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What Animal Will Survive When Everyone Dies?
 
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Has anything survived every mass extinction AND can live in space? Watch More: When Did Multicellular Life Begin? ►►►► https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2ZHMeF9dgA Get your exclusive Life Noggin merch: http://www.keeponthinking.co Support Life Noggin on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/LifeNogginStudios Official Website: https://lnstudios.co Follow Us! https://twitter.com/LifeNoggin https://facebook.com/LifeNoggin https://www.instagram.com/lifenoggin Click here to see more videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/lifenoggin Life Noggin is a weekly animated educational series. Whether it's science, pop culture, history or art, we explore it all and have a ton of fun doing it. Life Noggin Team: Director/Voice: http://lifenogg.in/PatGraziosi Executive Producer - Ian Dokie: http://instagram.com/iandokie Director of Marketing: http://lifenogg.in/JaredOban Animation by Steven Lawson Written by Michael Sago: https://twitter.com/MichaelSago Sources: https://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/topics/tardigrade/index.html https://www.livescience.com/57985-tardigrade-facts.html http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2008/shifflet_bran/nutrition.htm http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2008/shifflet_bran/cryptobiosis.htm http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-does-the-tiny-waterbear-survive-in-outer-space-30891298/ https://nai.nasa.gov/articles/2013/6/17/tardigrades-eggs-survive-space-like-conditions/ https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/2090.html https://www.science.gov/topicpages/t/tardigrades+water+bears http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150313-the-toughest-animals-on-earth http://www.emporia.edu/ksn/v43n3-may1997/ https://microcosmos.foldscope.com/?p=17901 http://labs.bio.unc.edu/Goldstein/GoldBl02.pdf http://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/on-exhibit-posts/tough-tardigrades http://www.emporia.edu/ksn/v43n3-may1997/ https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/08/science/the-tardigrade-water-bear.html?mcubz=0 https://www.livescience.com/59796-tardigrades-will-outlive-humanity-earth-disasters.html https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-05796-x http://tardigradehunters.weebly.com/find-tardigrades.html
Views: 1253471 Life Noggin
10 Animals That Hold The Key To Immortality
 
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For centuries, scientists have debated the possibility of human immortality. But could the key to that breakthrough already exist within the animal kingdom? AllTime10s looks at our planet’s most likely creatures that could hold the secret to everlasting life. 10 Cute Animals That Could Destroy You - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzvxLUPw7Bc&index=107&list=PL2AD0E13C187B43E7 Music = Bed Bugs by Bob Bradley / Matt Sanchez / Steve Dymond Click to Subscribe.. http://bit.ly/WTVC4x Check out the best of Alltime10s - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLec1lxRhYOzt2qqqnFBIpUm63wr5yhLF6 This was our list of 10 Animals That Hold The Key To Immortality. What did you think? Let us know in the comments below. Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: http://ow.ly/3FNFR Twitter: http://ow.ly/3FNMk
Views: 1589127 Alltime10s
First Animal to Survive in Space
 
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Tardigrades or "Water Bears" are the only creatures that can survive the extreme conditions in the vacuum of outer space. Watch the comments response video here! http://bit.ly/Tardigrades-Response Read more at http://bit.ly/1tdR3PG SPACED OUT - produced by http://Motherboard.vice.com Follow MOTHERBOARD Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/motherboardtv Twitter: http://twitter.com/motherboard Check out the first episode of Spaced Out: http://bit.ly/Spaced-Out-001 Subscribe for new videos everyday: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://www.youtube.com/user/vice/videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 14321825 VICE
10 INCREDIBLE ANIMALS With Real Life SUPERPOWERS!
 
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Thanks for watching, and subscribe for new videos every weekday! Subscribe: http://bit.ly/SubToMattSantoro | Podcast: http://bit.ly/SubToMSPodcast Catch up on my latest uploads! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74EgSlmhy6Wavip716_-JRPG&playnext=1&index=2 Watch more: Creepy, Scary, and Chilling Topics! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74HK4A_zHEB-aQLNEErSikq5&playnext=1&index=2 50 Amazing Facts to Blow Your Mind! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74Hp_q_-bs6g5Ulju0Lp__Ss&playnext=1&index=2 Mysterious, Cryptic, and Mystical Topics! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74F_S6Jt4inbGZM6kfZ4Y2ar&playnext=1&index=2 Fascinating, Amazing, and Funny Topics! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74GbkIhmSYCfb0Ctc1sl8-v5&playnext=1&index=2 All-Time Most Popular Videos! https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe7K6kDBf74GcJABXEUfqDHSIlBojZZQO&playnext=1&index=2 Follow Fact Maniac for more daily amazing facts! Twitter: http://twitter.com/FactManiac Facebook: http://facebook.com/FactManiac Instagram: http://instagram.com/FactManiac Follow me! Twitter: http://twitter.com/MatthewSantoro Instagram: http://instagram.com/MatthewSantoro Facebook: http://facebook.com/MatthewSantoro Get a copy of my book: http://bit.ly/MindBlownBook Sources https://pastebin.com/nDrX8Q2f
Views: 4283686 Matthew Santoro
What's the Toughest Creature on Earth?
 
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Script: David-Talent: When we think of toughness, we often think of things such as diamonds, superheros, kevlar, or that cool kid at school that stands up to the bully. Talent: Well, let me give you the option to take one of these tough things or people and put them into one of these scenarios. Being stranded in outer space, being pinned at the bottom of the ocean, or being stuck somewhere in Antarctica. Talent: More likely than not, that thing you thought of would have not been able to survive, Why? A lot of animals or things just don't have the ability to regulate their bodies in those extreme conditions. But there is a creature that we know of that does. A tardigrade. Talent: Tardigrades, also known as water bears, were discovered by Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1773. These creatures are so small that you need to use a microscope to be able to see them. You’d think a creature this small couldn’t survive these extreme conditions, but they defy all the odds! The key to water bears survival is their ability to go into a cryptobiosis state. Talent: Cryptobiosis is when organisms enter an ametabolic state of life, a state when all metabolic processes in the body stop in response to very extreme conditions. In a nutshell, these guys just sleep off their problems. Wish I could sleep off my mid terms Talent: There are five states of cryptobiosis: anhydrobiosis, anoxybiosis, chemobiosis, cryobiosis, and osmobiosis. Talent: Depending on the situation, Tardigrades will undergo one of these states. Let's take a look at a few scenarios that tardigrades are able to survive like extremes temperatures and deep space. David-Talent: So we humans aren't very good at taking in radiation and toxins. Anything more than 10 radiation dosage and we go kapoot *talent makes cut throat sign using hands*. However, Tardigrades can withstand up to 6,200 dosages of radiation. They do this by entering chemobiosis. Talent- What ends up happening is they stop metabolizing any reactions in their bodies which stops processes such as reproduction, repair, and development. The halt in the development aspect is key because if the toxins are unable chemically start any reactions there will be no harm done. Talent: Similarly, Tardigrades are able to survive in space and extreme temperatures through the process of anhydrobiosis. Anhydrobiosis is a process in which the tardigrade enters a desiccated state where all its cell membranes and cell structures are completely stabilized. Talent- One of the leading hypothesis as to how they are able to do this is the water-replacement theory. It states that tardigrades will actually make all the accumulated proteins and non-reducing sugars, such as trehalose, interact through hydrogen bonding to replace water. This process is also applicable in states of extreme temperature and dehydration. Talent: These tardigrades may be small, but they are as tough as…? I guess there's really nothing tougher than a tardigrade! What did you think the toughest creature was before watching this video? Let us know in the comments below! Sources: http://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/topics/tardigrade/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tardigrade https://sun.iwu.edu/~tardisdp/tardigrade_facts.html Sources: http://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/topics/tardigrade/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tardigrade https://sun.iwu.edu/~tardisdp/tardigrade_facts.html Photo/Video: https://www.youtube.com/user/crashcourse
What is a tardigrade? | #aumsum
 
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A tardigrade is one of the smallest animals. It can grow only about 1 millimeter or less in length. However, scientists say that tardigrades can survive in extremely inhospitable environments. Do you know how? When the environment is inhospitable, the tardigrades enter a state called cryptobiosis. In cryptobiosis, they curl up into a ball like structure called tun. All their metabolic processes almost stop. In this state, tardigrades can survive in about minus 459 degrees Fahrenheit and even in about 300 degrees Fahrenheit. They can live deep in the oceans and withstand the huge pressure of water. They can even survive in the vacuum of space and can withstand radiation. Later, when the conditions are stable, they again come back to their normal form.
Views: 59382 It's AumSum Time
हमारे बीच घूम रहा है दूसरी दुनिया का प्राणी टार्डीग्रेड ? | Creature from another world tardigrade
 
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Kya aapne kabhi thithurti thand ko sehan kiya hai or thithurti thand se mera matlab itna thanda ki sharir m khun hi jam jaye isse frostbite ya hindi m shitdansh bhi khete hai Sabse jyada thandi jagah hai Russia m Oymyakon m yhan temperature osstan – 50 degree tak rehta hai or sabse jyada – 71 degree record kiya gya hai Yhan par agar aap rona shuru karde toh aapke aansu aankh m hi jam kar aapko hamesha ke liye aandha kaar sakte hai, or agar aap yhan paar proper kapdo se na dhake ho toh aapki kuch hi samay m thand m thithurke mot bhi ho sakti hai Lekin ek prani jo sadiyo se haamare bich m hai dinosaurs k aane se bhi phle jisne dharti ko panch bar khatm hote hue dekha wo itne kam temperature m bhi aram se jeeveet rhe sakta hai iss 60 crore saal se dharti par ghum rhe prani ka naam hai tardigrade Tardigrade ek suksham jiv hai jiski lambayi sirf 0.5 mm hai, iske 8 per hote hai khane m plant or bacteria par nirbhar rhta hai or bus yhi iski dusre janvaro se samantye khatam ho jati hai Jhan dharti k baki jeevjantu jyada s jyada -21 degree Celsius tak jee sakte hai whi tardigrade -272 degree tak bina kisi preshani ke jeeveet rhe sakta hai joki pure bramand m darz sabse kam temp -273 degree s bus ek degree jyada hai Jis temp par parmanu bhi jam jate jata aise temp m bhi tardigrade par kuch asar nhi hota Tardigrade ko pani k bhalu k naam se bhi jana jata hai iske panjo ki wjah s Tardigrade bilkul avinashi ya khe toh amar prani hai, Thand k alawa tardigrade 150 degree tak garmi bhi bilkul aaram s sehen kaar sakta hai, yhe duniya k sabse jyada ghre samundar ki ghrai m peda hue dabaw ke 6 guna jyada dabaw ko aaram se sehan kaar sakta hai yeh insano k mukable 100 guna jyada radiation sahan kar sakta hai, yani ki yeh ek radioactive plant m arram se ghum sakta hai orr sabse jyada chokane wali baat yeh hai ki yeh bina khane or pani k 30 saalo tak jeenda rhe sakta hai lekin yhan se sawal uthta hai kaise asal m tardigrade amar hai jab isse lagta hai ki preesthitiya jeene k anuroop nhi hai toh yeh apne aapko dehydrate ki awastha m le jata hai ya aasan bhasha m sharir se pani nikal deta hai, iska pani ka level 3 % se bhi kam ho jata hai iss prikriya ko cryptobiotic bhi khete hai or yeh issi awastha m lagatar 30 saalo tak rhe sakta hai, insaani sharir ka minimum 60 % hissa pani hai or jab isse lagta hai ki sab thk hai toh yeh dubara re hydrate karke jeeveet ho sakta hai or jeevan kriya shuru kaar sakta hai tardigrade kayi 100 saalo tak jeeveet rhe sakta hai NASA ne bhi iss anoke prani paar kayi parkar ke experiment kiye hazaro tardigrade ko outer space me bheja gya yeh yeh janane ke liye ki bina hawa k or tez solar radiation m yeh kaise jeeveet rhta hai Jab tardigrade wapis earth par aaya toh NASA yeh dekh kaar heran reh gyi space aatikraman ka bhi is paar koi prabhaw nhi pada balki space m hi kafi tardigrade ne bacho ko janam diya jo bilkul healthy th Tardigrade aab tak k ithaas ka phela aisa janwar hai jo outer space m ja kaar bilkhul sahi salamat wapis aaya hai Yhan tak ki kuch vegyaniko ka manana hai ki tardigrade dusre grah ka prani hai jo ki croro saal phele kisi or grah se hamari prithvi paar aaya tha Unka aisa manana isliye hai kyunki iski banawat ya dna prithvi par paye jane wale kisi bhi jeevjantu se mel nhi khata Tardigrade koi aisa durlabh prani nhi hai jo ki khi Himalaya ki pahadiyo m dhundne se milega balki yeh toh sab jagah hai aisa bhi ho sakta hai abhi aap tardigrade se bus kuch hi meter ki doori par ho Aise isliye kyunki yeh rehte hai kai , duldul ya kichad m Orr isliye hum khe sakte hai ki tardigrade lagbhag puri duniya m paye jate hai Yeh jeeta hai plant cell par isliye kai inke liye pura upykt sthan hai Lekin yeh hi nhi jaroorat par yeh dusre tardigrade ko bhi apna bhojan bana lete hai Tardigrade sab jagah chahe whe Himalaya ki phadi ho, japan ka garam pani ka jharna ho, samundar ki gherayi ho ya antartica ki thandi phadi ho sab jagah paye jate hai Aab samjhne ki koshish karte hai tardigrade aisa kaise kaar paate hai bhut saare machliyo ki jaati jab thand k karan cell jamne lagte hai toh anti freeze process shuru kaar deti hai Lekin tardigrade aisa kuch bhi nhi karte wo bus uss thand ko sahan karte hai, or thand m hue nuksaan ko antioxidant release karke phatafat repair kaar lete hai 150 degree Celsius temp par prithvi paar paya jane wala hare k prani khatam ho jata hai uska koi tissue ya cell nhi bachta lekin aapko herani hogi tardigrade paar iss temp ka bhi koi asar nhi padta Jab scientist n tardigrade ko 15 min tak 150 degree tak ubala toh paya uss par iss temp ka koi asar nhi pada bhut koshisho k baad bhi yeh pata nhi lagaya ja saka ki wo aisa kaise kaar pate hai Thank you -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "अनोंखे body facts in हिंदी" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFRmhv9Vpzs -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 95116 Vigyaan se pare
10 Immortal Animals You Won't Believe Are Real | Interesting Stories
 
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10 Immortal Animals You Won't Believe Are Real | Interesting Facts ► Subscribe: https://goo.gl/gYLyzW Believe It Or Not – Surely All These Animals Greatly Outlive You We know the life cycle; an animal is born, grows up, becomes an adult, reproduces, ages, gets old and finally dies. This is a universal truth about animal life on earth. Aging is a natural process for all living beings. In biology, it called senescence. Birth slowly becomes death by way of aging (if not by accident, disease or falling prey) in a natural life process. Therefore, it is hard to believe that some animals are almost immortal. There are a few species of animals in which the process of aging is extremely slow. Their life span is much longer in comparison to that of a human being. This is termed as “negligible senescence”. Here the symptoms of aging are so faint that it seems like they can never die. Tortoise As children, all of us might have heard or read about the tortoise’s immortality. The life span of a tortoise is 150 to 250 years. A tortoise shell contrary to common belief actually has 60 different interconnected bones. Red Sea Urchin Sea urchins usually live in warm waters close to the coral reefs or on the rocky bottom. Their life spans up to 200 years. They never stop growing but don’t get old. Their mouth has five sharp teeth and they can drill a hole in a rock. Sea urchins originated roughly 450 million years ago. Rougheye Rockfish Rougheye rockfish are probably one of the longest living marine fish, living as long as 200 years. “Red Snapper”, which you can sometimes find on restaurant menus, are actually rockfish. They do not lay eggs but give birth to young ones. Rockfish have a bladder that adjusts to their buoyancy as per depth levels inside the sea. Carp Koi Carp Koi have a lifespan of over 200 years. Koi fish represent love and friendship in Japanese culture. As a gift, they are believed to bring good luck; so traditionally they are handed over from one generation to the next in Japanese families. Koi have no stomach, instead, they only have a gut. Bowhead Whale They are believed to live up to 200 years. The Bowhead whale can grow up to a length of 66 ft. and weigh as much as 100 tons. Bowhead whales were massively hunted for their meat and oil. A bowhead whale can blow air up to 20 feet in height and are strong enough to easily break a one-foot thick ice layer. Ocean Quahog World’s oldest ocean quahog was 507 years old before its death in 2006. They are able to live for centuries because of their very slow metabolism. This ocean quahog was named after Chinese dynasty “Ming”. Freshwater Pearl Mussel Freshwater pearl mussels possess negligible senescence. They have a life span of 210–250 years. Freshwater mussel species have the ability to create a pearl. Antarctic Sponge The Antarctic sponge has an extremely slow growth rate because of the very low temperature there; some of the oldest known specimens are as old as 1550 years. Sponges have been inhabiting earth for the last 600 million years. Turritopsis Dohrn jellyfish This jellyfish discovered in 1883 can truly be called immortal because of its unique regenerative powers which came to our knowledge only two decades back. Its cells can transform into different kinds of cells like a muscle cell can change into a sperm cell or even an egg cell or vice versa. Water Bear Water bears, also known as tardigrades or moss piglet have existed for 530 million years. They have some super powers which make them virtually immortal. They can stop all their metabolic activities completely by a process called cryptobiosis. Water bears do not grow by cell division. Their cells just expand to a bigger size.
Tardigrade
 
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Doubtless, tardigrades (a.k.a. water bears) are one of the most amazing animals on our planet. This particular individual is just about 200 microns long and we found it after scrutinizing some moss samples using a cheap department store microscope. And as all tardigrads are extremophiles, believe it or not, these tiny animals are immortal. Well, sort of. Actually, you can't kill them by freezing or cooking - they can survive both near absolute zero and boiling water temperatures. They also can stand with equal ease the lack of atmosphere of the outer space, the monstrous pressure of the deepest ocean floor and the deadly cosmic radiation. And as a bonus, they can go without food or water for more than 10 years. And all this thanks to their amazing ability to get into anabiosis. Some even believe, that tardigrades are out of this world, literally. Endowed with such a range of supernatural abilities, they may be able to survive an interstellar voyage. So, aren't they tardi-GREAT?
Views: 335 Nebeto Eu ropa
The water bear (tardigrade), the most extreme animal on our planet
 
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Meet the water bear, the world thoughest animal. Measuring only some 0.1 to 1.5mm, this tiny creature resembles a minature bear. Read all about it at http://mudfooted.com/water-bear-world-toughest-animal/ Watch more fascinating animal video's at http://www.youtube.com/user/Mudfooted
Views: 823873 Mudfooted
Facts: The Water Bear (Tardigrades)
 
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Quick facts about these seemingly immortal creatures! The water bear (tardigrade, moss piglet)! Water bear facts! Phylum tardigrada. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCvVWg9g4zQeoYdBsLbGypBQ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Music from YouTube Free Audio Library Pooka by Kevin MacLeod Helpful Links http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/feature/tardigrades/1 http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-does-the-tiny-waterbear-survive-in-outer-space-30891298/?no-ist http://sun.iwu.edu/~tardisdp/tardigrade_facts.html http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150313-the-toughest-animals-on-earth http://www.amazon.com/Ocean-Worlds-Last-Wilderness-Revealed/dp/0756636922/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1442390409&sr=8-1&keywords=ocean+fabien+cousteau Images Licensed Under Creative Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Adult_tardigrade.jpg Full Videos https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o9kPQ0GY_W8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iLj4tBp00wo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjV2WP0wkvo
Views: 11525 Deep Marine Scenes
7 of the World's Toughest Animals
 
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World’s toughest animals! From invincible tardigrades (water bears) to immortal creatures, here are the strongest species discovered on planet Earth. They survive most environments! Subscribe for new videos: http://goo.gl/SaufF4 Follow us on Instagram: @theywillkillyou Voiceover by Rodney Tompkins: https://www.youtube.com/c/BigBadada2012 7: The Snow Leopard A species of large cat, also known as Panthera Uncia, the snow leopard lives in the high, rugged mountains of South & Central Asia, in areas ranging from Afghanistan to Kazakhstan & Russia in the north to India & China in the east. They inhabit rocky outcrops & ravines & steep cliff areas at altitudes of 9,800-17,000 ft. These strong felines are perfectly adapted to the rough environment they inhabit. The snow leopard is primarily known for its beautiful thick fur with a white, grey or soft-yellowish coat & ringed spots of black on brown. This pattern acts as a camouflage for their prey, which mainly consists of wild goats & sheep. 6: The Komodo Dragon With an average length of 8 to 9 feet & weighing up to 200 pounds, Komodo dragons are the largest living lizards in the world. They have flat heads, bowed legs & long, thick tails. They are armed with long claws & their rough & durable skins are reinforced with bony plates called osteoderms. These animals have several features that make them impressive predators. According to the Smithsonian Zoo, the Komodo Dragon’s keen sense of sight enables it to see objects located at distances of more than 985 feet away. However, this gigantic lizard primarily relies on its sense of smell to detect food. Using its forked tongue, it samples the air. 5: The Dung Beetle Despite usually being only around an inch long the dung beetle is capable of some extraordinary feats. When considering the strength-to-bodyweight ratio, the dung beetle is the strongest living creature on Earth. The Taurus Scarab is a species of dung beetle where the male can pull objects that weigh up to 1,141 times its own body weight. That is the equivalent of an average-sized human being pulling weights of over 80 tons. Dung beetles may be found on every continent around the world with the exception of Antarctica. As their name indicates they primarily feed on animal excrement. 4: The Saltwater Crocodile The largest of all known living reptiles, the saltwater crocodile, is a hyper-carnivorous apex predator with a broad distribution around the world. They may be found in areas ranging from India’s eastern coast, throughout Southeast Asia & the north of Australia. They mainly inhabit rivers, marshes & lakes but they have been known to travel long distances at sea, due to the fact that they are excellent swimmers. Male Saltwater crocodiles can reach up to 23 feet in length while weighing almost 2,600 pounds. They have one of the most powerful bites in the animal kingdom reportedly being able to generate a force of 7,700 pounds per square inch. 3: The Wolverine Even though wolverines are the largest members of the Mustelidae family, their proportions rarely exceed those of a medium-sized dog. However, wolverines are remarkably strong & ferocious. They may be found in the subarctic & alpine tundra & boreal forests of the Northern Hemisphere, in the US state of Alaska, northern Canada, in the west of Russia, Siberia & mainland Nordic countries in Europe. They are known primarily as scavengers, their stocky & muscular bodies, strong jaws & sharp, crampon-like claws also make them versatile & powerful predators. There have been documented instances where wolverines have taken down prey larger than themselves. 2: The Honey Badger Honey badgers have been described as the most fearless creatures in the world. They are the largest species of terrestrial mustelids in Africa. They may also be found in Southwest Asia or in the Indian subcontinent. Adult males typically measure around 27 to 42 inches from head to tail with a shoulder height of 9 to 11 inches & weigh from 20 to 35 pounds. The sides of their lower bodies & heads are pure black & their upper bodies are covered by a large white band that goes from the tops of their heads to the base of the tail. Primarily a carnivorous species, the honey badger does not have many natural predators. 1: Tardigrades Also known as the water bear or the space bear, the Tardigrade is widely considered to be the most resilient animal on Earth, able to survive in outer space. It is an almost microscopic creature, usually less than one millimeter in size, with a scrunched-up head & a plump, long body. It has eight legs & four to eight claws on each of its hands. Water bears mainly survive by eating fluids & sucking the juices out of moss, lichens & algae. According to the BBC, some Tardigrade species are carnivorous & even cannibalistic. What makes the water bear nearly indestructible is its ability to survive in almost any habitat. They typically prefer to live on moist pieces of moss.
Views: 184754 They will Kill You
Animals That Can FREEZE And Come BACK To LIFE!
 
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Check out these Animals That Can FREEZE And Come BACK To LIFE! From immortal animals to creatures that can revive after being frozen for years, this top 10 list of mysterious animals will amaze you! Subscribe For New Videos! http://goo.gl/UIzLeB Watch our "REAL Mermaid Sightings Around The World!" video here: https://youtu.be/ChM0CBRmVsM Watch our "10 Sea Monsters ATTACKING A Boat!" video here: https://youtu.be/0XROvoPCDNc Watch our "STRANGEST Animals People Keep As Pets!" video here: https://youtu.be/OMa96nPqz-Y 10. Arctic Ground Squirrel Arctic ground squirrels are native to regions in Northern Canada, Alaska, and Siberia… where they live on the mountain slopes, shores, and river flats of the tundra. It's such an unforgiving environment, that the squirrels have developed unique adaptations to survive… one of which is their ability to hibernate in sub-zero conditions. 9. Red Flat Bark Beetle Red Flat Bark Beetles are a species of beetle found exclusively in the Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska. Small insects have two choices when the harsh winters close in- either give in to the cold, or get through it by either tolerating the ice or filling their bodies with antifreeze compounds. It was long thought that the Red Flak Bark Beetles did the latter, where they lose as much as 40 percent of their body water and replace it with the antifreeze proteins to prevent ice forming… which would otherwise destroy their cells. 8. Painted Turtles Different species of turtles deal with cold temperatures in their own ways, but the Painted turtles are undoubtedly the hardiest of them all! They live across North America in ponds and slow-moving freshwater and have to be prepared for ice sheets to cover them, with nowhere to go. Luckily for the painted turtles, they have a number of tricks to help them survive. 7. European Crucian Carp Each winter, as the lakes of northern Europe freeze over, the European Crucian Carps get trapped in the water beneath. At first, it seems that, once the ice thaws, the fish continue on with their lives as normal… but things are more complicated here than they look.. 6. Arctic Woolly Bear Caterpillar While Arctic Woolly bear moths have similar lives to other moths, their caterpillars are an entirely different story. They live in the far north of the Arctic across Canada and Greenland, where they are exposed to freezing temperatures for most of the year. The caterpillars take around 7 years to collect enough nutrients to be able to transform into a moth, so they need the ability to withstand the cold to be able to do this. 5. Iguanas We usually associate Iguanas with warmer weather, but as cold-blooded animals, they're also very capable of dealing with colder temperatures. When it gets colder than -40 degrees Fahrenheit, their bodies freeze and they become immobilized. This causes unusual situations where, if the unfortunate iguana is in a tree at the time, it simply falls to the ground- seemingly. This happens a lot in places like Florida, where there are lots of Iguanas and, occasionally, temperatures can plunge. 4. Upis Beetles Upis beetles live in the same regions as the red flat bark beetles but have developed an entirely different way of enduring freezing temperatures to ensure that they'll still be alive for the thaw that comes in springtime. 3. Alligators Alligators can be found in watery regions around the world, but have to return to the surface periodically to breathe air to survive. This can prove to be difficult when temperatures plummet, though, because the ice that forms on top of lakes and rivers creates a physical barrier that prevents alligators from being able to breathe. 2. Tardigrades Tardigrades are one of the hardiest types of creature on the planet, and cold temperatures seem to pose no problem to them whatsoever. Also known as water bears, they are water-dwelling organisms that measure up to one twenty-fifth of an inch long, and they are known for their ability to survive deep depths and even the vacuum of space. 1. Nematodes Nematodes are tiny worms, no longer than 1 mm, and have been seen to make wild adaptations depending on the environment they’re in. They can develop different mouths to adapt to the food that’s available, some have adapted to high temperatures, they are the deepest multicellular organism to have ever been found, and some have even adapted to be able to live inside the intestines of slugs. Origins Explained is the place to be to find all the answers to your questions, from mysterious events and unsolved mysteries to everything there is to know about the world and its amazing animals!
Views: 91004 Origins Explained
The Amazing Water Bear! Ancient Alien?
 
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It is surely the stuff of science fiction: An extraordinary being arrives on Earth that can withstand a tortuous array of conditions: boiling, freezing, tremendous atmospheric pressure, near total dehydration, and exposure to massive amounts of ionizing radiation. While many joke that "cockroaches would be the only thing to survive an extreme global nuclear war", in fact, cockroaches would not. These creatures would. They are also the only life form known to be able to survive the near vacuum of space for extended periods. (Note: humans can actually survive the near vacuum of space for about 90 seconds without long term damage, but we have nothing on this creature.) They can lie dormant for 10-100 years and then come back to life with a drop of water. When it comes to durability, nothing on Earth can match the very real "Water Bear"- a tiny creature the size of a grain of sand (averaging about a millimeter long) that is lauded as the toughest creature on planet Earth. There are over 1000 known species of Water Bears (called such because when they walk, their gait loosely resembles plump little bears ambling along on eight legs). Also known as "tardigrades" (from the Latin "tardigradus" meaning 'slow walker'), they thrive in the most extreme environments on every corner of the Earth- from the Equator to the Polar regions- forests, swamps, deserts, tundras, mountains, glaciers, hot springs- from the highest point on Earth along the Himalayan mountain range, to the deepest parts of the sea, tardigrades are there. Less excitingly, they can also be found in your backyard where you can usually find them in common moss, lichens and ferns, feeding on natural detritus in the undergrowth. Although the scientific community has long known about tardigrades (since 1773), it is still somewhat of a mystery how they manage the amazing feat of cryptobiosis, that is, the ability to almost completely halt their metabolic processes, losing up to 97%-99% of their total moisture. When they then encounter water again, they reanimate, with the current record being 120 years to reanimation (though that particular creature simply moved a little and then died when reanimated. But when we go to spans such as 10 years, most tardigrades are able to fully reanimate with no problem.) One of the keys to this hardy creature's success seems to be the presence of a cellular sugar called trehalose which preserves the membranes that form their bodies. Although hardly the answer to human suspended animation, scientists are looking at trehalose as a viable way to preserve human eggs during freezing for later fertilization. In any event, when tardigrades dry up, they become "tuns", little capsules that are easily transported and dispersed over the Earth via the wind, the oceans, or in an animal's gut. (Yes, they can sometimes survive there too.) Besides their dehydration abilities, these little creatures can also go without oxygen for a time and withstand temperatures ranging from well above water's boiling point to nearly absolute zero. (They've been shown to be able to survive as low as 1 degree above absolute zero for several minutes.) Not remarkable enough for you? Tardigrades can also survive as high as 5,000 grays or 500,000 rads of ionizing radiation, though above 100,000 rads does seem to make them sterile. For reference, humans die around a "mere" 1,000-2,000 rads and will suffer significant damage with much less. In order to test some of the tardigrade's amazing abilities, in 2007, the European Space Agency launched the FOTON-M3 spacecraft hurtling a capsule full of science experiments into the heavens. Its subjects included live tardigrades, who returned from space after orbiting Earth for 12 days, all the while being subjected to the near vacuum of space and the full spectra of deadly solar and cosmic radiation. How did the Water Bears hold up? No problem for a large percentage of them. About 68% of them were just fine and kept on amblin' once back on Earth. For reference, besides surviving the near vacuum of space, some species of tardigrade can also withstand up to 6,000 times atmospheric pressure at sea level. This is about 6 times more pressure than at the deepest point in the ocean. I, for one, welcome our new tardigrade overlords. From www.todayifoundout.com.
Views: 76682 Craig Smith
OSIAN - Sky Whales
 
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Sky Whales - Track N°5 OSIAN -- "Rhizome" EP 2014 Sliptrick Records Available on all major digital stores Buy also on bandcamp http://osian.bandcamp.com/album/rhizomes Dario Giliberti : vocals, bass, synths Angelo Maggipinto : guitars Danilo Rotolo : guitars Alex (Lex) Rotolo : drums Guitars, bass, drums recorded by Frank Andiver at Zenith Studio (Lucca, Italy) | Vocals, synths recorded by Mirko Patella at Itaca Recording Studio (Bari, Italy) | Mixed by Mirko Patella at Itaca Recording Studio (Bari, Italy) | Mastered by Andrew Cowan at Lacquerchannel Mastering (Toronto, Canada) | Artwork and design by Louis Dazy at Soothsayer Design (Paris, France) | Produced by OSIAN | 2014 © All lyrics and music by OSIAN http://www.osian.it http://www.facebook.com/osianband https://twitter.com/osian_band http://osian.bandcamp.com/ https://soundcloud.com/osianband http://www.sliptrickrecords.com For contacts and booking [email protected] SKY WHALES Lyrics Sky whales are gone Just let me say goodbye to them No way to put them in chains They will never blow again There, where we shared hopes and fears Laying on rusty fields of sharp nails Ashes carried by the breeze Spread like dandelion seeds Where are you now? Please, wait for me just for a while I'm living on borrowed time And I don't care if it will hurt Storm clouds will come Just let me say welcome to them No way to blow them away Tears of rage will fall again There, where we shared hopes and fears Laying on rusty fields of sharp nails Ashes carried by the breeze Spread like dandelion seeds Where are you now? Please, wait for me just for a while I'm living on borrowed time And I don't care if it will hurt I lift my voice in prayer to you Just tell me where you are now Please, wait for me just for a while I'm living on borrowed time And I don't care if it will hurt ... if it will hurt
Views: 404 osian band
Meet The World's Toughest Animal... The INVINCIBLE Tardigrade!
 
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Get The Thoughty2 Book: http://bit.ly/thoughtybook Tardigrades or "water bears" are basically invincible. But how are they so tough? Want More? Watch... 7 Toughest Animals in The World: http://bit.ly/2mqzyPF SUBSCRIBE - New Vids Every Thurs: http://bit.ly/thoughty2 Check Out My Second Channel: http://bit.ly/FreshGrwnd Support me on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thoughty2 Thoughty2 Facebook: http://bit.ly/thoughtyfb Thoughty2 Instagram: http://bit.ly/t2insta Thoughty2 Merchandise: http://thoughty2.spreadshirt.com With Special Thanks To: Misha A-Wilson, Katrina Brogan, Michelle & Aaron Finn, Jeff Lee, Kent Zacherl, Steve Bradshaw, Lisa Pimlett, Matthew Russell, Saverius, Peter Hartman, Jacob Solomon, Eirenliel Allier, Omar Albastaki, aclyn P Ray, Elemeniah
Views: 492702 Thoughty2
5 Animals With Superpowers | What the Stuff?!
 
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Some animals have superpowers seemingly straight out of a comic book! 10 Superhero Powers of the Animal Kingdom: http://animals.howstuffworks.com/animal-facts/10-animal-superpowers.htm Video Attribution: The Princess Bride Blu-ray CLIP - Have Fun Storming The Castle (2012) - Cary Elwes Movie HD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRsSYpN093c Boss fight idea for Marvel Heroes - Mr. Sinister and Multiple Man http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lj-lEAxFHgE Mimic Octopus http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JccVCLD2bY Music Attribution: "The Great Break-off" by The Insider https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDxxFlBaIdE Image Attribution: Tardigrade 1 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Waterbear_%28Tardigrade%29_from_the_drainage_of_a_hot_spring_in_Lassen_County%2C_California_-_Stacked_Macro_10x.jpg Tardigrade 2 https://www.flickr.com/photos/saguaronps/6289953860 Tardigrade 3 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/SEM_image_of_Milnesium_tardigradum_in_active_state_-_journal.pone.0045682.g001-2.png What the Stuff?! episodes are available every Monday and Friday at Noon ET. Subscribe http://bit.ly/1AWgeM7 Twitter https://twitter.com/HowStuffWorks Facebook https://www.facebook.com/HowStuffWorks Google+ https://plus.google.com/+howstuffworks Website http://www.howstuffworks.com Watch More https://www.youtube.com/HowStuffWorks Animals are amazing. Right? They can do all sorts of strange, fascinating things. Some even have super powers – extraordinary abilities that sound like something out of a comic book. First, there’s the seemingly innocent wood frog, or Rana sylvatica. Pretty boring, huh? Most of its days are spent doing, you know, frog stuff like jumping & climbing. Nothing to see here. Until, that is, the first sign of freeze. Then they become the Rip Van Winkles of amphibians. As soon as they feel serious cold, they freeze. Literally. The water in their bodies turns to ice, while the syrup-like liquid inside their cells remains viscous. A wood frog seems dead: no organ function, no breath. But to paraphrase The Princess Bride, this frog is only mostly dead. Once spring comes, it springs to life, no harm done. Then there are water bears. Don’t let the cutesy name fool you. Also called Tardigrades, these guys are the opposite of cuddly. See that? Good thing they’re microscopic. They can adapt to the craziest environments on (and off) the planet. We’re talking pressures more than six times that of the deepest ocean and water temperatures of 300 degrees F. They can even survive in space. This super power, cryptobiosis, allows a water bear to dehydrate and live for years. Once you add water, boom: Back in action. Kind of like a sea monkey. But do water bears learn anything? The planarian certainly does. This flatworm lives in water around the globe, and it has super memory. If you cut off any part of a planarian, each part can regenerate into a new worm. But that’s not all. One study "taught" a planarian to be attracted to light. Researchers guillotined it and waited for a new head to grow back. The worm with a new head and brain kept the attraction to light, meaning the new brain had old memories. It’s a real-life version of the Jamie Madrox, the Multiple Man from Marvel comics. Then there’s the naked mole rat, or Heterocephalus glaber. This creature hides amazing abilities under its wrinkly skin. Science magazine named it Vertebrate of the Year in 2013. Why? Well, it seems to be immune to cancer. Mole rats have a heavy form of the substance hyaluronon between tissues that impedes tumors, which may partially explain why they can live up to 30 years. Last but not least, we’ve got the mimic octopus, or Thaumoctopus mimicus: a shape-shifter, like Mystique in the X-men films. Many members of the octopus family change colors or skin texture. But the mimic takes this a step further and actually impersonates other animals, from sea snakes to lionfish. Researchers believe that the mimic decides which animals are most suitable to imitate at any given time based on the threat. And that’s just scratching the surface. If you’d like to learn more about everything from hairy Wolverine frogs to beetles with super strength, check out our article “10 Superhero Powers of the Animal Kingdom” – and be sure to subscribe for more What The Stuff every week.
Views: 38251 HowStuffWorks
This is World's Toughest Creature!!!!
 
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Which is the toughest organism in the world, what makes them so tough, what do they eat or how long do they live. learn all you should know about the tardigrades in just 3 minutes!!! Follow on Twitter :https://twitter.com/TyroScience Facebook :https://www.facebook.com/TyroScience-240713749684845/ sources https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tardigrade https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjf6_PmwMjSAhWIu48KHV3dDjoQFggnMAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nature.com%2Fnews%2Ftardigrade-protein-helps-human-dna-withstand-radiation-1.20648&usg=AFQjCNFqCFlJr6ueEqTYE7uvf1ZmpywuPw&sig2=ZLocYbkTSZMvM-hmRWCaDA&bvm=bv.149093890,d.c2I background Dreamy Flashback by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1100532 Artist: http://incompetech.com/
Views: 800 TyroScience
Most BIZARRE Creatures Found In Antarctica!
 
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Most BIZARRE Creatures Found In Antarctica!. Check out the most bizarre creatures found in antarctica! This top list of rare and mysterious creatures discovered in the ice and the ocean is very strange! Subscribe For New Videos! http://goo.gl/UIzLeB Watch our "STRANGEST Things Found In The Ocean!" video here: https://youtu.be/0eRi-vbA2y4 Watch our "Most MYSTERIOUS Ocean Facts!" video here: https://youtu.be/BzrlpgRVPQg Watch our "Most STRANGE Things Found On The Beach!" video here: https://youtu.be/cQjpze_4z5U Watch our "Lost Treasures That Can STILL Be Found!" video here: https://youtu.be/op9ZYFAh1uE 10. Tardigrade The tardigrade, also known as the water bear is nearly indestructible. Discovered in the late 1700s, this strange microscopic creature is an eight legged, clawed animal found around the world, even in the frozen tundra of Antarctica. Cited as the most resilient creature that exists, this little micro-animal can survive everything from above boiling temperatures to even the cruel conditions of outer space. Intense pressure and radiation aren't even enough to take down this little guy. They can survive thanks to a host of interesting adaptations, including a protein that shields radiation damage to DNA. Even more fascinating is that researchers were able to transfer this protein to human cells and it was able to prevent x-ray damage to DNA by up to 40%! The Tardigrade is able enter a state called Cryptobiosis in which metabolic processes stop. It is a state similar to death whenever conditions become too intense to overcome. This amazing creature feeds on plant and animal cell fluid as well as the fluid of some bacteria and is can be found in many patches of moss around the world. 9. “Hoff” Crab When it isn´t scuttling in slow-motion across the beach, the ´Hoff´crab finds its home deep in the thermal vents in between South America and Antarctica. It is named after famous Baywatch and Knight Rider star David Hasselhoff, due to the crabs unusually hairy chest. Despite being in one of the coldest locations on Earth, the ocean depths near Antarctica, the noble ´Hoff´crab has to endure scorching temperatures at over 300°C (570°F). This is because the thermal vents that they call home are actually the product of undersea volcanos and they heat the ocean and release chemicals into the water that the crab has to endure. It does this because it is not the only creature to survive these conditions, the volcanic gases are a breeding ground for bacteria. The ´Hoff´will trap these bacteria within it´s hairy chest for a tasty treat. Though called the ´Hoff´crab these animals are actually a type of squat lobster and were only recently discovered but already seem to have the support of their namesake who tweeted several references to the hairy, antarctic creatures. 8. Elephant Seal The aptly named Elephant Seal braces the sub-zero antarctic conditions as the resident heavyweight. As one of the largest carnivores alive today, the elephant seal can weigh close to 9000 pounds! They are easily recognized as males have a trunk-like nose that is used for various calls. Often living in close proximity to penguin colonies, the elephant seal is a territorial animal and males often fight each other for the right to mate with females. Often this will lead males to go long periods of time without eating as they remain on their territory to protect it from others. Known for being one of the seals species that spend the most time on land, the elephant seal can spend weeks without entering the water. Their huge bodies provide lots of blubber which can be used to keep warm and provide nourishment when food conditions are low. Though intimidating, they are still prey to the well coordinated orcas that patrol the Antarctic waters. 7. Sea Pig The noble sea pig is a close relative of the sea cucumber. This little guy is pudgy and pink just like his land counterpart. The sea pig however is just a little smaller at under six inches long on average, but it makes up for it in numbers. In fact, sea pigs make up a majority of the weight on many ocean floors including many parts of Antarctica. Being one of the few creatures that can survive the intense pressure of the ocean above, the sea pig has a soft body with inflatable limbs that help it maneuver the sea bed. These animals feed on leftover remnants of living creatures that have fallen into their home and hundreds will often gather around the husk of a dead whale that falls from above. Though they gather in large numbers they are not known to be social animals with each one simply sensing food along the ocean floor. Interestingly they will all face the same direction, though scientists are still unsure as to why.
Views: 21 MerlinTheNinja
Is Sugar bad for you? | #aumsum
 
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If we consume a lot of sugar, then it can lead to serious health problems. For example, a hormone called leptin tells our brain when to stop eating. However, consuming excess fructose which is a type of sugar can cause leptin resistance, a condition in which our brain does not respond to leptin. Hence, we overeat, resulting in obesity. Moreover, excess sugar is converted into a type of fat called triglycerides. Triglycerides can enter the bloodstream and form fatty deposits or plaques in blood vessels, increasing the risk of heart attack, stroke, etc. Excess sugar can even bind to collagen and elastin in our skin, damaging them and thus, making our skin saggy and wrinkly. Studies have also shown that women who have one or more sugary drinks per day are more likely to develop diabetes. Also, don't forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel.
Views: 194083 It's AumSum Time
7 Amazing Animal Abilities That You Wish You Had
 
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You won't believe what amazing abilities some animals possess. Thoughty2 reveals seven amazing party tricks from the animal kingdom. SUBSCRIBE - New Vids Mon & Thurs: http://bit.ly/thoughty2 Ask a Question on Thoughty2.com: http://thoughty2.com/ask Support me on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thoughty2 Thoughty2 Facebook: http://bit.ly/thoughtyfb Thoughty2 Twitter: http://bit.ly/thoughty2twt Thoughty2 Merchandise: http://thoughty2.spreadshirt.com With Special Thanks To: Misha A-Wilson, Katrina Brogan, Michelle & Aaron Finn, Jeff Lee, Kent Zacherl, Steve Bradshaw, Lisa Pimlett, Matthew Russell, Saverius Thoughty2 (Arran) is a British YouTuber and gatekeeper of useless facts. Thoughty2 creates mind-blowing factual videos, on the weirdest, wackiest and most interesting topics. Combining fascinating lists with answers to life's biggest questions.
Views: 696292 Thoughty2
Five Facts About Water Bears
 
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Meet the tough, tubby tardigrades also known as ‘water bears’ or ‘moss piglets’. These nicknames may not strike fear into the hearts of many but these little plump, eight-legged micro-animals have some truly special abilities that makes them worthy contenders for the world’s hardiest animal. Fact #01 – Their scientific name Tardigrada literally means “slow stepper” They were first discovered by the German zoologist Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1773 who initially dubbed them Kleiner Wasserbär, meaning "little water bear” based on the endearing way they trundle across their chosen habitat. Three years later the term Tardigrada (meaning "slow stepper") was first coined by the Italian biologist Lazzaro Spallanzani. Fact #02 – They have survived all five mass extinction events Yes, they have survived the Ordovician–Silurian extinction events, the Late Devonian extinction, the Permian–Triassic extinction event, the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event and the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. Tardigrades now form a group of 1,150 species which belong to the phylum Tardigrada, part of the superphylum Ecdysozoa. It is an ancient group, with fossils dating from 530 million years ago, in the Cambrian period when the first complex animals were just evolving. Dinosaurs, in comparison, first appeared about 230 million years ago, making T. rex and co. the relative new kids on the block. Fact #03 – They can survive temperatures above 150°C and below -200°C In the 1920s, a Benedictine friar named Gilbert Franz Rahm brought tardigrades back to life after heating them to 151 °C for 15 minutes. The most heat-tolerant organisms known are bacteria that live around the edges of hydrothermal vents in the deep sea. They can still grow at 122 °C. If Rahm is to be believed, tardigrades can survive even higher temperatures. Rahm also tested them in the cold. He immersed them in liquid air at -200 °C for 21 months, in liquid nitrogen at -253 °C for 26 hours, and in liquid helium at -272 °C for 8 hours. Afterwards the tardigrades sprang back to life as soon as they came into contact with water. To put that into perspective, the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was a balmy -89.2 °C in central Antarctica in 1983. The tardigrades coped with a profound chill that at which atoms come to a virtual standstill. Fact #04 – They can reach a state of suspended animation by dropping metabolism, expelling water and forming a ‘tun’ What makes tardigrades so tough? One word: cryptobiosis. Translated literally, cryptobiosis means “hidden life,” and that’s exactly what it is: a form of suspended animation in which organisms can go on living even as they look dead. To reach this state they reach an advanced state of desiccation by dropping their water content can drop to 1-3 percent of normal and curling into a dehydrated ball, called a tun, by retracting their head and legs. While in cryptobiosis, tardigrades' metabolic activity gets as low as 0.01 percent of normal levels, and their organs are protected by a sugary gel called trehalose. This sugar forms a glass-like state inside their cells that stabilises key components, such as proteins and membranes, which would otherwise be destroyed. New research has found that some tardigrades use a class of proteins called intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) which also form protective glass-like solids. Fact #005 – In September 2007, researcher launched two species of dehydrated tardigrades into space. After 10 days in orbit, most of the specimens in one species were revived within 30 minutes of being rehydrated. Back in September of 2007, researchers from Sweden’s Kristianstad University launched two species of dehydrated tardigrades aboard ESA’s FOTON-M3, an unmanned mission that carried varieties of experimental payload. After ten days of orbiting, the FOTON-M3 satellite made its way safely to the Earth. The scientists found that majority of the specimens in one species (around 68 percent) were successfully revived after just 30 minutes of being rehydrated. These specimens even went on to hatch their eggs. Water bear don’t care. Website: http://www.marinescoop.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/themarinesco... Twitter: https://twitter.com/MarineScoop (@MarineScoop) Visit marinescoop.com and subscribe for more! Music Credit: Jazz Beat by TROMABEATS (https://soundcloud.com/tromabeats/) Video Credits (Timestamp/Video link/Channel): 00:10 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGCoeOwG4qA (Ragdoll Studio LLC) 00:14 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2gOcQMJQB8 (National Geographic) 00:25 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8Ij9xboreA (Dinosaurs) 00:34 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjV2WP0wkvo (Industrial0MotionArt) 00:43 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecaZFSwMkXI (Craig Smith) 00:49 - http://youtube.com/watch?v=3nFee4iu5Us (Daiki D. Horikawa) Thumbnail Image Credit: Ragdoll Studios LLC (see above)
Views: 7179 Marine Scoop
10 Immortal Animals You Won't Believe Are Real | Interesting Facts
 
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10 Immortal Animals You Won't Believe Are Real | Interesting Facts ► Subscribe: For copyright matters please contact us at: [email protected] Believe It Or Not – Surely All These Animals Greatly Outlive You We know the life cycle; an animal is born, grows up, becomes an adult, reproduces, ages, gets old and finally dies. This is a universal truth about animal life on earth. Aging is a natural process for all living beings. In biology, it called senescence. Birth slowly becomes death by way of aging (if not by accident, disease or falling prey) in a natural life process. Therefore, it is hard to believe that some animals are almost immortal. There are a few species of animals in which the process of aging is extremely slow. Their life span is much longer in comparison to that of a human being. This is termed as “negligible senescence”. Here the symptoms of aging are so faint that it seems like they can never die. Tortoise As children, all of us might have heard or read about the tortoise’s immortality. The life span of a tortoise is 150 to 250 years. A tortoise shell contrary to common belief actually has 60 different interconnected bones. Red Sea Urchin Sea urchins usually live in warm waters close to the coral reefs or on the rocky bottom. Their life spans up to 200 years. They never stop growing but don’t get old. Their mouth has five sharp teeth and they can drill a hole in a rock. Sea urchins originated roughly 450 million years ago. Rougheye Rockfish Rougheye rockfish are probably one of the longest living marine fish, living as long as 200 years. “Red Snapper”, which you can sometimes find on restaurant menus, are actually rockfish. They do not lay eggs but give birth to young ones. Rockfish have a bladder that adjusts to their buoyancy as per depth levels inside the sea. Carp Koi Carp Koi have a lifespan of over 200 years. Koi fish represent love and friendship in Japanese culture. As a gift, they are believed to bring good luck; so traditionally they are handed over from one generation to the next in Japanese families. Koi have no stomach, instead, they only have a gut. Bowhead Whale They are believed to live up to 200 years. The Bowhead whale can grow up to a length of 66 ft. and weigh as much as 100 tons. Bowhead whales were massively hunted for their meat and oil. A bowhead whale can blow air up to 20 feet in height and are strong enough to easily break a one-foot thick ice layer. Ocean Quahog World’s oldest ocean quahog was 507 years old before its death in 2006. They are able to live for centuries because of their very slow metabolism. This ocean quahog was named after Chinese dynasty “Ming”. Freshwater Pearl Mussel Freshwater pearl mussels possess negligible senescence. They have a life span of 210–250 years. Freshwater mussel species have the ability to create a pearl. Antarctic Sponge The Antarctic sponge has an extremely slow growth rate because of the very low temperature there; some of the oldest known specimens are as old as 1550 years. Sponges have been inhabiting earth for the last 600 million years. Turritopsis Dohrn jellyfish This jellyfish discovered in 1883 can truly be called immortal because of its unique regenerative powers which came to our knowledge only two decades back. Its cells can transform into different kinds of cells like a muscle cell can change into a sperm cell or even an egg cell or vice versa. Water Bear Water bears, also known as tardigrades or moss piglet have existed for 530 million years. They have some super powers which make them virtually immortal. They can stop all their metabolic activities completely by a process called cryptobiosis. Water bears do not grow by cell division. Their cells just expand to a bigger size.
TARDIGRADE
 
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TARDIGRADES ( also known as Water Bears or Moss Piglets ) are water-dwelling, eight-legged, segmented micro-animals. Notable for being perhaps the most durable known organisms; able to survive extreme conditions that would be rapidly fatal to nearly all other known life forms. They can withstand temperatures from just above absolute zero to well above the boiling point of water (100 °C), pressures about six times greater than those found in the deepest ocean trenches, ionizing radiation at doses hundreds of times higher than the lethal dose for a human, and the vacuum of outer space. They can go without food or water for more than 10 years, drying out to the point where they are 3% or less water, only to rehydrate, forage, and reproduce. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tardigrade
Views: 1870 HEARTIMALS
Roundworms on the International Space Station - Science at NASA
 
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The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda. They are a diverse animal phylum inhabiting a broad range of environments. Nematode species can be difficult to distinguish, and although over 25,000 have been described, of which more than half are parasitic, the total number of nematode species has been estimated to be about 1 million. Nematodes are classified along with insects and other moulting animals in the clade Ecdysozoa, and, unlike flatworms, have tubular digestive systems with openings at both ends. Nematodes have successfully adapted to nearly every ecosystem from marine (salt water) to fresh water, to soils, and from the polar regions to the tropics, as well as the highest to the lowest of elevations. They are ubiquitous in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments, where they often outnumber other animals in both individual and species counts, and are found in locations as diverse as mountains, deserts and oceanic trenches. They are found in every part of the earth's lithosphere, even at great depths (0.9–3.6 km) below the surface of the Earth in gold mines in South Africa. They represent 90% of all animals on the ocean floor. Their numerical dominance, often exceeding a million individuals per square meter and accounting for about 80% of all individual animals on earth, their diversity of life cycles, and their presence at various trophic levels point at an important role in many ecosystems. The many parasitic forms include pathogens in most plants and animals (including humans). Some nematodes can undergo cryptobiosis. Source: www.nasa.gov and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nematode CREDIT: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Support the Channel vie BOOK DEPOSITARY Shopping Book Depository: Millions of books with free delivery worldwide http://www.bookdepository.com/?a_aid=Booklibrary Enjoy, Like and Subscribe:)
Views: 142 Sherlock Holmes
Point Culture : les Pokemon de la vraie vie
 
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Derrière ce titre se cache un Point Culture sur 30 animaux insolites qui peuplent notre monde ^^ Si cette vidéo vous a plu et que vous souhaitez suivre mes créations ^^ : Facebook : http://www.facebook.com/pages/LinksTheSun Twitter : http://twitter.com/#!/LinksTheSun Site officiel ; http://www.lepointculture.fr Si vous avez aimé les dessins dans les cases en bas à droite : Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Umbreo.Noctie DeviantArt : http://umbreonoctie.deviantart.com/
Views: 4090303 LinksTheSun
"Sounding Stone" at Liquid Joe's
 
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Dustan, Jason, Jesse and the man at the back...make some changes
Views: 102 Alan Carrington
বিজ্ঞানীদের মতে এই প্রাণীটা অন্য গ্রহের ।। ODVUT এই প্রাণী যা কখনই এই দুনিয়ার হতে পারে না।। Odvut
 
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HEY FRIENDS! Here is AJOB KOTHA's new content where you come to know about : বিজ্ঞানীদের মতে এই প্রাণীটা অন্য গ্রহের ।। ODVUT এই প্রাণী যা কখনই এই দুনিয়ার হতে পারে না।। Odvut Scientists have reported tardigrades in hot springs, on top of the Himalayas[35] (6,000 m; 20,000 ft, above sea level) to the deep sea (−4,000 m; −13,000 ft) and from the polar regions to the equator, under layers of solid ice, and in ocean sediments. Many species can be found in milder environments such as lakes, ponds, and meadows, while others can be found in stone walls and roofs. Tardigrades are most common in moist environments, but can stay active wherever they can retain at least some moisture. Tardigrades are considered to be able to survive even complete global mass extinction events due to astrophysical events, such as gamma-ray bursts, or large meteorite impacts.Some of them can withstand extremely cold temperatures down to 1 K (−458 °F; −272 °C) (close to absolute zero), while others can withstand extremely hot temperatures up to 420 K (300 °F; 150 °C)[36] for several minutes, pressures about six times greater than those found in the deepest ocean trenches, ionizing radiation at doses hundreds of times higher than the lethal dose for a human, and the vacuum of outer space. They can go without food or water for more than 30 years, drying out to the point where they are 3% or less water, only to rehydrate, forage, and reproduce. Tardigrades that live in harsh conditions undergo an annual process of cyclomorphosis, allowing for survival in sub-zero temperatures. They are not considered extremophilic because they are not adapted to exploit these conditions, only to endure them. This means that their chances of dying increase the longer they are exposed to the extreme environments,whereas true extremophiles thrive in a physically or geochemically extreme environment that would harm most other organisms. Tardigrades are one of the few groups of species that are capable of suspending their metabolism (see cryptobiosis). Many species of tardigrade can survive in a dehydrated state up to five years, or in exceptional cases longer.Depending on the environment, they may enter this state via anhydrobiosis, cryobiosis, osmobiosis, or anoxybiosis. While in this state, their metabolism lowers to less than 0.01% of normal and their water content can drop to 1% of normal. Their ability to remain desiccated for such long periods was thought to be largely dependent on the high levels of the nonreducing sugar trehalose, which protects their membranes, although recent research suggests that tardigrades have a unique type of disordered protein that serves a similar purpose: It replaces water in the cells and adopts a glassy, vitrified state when the animals dry out. Their DNA is further protected from radiation by a protein called "dsup" (short for damage suppressor). In this cryptobiotic state, the tardigrade is known as a tun. Hope you will enjoy this video and hope you to subscribe this new channel if you like AJOB KOTHA's videos... Music credit: Emotional Dark Orchestral Music - Neverland (Download and Copyright free) Including video footage are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...) logo credit : www.logomakr.com thank you logomaker for this wonderful logo :) Disclaimer- Some contents are used for educational purpose under fair use. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. Email- [email protected] LIKE SHARE SUBSCRIBE :) AJOB KOTHA :) THANKS FOR WATCHING... আমাদের এই আজব কথা চ্যানেলটা যদি তোমাদের ভালো লেগে থাকে, তাহলে আর দেরি না করে SUBSCRIBE করুন।। আমাদের এই চ্যানেলে প্রত্যেক শুক্রবার আর মঙ্গলবার কিছু নতুন আজব কথা নিয়ে আমরা আসব শুধু তোমাদের জন্য।। So, subscribe to this channel and press the bell icon.... ❤ ভিডিও গুলো দেখে যদি আমাদের ভালো লাগে, তাহলে দেরি না করে আমাদের এই চ্যানেলটা SUBSCRIBE করো আর আমাদের VIDEOS গুলো SHARE করো।। অনেক ভালোবাসা তোমাদের জন্য। #bengalifacts#strangecreatue#aliencreature
Views: 35 Ajob Kotha
Tardigrade - Water Bear
 
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Tardigrade through a light microscope, 100X magnification. From Wikipedia: Tardigrades (phylum Tardigrada), known as "water bears", are microscopic, water-dwelling, segmented animals. Found in all corners of the globe, tardigrades are extremophiles, meaning that they are able to survive in extreme environments that would kill almost any other animal. Some can survive temperatures of -273°C, close to absolute zero, temperatures as high as 151 °C (303 °F), 1,000 times more radiation than other animals such as humans, nearly a decade without water, and even the vacuum of space. They do this by reversibly suspending their metabolism and going into a state of cryptobiosis. In this cryptobiotic state the tardigrade is known as a tun. Several species regularly survive in a dehydrated state for nearly ten years. Depending on the environment they may enter this state via anhydrobiosis, cryobiosis, osmobiosis or anoxybiosis. While in this state their metabolism lowers to less than 0.01% of normal and their water content can drop to 1% of normal.
Views: 1213 Ivivalamusica
Why are Tennis balls Yellow and Fuzzy? | #aumsum
 
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Earlier, tennis balls were white. But later, they were changed to yellow because studies showed that yellow balls were easier to see on televisions. Now, tennis balls are fuzzy because the fuzz helps them slow down. When a tennis ball moves through air, every fibre of the fuzz acts like an obstacle for air. This increases the drag, thus slowing it down. Besides this, the fuzz also increases the spin. Imagine a ball spinning in clockwise direction. Now, above the ball, the direction of air is same as the direction of rotation. However, below the ball, it is opposite. This opposing force combined with the fuzz increase the drag below the ball. Hence, the pressure below becomes much higher than it is above. This pressure difference imparts a lift, thus increasing the spin.
Views: 35974 It's AumSum Time
Why are Rainclouds Dark? | #aumsum
 
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Normally, water droplets or ice crystals in clouds scatter all colors of sunlight equally. Hence, our eyes perceive clouds as white. As a cloud gets bigger and thicker, water droplets in its upper part scatter most of the sunlight. Now, the lower part doesn’t receive enough light to get scattered to our eyes, making rainclouds appear dark when seen from the ground below.
Views: 96179 It's AumSum Time
Photanol - Cyanobacteria: next-generation clean chemical production platform
 
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Photanol uses one of the oldest organisms on our planet to produce sustainable building blocks for the chemical industry. Photosynthetic cyanobacteria convert carbon dioxide into sugars and by genetic engineering convert these into useful products. Already, seventeen products can be produced in the lab by these cells. Three of them will be tested in a large-scale pilot plant. For more information see: http://www.chemport.eu/
Views: 1000 Chemport Europe
Sync 24 & Morphology Phase Crush
 
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Sync 24 & Morphology Phase Crush From The EP: "Low Pass Gateway" (Cultivated Electronics, CE017) 2015 No Copyright Infringement Intended.
Views: 1171 Greg Porter
Amazing Facts You Didn’t Know About Animals
 
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Amazing Facts You Didn’t Know About Animals interesting and rare facts about animals that you’ve probably never heard about. Some of them will make you go Awww. Whether you're a nature lover or just curious by nature, this video is for you! We know the life cycle; an animal is born, grows up, becomes an adult, reproduces, ages, gets old and finally dies. This is a universal truth about animal life on earth. Aging is a natural process for all living beings. In biology, it called senescence. Birth slowly becomes death by way of aging (if not by accident, disease or falling prey) in a natural life process. Therefore, it is hard to believe that some animals are almost immortal. There are a few species of animals in which the process of aging is extremely slow. Their life span is much longer in comparison to that of a human being. This is termed as “negligible senescence”. Here the symptoms of aging are so faint that it seems like they can never die. Tortoise As children, all of us might have heard or read about the tortoise’s immortality. The life span of a tortoise is 150 to 250 years. A tortoise shell contrary to common belief actually has 60 different interconnected bones. Red Sea Urchin Sea urchins usually live in warm waters close to the coral reefs or on the rocky bottom. Their life spans up to 200 years. They never stop growing but don’t get old. Their mouth has five sharp teeth and they can drill a hole in a rock. Sea urchins originated roughly 450 million years ago. Rougheye Rockfish Rougheye rockfish are probably one of the longest living marine fish, living as long as 200 years. “Red Snapper”, which you can sometimes find on restaurant menus, are actually rockfish. They do not lay eggs but give birth to young ones. Rockfish have a bladder that adjusts to their buoyancy as per depth levels inside the sea. Carp Koi Carp Koi have a lifespan of over 200 years. Koi fish represent love and friendship in Japanese culture. As a gift, they are believed to bring good luck; so traditionally they are handed over from one generation to the next in Japanese families. Koi have no stomach, instead, they only have a gut. Bowhead Whale They are believed to live up to 200 years. The Bowhead whale can grow up to a length of 66 ft. and weigh as much as 100 tons. Bowhead whales were massively hunted for their meat and oil. A bowhead whale can blow air up to 20 feet in height and are strong enough to easily break a one-foot thick ice layer. Ocean Quahog World’s oldest ocean quahog was 507 years old before its death in 2006. They are able to live for centuries because of their very slow metabolism. This ocean quahog was named after Chinese dynasty “Ming”. Freshwater Pearl Mussel Freshwater pearl mussels possess negligible senescence. They have a life span of 210–250 years. Freshwater mussel species have the ability to create a pearl. Antarctic Sponge The Antarctic sponge has an extremely slow growth rate because of the very low temperature there; some of the oldest known specimens are as old as 1550 years. Sponges have been inhabiting earth for the last 600 million years. Turritopsis Dohrn jellyfish This jellyfish discovered in 1883 can truly be called immortal because of its unique regenerative powers which came to our knowledge only two decades back. Its cells can transform into different kinds of cells like a muscle cell can change into a sperm cell or even an egg cell or vice versa. Water Bear Water bears, also known as tardigrades or moss piglet have existed for 530 million years. They have some super powers which make them virtually immortal. They can stop all their metabolic activities completely by a process called cryptobiosis. Water bears do not grow by cell division. Their cells just expand to a bigger size. #facts #animals #animalfacts #amazingfacts
Views: 39 Amazing Facts
TARDIGRADE - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Tardigrades are water-dwelling, eight-legged, segmented micro-animals. They were first discovered by the German zoologist Johann August Ephraim Goeze in 1773. The name Tardigrada was given three years later by the Italian biologist Lazzaro Spallanzani. They have been found everywhere: from mountaintops to the deep sea and mud volcanoes; from tropical rain forests to the Antarctic. Tardigrades are one of the most resilient animals known. Individual species of tardigrades can survive extreme conditions that would be rapidly fatal to nearly all other known life forms, including complete global mass extinction events due to astrophysical events, such as supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, or large meteorite impacts. Some tardigrades can withstand temperatures down to 1 K while others can withstand 420 K for several minutes, pressures about six times greater than those found in the deepest ocean trenches, ionizing radiation at doses hundreds of times higher than the lethal dose for a human, a... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:23: Description 00:04:27: Anatomy and morphology 00:07:25: Reproduction 00:08:46: Ecology and life history 00:09:45: Physiology 00:12:19: Taxonomy 00:15:27: Genomes and genome sequencing ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tardigrade
Artificial algal crusts against erosion
 
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"Engineering Application of Integrative Artificial Algal Crust Technology in Shifting Sand Stabilization" A promising project of Institute of Hydrobiology (CAS), the Inner Mongolia Academy of Forestry Science, der Wuhan High-tech Agriculture Group and the Gaolin Biotech Development Co., Ltd. of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Location: Shapotou Scientific Station of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Visit in spring 2011. Cyanobacteria were grown in mass culture ans sprayed on the desert soil. Cyanobacteria grow like cob web filaments and excrete sugars. The sugars act like a glue and stick the sand particles together. A erosion resistanct crust of cyanobacteria and other organisms is formed. In additon many cyanobacteria strains are capable to fix nitrogen form the air by means of nitrogenase (natural fertilzer) and produce UV-screening pigments such as mycosporine-like amino acids and scytonemins as sun screens. When water supply is sufficient (as in the location in the movie) the crusts are replaced by higher plants in the course of time. If water supply does not allow the growth of higher plants cyanobacteria crusts may possibly stabilize the soil and (in combination with other measures) may help to confine desertification. Cyanobacteria are dessication tolerant. They can dessicate and stop their metabolism under water depletion. Upon rehydration (rain or dew) they immediately restart their metabolism and produce biomass which may support other organisms. This method is probably from general interest in order to reduce desertification or to recover eroded soil. There are many aspects to be determined:Techniques in order to spread the cyanobacteria. What amount of cells is necessary in order to form a stable crust (e.g. dessicated encapsulated cells by means of natural wind)? What is the best time point to inoculate the soil with the cells (determination of precipitation, humidity and mist in the course of a year)? Which strains are the best for which area etc. Links: http://english.ihb.cas.cn/rh/rps/200909/t20090923_40041.html http://www.jipb.net/pubsoft/content/2/3503/45-8-6.pdf http://www.springerlink.com/content/uqt2800m50775198/ http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-SSWX200001001.htm http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196302002926 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196306000814
Views: 656 Flaschenente
Why do elephants have big ears? plus 4 more videos.. #aumsum
 
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Why do elephants have big ears? Why don't spiders stick to their webs? What is a tardigrade? What is a stroke? What is an allergy?
Views: 135565 It's AumSum Time
Loro park - Dolphins, Orcas, Monkeys and lots of other animals!.wmv
 
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These beautiful animals are from Loro parque, Teneriffa. Song, "My heart will go on", is from Celine Dion - i guess everyone knows that - and i pick that, 'cause this video has a sea ambiance. It includes Lots of great tricks, made by orcas, dolphins and so on ... I hope you like. All the material are collect by me.
Views: 247 SUPERBANDA95
Tardigrade Swimming.m4v
 
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Tardigrade (water bear) isolated from moss, shown at magnifications ranging from approximately 100X to160X.
Views: 1663 kkalumuck
Chemical reactions introduction | Chemistry of life | Biology | Khan Academy
 
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Reactants and products in reversible and irreversible chemical reactions. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/water-acids-and-bases/hydrogen-bonding-in-water/v/hydrogen-bonding-in-water?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/biology/chemistry--of-life/chemical-bonds-and-reactions/v/intermolecular-forces-and-molecular-bonds?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=biology Biology on Khan Academy: Life is beautiful! From atoms to cells, from genes to proteins, from populations to ecosystems, biology is the study of the fascinating and intricate systems that make life possible. Dive in to learn more about the many branches of biology and why they are exciting and important. Covers topics seen in a high school or first-year college biology course. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Biology channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC82qE46vcTn7lP4tK_RHhdg?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 590346 Khan Academy
Sea Monkeys doin it
 
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Sea-Monkeys are a variant of brine shrimp or Artemia salina, originating in salt lakes and evaporation flats. They are members of the phylum Arthropoda The key ability of unhatched "Sea-Monkeys" to be packaged, shipped, and handled is that they enter cryptobiosis, a natural suspended animation. When released into the prepared aquarium they leave this state and emerge from their cysts. The genetic variant of brine shrimp, the Sea-Monkey, was given the term "instant life" to reflect the instant hatching seen when the cysts are added to the saltwater medium. To start the process, the "water purifier" package is added to water on the first day. This package has eggs as well as the salt. On the second day, the user adds the "instant life eggs" package, containing Epsom salts, borax and soda ash, in addition to eggs, yeast, and sometimes a blue or green dye. The dye enhances the experience by making the freshly hatched animals more visible. The Sea-Monkeys seen on the fifth day after adding the "eggs package" are derived from the eggs added with the "purifier" package. The food package is a mixture of Spirulina and dried yeast. The "boost" packages mainly contains salts, which induce increased sexual activity in artemia. In one day Sea-Monkeys double in size.
Views: 1789 trailertom
SciShow Talk Show: Biocrust with Rebecca Durham
 
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Welcome back to Scishow TalkShow! In this episode Hank learns more about Biocrust explained by Rebecca Durham. Jessi Knudsen Castañeda also brings a ball python named Puzzle. Hosted by: Hank Green ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Justin Ove, Andreas Heydeck, Justin Lentz, Will and Sonja Marple, Benny, Chris Peters, Tim Curwick, Philippe von Bergen, Patrick, Fatima Iqbal, Lucy McGlasson, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Accalia Elementia, Kathy & Tim Philip, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Thomas J., and Patrick D. Ashmore. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: http://mpgranch.com/staff.aspx http://www.animalwonders.org/ https://www.youtube.com/user/Anmlwndrs
Views: 123815 SciShow
Tardigrades: The Soil Micro-Beasts
 
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Meet the Water Bears, tiny little creature that inhabit the soil. They are famous for being one of the most resistant animals on Earth - surviving extreme environments, such as deserts or the Antarctic. Protecting these animals is important to maintain the balance in the soil. Join our campaign and help us to keep the soil biodiversity thrive. Please share with your friends and check out our #ChangeTheWorld campaign: https://www.soilassociation.org/soil Visit us on our Website, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram: Join SoilAssociation: https://www.soilassociation.org/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/SoilAssociation Like our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/soilassociation Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/soilassociation Music credits: "Thinking Music" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Footage used under license from Shutterstock.com
FlexCrust-TRSV_1000x_8945.AVI
 
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This videomicrograph, taken at 1000x magnification, shows a Dinoflagellate moving in a hydrated fragment of flexible dried soil crust from near Trona Reef in Searle's Valley, CA. The fragment of crust was hydrated in dilute seawater of about 15-PPT salinity. In desert ecological systems, many microorganisms enter into a state of cryptobiosis when the soil completely dries out and can remain in this state for long periods of time. Hydration of the dried soil restores metabolism.
Views: 398 WLanier
Waterbears: From Treetops to Your Backyard | California Academy of Sciences
 
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Meg Lowman and Rebecca Trip talk about how Tardigrades, or waterbears, are amazing extremophiles that can live everywhere! Studying Tardigrades also offers disabled students an invaluable opportunity to explore field biology. - - - The California Academy of Sciences is the only place in the world with an aquarium, planetarium, natural history museum, and four-story rainforest all under one roof. Visit us online to learn more and to get tickets at http://www.calacademy.org. Connect with us! • Like us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/CASonFB • Follow us on Twitter: http://bit.ly/CASonTwitter • Add us on Google+: http://bit.ly/CASonGoogle
Cyanobacteria photosynthesis: Biological Soil Crusts
 
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Cyanobacterial Biological Soil Crusts collected from Diamantina National Park, QLD, Aus. Photosynthesising (Fm') under blue light 400 Umol m-2 s-1 light. Hydration addition marked by raindrops. Images captured using CFImager (Technologica, UK)
Views: 163 Dave Hardcastle
Desert w layers 1 2
 
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Description
Views: 11 cityblader1
The Oldest Question: Is There Life Beyond Earth?
 
01:14:12
Christopher D. Impey, Distinguished Professor, Astronomy/Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona. Presented March 8, 2011. Our reconstruction of the chronology of events that led to the origin of the Earth and subsequent chemical evolution on our planet informs us that nothing unusual was required for the origin and development of terrestrial life, and that therefore life may be pervasive throughout the cosmos. Whether extraterrestrial life exists is so ancient and beguiling a question that humankind is actively seeking the answer in its explorations of the planetary systems in our solar system. It may one day transpire that we discover that genesis has occurred, independently, not once but twice in our solar system. At that point, we could safely infer that life is a fundamental feature of our universe ... along with dark matter, supernovae, and black holes. Cosmic Origins is the story of the universe but it's also our story. Hear about origin of space and time, mass and energy, the atoms in our bodies, the compact objects where matter can end up, and the planets and moons where life may flourish. Modern cosmology includes insights and triumphs, but mysteries remain. Join the six speakers who will explore cosmology's historical and cultural backdrop to explain the discoveries that speak of our cosmic origins. http://cos.arizona.edu/cosmic
Biocrusts as the critical zone in dryland ecosystems: what does the future hold?
 
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Presented by Dr. Jayne Belnap at the 2016 Ecological Integration Symposium. Jayne Belnap is a research ecologist with the U.S. Geological Service. Her work focuses on dryland and rangeland ecosystems, with a focus on how these lands can be managed sustainably while still used for grazing, recreation, and energy/mineral development and exploration. She was recognized by the Ecological Society of America as one of the most outstanding ecologists in the U.S. (2008), received the award for outstanding women in science award from the U.S. Department of the Interior (2010), and was elected a fellow of the Ecological Society of America (2015). Abstract: Plant cover is sparse in dryland regions, and the dominant living cover is often biological soil crusts (biocrusts). These thin, soil surface communities consist of photosynthetic cyanobacteria, lichens and mosses, as well as fungi, heterotrophic bacteria and soil microfauna and together, control many of the ecosystem processes in these settings. The concept of critical zones, defined as the “heterogeneous, near surface environment in which complex interactions involving rock, soil, water, air, and living organisms regulate the natural habitat and determine the availability of life-sustaining resources” is now commonly used. Most ecosystems are dominated by tall vascular plants with roots ramifying throughout deep soils and thus the critical zone has been defined in meters. Conversely, drylands have sparse vascular vegetation, shallow soils, and large amounts of rock cover and thus here, the critical zone may be better characterized as the top centimeter of soil covered by biocrusts. Soil surface disturbance and droughts have been dramatically increasing in these regions, profoundly altering the composition of biocrusts and thus the roles they play in dryland ecosystems.
Godzilla (2014) Movie Review
 
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The film begins with film reels showing the preparation and detonation of a nuclear bomb at Bikini Atoll. A huge figure with jagged spikes rises from the water when the bomb is detonated. In 1999, scientists Ishiro Serizawa and Vivienne Graham (Ken Watanabe and Sally Hawkins) are called to a quarry in the Philippines where a colossal skeleton and two egg-shaped pods have been discovered. Shortly after realizing one of the pods has hatched, the Janjira Nuclear Plant near Tokyo, Japan suffers an explosion and radiation leak. Plant supervisor Joe Brody (Bryan Cranston) loses his wife (Juliette Binoche) in the accident. The event, attributed to an earthquake, results in the evacuation and quarantine of the Janjira area. Fifteen years later, Joe's son Ford (Aaron Taylor-Johnson) is an explosive ordinance disposal officer in the United States Navy, living in San Francisco with wife Elle (Elizabeth Olsen) and son Sam (Carson Bolde). When Joe is arrested for trespassing in the quarantined area, Ford travels to Japan to assist him. Joe is still haunted by his wife's death and is obsessed with uncovering the true cause of the catastrophe. He convinces his son to accompany him to Janjira, where they discover no signs of radiation. They are arrested and taken to a secret facility built within the power plant's ruins. The facility is built around a massive chrysalis (similar to the one seen in the Philippines) that is being studied by Serizawa and Graham. The chrysalis hatches and unleashes a colossal winged creature, which devastates the facility and flies off. Joe is fatally wounded in the chaos and dies. Serizawa, Graham, and Ford joins a US Navy team to track the monster, using the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga as a base of operations. Aboard the Saratoga, Ford is informed by Serizawa and his team that the creature he saw at Janjira was a MUTO (or Massive Unidentified Terrestrial Organism), an ancient creature from a much earlier time which feeds off radiation and radioactive material. As the earth's radiation subsided it moved underground and put itself in a cryptobiotic state. It in turn is being hunted by a much larger animal that was awoken during a deep sea expedition in 1954. Its existence has been continually covered up following numerous failures to kill it with nuclear weapons. Ford reveals that his father had tracked a form of echolocation from the Janjira area, which leads the team to believe the MUTO was communicating with something else. A U.S. Army Special Forces team in Hawaii finds the wreck of a Russian nuclear submarine that has reported an attack and finds the MUTO feeding on its reactor. The military attacks the MUTO and a battle ensues at Honolulu International Airport. The larger creature, named "Godzilla", arrives and fights the MUTO, which flees by air. The second MUTO pod, which was brought from the Philippines to the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, hatches and a larger, female MUTO devastates Las Vegas before heading west. Serizawa believes the two creatures will meet to breed. The military plans to kill all three monsters with their most powerful nuclear weapon. Because the MUTOs can emit powerful EMP blasts, they cannot use bombers or missiles, so they transport by land a bomb with a mechanical detonator. The MUTOs, however, steal the warhead and construct a nest around it in the middle of downtown San Francisco, threatening the lives of millions. Godzilla arrives in San Francisco to confront the monsters. While the MUTOs are distracted with Godzilla, Ford and a team of soldiers enter the nest and try to disarm the warhead. They discover it is badly damaged and cannot be disarmed, so they plan to take it out to sea and let it detonate. While Godzilla is able to fight either MUTO individually with ease, their combined force begins to overwhelm him. Ford uses a fuel truck to incinerate the eggs, distracting the female MUTO from the fight and leaving just the male to fight Godzilla. Godzilla then kills the male MUTO by biting it and then slamming it into a skyscraper with his tail. Godzilla and Ford share a stare before the former is engulfed by the falling skyscraper as Ford runs to the docks. The enraged mother MUTO slaughters the soldiers, but Ford manages to take the bomb out to sea with the female MUTO in pursuit. Just when she is about to destroy the boat, Godzilla incidentally rescues Ford and kills the last MUTO by holding her jaws open, and firing his atomic breath down her throat (decapitating her in the process). Ford blacks out while he is extracted by an Army helicopter, while Godzilla walks back to shore where it collapses and seemingly dies. In the aftermath, Ford is reunited with his wife and son. Godzilla, thought dead, awakens and returns to the ocean, hailed as the heroic "King of Monsters" by the media.
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