Home
Search results “Causative agent of cryptococcal meningitis”
Meningitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
11:37
What is meningitis? Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 425773 Osmosis
CRYPTOCOCCOSIS (FUNGAL INFECTION) MYCOSIS
 
03:40
CRYPTOCOCCOSIS::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DISCUSSION ON TOPICS:: 1) INTRODUCTION 2) CAUSATIVE AGENT 3) LIFE CYCLE 4) MODE OF TRANSMISSION 5) PATHOGENICITY 6) CLINICAL FEATURE 7) LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS 8) TREATMENT
Views: 944 BRAIN BUZZ
Pneumonia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
11:15
What is pneumonia? Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by a variety of different pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mycobacteria. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 587412 Osmosis
Don Ganem (Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research) Part 1: Kaposis Sarcoma: The Disease
 
23:08
https://www.ibiology.org/microbiology/virus-infection-biology-kaposis-sarcoma/ In 1872, Moritz Kaposi first described a disease that included pigmented skin tumors and in some cases tumors of the viscera. While KS has been endemic in some areas of the world for many years, a highly aggressive and deadly form of the disease emerged concurrently with the HIV/AIDS epidemic. KS is a very unusual cancer including multiple cell types, including cells of a spindle morphology, in a single tumor. In this section of the talk, the atypical biology of this cancer it will be discussed. Epidemiological studies suggested that HIV was not the causative agent of KS. In the mid-1990s, a new human herpes virus, Kaposis sarcoma associated herpes virus (KSHV), was identified as the likely cause of KS. Development of a serological test for the presence of KSHV in patients showed that KS seroprevalence strikingly mirrored KS risk and, additionally, KS was never found in KSHV negative patients. This data strongly supported KSHV as the causative agent of KS. However, epidemiology also showed that additional cofactors are required for disease development and in the case of patients with AIDS, HIV is this cofactor. In this section of the lecture, we will look at which viral genes are expressed in KS and how they cause disease. KSHV has both a latent and lytic cycle. In the latency cycle, very few genes are expressed and no new virus is produced allowing the host cell to survive. In the lytic cycle, all open reading frames are expressed, new virus produced and the host cell killed. Greater than 95% of KSHV infected cells contain virus is in the latency cycle. A single KSHV gene, vFLIP, expressed during the latency cycle is sufficient to cause a change of cell morphology to a spindle shape. Additionally, vFLIP and a second gene kaposin B promote the expression of cytokines and the inflammatory phenotype seen in KS lesions. How this increase in the inflammatory response benefits KSHV is yet to be determined. Can the latency cycle alone account for tumorigenesis? Experiments showing that infection of latent cells is quite unstable together with the fact that latent infection with KSHV does not immortalize cells suggested that it does not. An epidemiological study in which patients were given a drug that is specific for virus in the lytic cycle (ganciclovir) resulted in a significant decrease in new KS tumors suggesting that the lytic cycle is also key to disease development. How this might happen and what this means for further understanding and treatment of KS is discussed. Don Ganem left the University of California, San Francisco in 2011 to join the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research in Emeryville, CA.
Views: 11258 iBiology
Medical vocabulary: What does Meningitis, Escherichia coli mean
 
00:45
What does Meningitis, Escherichia coli mean in English?
Meningitis Attorney -- Rhode Island, Massachusetts, United States
 
00:29
Meningitis Attorney http://klandrylaw.com/blog/category/meningitis-attorney/ Over 14,000 patients are thought to have been injected with the contaminated injections and the Massachusetts meningitis lawyer cautions all who have received injections int he past few months to be on the lookout for potential symptoms. Symptoms present with severe headache, high fever, nausea, a stiff neck as well as sensitivity to light and sound. Although meningitis is not contagious, quick and accurate treatment is absolutely necessary for a proper resolution of the illness. The New England Compounding Center is most certainly liable for the still evolving damage it has caused to patient lives and has acted irresponsibly in the way in which it has handled this unprecedented meningitis outbreak. Physicians and/or hospital which may have misdiagnosed or mistreated patients can be held liable as well. If you have been infected or know someone who has been infected with meningitis, seek medical treatment immediately. Soon thereafter it's a wise decision to contact a Massachusetts meningitis attorney familiar with all types of medical malpractice can assist you with your claim should you choose to pursue one. Call our offices at 1-800-200-7752 for free consultation http://klandrylaw.com/blog/category/meningitis-attorney/
Encephalitis
 
07:28
Encephalitis (from Ancient Greek ἐγκέφαλος, enképhalos “brain”, composed of ἐν, en, “in” and κεφαλή, kephalé, “head”, and the medical suffix -itis “inflammation”) is an acute inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis with meningitis is known as meningoencephalitis. Symptoms include headache, fever, confusion, drowsiness, and fatigue. More advanced and serious symptoms include seizures or convulsions, tremors, hallucinations, and memory problems. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 5377 Audiopedia
Infectious disease | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:03:45
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infection 00:02:11 1 Classification 00:02:20 1.1 Subclinical versus clinical (latent versus apparent) 00:04:21 1.2 Primary versus opportunistic 00:07:45 1.2.1 Other types of infection 00:08:37 1.3 Infectious or not 00:10:07 1.4 Contagiousness 00:11:29 1.5 By anatomic location 00:12:13 2 Signs and symptoms 00:13:10 2.1 Bacterial or viral 00:13:36 3 Pathophysiology 00:14:13 3.1 Colonization 00:18:13 3.2 Disease 00:19:55 3.3 Transmission 00:22:23 4 Diagnosis 00:24:11 4.1 Symptomatic diagnostics 00:25:00 4.2 Microbial culture 00:27:55 4.3 Microscopy 00:30:25 4.4 Biochemical tests 00:33:58 4.5 PCR-based diagnostics 00:35:43 4.6 Metagenomic sequencing 00:37:28 4.7 Indication of tests 00:39:24 5 Prevention 00:43:25 5.1 Immunity 00:45:35 5.1.1 Host genetic factors 00:47:06 6 Treatments 00:48:43 7 Epidemiology 00:49:53 7.1 Historic pandemics 00:51:57 7.2 Emerging diseases 00:54:33 8 History 00:57:31 8.1 Medical specialists 00:58:49 9 Society and culture 01:00:36 10 Fossil record 01:01:49 11 Outer space 01:02:44 12 See also 01:02:53 13 Notes and references 01:03:03 14 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9746772367071261 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce. Infectious disease, also known as transmissible disease or communicable disease, is illness resulting from an infection. Infections are caused by infectious agents (pathogens) including: Viruses and related agents such as viroids and prions Bacteria Fungi, further subclassified into: Ascomycota, including yeasts such as Candida, filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus, Pneumocystis species, and dermatophytes, a group of organisms causing infection of skin and other superficial structures in humans. Basidiomycota, including the human-pathogenic genus Cryptococcus Parasites, which are usually divided into unicelllular organisms (e.g. malaria, Toxoplasma, Babesia) macroparasites (worms or helminths) including nematodes such as parasitic roundworms and pinworms, tapeworms (cestodes), and flukes (trematodes, such as schistosomiasis) Arthropods such as ticks, mites, fleas, and lice, can also cause human disease, which conceptually are similar to infections, but invasion of a human or animal body by these macroparasites is usually termed infestation. ( Diseases caused by helminths, which are also macroparasites, are sometimes termed infestations as well, but are sometimes called infections.)Hosts can fight infections using their immune system. Mammalian hosts react to infections with an innate response, often involving inflammation, followed by an adaptive response.Specific medications used to treat infections include antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and antihelminthics. Infectious diseases resulted in 9.2 million deaths in 2013 (about 17% of all deaths). The branch of medicine that focuses on infections is referred to as infectious disease.
Views: 23 wikipedia tts
Pneumonia | Wikipedia audio article
 
47:28
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Pneumonia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia.Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include handwashing and not smoking. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Pneumonia believed to be due to bacteria is treated with antibiotics. If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is generally hospitalized. Oxygen therapy may be used if oxygen levels are low.Pneumonia affects approximately 450 million people globally (7% of the population) and results in about 4 million deaths per year. Pneumonia was regarded by William Osler in the 19th century as "the captain of the men of death". With the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines in the 20th century, survival improved. Nevertheless, in developing countries, and among the very old, the very young, and the chronically ill, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death. Pneumonia often shortens suffering among those already close to death and has thus been called "the old man's friend".
Views: 22 wikipedia tts