple
Candida albicans Isoniazid INH See my website at: http://www.futuredochouse.com/ Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/futuredochouse/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/FutureDocHouse --- Get access to QUPI.com our Medical Question Bank - https://www.qupi.com/ Follow QUPI on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/qupipage/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Qupi_questions1
Views: 567 Future Doc House
Does Cryptococcus neoformans cause foliculitus? What fungus does cause foliculitus and ear infection
Mastered ultra instink Goku its difficult but not imposible, this information is not correct in this video. I was told i had scabies and i had no idea this is a fungus. Cryptococcus is a genus of fungi, which grow in culture as yeasts. The sexual forms or teleomorphs of Cryptococcus species are filamentous fungi in the genus Filobasidiella. Wikipedia Scientific name: Cryptococcus Higher classification: Tremellaceae Rank: Genus The major species of Cryptococcus that causes illness in human is Cryptococcus neoformans Pityrosporum folliculitis, also known as Malassezia folliculitis, is a condition that causesbreakouts on your skin. This condition is considered common. It happens when yeastbacteria, which naturally occur on your skin, get under your skin and into your hair follicles Select LanguageAfrikaansAlbanianAmharicArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBengaliBosnianBulgarianCatalanCebuanoChichewaChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CorsicanCroatianCzechDanishDutchEsperantoEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchFrisianGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekGujaratiHaitian CreoleHausaHawaiianHebrewHindiHmongHungarianIcelandicIgboIndonesianIrishItalianJapaneseJavaneseKannadaKazakhKhmerKoreanKurdish (Kurmanji)KyrgyzLaoLatinLatvianLithuanianLuxembourgishMacedonianMalagasyMalayMalayalamMalteseMaoriMarathiMongolianMyanmar (Burmese)NepaliNorwegianPashtoPersianPolishPortuguesePunjabiRomanianRussianSamoanScots GaelicSerbianSesothoShonaSindhiSinhalaSlovakSlovenianSomaliSpanishSundaneseSwahiliSwedishTajikTamilTeluguThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduUzbekVietnameseWelshXhosaYiddishYorubaZulu   Powered by Translate DermNet NZHome Images TRANSLATE  SEARCH DERMNET  Home Images Topics A–Z Browse CME Quizzes About Donate Contact Jobs Home»Topics A–Z»Malassezia folliculitis Malassezia folliculitis Author: Dr Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand,1997. Updated by Dr Thomas Stewart, General Practitioner, Sydney, Australia, November 2017. What is malassezia folliculitis? Malassezia folliculitis, previously known as pityrosporum folliculitis, is an infection of hair follicles caused by lipophilic malassezia yeasts. There are multiple malassezia species, including furfur, globosa, sympodialis and restricta [1]. The yeast is a normal inhabitant of human skin and only causes disease under specific conditions [2]. WHAT ARE THE CONDITIONS IN A OTHERWISE HEALTHY PERSON????? Malassezia have been linked to a number of skin diseases including seborrhoeicdermatitis, folliculitis, confluent and reticulated papillomatosis and pityriasisversicolor [3]. Who gets malassezia folliculitis? Malassezia folliculitis is most commonly seen in adolescent and young adult males living in humid climates [3,4]. Other risk factors include: High sebum production [3,4]Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) [3,4]Occlusion from emollients and sunscreensAntibiotic use [5]Oral steroids such as prednisone (steroid acne)Immunosuppression [6].  How does malassezia folliculitis present? Malassezia folliculitis presents as small uniform itchy papules and pustules on the forehead, chin, neck, trunk and extensor aspect of the upper limbs. They may be itchy. How is malassezia folliculitis diagnosed? Clinical examination is usually sufficient for diagnosis. Laboratory investigations may be performed. Potassium hydroxide preparation of skin scrapings may reveal budding spores and hyphae [7].Other stains, including the May-Grunwald-Giema stain may also be helpful, but are less commonly used [1].Cultures are not routinely done, as malassezia species typically require special media for growth. Malassezia folliculitis may also be suspected by finding organisms within the hairfollicles on histopathological examination of a skin biopsy. Treatment of malassezia folliculitis It is important to address any predisposing factors at the outset, as malassezia folliculitis has a tendency to recur. Oral treatment is recommended, as it has proven much more effective than topical agent. Fluconazole is used more commonly than itraconazole due to its superior side effect profile [8]. Topical agents (eg, selenium sulfide shampoo, econazole solution) may also be used but should be reserved for those unable to tolerate oral treatment  [9,10]. Isotretinoin and photodynamic therapy (PDT) have been used with some success in small case series [8, 11,12]. Prevention of malassezia folliculitis Recurrence is common, even after successful treatment [10]. Long-term prophylaxis with topical agents may be considered in those at high-risk or with multiple recurrences.
Views: 13 Jason Meyer
Cryptococcosis (Medical Condition)
Symptoms, risk factors and treatments of Cryptococcosis (Medical Condition) Cryptococcosis, or cryptococcal disease, is a potentially fatal fungal disease This video contains general medical information If in doubt, always seek professional medical advice. The medical information is not advice and should not be treated as such. The medical information is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied. We do not warrant or represent that the medical information on this websiteis true, accurate, complete, current or non-misleading Music: 'Undaunted' Kevin Macleod CC-BY-3.0 Source/Images: "Cryptococcosis" CC-BY-2.5 https://www.freebase.com/m/037m41
C. neoformans
-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowToon's animation templates help you create animated presentations and animated explainer videos from scratch. Anyone can produce awesome animations quickly with PowToon, without the cost or hassle other professional animation services require.
Views: 85 Duy Nguyen
phagocytosis human macrophage ingesting the yeast candida albicans cellsalive com
phagocytosis human macrophage ingesting the yeast candida albicans cellsalive.com
Views: 732 The Vet. Doctors
candida growth  on Cystine electrolyte Deficient agar ( CLED) agar
Candida growth on Cystine electrolyte Deficient agar ( CLED) agar Yeast cells seen in gram staining Germ tube test (GTT)- Positive So, the organism is Candida albicans ( specimen was urine) -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Germ tube test" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-fSMpaRA2o -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 350 Microhub Plus
What does cryptococcus mean?
What does cryptococcus mean? A spoken definition of cryptococcus. Intro Sound: Typewriter - Tamskp Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Outro Music: Groove Groove - Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Intro/Outro Photo: The best days are not planned - Marcus Hansson Licensed under CC-BY-2.0 Book Image: Open Book template PSD - DougitDesign Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Text derived from: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/cryptococcus Text to Speech powered by TTS-API.COM
Fungal Pathogens: Part 1 of 2
Fungi are a natural part of the environment and can be found all around us. Some types of fungi, including those found in our environment and others in mold infested indoor environments can cause infections in some people. This is particularly true with people with a weakened immune system. The following are some of the more well known fungal diseases and the pathogenic fungi that cause them: Aspergillus is a common fungus that can be found in some indoor and outdoor environments. Aspergillosis is the name of the infection caused by Aspergillus. There are several different kinds of aspergillosis. Blastomycosis is a disease caused by the fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. The fungus lives in moist soil and in association with decomposing organic matter such as wood and leaves. The symptoms of blastomycosis are often similar to flu symptoms. Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus Candida. There are over 20 species of Candida yeasts that can cause infection in humans, the most common of which is Candida albicans. Coccidioidomycosis, also called Valley Fever, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides, which lives in the soil of dry, low rainfall areas. It is endemic in many areas of the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central and South America. Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by fungi that belong to the genus Cryptococcus. There are over 30 different species of Cryptococcus, but two species -- Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii cause nearly all cryptococcal infections in humans and animals. Dermatophytes are fungi that cause skin, hair and nail infections. Infections caused by these fungi are also sometimes known as "ringworm" or "tinea." There are many different species of dermatophytes that can cause infection in humans. Two of the most common types are Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton tonsurans, These are just a few things to know about fungal pathogens and Part 2 of this video series will discuss other common fungal pathogens.
Views: 42131 Paul Cochrane
Definition Of Malassezia Fungus Dandruff Caused By Malassezia Fungus
Malassezia (formerly known as Pityrosporum) is a genus of fungi. Malassezia is naturally found on the skin surfaces of many animals, including humans. In occasional opportunistic infections, some species can cause hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation on the trunk and other locations in humans.Causes. Dandruff can have several causes, including dry skin, seborrhoeic dermatitis, not cleaning/scrubbing often enough, shampooing too often, psoriasis, eczema, sensitivity to hair care products, or a yeast-like fungus. ... The metabolic by-products of skin micro-organisms (most specifically Malassezia yeasts) If you don't regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff. A yeastlike fungus (malassezia).Malassezia is a monophyletic genus of fungi found on the skin of 7 billion humans .... The root causes of dandruff may be similar to that of AE.The spectrum of dandruff is difficult to define because it blurs with ... During dandruff, the levels of Malassezia increase by 1.5 to 2 times its normal level. .... cause for the selective susceptibility of certain blood group subjects to fungal diseases.Due to the taxonomic confusion which existed with this organism for many ... The finding that the three serovars of Malassezia and the variants defined by ..... Malassezia, however, does have similarities to another pathogenic fungus, Cryptococcus neoformans. ..... The relationship between SD and dandruff is controversial.The root cause of dandruff is the single-celled microbe Malassezia globosa, which exists on ... bodies have a negative reaction to the presence of this fungus, causing dandruff. ... Research into Malassezia means better treatments for dandruffdandruff-causing Malassezia fungi were highly correlated with hair loss. Denorex explains what ...Malassezia yeasts have been found in human dandruff, deep-sea ... This image shows pityriasis versicolor (left) and folliculitis (right); two skin diseases caused by Malassezia yeasts. ... a well-balanced mix of bacteria and fungi (yeasts and molds), and this ... Malassezia are lipophilic, meaning they like fat.However, the real cause of dandruff is actually a yeast-like fungus, Malassezia globosa, which lives on your scalp, feeding on skin oils.
Views: 1133 Hair Care Tips
india ink
Hi my dear viewers, I am undergraduate medical laboratory science (BSc. SP) student in university of Peradeniya in Srilanka. According to one of my friend’s idea I decided to start this MEDI LAB ACADEMY you tube channel. So my dear viewers, I created this you tube channel with the purpose of share my knowledge gained from consultant doctors, qualified lectures, reference books, and during my clinical training in hospital. Actually I covered some Hematology, Bio chemistry, Histology, Parasitology and other relevant subjects related to MLT, MLS ,nursing, and even medical students. And also I created this video very simple manner .use very simple English language, clear pictures, and I hundred percent assured about the content of the my videos. In future I hope to add more and more videos helpful to your academic purposes.so I would like to invite to you all watch my videos via you tube and update your , refresh your knowledge and gather knowledge. After watching if you get some thing from my videos or if you are interesting about my videos please don’t forget to subscribe me. As well as give your comments also.it will be helpful to expand my channel, encourage me. Dear viewers, if you have ability help me I would like to kindly accept it ,even a 1 dollar given by you will important to my higher education and build up my future .this video is small description about India ink stained procedure which is use for cryptococcus species identification. the key words that you can search this via you india ink stained method,cryptoccosus identification,mycology,mlt,mls,microbiology,fungi,fubgi identification,meningitis,idenfication of fungi, THANK YOU FOR ALL
Views: 102 Medi Lab Academy
Teamwork helps yeast to infect
Mitochondrial tubularisation of yeasts. This was observed by confocal live cell imaging in the outbreak strain AIg54. Images were generated by projecting 73 z-planes in a single plane with each z-plane given an individual colour. The globular morphology therefore gives a multi-colour unsaturated object due to the combination of many different colours and intensities over the z-planes, while tubular mitochondria in either the x- or y-plane give a more uniform, saturated colour. Scale bar 1 μm (Movie 1 of 10.1038/ncomms6194). - Divide and conquer: Novel trick helps rare pathogen infect healthy people http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-10/uob-dac101514.php References 1. Teamwork helps yeast to infect Nature 514, 538 (30 October 2014) doi:10.1038/514538c http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v514/n7524/full/514538c.html Immune responses that should combat a disease caused by yeast instead make the fungus grow, potentially worsening the infection. Robin May at the University of Birmingham, UK, and his co-workers studied strains of Cryptoccocus gattii, which can cause meningitis and other problems. 2. ‘Division of labour’ in response to host oxidative burst drives a fatal Cryptococcus gattii outbreak Nature Communications 5, Article number: 5194 doi:10.1038/ncomms6194 http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/141017/ncomms6194/full/ncomms6194.html Abstract Cryptococcus gattii is an emerging intracellular pathogen and the cause of the largest primary outbreak of a life-threatening fungal disease in a healthy population. Outbreak strains share a unique mitochondrial gene expression profile and an increased ability to tubularize their mitochondria within host macrophages. However, the underlying mechanism that causes this lineage of C. gattii to be virulent in immunocompetent individuals remains unexplained. Here we show that a subpopulation of intracellular C. gattii adopts a tubular mitochondrial morphology in response to host reactive oxygen species. These fungal cells then facilitate the rapid growth of neighbouring C. gattii cells with non-tubular mitochondria, allowing for effective establishment of the pathogen within a macrophage intracellular niche. Thus, host reactive oxygen species, an essential component of the innate immune response, act as major signalling molecules to trigger a ‘division of labour’ in the intracellular fungal population, leading to increased pathogenesis within this outbreak lineage.
Views: 37 Stefano Di Criscio
MSGERC 2016 Biennial Meeting -Cryptococcus : Tom Harrison
Plenary Lectures: Cryptocococus - Tom Harrison: Cryptococcal Meningitis Update from Resource-Limited Setting Perspective: Epidemiology, Treatment and Prevention
Neutrophil Attack Triggers Extracellular Trap-Dependent Candida Cell Wall Remodeling and Altered
Neutrophil Attack Triggers Extracellular Trap-Dependent Candida Cell Wall Remodeling and Altered Immune Recognition. Alex Hopke et al (2016), PLOS Pathogens http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1005644 Pathogens hide immunogenic epitopes from the host to evade immunity, persist and cause infection. The opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans, which can cause fatal disease in immunocompromised patient populations, offers a good example as it masks the inflammatory epitope β-glucan in its cell wall from host recognition. It has been demonstrated previously that β-glucan becomes exposed during infection in vivo but the mechanism behind this exposure was unknown. Here, we show that this unmasking involves neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) mediated attack, which triggers changes in fungal cell wall architecture that enhance immune recognition by the Dectin-1 β-glucan receptor in vitro. Furthermore, using a mouse model of disseminated candidiasis, we demonstrate the requirement for neutrophils in triggering these fungal cell wall changes in vivo. Importantly, we found that fungal epitope unmasking requires an active fungal response in addition to the stimulus provided by neutrophil attack. NET-mediated damage initiates fungal MAP kinase-driven responses, particularly by Hog1, that dynamically relocalize cell wall remodeling machinery including Chs3, Phr1 and Sur7. Neutrophil-initiated cell wall disruptions augment some macrophage cytokine responses to attacked fungi. This work provides insight into host-pathogen interactions during disseminated candidiasis, including valuable information about how the C. albicans cell wall responds to the biotic stress of immune attack. Our results highlight the important but underappreciated concept that pattern recognition during infection is dynamic and depends on the host-pathogen dialog.
Views: 879 ScienceVio
India ink preparation
India ink is used as a negative staining technique to demonstrate capsule. This video shows preparation of wet India ink mount for demonstration of Cryptococcus neoformans capsule in culture.
Views: 24852 Sridhar Rao
Aspergillus Springboard
This video is part of a comprehensive medical school microbiology, immunology & infectious diseases course. Your comments on videos will be key as we iterate content. If you are interested in implementing all or part of this course, we are happy to share and would only ask for your candid evaluation in return: https://stanfordmedicine.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_8i98rRk2XRCXQ45 If you are interested in collaborating with us, please contact: [email protected] This course was created collaboratively between Stanford, UW, Duke, UCSF, and University of Michigan and made possible by support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Blastomycosis: a deadly fungal infection in U.P. soil
------------------------------- Facebook | http://www.facebook.com/uppermichiganssource Twitter | http://www.twitter.com/wluctv6 Website | http://www.UpperMichigansSource.com Thanks for watching!
Views: 823 TV6 & FOX UP
522 hz Detox, Toxin elimination - Isochronic  [Brainwave Entrainment]
522 hz Relief Adnexitis, Apoplexy, Appendicitis, lack of Appetite , Asthma, Autointoxication, Cerebral Palsy, Cold & Flu, Coughing, Cryptococcus neoformans, Edema, Hangover, Head injury (followup), Headaches (due to toxicity), Hives (urticaria), Hyperosmia, Influenza, Lymph stasis, Mental disorders, Motion sickness, Muscular dystrophy, Oral lesions, Otitis media, Parasites (tapeworms), Pelvic inflammatory disease, Pharyngitis, Polyp (general), Prostatitis , Pyorrhea, Rhinitis, Stroke (follow up), Sunstroke, Surgery (detoxification of anaesthesia), Surgery (pre-op and post-op),Surgery (prevention and control), Swelling, Torulopsosis, Toxins elimination, Tuberculinum, Urticaria, Yeast (general). Toxin Elimination: NCFL 2006 says, 522 hz + 0.5 hz + 146 hz - you can combine 522 hz + 0.5 hz listening same time (and then 146hz separately) 0.5 hz eg: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dr870J26J3w 146 hz https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpBmVHOtviQ Muscular Dystrophy, see also: 0.13 hz, 0.40hz, 0.60hz, 0.83hz, 5.87hz, 47.25hz, 142.50hz, 357.52hz, 702.51hz , 882.11 hz, 130hz, 400hz, 600hz, 830hz 0.13 hz https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8Ej43ZwvY0 0.4 hz https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tWvpMgJY2Z0 0.6 hz https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_DGh4bD494 0.83 hz https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QYRZeyKKp4A --------------------------- freq. lists: http://www.royalrife.com/lists.html Some spiritual and psychic frequencies: http://lunarsight.com/freq.htm Stimulating/Normalizing freq.: http://stenulson.net/althealth/stimfreq.htm Glossary and more links: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_cambio06b.htm
Views: 15058 Harry Fyntal
The amazing T cell
The amazing t-cell! T-cell's are amazing! They have several important jobs in the blood, one of them is too "memorize" different viruses, bacteria and infections. When it's done it's job, your body will have learned how to fight better!
Views: 42 Kim Ulvberget
Single sphere phagocytosis with 11 micron spheres | Immunity Project
Timelapse video showing 90 minutes of cellular activity compressed into 15 seconds. You're watching an Immunity Project human clinical trial where a type of biodegradable polymer that is used in many FDA approved products called a PLGA microsphere is being incubated with a type of bone marrow cell called a dendrocyte in a tissue culture. This process is called phagocytosis. It shows the dendrocytes consuming the microspheres containing the targeted epitope. An epitope is the part of an antigen (such as a T-cell) recognized by the immune system. An antigen is the part of the cell that binds to an antibody reacting to fight off an enemy in the immune system like a virus. The vaccine prototype created by Immunity Project to fight HIV encourages this process to occur. Our hope is that this will protect the cells from the virus.
Views: 807 Immunity Project
Phagocytosis of Coccidioides posadasii endospores by human neutrophils
Human neutrophils readily detect and phagocytose endospores of the fungal pathogen Coccidioides posadasii (cause of Valley fever). A strong neutrophil response is observed even when the supplemented autologous serum had been heat-treated at 52°C (which suppresses complement-mediated chemotaxis). This video presents results of a collaborative interdisciplinary study of the recognition of C. posadasii by neutrophils. The study was published in PLOS ONE (http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129522). The paper's abstract is included below. Coccidioides spp. are dimorphic pathogenic fungi whose parasitic forms cause coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in mammalian hosts. We use an innovative interdisciplinary approach to analyze one-on-one encounters between human neutrophils and two forms of Coccidioides posadasii. To examine the mechanisms by which the innate immune system coordinates different stages of the host response to fungal pathogens, we dissect the immune-cell response into chemotaxis, adhesion, and phagocytosis. Our single-cell technique reveals a surprisingly strong response by initially quiescent neutrophils to close encounters with C. posadasii, both from a distance (by complement-mediated chemotaxis) as well as upon contact (by serum-dependent adhesion and phagocytosis). This response closely resembles neutrophil interactions with Candida albicans and zymosan particles, and is significantly stronger than the neutrophil responses to Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Rhizopus oryzae under identical conditions. The vigorous in vitro neutrophil response suggests that C. posadasii evades in vivo recognition by neutrophils through suppression of long-range mobilization and recruitment of the immune cells. This observation elucidates an important paradigm of the recognition of microbes, i.e., that intact immunotaxis comprises an intricate spatiotemporal hierarchy of distinct chemotactic processes. Moreover, in contrast to earlier reports, human neutrophils exhibit vigorous chemotaxis toward, and frustrated phagocytosis of, the large spherules of C. posadasii under physiological-like conditions. Finally, neutrophils from healthy donors and patients with chronic coccidioidomycosis display subtle differences in their responses to antibody-coated beads, even though the patient cells appear to interact normally with C. posadasii endospores.
Views: 648 Heinrich Lab
What Is Madura Foot?
Definition of madura disease by medical dictionarydefinition dictionarydermnet new zealand. The condition was first described in the mid 1800s and initially named madura foot, after region of india where disease identified. Mycetoma infection can be caused by fungi or bacteria jan 5, 2012 images in clinical medicine from the new england journal of madura foot mycetoma, an uncommon chronic skin and subcutaneous tissues tropical countries is true (eumycetoma) filamentous foot, also called maduromycosis, fungus infection, usually localized but occurring occasionally elsewhere on body, a underlying both (actinomyce tomas) (eumycetomas). Eumycetoma wikipediamycetoma (madura foot)patientmadura foot nejm. Pathology of mycetoma (madura foot; Maduromycosis) dr madura. Madura foot orthopaedicsone cases orthopaedicsonemadura slidesharemycetoma (madura foot) treating rare fungal infections maduromycosis. Eumycetoma wikipedia en. Googleusercontent search. Local trauma on bare skin of the feet or extremities backs workers carrying for this reason and because first medical reports were from doctors in madura, india an alternate name disease is madura foot. A provisional diagnosis of foot mycetoma maduromycosis due to fungi is otherwise called eumycetoma, and caused by the species madurella, pseudallescheria, acremonium leptosphaeria as. Histological diagnosis of madura foot (mycetoma) a must for and treatment the podiatry institute. Wikipedia wiki eumycetoma url? Q webcache. Read more about mycetoma (madura foot). Joey ranola dr progressively destructive morbid inflammatory disease usually of the foot but any in indian town madura, and hence was initially called madura dec 4, 2010 eumycetoma is a chronic cutaneous subcutaneous infection caused by various genera fungi. Mycetoma pedis (mycetoma of the foot), most common form mycetoma, is known widely as madura foot mycetoma (madura foot) or named because tumour like mass it forms. What is madura foot? Meaning of foot medical term when caused by fungi, the lesions are sometimes called eumycetoma. They are it is a pathological process in which the causative agents fungus (eumycetoma) or bacterium (actinomycetoma), from exogenous source produce grains looking for online definition of madura foot medical dictionary? Madura explanation free. Eumycetoma is a chronic granulomatous fungal disease of humans, affecting mainly the limbs, and sometimes abdominal chest walls or head. The infection is jan 21, 2016 eumycetoma (mycotic mycetoma) a chronic subcutaneous fungal of the skin and soft tissue, most often affecting lower extremity mycetoma may be due to several fungi (when it called eumycetoma) or actinomycetes (actinomycetoma). Actinomycetes are bacteria that produce filaments, case madura foot mycetoma reported by dr. Thefreedictionary madura%2bdisease&sa u&ved 0ahukewje _ xupdvahubymmkhfwrc604chawcbowaq&usg afqjcngq_vm9_nqv_gnwfnl035 z6ydwcw" target "_blank"madura disease. Kulkarni, balaji plots, amaravati, m. Defini
Views: 475 Question Me
What does blastospore mean?
What does blastospore mean? A spoken definition of blastospore. Intro Sound: Typewriter - Tamskp Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Outro Music: Groove Groove - Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Intro/Outro Photo: The best days are not planned - Marcus Hansson Licensed under CC-BY-2.0 Book Image: Open Book template PSD - DougitDesign Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Text derived from: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/blastospore
Views: 64 Megan McDermott
Plating A Fungal Pathogen
Views: 1695 Kelly Wall
Are Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Playing a Role in the Parasite Control in Active American...
Are Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Playing a Role in the Parasite Control in Active American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis Lesions? Fernanda Nazaré Morgado et al (2015), PLoS ONE http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133063 Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been described as a network of extracellular fibers composed by DNA, histones and various proteins/enzymes. Studies have demonstrated that NETs could be responsible for the trapping and elimination of a variety of infectious agents. In order to verify the presence of NETs in American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) and their relationship with the presence of amastigotes we evaluated active cutaneous lesions of 35 patients before treatment by the detection of parasites, neutrophils (neutrophil elastase) and histones through immunohistochemistry and confocal immunofluorescence. Intact neutrophils could be detected in all ATL lesions. NETs were present in 27 patients (median 1.1; range from 0.1 to 23.5/mm2) with lesion duration ranging from one to seven months. NETs were in close proximity with neutrophils (r = 0.586; p = 0.0001) and amastigotes (r = 0.710; p = 0.0001). Two patterns of NET formation were detected: small homogeneously distributed networks observed in all lesions; and large structures that could be visualized at a lower magnification in lesions presenting at least 20% of neutrophils. Lesions presenting the larger NET formation showed high parasite detection. A correlation between NET size and the number of intact amastigotes was observed (p=0.02). As we detected an association between NET and amastigotes, our results suggest that neutrophil migration and NET formation could be stimulated and maintained by stimuli derived from the parasite burden/parasite antigen in the extracellular environment. The observation of areas containing only antigens not intermingled with NETs (elastase and histone) suggests that the involvement of these structures in the control of parasite burden is a dynamic process in which the formation of NETs is exhausted with the destruction of the parasites. Since NETs were also associated with granulomas, this trapping would favor the activity of macrophages in order to control the parasite burden.
Views: 468 ScienceVio
Blastomycosis (Medical Condition)
Symptoms, risk factors and treatments of Blastomycosis (Medical Condition) Blastomycosis is a fungal infection of humans and other animals, notably dogs and occasionally cats, caused by the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis This video contains general medical information If in doubt, always seek professional medical advice. The medical information is not advice and should not be treated as such. The medical information is provided without any representations or warranties, express or implied. We do not warrant or represent that the medical information on this websiteis true, accurate, complete, current or non-misleading Music: 'Undaunted' Kevin Macleod CC-BY-3.0 Source/Images: "Blastomycosis" CC-BY-2.5 https://www.freebase.com/m/03lkd6
Frustrated phagocytosis of an immature C. posadasii spherule by a human neutrophil.
After first verifying that chemotaxis was impaired by heat treatment of the used serum, the immature spherule was brought into contact with the neutrophil, leading to quick recognition, firm adhesion, and frustrated phagocytosis. (The video is sped up about 90 times. The whole experiment took ~48 minutes.) Citation: Lee C-Y, Thompson III GR, Hastey CJ, Hodge GC, Lunetta JM, Pappagianis D, et al. (2015) Coccidioides Endospores and Spherules Draw Strong Chemotactic, Adhesive, and Phagocytic Responses by Individual Human Neutrophils. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0129522. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129522 To read the full article: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129522
Views: 439 PLOS Media
Sabouraud agar
Sabouraud agar is a type of agar containing peptones. It is used to cultivate dermatophytes and other types of fungi, and can also grow filamentous bacteria such as Nocardia. It was created by, and is named after, Raymond Sabouraud in 1892. Later adjusted by Chester W. Emmons when the pH level was brought closer to the neutral range and the dextrose concentration lowered to support the growth of other fungi. The 5.6 pH of traditional Sabouraud agar formulation inhibits bacterial growth. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 4365 Audiopedia
What does pseudohypha mean?
What does pseudohypha mean? A spoken definition of pseudohypha. Intro Sound: Typewriter - Tamskp Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Outro Music: Groove Groove - Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Intro/Outro Photo: The best days are not planned - Marcus Hansson Licensed under CC-BY-2.0 Book Image: Open Book template PSD - DougitDesign Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Text derived from: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pseudohypha Text to Speech powered by TTS-API.COM
Paramecium eating pigmented yeast
As the paramecium stuffs itself with a meal of pigmented yeast, vacuoles form. As food particles are digested by acidic enzymes, the congo red will reveal the pH drop-color will shift from a more alkaline red, to a more acidic blue. "They Pulled My Jazz soundtrack!" : (
Views: 652520 The Shutter'D HaG
PIP3 during phagocytosis
Phase (left) and fluorescent (right) images of a RAW 246.7 cell expressing Akt-PH domain. The cell phagocytoses several large IgG-opsonized polystyrene beads. Mag. 400X
Views: 92 gregorka9
Negative Stain
How to perform a negative stain. For help on other staining techniques check out our other demos.
Views: 45515 WPI
neutrophil wave
Views: 32 Zairan Liu
What Grows On Chocolate Agar?
Neither of these species is able to grow on sheep blood agar cate14, chocolate agar, 15x100mm plate, 19ml, 10 plates bag haemophilus influenzae (atcc 10211) colonies growing (cat. The most common species that require this enriched medium for growth include neisseria gonorrhoeae, meningitidis and haemophilus spp. Googleusercontent search. Yellow pigmented colonies of staphylococcus looking for online definition chocolate agar in the medical dictionary? Chocolate (niger) seed and creatinine, used growing cryptococcus neoformans abstract. Wikipedia wiki chocolate_agar url? Q webcache. Medicowesome difference between blood agar and chocolate. Haemophilus and other fastidious gram negative rodsmeningitis primary culture presumptive id. No haemophilus influenzae pure culture on chocolate agar isolation of bacteria is accomplished by growing ('culturing') them the surface examples enriched media include sheep blood and cultivate isolate fastidious organisms especially neisseria spp. Chocolate agar medium thermo fisher scientific. Choc is an enriched medium supplemented with jan 9, 2015 knowing that certain fastidious bacteria (e. Tive colonies of gram positive cocci growing on ca that application chocolate agar (choc) is a non selective enriched growth medium for use in choc can be used to grow both negative and although agar's chief as culture various microorganisms, particularly different types are strains bacteria. Definition of chocolate agar by medical dictionary. Do all blood borne bacteria grow on chocolate agar? . Chocolate agar wikipediachocolate composition, uses and colony characteristics chocolate gc base with hemoglobin supplements for haemophilus influenzae growing on plate. Pure h cultivation media for bacteria. Chocolate agar is used for growing fastidious respiratory bacteria, such as haemophilus influenzae and neisseria meningitidis sep 8, 2013 hemin (factor x) available from non hemolyzed well blood cells. Wondering if all staphylococcus aureus on chocolate agar plate. Neisseria & haemophilus species) grow on chocolate agar rather than blood. Darkening and clearing of the medium was usually reactions incurred on chocolate agar by gram positive cocci were correlated with species identity. Chocolate agar, a differential medium for gram positive cocci chocolate cocci100mm plates, sterileall about agar science buddies. Chocolate agar (choc) anaerobe systems. Haemophilus, and gardnerella vaginalis using thermo scentific chocolate agar dec 3, 2012 so now, let's see how blood is made, the (if you can't remember organisms that grow on agar, (choc) recommended for use in isolation cultivation of fastidious. Chocolate agar, however, does not reveal hemolysis data, so species h fluenzae growing on chocolate agar. It is a variant of the blood agar plate, containing red cells that have been lysed by slowly heating to 80 c. Pneumoniae will also grow on a chocolate agar plate (cap)meningitidis grows well in humid atmosphere, if an infection. Notice
Views: 643 Clix Clix
Bacterial capsule
The cell capsule is a very large structure of some prokaryotic cells, such as bacterial cells. It is a polysaccharide layer that lies outside the cell envelope of bacteria, and is thus deemed part of the outer envelope of a bacterial cell. It is a well-organized layer, not easily washed off, and it can be the cause of various diseases. The capsule—which can be found in both Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive bacteria—should not be confused with the second lipid membrane, which contains lipopolysaccharides and lipoproteins and is found only in Gram-negative bacteria. When the amorphous viscid secretion diffuses into the surrounding medium and remains as a loose undemarcated secretion, it is known as slime layer. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 7875 Audiopedia