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Symmetric Key and Public Key Encryption
 
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Modern day encryption is performed in two different ways. Check out http://YouTube.com/ITFreeTraining or http://itfreetraining.com for more of our always free training videos. Using the same key or using a pair of keys called the public and private keys. This video looks at how these systems work and how they can be used together to perform encryption. Download the PDF handout http://itfreetraining.com/Handouts/Ce... Encryption Types Encryption is the process of scrambling data so it cannot be read without a decryption key. Encryption prevents data being read by a 3rd party if it is intercepted by a 3rd party. The two encryption methods that are used today are symmetric and public key encryption. Symmetric Key Symmetric key encryption uses the same key to encrypt data as decrypt data. This is generally quite fast when compared with public key encryption. In order to protect the data, the key needs to be secured. If a 3rd party was able to gain access to the key, they could decrypt any data that was encrypt with that data. For this reason, a secure channel is required to transfer the key if you need to transfer data between two points. For example, if you encrypted data on a CD and mail it to another party, the key must also be transferred to the second party so that they can decrypt the data. This is often done using e-mail or the telephone. In a lot of cases, sending the data using one method and the key using another method is enough to protect the data as an attacker would need to get both in order to decrypt the data. Public Key Encryption This method of encryption uses two keys. One key is used to encrypt data and the other key is used to decrypt data. The advantage of this is that the public key can be downloaded by anyone. Anyone with the public key can encrypt data that can only be decrypted using a private key. This means the public key does not need to be secured. The private key does need to be keep in a safe place. The advantage of using such a system is the private key is not required by the other party to perform encryption. Since the private key does not need to be transferred to the second party there is no risk of the private key being intercepted by a 3rd party. Public Key encryption is slower when compared with symmetric key so it is not always suitable for every application. The math used is complex but to put it simply it uses the modulus or remainder operator. For example, if you wanted to solve X mod 5 = 2, the possible solutions would be 2, 7, 12 and so on. The private key provides additional information which allows the problem to be solved easily. The math is more complex and uses much larger numbers than this but basically public and private key encryption rely on the modulus operator to work. Combing The Two There are two reasons you want to combine the two. The first is that often communication will be broken into two steps. Key exchange and data exchange. For key exchange, to protect the key used in data exchange it is often encrypted using public key encryption. Although slower than symmetric key encryption, this method ensures the key cannot accessed by a 3rd party while being transferred. Since the key has been transferred using a secure channel, a symmetric key can be used for data exchange. In some cases, data exchange may be done using public key encryption. If this is the case, often the data exchange will be done using a small key size to reduce the processing time. The second reason that both may be used is when a symmetric key is used and the key needs to be provided to multiple users. For example, if you are using encryption file system (EFS) this allows multiple users to access the same file, which includes recovery users. In order to make this possible, multiple copies of the same key are stored in the file and protected from being read by encrypting it with the public key of each user that requires access. References "Public-key cryptography" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-k... "Encryption" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encryption
Views: 428932 itfreetraining
Asymmetric encryption - Simply explained
 
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How does public-key cryptography work? What is a private key and a public key? Why is asymmetric encryption different from symmetric encryption? I'll explain all of these in plain English! 🐦 Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/savjee ✏️ Check out my blog: https://www.savjee.be 👍🏻 Like my Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/savjee
PCI Requirement 3.6.1 Generation of Strong Cryptographic Keys
 
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PCI Requirement 3.6.1 requires, “Generation of strong cryptographic keys.” It also requires that, “The encryption solution must generate strong keys, as defined in the PCI DSS and PA-DSS Glossary of Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms under ""Cryptographic Key Generation."" The intent of PCI Requirement 3.6.1, according to the PCI DSS, is to “significantly increases the level of security of encrypted cardholder data.” PCI Requirement 3.6.1 is part of the 8 sub-requirements of PCI Requirement 3.6, which is meant to build your organization’s key management program because, the PCI DSS states, “The manner in which cryptographic keys are managed is a critical part of the continued security of the encryption solution. A good key management process, whether it is manual or automated as part of the encryption product, is based on industry standards and addresses all key elements at 3.6.1 through 3.6.8.” We recommend that you perform a risk assessment around the generation of your cryptographic keys; this way, you can see if your keys become weakened or hold up. Industry standards, like NIST, should be used when determining how to manage and generate keys. If you store, process, or transmit cardholder data, interact with payment card data in any way, or have the ability to impact someone else’s cardholder information or the security of that information, you are subject to comply with the PCI DSS. This exclusive video series, PCI Demystified, was developed to assist your organization in understanding what the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is, who it applies to, what the specific requirements are, and what your organizations needs to know and do to become compliant. Learn more at https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/pci-requirement-3-6-1-generation-strong-cryptographic-keys/ Video Transcription If you’re using encryption within your environment, you need to use strong encryption. What this effectively means is that you need to generate strong keys. Once again, you need to be using an industry best practice for this. One of the things that I would recommend that you do as part of your risk management program, just like the annual risk assessment that you’re required to do, is that you perform somewhat of a risk assessment around the generation of your keys. If during the period of time, your encryption keys become deprecated or weakened because of some change to the industry, you must have a process for generating a new key. We’ll be talking about that in a subsequent video. Specific to PCI Requirement 3.6.1, you have to have a process in place where you’re actually generating strong keys. IF you have an HSM, that’s kind of inherent in using the HSM itself. If you have a clear text process where you’re managing or developing these keys, it needs to be done securely. I would recommend that you look at industry best practices like NIST 800-57 for that information. Stay Connected Twitter: https://twitter.com/KPAudit LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/kirkpatrickprice-llc Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kirkpatrickprice/ More Free Resources PCI Demystified: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/pci-demystified/ Blog: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/blog/ Webinars: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/webinars/ Videos: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/ White Papers: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/white-papers/ About Us KirkpatrickPrice is a licensed CPA firm, PCI QSA, and a HITRUST CSF Assessor, registered with the PCAOB, providing assurance services to over 600 clients in more than 48 states, Canada, Asia, and Europe. The firm has over 12 years of experience in information security and compliance assurance by performing assessments, audits, and tests that strengthen information security and internal controls. KirkpatrickPrice most commonly provides advice on SOC 1, SOC 2, HIPAA, HITRUST CSF, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, FISMA, and CFPB frameworks. For more about KirkpatrickPrice: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/ Contact us today: 800-770-2701 https://kirkpatrickprice.com/contact/
Views: 115 KirkpatrickPrice
Public Key Cryptography: RSA Encryption Algorithm
 
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RSA Public Key Encryption Algorithm (cryptography). How & why it works. Introduces Euler's Theorem, Euler's Phi function, prime factorization, modular exponentiation & time complexity. Link to factoring graph: http://www.khanacademy.org/labs/explorations/time-complexity
Views: 508556 Art of the Problem
Secret Key Exchange (Diffie-Hellman) - Computerphile
 
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How do we exchange a secret key in the clear? Spoiler: We don't - Dr Mike Pound shows us exactly what happens. Mathematics bit: https://youtu.be/Yjrfm_oRO0w Computing Limit: https://youtu.be/jv2H9fp9dT8 https://www.facebook.com/computerphile https://twitter.com/computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran's Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
Views: 161024 Computerphile
Public Key Cryptography - Computerphile
 
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Spies used to meet in the park to exchange code words, now things have moved on - Robert Miles explains the principle of Public/Private Key Cryptography note1: Yes, it should have been 'Obi Wan' not 'Obi One' :) note2: The string of 'garbage' text in the two examples should have been different to illustrate more clearly that there are two different systems in use. http://www.facebook.com/computerphile https://twitter.com/computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran's Numberphile. See the full list of Brady's video projects at: http://bit.ly/bradychannels
Views: 399876 Computerphile
Cryptography: The Math of the Public Private Key of RSA
 
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Thanks to all of you who support me on Patreon. You da real mvps! $1 per month helps!! :) https://www.patreon.com/patrickjmt !! Part 1: https://youtu.be/PkpFBK3wGJc Please consider being a supporter on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/patrickjmt Twitter: @Patrick_JMT In this video I show mathematically for RSA encryption works by going through an example of sending an encrypted message! If you are interested in seeing how Euclid's algorithm would work, check out this video by Emily Jane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fz1vxq5ts5I A big thanks to the 'Making & Science team at Google' for sponsoring this video! Please like and share using hashtag #sciencegoals
Views: 35734 patrickJMT
Public key cryptography - Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange (full version)
 
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The history behind public key cryptography & the Diffie-Hellman key exchange algorithm. We also have a video on RSA here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXB-V_Keiu8
Views: 594181 Art of the Problem
Elliptic Curve Back Door - Computerphile
 
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The back door that may not be a back door... The suspicion about Dual_EC_DRBG - The Dual Elliptic Curve Deterministic Random Bit Generator - with Dr Mike Pound. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/XEmoD06_mZ0 Nothing up my sleeve Numbers: https://youtu.be/oJWwaQm-Exs Elliptic Curves: https://youtu.be/NF1pwjL9-DE https://www.facebook.com/computerphile https://twitter.com/computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: https://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran's Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
Views: 144250 Computerphile
Elliptic Curve Cryptography Overview
 
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John Wagnon discusses the basics and benefits of Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) in this episode of Lightboard Lessons. Check out this article on DevCentral that explains ECC encryption in more detail: https://devcentral.f5.com/articles/real-cryptography-has-curves-making-the-case-for-ecc-20832
Views: 139594 F5 DevCentral
Introduction to Lattice Based Cryptography
 
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This short video introduces the concept of a lattice, why they are being considered as the basis for the next generation of public key cryptography, and a short walk through of a specific encryption algorithm. For a very thorough paper designed to be readable for undergraduates I highly recommend https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/938.pdf. *One technical note: At 1:30 I claim that lattices are composed only of integers. This is not true. Some lattices only contain integers, but in general any rational number will do.
Views: 5393 Matthew Dozer
Public Key Cryptography: Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange (short version)
 
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This is a segment of this full video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEBfamv-_do Diffie-Hellman key exchange was one of the earliest practical implementations of key exchange within the field of cryptography. It relies on the discrete logarithm problem. This test clip will be part of the final chapter of Gambling with Secrets!
Views: 437428 Art of the Problem
Quantum Cryptography Explained
 
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This episode is brought to you by Squarespace: http://www.squarespace.com/physicsgirl With recent high-profile security decryption cases, encryption is more important than ever. Much of your browser usage and your smartphone data is encrypted. But what does that process actually entail? And when computers get smarter and faster due to advances in quantum physics, how will encryption keep up? http://physicsgirl.org/ ‪http://twitter.com/thephysicsgirl ‪http://facebook.com/thephysicsgirl ‪http://instagram.com/thephysicsgirl http://physicsgirl.org/ Help us translate our videos! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UC7DdEm33SyaTDtWYGO2CwdA&tab=2 Creator/Editor: Dianna Cowern Writer: Sophia Chen Animator: Kyle Norby Special thanks to Nathan Lysne Source: http://gva.noekeon.org/QCandSKD/QCand... http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/n... https://epic.org/crypto/export_contro... http://fas.org/irp/offdocs/eo_crypt_9... Music: APM and YouTube
Views: 261307 Physics Girl
The Lava Lamps That Help Keep The Internet Secure
 
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At the headquarters of Cloudflare, in San Francisco, there's a wall of lava lamps: the Entropy Wall. They're used to generate random numbers and keep a good bit of the internet secure: here's how. Thanks to the team at Cloudflare - this is not a sponsored video, they just had interesting lava lamps! There's a technical rundown of the system on their blog here: https://blog.cloudflare.com/lavarand-in-production-the-nitty-gritty-technical-details Edited by Michelle Martin, @mrsmmartin I'm at http://tomscott.com on Twitter at http://twitter.com/tomscott on Facebook at http://facebook.com/tomscott and on Snapchat and Instagram as tomscottgo
Views: 1195915 Tom Scott
Applied Cryptography: The Digital Signature Algorithm - Part 1
 
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This video describes the key generation for the DSA. An example with artificially small numbers is also given
Views: 6289 Leandro Junes
Blockchain tutorial 11: Elliptic Curve key pair generation
 
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This is part 11 of the Blockchain tutorial explaining how the generate a public private key using Elliptic Curve. In this video series different topics will be explained which will help you to understand blockchain. Bitcoin released as open source software in 2009 is a cryptocurrency invented by Satoshi Nakamoto (unidentified person or group of persons). After the introduction of Bitcoin many Bitcoin alternatives were created. These alternate cryptocurrencies are called Altcoins (Litecoin, Dodgecoin etc). Bitcoin's underlying technology is called Blockchain. The Blockchain is a distributed decentralized incorruptible database (ledger) that records blocks of digital information. Each block contains a timestamp and a link to a previous block. Soon people realises that there many other use cases where the Blockchain technology can be applied and not just as a cryptocurrency application. New Blockchain platforms were created based on the Blockchain technology, one of which is called Ethereum. Ethereum focuses on running programming code, called smart contracts, on any decentralized application. Using the new Blockchain platforms, Blockchain technology can be used in supply chain management, healthcare, real estate, identity management, voting, internet of things, etcetera, just to name a few. Today there is a growing interest in Blockchain not only in the financial sector but also in other sectors. Explaining how Blockchain works is not easy and for many the Blockchain technology remains an elusive concept. This video series tries to explain Blockchain to a large audience but from the bottom up. Keywords often used in Blockchain conversation will be explained. Each Blockchain video is short and to the point. It is recommended to watch each video sequentially as I may refer to certain Blockchain topics explained earlier. Check out all my other Blockchain tutorial videos https://goo.gl/aMTFHU Subscribe to my YouTube channel https://goo.gl/61NFzK The presentation used in this video tutorial can be found at: http://www.mobilefish.com/developer/blockchain/blockchain_quickguide_tutorial.html The presentation used in this video tutorial can be found at: http://www.mobilefish.com/developer/blockchain/blockchain_quickguide_tutorial.html The python script used in the video: https://www.mobilefish.com/download/cryptocurrency/bitcoin_ec_key_generation.py.txt Cryptocurrency address generator and validator: https://www.mobilefish.com/services/cryptocurrency/cryptocurrency.html Desmos graph: https://www.desmos.com/calculator/kkj2efqk5x James D'Angelo, Bitcoin 101 Elliptic Curve Cryptography Part 4: https://youtu.be/iB3HcPgm_FI #mobilefish #blockchain #bitcoin #cryptocurrency #ethereum
Views: 14534 Mobilefish.com
Wireless Cryptographic Protocols - CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 - 6.3
 
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Security+ Training Course Index: http://professormesser.link/sy0501 Professor Messer’s Course Notes: http://professormesser.link/501cn Frequently Asked Questions: http://professormesser.link/faq - - - - - We rely on strong encryption protocols to keep our wireless communications secure. In this video, you’ll learn about the security features associated with WPA and WPA2. - - - - - Subscribe to get the latest videos: http://professormesser.link/yt Calendar of live events: http://www.professormesser.com/calendar/ FOLLOW PROFESSOR MESSER: Professor Messer official website: http://www.professormesser.com/ Twitter: http://www.professormesser.com/twitter Facebook: http://www.professormesser.com/facebook Instagram: http://www.professormesser.com/instagram Google +: http://www.professormesser.com/googleplus
Views: 8092 Professor Messer
Install OpenSSL on Windows XP and generate Encryption Keys
 
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This gives an overview of loading OpenSSL and generating keys used for encryption. This is the keygen.cmd file text: Echo Confirm creation of P12 key named %1 pause set OPENSSL_CONF=C:\OpenSSL-Win64\bin\openssl.cfg c: cd\OpenSSL-Win64\bin Call openssl genrsa -des3 -out %1.key 2048 Call openssl req -new -key %1.key -out %1.csr call openssl req -new -nodes -keyout %1.key -out %1.csr -newkey rsa:2048 call openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in %1.csr -signkey %1.key -out %1.crt call openssl pkcs12 -export -in %1.crt -inkey %1.key -out %1.p12 -name “%1_Key" Echo Take note of where you saved the CC1.p12 file pause
Views: 11037 Paul Danis
Hashing Algorithms and Security - Computerphile
 
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Audible free book: http://www.audible.com/computerphile Hashing Algorithms are used to ensure file authenticity, but how secure are they and why do they keep changing? Tom Scott hashes it out. More from Tom Scott: http://www.youtube.com/user/enyay and https://twitter.com/tomscott http://www.facebook.com/computerphile https://twitter.com/computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Pigeon Sound Effects courtesy of http://www.freesfx.co.uk/ Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran's Numberphile. See the full list of Brady's video projects at: http://bit.ly/bradychannels
Views: 704322 Computerphile
Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator
 
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Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator A cryptographically secure pseudo-random number generator (CSPRNG) or cryptographic pseudo-random number generator (CPRNG) is a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) with properties that make it suitable for use in cryptography.Many aspects of cryptography require random numbers, for example: key generation. -Video is targeted to blind users Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA image source in video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NL-EL2KcU-Q
Views: 651 WikiAudio
Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator Top # 7 Facts
 
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Cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator Top # 7 Facts
Views: 69 Duryodhan Trivedi
PCI Requirement 3.6.3 Secure Cryptographic Key Storage
 
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If your organization is storing PCI-related data using encryption, those keys must be stored securely, as PCI Requirement 3.6.3 commands, “Secure cryptographic key storage.” If your key storage is securely stored, has the appropriate protections, and access is limited to the fewest number of people and locations as possible, you prevent your organization from being susceptible to an attack. The PCI DSS further explains, “The encryption solution must store keys securely, for example, by encrypting them with a key-encrypting key. Storing keys without proper protection could provide access to attackers, resulting in the decryption and exposure of cardholder data.” You assessor should test your compliance with PCI Requirement 3.6.3 by examining your organization’s key management program and its procedures and methods to verify that they specifically outline and implement that secure storage of keys. If you store, process, or transmit cardholder data, interact with payment card data in any way, or have the ability to impact someone else’s cardholder information or the security of that information, you are subject to comply with the PCI DSS. This exclusive video series, PCI Demystified, was developed to assist your organization in understanding what the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is, who it applies to, what the specific requirements are, and what your organizations needs to know and do to become compliant. Learn more at https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/pci-requirement-3-6-3-secure-cryptographic-key-storage/ Video Transcription Once again, if you’re encrypting information, whether this be PII, PHI, PCI-related data, if you have implemented encryption as a part of this methodology, we want to make sure that those keys you’re using are stored securely. We want to make sure that access has been limited to the fewest possible number of individuals. You need to have protections around them so that in the event that somebody should compromise the server, they don’t gain access to the encryption keys or the decryption keys themselves. So, your assessor is going to be working with you and asking how you’ve gone about doing that. They’re going to be looking at your documented procedures for secure key distribution and secure key storage and how that rolls out. If you have an HSM in a FIPS-compliant device, the controls that are there are pretty much established by the technology. In short, once again, where you are storing these keys, they need to be stored securely. Stay Connected Twitter: https://twitter.com/KPAudit LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/kirkpatrickprice-llc Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kirkpatrickprice/ More Free Resources PCI Demystified: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/pci-demystified/ Blog: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/blog/ Webinars: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/webinars/ Videos: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/ White Papers: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/white-papers/ About Us KirkpatrickPrice is a licensed CPA firm, PCI QSA, and a HITRUST CSF Assessor, registered with the PCAOB, providing assurance services to over 600 clients in more than 48 states, Canada, Asia, and Europe. The firm has over 12 years of experience in information security and compliance assurance by performing assessments, audits, and tests that strengthen information security and internal controls. KirkpatrickPrice most commonly provides advice on SOC 1, SOC 2, HIPAA, HITRUST CSF, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, FISMA, and CFPB frameworks. For more about KirkpatrickPrice: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/ Contact us today: 800-770-2701 https://kirkpatrickprice.com/contact/
Views: 274 KirkpatrickPrice
Elliptic Curve Cryptography & Diffie-Hellman
 
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Today we're going over Elliptic Curve Cryptography, particularly as it pertains to the Diffie-Hellman protocol. The ECC Digital Signing Algorithm was also discussed in a separate video concerning Bitcoin's cryptography.
Views: 47498 CSBreakdown
RSA Algorithm with solved example using extended euclidean algorithm | CSS series #7
 
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Take the Full Course of Cryptography and Network Security What we Provide 1) 20 Videos (Index is given down) + More Update will be Coming Before final exams 2)Hand made Notes with problems for your to practice 3)Strategy to Score Good Marks in Cryptography and Network Scurity To buy the course click https://goo.gl/mpbaK3 if you have any query email us at [email protected] Sample Notes : https://goo.gl/Ze1FpX or Fill the form we will contact you https://goo.gl/forms/2SO5NAhqFnjOiWvi2 Cryptography and System Security Index Lecture 1 Introduction to Cryptography and Security System Lecture 2 Security Goals and Mechanism Lecture 3 Symmetric Cipher Lecture 4 Substitution Cipher Lecture 5 Transposition Cipher Lecture 6 Stream and Block Cipher Lecture 7 Mono Alphabetic Cipher Lecture 8 Poly Alphabetic Cipher Lecture 9 Diffie Hellman Lecture 10 RSA Algorithm with Solved Example Lecture 11 IDEA Algorithm Full Working Lecture 12 SHA-1 Algorithm Full Working Lecture 13 Blowfish Algorithm Full working Lecture 14 DES Algorithm Full Working Lecture 15 Confusion and Diffusion Lecture 16 AES Algorithm Full working Lecture 17 Kerberos Lecture 18 Malicious Software ( Virus and worms ) Lecture 19 DOS and DDOS Attack Lecture 20 Digital Signature Full working Explained More videos Coming Soon.
Views: 195774 Last moment tuitions
Pseudorandom number generators | Computer Science | Khan Academy
 
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Random vs. Pseudorandom Number Generators Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/computing/computer-science/cryptography/modern-crypt/v/the-fundamental-theorem-of-arithmetic-1?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=computerscience Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/computing/computer-science/cryptography/crypt/v/perfect-secrecy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=computerscience Computer Science on Khan Academy: Learn select topics from computer science - algorithms (how we solve common problems in computer science and measure the efficiency of our solutions), cryptography (how we protect secret information), and information theory (how we encode and compress information). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy is a nonprofit with a mission to provide a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We believe learners of all ages should have unlimited access to free educational content they can master at their own pace. We use intelligent software, deep data analytics and intuitive user interfaces to help students and teachers around the world. Our resources cover preschool through early college education, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, economics, finance, history, grammar and more. We offer free personalized SAT test prep in partnership with the test developer, the College Board. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 100 million people use our platform worldwide every year. For more information, visit www.khanacademy.org, join us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter at @khanacademy. And remember, you can learn anything. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Computer Science channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8uHgAVBOy5h1fDsjQghWCw?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 153017 Khan Academy Labs
symmetric key cryptography
 
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https://8gwifi.org/CipherFunctions.jsp Reference book: http://leanpub.com/crypto Cryptographic Algorithms generally fall into one of two different categories, or are a combination of both. Symmetric Fast Only provide confidentiality Examples: DES, AES, Blowfish, RC4, RC5 Asymmetric Large mathematical operations make it slower than symmetric algorithms No need for out of band key distribution (public keys are public!) Scales better since only a single key pair needed per individual Can provide authentication and nonrepudiation Examples: RSA, El Gamal, ECC, Diffie-Hellman problem with symmetric key cryptography DES (Data Encryption Standard) 64 bit key that is effectively 56 bits in strength Actual algorithm is called DEA (Data Encryption Algorithm) DES Modes Electronic Code Book Cipher Block Chaining (most commonly used for general purpose encryption) Cipher Feedback Output Feedback Counter Mode (used in IPSec) 3DES 112-bit effective key length Uses either 2 or 3 different smaller keys in one of several modes Modes EEE2/3 EDE2/3 AES NIST replaced DES in 1997 with this Uses the Rijndael algorithm Supports key/block sizes of 128, 192, and 256 bits Uses 10/12/14 rounds as block size increases IDEA (International Data Encryption Algorithm) Operates on 64 bit blocks in 8 rounds with 128 bit key Considered stronger than DES and is used in PGP Blowfish 64 bit block cipher with up to 448 bit key and 16 rounds Designed by Bruce Schneier RC4 Stream cipher with variable key size created by Ron Rivest RC5 Another Rivest cipher Block cipher with 32/64/128 bit blocks and keys up to 2048 bits RC6 Beefier version of RC5 submitted as AES candidate CAST 64 bit block cipher with keys between 40-128 bits with 12-16 rounds depending on key length CAST-256 used 128-bit blocks and keys from 128-256 bits using 48 rounds SAFER (Secure and Fast Encryption Routine) Set of patent-free algorithms in 64 and 128 bit block variants Variation used in Bluetooth Twofish Adapted version of Blowfish with 128 bit blocks, 128-256 bit keys and 16 rounds AES Finalist Kryptografie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel symmetric key cryptography symmetric key cryptography tutorial symmetric key cryptography example symmetric key cryptography vs asymmetric key cryptography symmetric and asymmetric key cryptography symmetric key cryptography Kryptografie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel Kryptographie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel Kryptographie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel Kryptografie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel und asymmetrische Schlüsselkryptographie symmetrische und asymmetrische Schlüsselkryptographie Kryptografie mit symmetrischem Schlüssel
Views: 38378 Zariga Tongy
Breaking ECDSA (Elliptic Curve Cryptography) - rhme2 Secure Filesystem v1.92r1 (crypto 150)
 
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We are going to recover a ECDSA private key from bad signatures. Same issue the Playstation 3 had that allowed it to be hacked. -------------------------------------- Twitter: https://twitter.com/LiveOverflow Website: http://liveoverflow.com/ Subreddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/LiveOverflow/
Views: 23304 LiveOverflow
SHA: Secure Hashing Algorithm - Computerphile
 
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Secure Hashing Algorithm (SHA1) explained. Dr Mike Pound explains how files are used to generate seemingly random hash strings. EXTRA BITS: https://youtu.be/f8ZP_1K2Y-U Tom Scott on Hash Algorithms: https://youtu.be/b4b8ktEV4Bg http://www.facebook.com/computerphile https://twitter.com/computer_phile This video was filmed and edited by Sean Riley. Computer Science at the University of Nottingham: http://bit.ly/nottscomputer Computerphile is a sister project to Brady Haran's Numberphile. More at http://www.bradyharan.com
Views: 397008 Computerphile
PCI Requirement 3.6.2 Secure Cryptographic Key Distribution
 
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PCI Requirement 3.6.2 states, “Secure cryptographic key distribution.” Whether it’s placing tamper-proof or tamper-evident packaging on trackable packages or tracking data that you’ve transmitted electronically, any method that your organization is using to transmit keys needs to be done securely. Whether it’s moving keys from generations into production state or to backup, any method that your organization us using to transmit keys needs to be done securely. To further explain what it means to securely transmit keys, the PCI DSS also states, “The encryption solution must distribute keys securely, meaning the keys are distributed only to custodians identified in 3.5.1, and are never distributed in the clear.” If you store, process, or transmit cardholder data, interact with payment card data in any way, or have the ability to impact someone else’s cardholder information or the security of that information, you are subject to comply with the PCI DSS. This exclusive video series, PCI Demystified, was developed to assist your organization in understanding what the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is, who it applies to, what the specific requirements are, and what your organizations needs to know and do to become compliant. Learn more at https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/pci-requirement-3-6-2-secure-cryptographic-key-distribution/ Video Transcription When moving the keys from the point of generation into a production state, or perhaps moving these keys to a place of redundancy or backup, the transmission of these keys needs to be done securely. This could be done on Sneakernet, where you physically walk them on a thumb drive. If you’re going to be transmitting them over mail, those particular packages need to be trackable and need to be tramper-proof or have tamper-evident packaging. If you’re going to be emailing them or transmitting them electronically, the data-encrypting key needs to be encrypted with a key-encrypting key that’s equally as strong. In short, 3.6.2 requires that you transmit keys securely, however you’re doing that. Stay Connected Twitter: https://twitter.com/KPAudit LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/kirkpatrickprice-llc Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kirkpatrickprice/ More Free Resources PCI Demystified: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/pci-demystified/ Blog: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/blog/ Webinars: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/webinars/ Videos: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/ White Papers: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/white-papers/ About Us KirkpatrickPrice is a licensed CPA firm, PCI QSA, and a HITRUST CSF Assessor, registered with the PCAOB, providing assurance services to over 600 clients in more than 48 states, Canada, Asia, and Europe. The firm has over 12 years of experience in information security and compliance assurance by performing assessments, audits, and tests that strengthen information security and internal controls. KirkpatrickPrice most commonly provides advice on SOC 1, SOC 2, HIPAA, HITRUST CSF, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, FISMA, and CFPB frameworks. For more about KirkpatrickPrice: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/ Contact us today: 800-770-2701 https://kirkpatrickprice.com/contact/
Views: 72 KirkpatrickPrice
How SSH key Works ?
 
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What is SSH key pair? Why we need SSH key? How SSH key works? Authentication via ssh key pair. Generate and Use SSH key : https://goo.gl/hK9h54 Become My Patron here https://goo.gl/NcvDQh You can donate any amount via Paypal follow this link https://goo.gl/JhWsKC ============================================== Deploy Laravel on Digital Ocean Full series: 1. Log Into Server via SSH ? https://youtu.be/hlZk0BkX6XY 2. High Server Security https://youtu.be/T7WinEDS7e4 3. Install LEMP stack on Ubuntu server https://youtu.be/QY_eT7wBqwA 4. Install Laravel via Github on server https://youtu.be/oRGoN-2G-7w ============================================== Join Our Slack Community - https://goo.gl/pqCjZH --You May Also Like -- Real Time Chat Series - https://goo.gl/ri42FD Git ans Github series - https://goo.gl/BXyPxf Blog with Admin panel Series - https://goo.gl/S5JGyt Laravel Authentication Series: Multi Auth - https://goo.gl/TyCLlX Vue Beginner To advanced Series - https://goo.gl/1bjdGg Sublime Text Best Package Series - https://goo.gl/6phTPP Laravel Ajax Todo Project - https://goo.gl/p2xTPW Laravel 5.4 Full Beginner Playlist - https://goo.gl/zpKzhM Laravel 5.3 Hindi Beginner Tutorials - https://goo.gl/Kb3ikd Full Playlist for the "Laravel 5.3 Hindi Beginner Tutorials" Series: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLe30vg_FG4OS38IkXcimlq7bI1mzD8wB- ==================FOLLOW ME ================== Subscribe for New Releases! Twitter - https://twitter.com/bitfumes Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/Bitfumes/ Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/bitfumes/ (ask me questions!) --- QUESTIONS? --- Leave a comment below and I or someone else can help you. For quick questions you may also want to ask me on Twitter, I respond almost immediately. Email me [email protected] Thanks for all your support! LARAVEL 5.4 Tutorial | Cara Instal LARAVEL 5,4 dari awal Part 1 | Bitfumes Laravel 5.4 Tutorial | Come installare laravel 5,4 da zero Parte 1 | Bitfumes -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Laravel 5.4 Tutorial | Email From Server (Godaddy) #3 | Part 26 | Bitfumes" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQqJUypWctU -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- que es api ما هو أبي o que é api
Views: 19795 Bitfumes Webnologies
NETWORK SECURITY - DIGITAL SIGNATURE ALGORITHM (DSA)
 
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Digital Signature : If the Sender Private key is used at encryption then it is called digital signature. This digital Signature is implemented two approaches 1) RSA Approach 2) DSS Approach.
NETWORK SECURITY - DIFFIE HELLMAN KEY EXCHANGE ALGORITHM
 
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This Algorithm is used to exchange the secret /symmetric key between sender and receiver. This exchange of key can be done with the help of public key and private key step 1 Assume prime number p step 2 Select a such that a is primitive root of p and a less than p step 3 Assume XA private key of user A step 4 Calculate YA public key of user A with the help of formula step 5 Assume XB private key of user B step 6 Calculate YB public key of user B with the help of formula step 7 Generate K secret Key using YB and XA with the help of formula at Sender side. step 8 Generate K secret Key using YA and XB with the help of formula at Receiver side.
Swift 4: RSA Asymmetric Public Key Encryption - Secure Your iOS 11 App. How to in Xcode 9!
 
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This tutorial shows you how to generate RSA Public Keys and store them in the Key Chain in Swift 4 and Xcode 9 Public Key Encryption allow you to securely encrypt communications within your iOS 11 apps and we will be showing you how to do this using the Firebase database iOS Keys are made available in the SecKey format and we will need to change these to a String format to save the public key to the Firebase database for distribution. Tutorial 2:13 In this tutorial we will be using RSA Public Key Encryption which is an asymmetric encryption type.
Views: 594 Swift Almanac
DEF CON 22 - Dan Kaminsky - Secure Random by Default
 
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Secure Random By Default Dan Kaminsky Chief Scientist, White Ops As a general rule in security, we have learned that the best way to achieve security is to enable it by default. However, across operating systems and languages, random number generation is always exposed via two separate and most assuredly unequal APIs -- insecure and default, and secure but obscure. Why not fix this? Why not make JavaScript and PHP and Java and Python and even libc rand() return strong entropy? What are the issues stopping us? Should we just shell back to /dev/urandom, or is there merit to userspace entropy gathering? How does fork() and virtualization impact the question? What of performance, and memory consumption, and headless machines? Turns out the above questions are not actually rhetorical. Just because a change might be a good idea doesn't mean it's a simple one. This will be a deep dive, but one that I believe will actually yield a fix for the repeated *real world* failures of random number generation systems. Dan Kaminsky has been a noted security researcher for over a decade, and has spent his career advising Fortune 500 companies such as Cisco, Avaya, and Microsoft.Dan spent three years working with Microsoft on their Vista, Server 2008, and Windows 7 releases. Dan is best known for his work finding a critical flaw in the Internet’s Domain Name System (DNS), and for leading what became the largest synchronized fix to the Internet’s infrastructure of all time. Of the seven Recovery Key Shareholders who possess the ability to restore the DNS root keys, Dan is the American representative. Dan is presently developing systems to reduce the cost and complexity of securing critical infrastructure.
Views: 32863 DEFCONConference
How PGP Works
 
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By the end of this lecture you will understand how PGP encryption works and how it keeps your communication over the Dark Web and Deep Web secure.
Views: 53419 Dark Web Academy
Public Key Crypto with RSA (CSS441, L12, Y15)
 
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RSA key generation, encryption and decryption with simple examples. Course material via: http://sandilands.info/sgordon/teaching
Views: 1761 Steven Gordon
PCI Requirement 3.6.7 Prevention of Unauthorized Substitution of Cryptographic Keys
 
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Do your due diligence to create strong keys and protect the unauthorized substitution of cryptographic keys. Your organization must have the appropriate controls in place to prevent unauthorized key substitution. PCI Requirement 3.6.7 requires, “Prevention of unauthorized substitution of cryptographic keys.” If your organization does not have policies, procedures, and standards documenting how your encryption solution does not accept substitution keys from unauthorized sources, you are giving malicious individuals an opportunity to decrypt your data. Assessors will examine your procedures to ensure that they outline a specific process to prevent unauthorized key substitution. The responsible personnel should also be interviewed to ensure they know and implement this process. If you store, process, or transmit cardholder data, interact with payment card data in any way, or have the ability to impact someone else’s cardholder information or the security of that information, you are subject to comply with the PCI DSS. This exclusive video series, PCI Demystified, was developed to assist your organization in understanding what the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is, who it applies to, what the specific requirements are, and what your organizations needs to know and do to become compliant. Learn more at https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/pci-requirement-3-6-7-prevention-unauthorized-substitution-cryptographic-keys/ Video Transcription Within your encryption program, part of your key management program is doing your due diligence around creating a strong key (wherever you’re storing it), preventing individuals from getting unauthorized access to that, and rotating your key on a periodic basis that you’ve defined as your cryptoperiod. When we get to 3.6.7, we want to make sure that you have a process in place to prevent unauthorized key substitution. The reason for this is, let’s say I’m Hacker Joe and you have really great encryption processes and programs, but if I am able to implement my own key into your environment and encrypt the data with my key, when I get access to that data, I can surely decrypt it. It’s required that you have controls in place to prevent the unauthorized substitution of cryptographic keys. From an assessment perspective, we’re going to be once again looking at policies, procedures, and standards around this. We’re going to be looking at how you’ve actually implemented these controls, whether this be access controls or by any other means that you’re doing this. Understand that simply compiling the encryption keys into the source code does not necessarily mean that you’ve met this requirement. It might be a plethora of things. Protect the unauthorized substitution of your encryption keys. Stay Connected Twitter: https://twitter.com/KPAudit LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/kirkpatrickprice-llc Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/kirkpatrickprice/ More Free Resources PCI Demystified: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/pci-demystified/ Blog: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/blog/ Webinars: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/webinars/ Videos: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/video/ White Papers: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/white-papers/ About Us KirkpatrickPrice is a licensed CPA firm, PCI QSA, and a HITRUST CSF Assessor, registered with the PCAOB, providing assurance services to over 600 clients in more than 48 states, Canada, Asia, and Europe. The firm has over 12 years of experience in information security and compliance assurance by performing assessments, audits, and tests that strengthen information security and internal controls. KirkpatrickPrice most commonly provides advice on SOC 1, SOC 2, HIPAA, HITRUST CSF, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, FISMA, and CFPB frameworks. For more about KirkpatrickPrice: https://kirkpatrickprice.com/ Contact us today: 800-770-2701 https://kirkpatrickprice.com/contact/
Views: 124 KirkpatrickPrice
SHA-1 (Secure hash Algorithm) working in English  | CSS series
 
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Take the full crash course of Cryptography and Security System for free at Last moment tuitions Full course : https://lastmomenttuitions.com/course/cryptography-and-system-security/ Sample Notes :https://goo.gl/QpZPF5 For full hand made notes of Artificial Intelligence its only 100 rs payment options is PAYTM :9762903078 once we get payment notification we will mail you the notes on your email id contact us at :[email protected] whatsapp :9762903078 apko koi bhi doubt ho toh app humko direct email ya phone kar sakte ho Cryptography and security systems Series introduction to CSS: https://goo.gl/tjrh1L security goals and mechanism:https://goo.gl/uq35hP symmetric cipher:https://goo.gl/KFxF9j Substitution cipher and its types:https://goo.gl/MKmPzk Transposition cipher:https://goo.gl/uHqD7i diffie -hellman: https://goo.gl/YrskC5 RSA Algorithm:https://goo.gl/KwzCBF Kerberos:https://goo.gl/MQPgzw IDEA algorithm : https://goo.gl/PTCqFH Dos and DDos attack: https://goo.gl/8T345G SQL injection:https://goo.gl/bcVHnw SHA-1 vs MD5 :https://goo.gl/QJBhJD chalo toh public bus pass hojao aur share karo videos ko whatsapp group apne last moment pe unn dosto ko jo apni tarah last moment pe padhte hai Aur videos CSS ke aane waale hai so Channel ko subscribe jaroor karna follow us on: https://www.instagram.com/last_moment_tuitions https://www.facebook.com/lastmomenttuition https://www.facebook.com/sumerr3
Views: 41529 Last moment tuitions
How to Use Java Cryptography API Securely
 
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Mansi Sheth, Security Researcher, Veracode Inc Are you overwhelmed by the overabundance of choices provided by the Java Cryptography API when choosing an encryption algorithm? Are you on top of all the latest happenings in cryptographic communities and know which cryptographic primitives can be broken and how? Due to time constraints, do you find yourself copy/pasting from the internet, hoping and praying that it’s secured? If any of your answers are “yes,” come to this session. It goes over all cryptographic primitive: RNGs, encryption/decryption algorithms, HMACs, and so on. The presentation points out areas that require careful attention, helps you make correct algorithmic and keying material choices, and provides plenty of code examples showing correct and incorrect usages.
Views: 1681 Java
NETWORK SECURITY - RSA ALGORITHM
 
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RSA Algorithm is the example for Public Key Encryption algorithm. Here we are supposed to find two keys 1) Public Key which is used at encryption 2) Private Key which is used at decryption step 1: Select two large Primes P , Q Step 2: Calculate n=P*Q & O(n) = (P-1)*(Q-1) Step 3: Assume e and d (Public and Private Key). Step 4: Encrypt the Plain Text using Public Key e. Step 5: Decrypt the Cipher Text using Private Key d.
16 Cryptography Algorithms and Protocols
 
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Video 16 - "Cryptography Algorithms and Protocols" - This second nugget of the Cryptography domain lays out hashing concepts and algorithms like MD5 and SHA. Basic algorithms and encryption concepts are explored including: DES, 3DES, RSA, PGP, Elliptic curve (ECC), AES/AES256, One time pad, SSL/TLS, S/MIME, and PPTP/L2TP.
Views: 12354 SwampTarts
Cryptography Basics for Embedded Developers by Eystein Stenberg
 
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Cryptography Basics for Embedded Developers - Eystein Stenberg, Mender Many vulnerabilities and breaches happen due to incorrect use of cryptographic mechanisms like encryption. This talk will cover the basic mechanisms of cryptography, like encryption, signatures, and key storage, looking at how these are used to create important security properties like authentication, confidentiality and integrity. Performance is particularly important for embedded development and we will cover which cryptographic operations are computationally expensive and why. We will highlight implementations of cryptographic mechanisms that help meet the performance needs of embedded devices, including Elliptic Curve Cryptography. We will wrap up with common pitfalls, libraries and tools relevant for secure use of cryptography for embedded devices. Eystein Stenberg has over 7 years of experience in security and systems management as a developer, a support engineer, a technical account manager, and now as a product manager. He has been in the front line of some of the largest production environments in various roles and has in-depth knowledge of the challenges in systems security in a real-world context. His holds a Master’s degree in cryptography and his writing credits include “Distributing a Private Key Generator in Ad Hoc Networks."
Introduction to Key Management
 
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Patrick Townsend, Founder & CEO of Townsend Security, discusses encryption keys and how they are used, what key management systems are and how they are used, how key management systems are deployed, and the basic components of a key management system.
Views: 19048 Townsend Security
PRNG Implementation Solution - Applied Cryptography
 
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This video is part of an online course, Applied Cryptography. Check out the course here: https://www.udacity.com/course/cs387.
Views: 1302 Udacity
Generating Secure Random Software Registration Codes
 
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http://wealthbuildingideas.com - This video shows you, step by step, how I create random, SECURE, registration key codes for all my software and web based applications. Generating your codes this way also heightens the secure-ness of your registration codes...
Views: 675 WealthBuildingIdeas
22. Cryptography: Encryption
 
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MIT 6.046J Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Spring 2015 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-046JS15 Instructor: Srinivas Devadas In this lecture, Professor Devadas continues with cryptography, introducing encryption methods. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Views: 15016 MIT OpenCourseWare
Blockchain 101 Ep 60 - What is Asymmetrical Cryptography?
 
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Asymmetrical cryptography uses the same pair of keys for encryption and decryption. Differing from symmetric key algorithms, asymmetrical cryptography requires the use of public keys and private keys. A set or pair of keys consists of a public key and a private key. Messages encrypted using the public key can only be decrypted by the paired private key. Asymmetrical cryptography is more secure than symmetric key algorithms. In symmetric key algorithms, both parties share the same secret key. If one party’s secret key is exposed, it would compromise the encryption. Asymmetrical cryptography uses a pair of keys, one for encryption and one for decryption. The public key is widely accessible while the private key is known only to the owner. There is no need to exchange private keys prior to transacting, therefore preventing data theft by hackers. Huobi Global Exchange: https://www.huobi.com Follow us on: Blog: https://blog.huobi.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/huobiglobalofficial Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/huobiglobalofficial Medium: https://medium.com/@huobiglobal Telegram: https://t.me/huobiglobalofficial Twitter: https://twitter.com/HuobiGlobal Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/HuobiGlobal
Views: 203 Huobi Global