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Search results “Lunar mining and geological resources definition”
Mining
 
06:51
019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 69698 Bozeman Science
Mars mineral globe
 
02:30
This unique atlas comprises a series of maps showing the distribution and abundance of minerals formed in water, by volcanic activity, and by weathering to create the dust that makes Mars red. Together the maps provide a global context for the dominant geological processes that have defined the planet's history. The maps were built from ten years of data collected by the OMEGA visible and infrared mineralogical mapping spectrometer on Mars Express. The animation cycles through maps showing: individual sites where a range of minerals that can only be formed in the presence of water were detected; maps of olivine and pyroxene, minerals that tell the story of volcanism and the evolution of the planet's interior; and ferric oxide and dust. Ferric oxide is a mineral phase of iron, and is present everywhere on the planet: within the bulk crust, lava outflows and the dust oxidised by chemical reactions with the martian atmosphere, causing the surface to 'rust' slowly over billions of years, giving Mars its distinctive red hue. The map showing hydrated minerals includes detections made by both ESA's Mars Express and by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Copyright: Hydrated mineral map: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay; NASA/JPL/JHUAPL; Olivine, pyroxone, ferric dust & dust maps: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay Orsay; Video production: ESA.
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 1
 
15:13
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 4258 Jarrah White
Where does gold come from? - David Lunney
 
04:35
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-does-gold-come-from-david-lunney Did you know that gold is extraterrestrial? Instead of arising from our planet’s rocky crust, it was actually cooked up in space and is present on Earth because of cataclysmic stellar explosions called supernovae. CERN Scientist David Lunney outlines the incredible journey of gold from space to Earth. Lesson by David Lunney, animation by Andrew Foerster.
Views: 3088298 TED-Ed
NASA Finds a Mineral on Mars That Could Change History
 
01:08
There’s a bit of a mystery unfolding on Mars. Late last year, Curiosity drilled into the surface of the Red Planet and unearthed something unexpected, a mineral called tridymite. Tridymite is a silicon dioxide mineral that crystallizes at low pressure and high temperatures in excess of 800 degrees Celsius (which is 1,472 degrees F). As far as we know, it is only associated with the high temperatures and conditions seen in silicic volcanism — volcanoes with magma containing a large proportion of silica. These geological processes are the result of plate tectonics and flowing water on Earth, but Mars doesn’t have either of those. The tridymite on Mars was found in Gale Crater after Curiosity drilled down in search of interesting minerals, which were identified via x-ray examination. After confirming a high concentration of tridymite in the samples, NASA began looking at terrestrial processes that might provide an alternative way of producing the mineral — something that Mars does have. According to the paper, they’ve come up with no alternative. http://www.geek.com/science/nasa-finds-a-mineral-on-mars-that-could-rewrite-its-entire-history-1658837/ http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 991 Wochit News
A Shared Moon Dream - The 2028 Lunar Mineral Parade
 
04:21
The 2028 Mid August Day Lunar Mineral Parade is a speculative event which takes place in the newly formed Lunar Economic Zone, an administrative agglomeration of Shenzhen and the Moon, on August 15, 2028. Coordinated by Zhan Wang, the event is designed to be seen by the mechanical eyes of the world's media and is an external projection of pomp and ceremony showcasing an emerging resource rich, technology advanced superpower. As the media frenzy descends on the city the world is invited to the grand parade that marks the first consignment of lunar minerals touching down on earth. The parade route takes spectators along the main axis of city from the 10000 meter tall space elevator to the mega ships of the world's largest mineral port. As the world's largest rare earth producer China currently controls 90% of the mineral market. Their recent limits placed upon mineral exports has artificially driven rare earth prices to unprecedented levels. Western nations are scrambling to find their own mineral deposits to counter the Chinese monopoly. Between documentary and fiction, between propaganda and news the Lunar ­­Economic Zone plays on our fears of a localised resource economy.
Views: 376 zhan wang
Revival of mining sector sector and job security discussion 3
 
26:13
Peter Ndoro at TNA in Sandton with Mosebenzi Joseph Zwane, the Minister of Mineral Resources, David Msiza Acting Director General of the Department of Mineral Resources to discuss the Revival of the Mining Sector, it's Business viability and Ensuring job security. For more News visit: http://www.sabc.co.za/news
Views: 275 SABC Digital News
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 6
 
15:13
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 5295 Jarrah White
Precious Metals and Mining Shares get Slammed: Interview w/ Mickey Fulp
 
16:38
Subscribe NOW to get Tomorrow's Important Update: http://FutureMoneyTrends.com The Mercenary Geologist is here at the right time to discuss what just happened in the gold/silver/mining sector Tuesday October 4th. TOPICS IN THIS INTERVIEW: 00:45 The straight talk on tue Oct 4 trading 01:30 This Year's Rally & Correction Summary 03:00 Gold Technical Analysis & Seasonality 04:20 TSXV down 3% today, tracking price of Gold 05:00 Don’t Panic, crash exaggerating by stop loss selling 05:50 Money Flowing back into mining/gold/silver sector 07:30 Base Metals & Commodities coming back into rally 09:40 Could Gold/Silver go below 200 Day Moving Average? 11:00 San Bernardino city hall closed over earthquake risk 13:50 2016 Election: Huge Upside for Precious Metals 14:20 Deutsche Bank Crash & Possible Italy exit from EU 15:10 Mickey Fulp voting for Gary Johnson 16:10 Get more from Mickey Fulp, see him at conferences
Views: 8241 FutureMoneyTrends.com
Material Properties of Regolith and Other Materials Available on the Moon, Mars and Asteroids
 
39:53
Watch Philip Metzger from University of Central Florida giving a talk "Material Properties of Regolith and Other Materials Available on the Moon, Mars and Asteroids for 3D Additive Construction" on August 24, 2015 at Caltech. This talk was part of the Short Course "Using In-Situ Resources for 3D Additive Construction in Space" presented by the Keck Institute for Space Studies.
Views: 1136 KISSCaltech
Where Does All Our Oil Come From?
 
04:32
We rely on oil to power our lives, but how do we go about getting it? How does oil even form? Read More: Fossil Fuel http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/f/fossil_fuel.htm "Fossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal, fuel oil or natural gas, formed from the remains of dead plants and animals." If We Dig Out All Our Fossil Fuels, Here's How Hot We Can Expect It to Get http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/09/upshot/if-we-dig-out-all-our-fossil-fuels-heres-how-hot-we-can-expect-it-to-get.html?abt=0002&abg=1 "World leaders are once again racing to avert disastrous levels of global warming through limits on greenhouse gas emissions." How Oil Drilling Works http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/oil-drilling4.htm "Once the equipment is at the site, the crew sets the rig up." How Hydraulic Fracking Works http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/hydraulic-fracking.htm "With tumultuous gas prices and dependence on unsustainable fossil fuels at a high, there's a desperate need to find alternative energy sources" How do we get oil and gas out of the ground? http://www.world-petroleum.org/index.php?/Education/how-do-we-get-oil-and-gas-out-of-the-ground.html "Oil and gas can get trapped in pockets underground such as where the rocks are folded into an umbrella shape." A cleaner way to get petroleum out of oil sands http://www.cbsnews.com/news/new-process-washes-the-petroleum-off-oil-sands/ "The secret to business is buy low and sell high. Canadian holding company MCW Energy Group hopes to do that by economically separating the petroleum from oil sands and then selling it at market rates of double to triple the processing costs." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Julia Wilde on Twitter https://twitter.com/julia_sci DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Download the TestTube App: http://testu.be/1ndmmMq
Views: 134590 Seeker
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 2
 
14:06
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 891 Jarrah White
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 7
 
06:19
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 1503 Jarrah White
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 3
 
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JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 937 Jarrah White
First Landsat: "Earth Resources Technology Satellite" (ERTS) 1973 NASA
 
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NASA & Space Miscellany playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL_hX5wLdhf_K3mK1TZNCkmdD-JMZYGew1 more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/environment/environment_news.html "National Aeronautics and Space Administration This film illustrates how the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) helped to meet the need for a worldwide survey of Earth resources in order to assist scientists and governments plan their use and conservation." Produced for NASA by Audio Productions. NASA film HQ-223 Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landsat_1 Landsat 1, originally named "Earth Resources Technology Satellite 1", was the first satellite of the United States' Landsat program. It was a modified version of the Nimbus 4 meteorological satellite and was launched on July 23, 1972 by a Delta 900 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The near-polar orbiting spacecraft served as a stabilized, Earth-oriented platform for obtaining information on agricultural and forestry resources, geology and mineral resources, hydrology and water resources, geography, cartography, environmental pollution, oceanography and marine resources, and meteorological phenomena. To accomplish these objectives, the spacecraft was equipped with: - a three-camera return-beam vidicon (RBV) to obtain visible light and near infrared photographic images of Earth; - a four-channel multispectral scanner (MSS) to obtain radiometric images of Earth; - a data collection system (DCS) to collect information from remote, individually equipped ground stations and to relay the data to central acquisition stations. The satellite also carried two wide-band video tape recorders (WBVTR) capable of storing up to 30 minutes of scanner or camera data, giving the spacecraft's sensors a near-global coverage capability. An advanced attitude control system consisting of horizon scanners, sun sensors, and a command antenna combined with a freon gas propulsion system permitted the spacecraft's orientation to be maintained within plus or minus 0.7 degrees in all three axes. Spacecraft communications included a command subsystem operating at 154.2 and 2106.4 MHz and a PCM narrow-band telemetry subsystem, operating at 2287.5 and 137.86 MHz, for spacecraft housekeeping, attitude, and sensor performance data. Video data from the three-camera RBV system was transmitted in both real-time and tape recorder modes at 2265.5 MHz, while information from the MSS was constrained to a 20 MHz radio-frequency bandwidth at 2229.5 MHz. In 1976, Landsat 1 discovered a tiny uninhabited island 20 kilometers off the eastern coast of Canada. This island was thereafter designated Landsat Island after the satellite. As of 2006, it is the only island to be discovered via satellite imagery. The spacecraft was turned off on January 6, 1978, when cumulative precession of the orbital plane caused the spacecraft to become overheated due to near-constant exposure to sunlight. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landsat_program The Landsat program is the longest running enterprise for acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth. On July 26, 1972 the Earth Resources Technology Satellite was launched. This was eventually renamed to Landsat. The most recent, Landsat 7, was launched on April 15, 1999. The instruments on the Landsat satellites have acquired millions of images. The images, archived in the United States and at Landsat receiving stations around the world, are a unique resource for global change research and applications in agriculture, cartography, geology, forestry, regional planning, surveillance, education and national security. Landsat 7 data has eight spectral bands with spatial resolutions ranging from 15 to 60 meters; the temporal resolution is 16 days. Hughes Santa Barbara Research Center initiated design and fabrication of the first three MSS Multispectral Scanners... The first prototype MSS was completed within nine months by fall of 1970 when it was tested by scanning Half Dome at Yosemite National Park. ...In 1979, Presidential Directive 54 under President of the United States Jimmy Carter transferred Landsat operations from NASA to NOAA... and recommended transition to private sector operation of Landsat. This occurred in 1985 when the Earth Observation Satellite Company (EOSAT), a partnership of Hughes Aircraft and RCA, was selected by NOAA...
Views: 2317 Jeff Quitney
10 Things You Didnt Know The World Is Running Out Of
 
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Are we about to run out of chocolate, wine or even sperm? Humanity is certainly going through its resources at an alarming rate, so what important items are on the brink of extinction? Click to Subscribe.. http://bit.ly/WTVC4x FAQ's: What editing software do we use?: http://amzn.to/2p8Y4G2 What mic do we use for our voice overs?: http://amzn.to/2pbWBzr What camera do we use to film?: http://amzn.to/2pbMv1A What computer do we edit on?: http://amzn.to/2p951qu Check out the best of Alltime10s - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLec1lxRhYOzt2qqqnFBIpUm63wr5yhLF6 Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: http://ow.ly/3FNFR Twitter: http://ow.ly/3FNMk
Views: 1248433 Alltime10s
Want to Invest in Mining in 2017? Look Out For This - Brent Cook | OUTLOOK 2017
 
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It is no secret that 2016 proved to be a positive year for the mining sector, with some gold and silver stocks rallying over 100%. Could this happen again in 2017? Giving his outlook on the sector, Exploration Insights’ Brent Cook joins Kitco News on a special Outlook 2017 edition of the Gold Report, where he shares some insights as to what he thinks is in store for miners next year. ‘My expectation is that we’re going to see the precious metals back off into early next year as the markets continue its [...] unjustified rise, and the dollar as well,’ he said. ‘But reality is going to set in next year and once it does, I expect investors move back into precious metals.’ Cook also shares his top mining picks and what effects, if any, President-elect Donald Trump can have on the sector in 2017. Don’t forget to sign up for Kitco News’ Weekly Roundup – comes out every Friday to recap the hottest stories & videos of the week: http://www.kitco.com/newsletter Join the conversation @ The Kitco Forums and be part of the premier online community for precious metals investors: http://kitcomm.com -- Or join the conversation on social media: @KitcoNewsNOW on Twitter: http://twitter.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Facebook: http://facebook.com/kitconews --- Kitco News on Google+: http://google.com/+kitco --- Kitco News on StockTwits: http://stocktwits.com/kitconews
Views: 11595 Kitco NEWS
SSC Chemistry : Chapter 10( ধাতু নিষ্কাশন ) Extraction of metal || Moon Sir || New || HD
 
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ধাতু নিষ্কাশন Extraction of metal =========================== Follow us: Facebook: https://www.fb.co/mtutorialhome https://www.fb.com/moontutorialhome Email: [email protected] =============================== #Metal_extraction #ধাতু_নিষ্কাশন #Chemistry =========================== extraction of metals, extraction of metals igcse, extraction of metals from ores, extraction of metals igcse chemistry, extraction of metals class 10, extraction of metal from concentrated ore, extraction of metal by electrolysis, extraction of metals in hindi, extraction of metals from their ores, extraction of metals animation, extraction of metal from ore, extraction of metal class 10, extraction of metal in hindi, extraction of metal class 12, extraction of metal from concentrated ore class 10, extraction of metal of high reactivity, extraction of metal class 10 in hindi, extraction of sodium metal by down's process, extraction of sodium metal by electrolysis, extraction of metal class 12 pdf, extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore, extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore class 12, extraction of crude metal from the ore, general principle of extraction of metal, extraction of metal from its ore, extraction of metal means, extraction of metal meaning in urdu, extraction of metal ore, extraction of crude metal from ore, occurrence and extraction of metal, extraction of metal from the concentrated ore, what is extraction of metal, extraction of metals class x ======================== science, extraction of metals, chemistry, reduction, oxidation, revision, gcse, ores, froth floatation, class 10 science, smelting, bronze, how secure is my password, lastpass.com, delete account mobogram, lastpass premium features, laspass, lastpas, recover, password manager, generate password, random password generator, lastpass premium, lastpass download, lastpass chrome, password generator, password, lastpass login, lastpass, malachite, metallurgy, metal, copper age, electrochemistry, extract, ore, last password, mineralogy, geology, rockhounding ============================================ metal extraction, metal extraction process, metal extraction by electrolysis, metal extraction igcse, metal extraction chemistry, metal extraction class 10, metal extraction class 12, metal extraction from ores, metal extraction tube, metal extraction using carbon, biological metal extraction, extraction of crude metal, extraction of metal class 10th, igcse chemistry metal extraction, metal extraction documentary, metal extraction electrolysis, freesciencelessons metal extraction, metal gear extraction, extraction of metal in hindi, heavy metal extraction, extraction of metal, extraction of metal class 10, extraction of sodium metal, extraction of metal class 12, extraction of metal by electrolysis, extraction of iron metal, extraction of zinc metal, precious metal extraction, zn metal extraction, metal gear solid 5 extraction, metal gear solid 5 extraction vehicles ================================ science, ores, chemistry, smelting, froth floatation, revision, minerals, iron, gcse, blast furnace, metal extraction, minerals and ores, ore, metal, electrochemistry, ingot, crucible, furnace, last password, how secure is my password, lastpass.com, delete account mobogram, lastpass premium features, laspass, lastpas, recover, password manager, generate password, random password generator, lastpass premium, lastpass download, lastpass chrome, password generator, password, lastpass login, lastpass, malachite, metallurgy, copper age, minecraft
Views: 86 Moon Tutorial Home
Elizabeth Frank, Senior Planetary Scientist
 
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Learn about our Senior Planetary Scientist, Elizabeth’s Frank, Ph.D. She has worked on the Messenger Mission, is a collaborator for the OSIRIS-REx science team, and is leading the Data and Science Team.
Views: 1144 Planetary Resources
Geologic Core Drilling
 
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Now, let's settle down...actually, way down! Anyone who has ever planted a tree has seen a couple of feet below the surface. But how about 80 feet underground? Knowing how things look down there helps us make better decisions about what to do...up here.
Views: 18292 SCNaturalResources
Redefining the search space for minerals
 
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This presentation describes the misalignment between the current mineral industry practice and the future mineral and resource needs of society. Meeting these needs will requiring a fundamental shift how the mineral industry does their exploration targeting. Exploration will need to shift from looking at longer life but increasingly lower grade and high energy consumption brownfield deposits to seeking higher quality greenfield deposits. Finding new mineral districts, particularly those in areas of challenging cover, will require innovations in both technology and understanding mineral systems on a greater scale. Presented by Prof. Campbell McCuaig, Director of the Centre for Exploration Targeting (CET) at the University of Western Australia.
Views: 380 EarthExplorerTV
Curiosity Mining Minerals On Planet Mars
 
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NASA Video about minerals on Mars. Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. Credit: NASA Follow Us: Facebook: https://goo.gl/QapZAe Twitter: https://goo.gl/RoQSmJ
Views: 247 DEEP SPACE TV
CHINA NOT ALONE ON MOON!  NASA has proof? Jade Rabbit 中國並不是唯一在月球
 
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中國並不是唯一在月球 JADE RABBIT, the Chinese Moon Rover is the first return to the moon in over 30 years...Or is it??? NASA photos recently discovered may prove the Chinese are not alone on the moon. Someone has been mining Helium 3 on the lunar surface for decades.
Simulating the Moon's Surface - Lunar Regolith Simulant Sample
 
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Simulating the Moon's Surface - Lunar Regolith Simulant Sample
Views: 332 RCSpacePioneers
Mining 101: Ep 9. What is Chromite?
 
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David Cliff, President and CEO of Empire Mining, explains what Chromite is and what it is used for. From Wiki: Chromite is found in peridotite from the Earth's mantle. It also occurs in layered ultramafic intrusive rocks. In addition, it is found in metamorphic rocks such as some serpentinites. Ore deposits of chromite form as early magmatic differentiates. It is commonly associated with olivine, magnetite, serpentine, and corundum. For More Information, Visit: http://www.empireminingcorp.com http://www.evenkeelmedia.com Sign up for our FREE newsletter! https://secure.campaigner.com/CSB/Public/Form.aspx?fid=541179
Views: 654 mining101
►12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy◄
 
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●12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy Amazing Video ►Next Great Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fo1zLgLGyHY From Borealis Basin to Lunar Water here are 12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy. Would you explore outer space? ►Don't Forget to Subscribe! 6. Kepler-186f NASA astronomers and their super space telescope Kepler discovered the first planet suitable for human habitation that is around the same size as Earth in July 2015. Other similar planets have been found, but they have been at least 40 percent larger than Earth. Kepler-186f lies in the constellation Cygnus, which is about 500 light years from Earth. The system in which the planet was found contains four other planets that all orbit a star that is about half the mass of our sun. Its star provides Kepler-186f with about a third of the energy that the Sun provides Earth. 5. Borealis Basin According to a study released by NASA in 2009 researchers analysis of NASA, spacecraft observation revealed what is by far the largest impact crater ever found in the solar system. The Borealis Basin is located in the northern hemisphere and covers around forty percent of Mars. The crater is 5,300 miles across, which is around four times wider than the next largest known crater, the Hellas basin on southern Mars. An accompanying analysis suggested that the object that made the basin must have been 1,200 miles across making it larger than Pluto. 4. Lunar Water Though the moon is drier than the barest deserts on earth, it does contain small quantities of water. According to studies published in late 2009 observations from three different spacecraft presented unambiguous evidence of the presence of water on the moon. Scientists estimate that there are around six hundred metric tons of water ice in craters on the north pole of earth’s only satellite. Lunar water could theoretically be converted into rocket fuel, potentially allowing the moon to be used as a lunar gas station for anyone who wanted to take a spacecraft on a long journey through space in the future. 3. Curiosity Since landing on Mars in November of 2011, the car-sized rover Curiosity has sent remarkable photos like this one (the lights were added for effect and to make it a better wallpaper) and made surprising discoveries about the planet that have fascinated the humble people of Earth. Its instruments were able to detect high levels of manganese oxide in rocks, pointing to the idea that oxygen was more abundant on the planet in the past than experts previously theorized. In October 2016 the robot stumbled on a small metallic meteorite with a smooth surface unlike any ever seen before. Scientists dubbed the surprising find “Egg Rock.” 2. Titan As the only other planet in the solar system known to have an earthlike cycle of liquids flowing on its surface, Titan has drawn an enormous amount of interest from the public. Titan is the second-largest moon in the solar system and orbits the planet Saturn. Though Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovered its existence on March 25, 1655, humans didn’t explore the moon in any way until the 1990’s. In 1994 NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope took pictures of Titan that showed that it had large bright and dark regions on its surface. In July 2004 NASA’s Cassini spacecraft arrived in Titan’s vicinity. Specially built to see through Titan’s clouds the craft was able to map a large portion of Titan’s surface. Cassini was also able to make detailed studies of the moon’s atmosphere. 1. Helium 3 Rare on Earth, researchers discovered that Helium 3 is abundant on the moon. This find is incredibly exciting because the isotope could be used to create clean nuclear energy through nuclear fusion. Helium 3 isn’t radioactive and doesn’t create any dangerous waste byproducts. Plenty of people are proponents of mining the moon for its abundance of Helium 3 and other resources including former NASA astronaut and Apollo geologist Harrison Schmidt. Moon Express is the first private company to receive government permission to travel beyond Earth’s orbit, and they recently announced that they would be sending a small robotic spacecraft to the surface of the moon by the end of the year. Once there they hope to mine the moon for Helium 3 and other valuable resources. They also hope to travel 500 meters across its surface and send high definition video and pictures back to Earth. If the mission is entirely successful, they would not only be the first entity that isn’t a world superpower to land a craft on the moon, but they would also win the Google Lunar XPRIZE competition and its reward of 20 million dollars. ●Thank you for Watching! ●Subscribe! ➥Goot Luck!
LIVE - Why cant we see the Apollo sites from Earth with Marc D'Antonio - replay
 
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Our 1st live steam where looked at a subject I covered before about 15 months ago, of Why can't we see the Apollo sites from Earth but this time with the help of astronomer Marc D'Antonio in more detail with viewer questions. Timestamped Sections Marc D'Antonio 0:34 Main topic start 2:15 Q&A start 28:04 Marc's Battleship Office 1:22:59 Marc's 3D printed Crators 1:27:00 Mutual UFO network 1:30:35 Our guest speaker is Marc Dantonio www.fxmodels.com SkyTour LiveStream with Marc Dantonio on YouTube link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKy1byNPZrXLwd82TB6RPqQ? www.mufon.com SkyTour Radio on KGRA with Marc Dantonio http://kgraradio.com/skytour-radio/ Thanks to our chat moderators Andy Munzer Rebecca Kelly Roy OSOC Intro music by Mike G Mullen, BMI, www.positrosmic.com Images : LROC, NASA Some links to items in the show A working out of the maths to resolve an image the size of the LM from Hubble and Earth http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/disclaimer/45-our-solar-system/the-moon/the-moon-landings/122-are-there-telescopes-that-can-see-the-flag-and-lunar-rover-on-the-moon-beginner Hubble Shots of the Moon http://hubblesite.org/image/796/news_release/1999-14 Apollo 11 as seen from the LRO https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/news/apollo-11.html LRO Quick Map target.lroc.asu.edu/da/qmap.html Another good reference why we cant see the apollo sites http://www.science20.com/robert_walker/why_we_cant_use_hubble_to_see_the_lunar_lander_how_could_we_see_it_in_high_resolution-225243
Views: 44091 Curious Droid
DMC Lecture: Finding Useful Minerals and Mining on Mars
 
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Del Mar College Natural Science Lecture with W. Vernon Kramer. Finding Useful Mineral and Mining on Mars Isn't Easy. Recorded February 15, 2008
Views: 74 Del Mar College
CHINA'S mining of large-scale fire: Many skeptics
 
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CHINA'S mining of large-scale fire: Many skeptics It does not exclude the possibility that China has the most modern technology in the world to exploit firefighting. Dr. Phung Van Phach, director of the Institute of Geography and Marine Geology, said that China's determination to tap fire is similar to that of Japan and Korea. Because this is the kind of energy that many countries in the world are eager to own, so China's claim to exploit this resource on an industrial scale is also being considered. According to the TS, China is a follower, but a country with a strong economy, science and technology. Therefore, they do not exclude the possibility that they already own the world's most modern burner technology. SUBSCRIBE my channel here: http://bit.ly/2bekG3G URL video: http://bit.ly/2sGJbhe G+ here: http://bit.ly/2ceByt8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Hashtag: #HotNews #SouthChinaSea #ChinaSea
Views: 564 Hot News
Porphyry copper deposit formation in the context of transcrustal magma systems
 
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John Blundy, University of Bristol It is more than 10-years since the last detailed look at the role that volcanic and magmatic processes play in the role of ore deposits formation. The topic is still current and ready for a wide-ranging reassessment. This meeting addressed the fundamental controls on metal transport and deposition in magmatic systems.
Views: 468 GeologicalSociety
Ancient Annunaki Petroglyphs In New Mexico - Cosmic Catastrophe - Rewriting Of Ancient History
 
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Join Rex Bear and I for an amazing discussion about ancient cultures, petroglyphs and their actual meaning. Cutting edge science and ancient mythology coalesce into one of the most amazing narratives in recent times.. and that's a boom! Incredible Chart that links Solar Cycles and Mass Events from Randall Carlson https://sacredgeometryinternational.com/randall-carlson/ Interdimensional Beings, Looking Petroglyphs http://thetrekplanner.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DSC_0076-1024x681.jpg http://thetrekplanner.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DSC_0089-1024x681.jpg LEAK PROJECT Over 2,000 Podcasts, Exclusive Content and Products Specials http://www.leakproject.com Oppenheimer Ranch Preparedness Store - BOOM! https://www.amazon.com/shop/oppenheimerranchproject Discord - Join The Discussion NOW - https://discord.gg/Mv9e8ud Abundant Harvest - Ultimate Food Security Book Use Coupon Code - Harvest Boom for $3 Off The Cover Price **Oppenheimer Exclusive** Here Is The E-Book - https://payhip.com/b/6Zzd/af5b3cdf1933de5 Here Is The PDF - https://payhip.com/b/XMVw/af5b3cdf1933de5 Oppenheimer Ranch Project Store: https://teespring.com/stores/oppenheimer-ranch-project COLD TIMES - Oppenheimer Ranch Project SPECIAL Just $14.95 (over 20% off the cover price of $18.95!) No shipping charge. https://www.auctoritaspublishing.org/specials HEMPLUCID - EXPERIENCE LIFE AGAIN 20% OFF + FREE SHIPPING Simply use the coupon code- BOOM (all caps) Oppenheimer Ranch Project Exclusive Link https://lddy.no/4a7z Support our work on Patreon here: https://www.patreon.com/OppenheimerRanchProject My Patriot Supply - The original Patriot survival company https://mypatriotsupply.com/?rfsn=1708188.df0e05 Check out our WEBSITE!! https://www.3canyons.org/ https://www.oppenheimerranch.org/ One Time Donations: https://www.paypal.me/OppenheimerRanchProj Bitcoin: 17NV3vtcQhRnsRnjckCcYkKVEUcnirKQ62 Dtube: https://d.tube/#!/c/solarshutdown Steemit: https://steemit.com/@solarshutdown Please Visit Our Facebook Resources: Solar Shutdown: https://www.facebook.com/SolarShutdown/ Comet C/2017 K2 - Panstarrs: https://www.facebook.com/OppenheimerRanchProject/ Plasma Geology: https://www.facebook.com/Plasma-Geology-321021831434846/ Oppenheimer Ranch Project: An experiment in high alpine sustainability. https://www.facebook.com/oppenheimerranch/ Check Out Ice Age Farmer on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI-Am0t4qQaP_Do9FwMWw3Q Please SUBSCRIBE to our channel if you enjoyed the content. Share this video with like-minded individuals ​
PEAK GOLD: MYTH or HARD FACT? | Tim Warman
 
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With signals pointing to gold set-up for a strong year in 2018, propelled by fed tightening and large investment capital rotation out of topping stocks into precious metals, will demand for physical gold outpace it's comparatively inelastic supply, DRIVING GOLD PRICES EVEN HIGHER? And have we PASSED PEAK GOLD production globally, or will rising gold prices enable major increases in supply to be quickly brought online? What are the real constraints to gold exploration, development, and production, from an industry insider's perspective? Fiore Gold CEO and President Tim Warman visits Reluctant Preppers as a professional geologist with over 25 years of experience in all phases of mineral exploration, from grassroots exploration to feasibility and development. He has held board or senior leadership roles with some of the most successful exploration and development companies of the past decade, which have together discovered over 30 million ounces of gold. Mr. Warman is a director of Continental Gold Inc. He was president of Dalradian Resources, which is developing the Curraghinalt gold project in Northern Ireland, from 2012 to 2015. Previously, Mr. Warman was vice-president, corporate development, of Aurelian Resources Inc. Find Mr. Warman & Fiore Gold online at: FioreGold.com Subscribe (it's FREE!) to Reluctant Preppers for more ► http://bit.ly/Subscribe-Free Channel graphics by http://JosiahJohnsonStudios.com Promotion by http://FinanceAndLiberty.com
Views: 2230 Reluctant Preppers
FULL EPISODE Lesson 20 Anatomy Of A Continent - Understanding The Earth
 
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FULL EPISODE Lesson 20 Anatomy Of A Continent - Understanding The Earth Planet of Man Series -- Shield of Plenty Intro - Dr. David Pearson Starring; Tuzo Wilson -- renowned geophysicist Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 1 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Typical topography of Northern Ontario and northern Canada •Canada's wealth is found in the shield •Precambrian characteristic -- red, granitic & contorted •Oldest rock in the world - precambrian •Cambrian name derived from rocks found in Wales that are .5 billion years old •Grenville rocks formed about 1 billion years ago •Mining footage from the 1960's -- showing headframes, blasting in open pits and underground •17% of earth is made of Precambrian shield; Canadian Shield, South American Shield, Indian Shield, Baltic, African, Australian •Shields are hard to live in and difficult to penetrate •Precambrian rocks found at bottom of canyons - Grand Canyon •Precambrian rocks found at base of mountains -- New Mexico •Geological time -- Precambrian time -- scale showing time •20th century idea of age of the earth-- 1917; earth age 1 billion, 1947; 3 billion years old today 4.5 billion years •Precambrian rocks still being studied and researched. Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 2 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Canadian pacific railway through Canadian Shield which lead to the discovery of the Sudbury basin •Vintage footage showing underground mining •Fred Larose -- silver ore discovered Cobalt Ontario •Vintage footage of silver smelting in the Cobalt area •Exploration of Precambrian rocks •Stromatolites in Northwest territories and Australia •Radiometric dating guide in determining age of rock •Archean and Proterozoic rocks •Greenstone belts -- formation and origin unknown but wealth of resources are found here. •Differences between Archean and Proterozoic rock types are important. Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 3 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Geological exploration team analysing Precambrian rock in Northwest territories •Differences between Archean and Proterozoic rock types are important. •Precambrian rocks of the Grand Canyon a layer above the Precambrian is missing?? •Sedimentary rock was once thought the oldest rocks on earth •Elliot lake ores discussed by David Pearson -- sedimentary rock Brannierite ores are Precambrian time. •No oxygen in the Precambrian Evidence of life in the Precambrian -- Stromatolite • Formation of the atmosphere in early time •Geologists collecting rock samples in the Precambrian shield preparing to leave •Fossils are few in Precambrian •More information needs to be found about Precambrian although still hunting for minerals in the Precambrian will always exist Anatomy of a Continent Lesson 20 - Part 4 of 6 Host Dr. David Pearson •Canada is a good case study of the geological makeup or in other words geological anatomy of continents. •Geological maps on a map - dip, strike, type, age of years •Explaining, from a geological map of Canada, the various items on a geological map. •Patterns of Anticline, syncline •Patterns of faulting Anatomy of a Continent - Lesson 20 - Part 5 of 6 •Patterns of faulting. •Greenstone belts - Iron formation (red and black bands), Basalt (greenish), originated in water. •Pillow Lavas - best exposure in Yellowknife. •Greenstone Origins. •Divisions-units (age) in the Canadian Shield. Anatomy of a Continent - Lesson 20 - Part 6 of 6 •Proto continents •Unconformity •Elliot Lake Sediments accumulated on the edge of a Proto continent. •Great example that shows the behavior of the continental crust. Great Slave Lake area between Yellowknife and the arctic coast. •Ancient Limestone's in Great Slave Lake area. •Stromatolites - Great Slave Lake area.
Views: 3899 mineguy101
Regolith Demo
 
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Views: 19221 RoverGuy109
Mr. Lee - Rock Cycle rap
 
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A song for my sixth graders about the rock cycle, sung to the tune of "Still Fly" by Page featuring Drake. Lyrics: (Hook) Rock cycle Round and round Like the wheels on the bus rolling over the ground Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, for sure it's Fun just like it sounds Sedimentary rocks are made When three things happen over many days Deposition, compaction, cementation Makes them form ok, ok (Verse 1) I know there's more exciting things than rocks Like chillin' with your friends or playing Xbox But I bet that you gon' see it on the MSA Hear me out, listen to what I'm about to say Igneous rocks form when volcanos erupt Because when the lava finally gets cool enough The molten material begins to harden And igneous rocks are formed, ballin' Formed underground means intrusive Formed above ground means extrusive This song is so nice not abusive Rocks everywhere they not elusive Second type is sedimentary Big words like this sound so scary Ha, but there's no need to be scared Just remember that these rocks have a lot of layers (Hook) (Verse 2) Each layer is made up of sediment Which is soil, small rocks, and whatever man And it was all laid down by deposition At the bottom of a river then collision The layers get pressed together by compaction, there's just so much action and I'm askin for you to know that the top layers push down on the ones below Cementation yeah glues it all together sediment that's stuck together is just so much better And if you lucky you might discover some fossils They even older than the food be at McDonald's Clap your hands, we have sedimentary rock But there's a third type and I hope that you haven't forgot Metamorphic rocks are made with heat and pressure Let me sing it to you, "heat and pressure" (Hook) Maryland Indicator 2.A.4. Differentiate among sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks based upon the processes by which they are formed.
Views: 1561751 tfashady410
What Is The Surface Of The Moon Made Of?
 
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What is the moon made of? Parts, features, and components of surface moon? What's on what rocks from? Zme science. The lunar highlands are mostly made of anorthosite. Moon made of? Space. Mi) deep, its floor is the lowest point on surface of moon nov 3, 2008 composition a bit mystery. The moon's surface is covered with dead volcanoes, impact craters, and lava flows, some visible to the unaided stargazer it most likely made of minerals like olivine pyroxene, which are up over billions years, these impacts have ground moon feb 9, 2017 not cheese! here's a rocks, found on moon, igneous rocks that formed when cooled this kind rock earth but extremely rare. New crater on moon made by crash of nasa's ladee spacecraft. What is the moon made of? Space what Chemical composition thoughtco. What is the moon made of youtube. Html url? Q webcache. Jun 9, 2017 do you usually wonder what the moon is made of? Well, read about surface features of and their importance. What is the moon made of? Geology of wikipediawhat Universe today. What is contrary to popular belief the moon not made of cheese!. Meanwhile the infant moon was subject to (or luna) is earth's only natural satellite and formed 4. Moon made of? Space what is the moon space 19582 composition. Surface properties of the moon. The moon lunar rocks are in large part made of the same common rock forming minerals as found on earth, such olivine, pyroxene, and is an astronomical body that orbits planet being earth's only permanent consistent with this perspective, geochemical mapping from orbit suggests crust mostly anorthosite. Billion this means that the surface of moon is unprotected from cosmic rays, apr 7, 2016. See also the facts as we mentioned, first thing that you'll notice when you look at moon's surface are dark and light areas. What's the moon made of? Nasa mission finds it's nothing so simple asp surface of. What is the moon made of? Different elements of facts interesting about space. Googleusercontent search. As meteoroids crash onto the moon surface, rocks are broken into many pieces geology of is quite different from that earth. What is the moon made of? . The dark areas are called maria. Moon mystery solved? Hovering soil linked to glass bubbles. Although we know a lot about what the surface of moon is made of, scientists can only nov 6, 2008 colour enhanced view lunar from galileo spacecraft. There are oct 20, 2016 many of the returned rocks were basalts, as surface moon itself another part highlands is composed made a has two hemispheres with rather asymmetric it from debris blasted out lunar craters by meteor impacts that created time went on, magma cooled and formed iron, olivine magnesium silicates sank beneath. The moon rock in the solar system. Breccias are igneous rocks composed of pieces older. Jan 31, 2013 children's fairytales tell us that the moon is made of cheese, but like all bodies in solar system, rock more realistic ingredient. Oct 21, 2010 but scientists say they now k
Views: 20 Put Put 1
Petroleum Geology | Western Colorado University
 
06:30
The Moncrief Petroleum Geology program is for geoscientists planning careers in the oil and gas industry, as well as careers in resource assessment and energy policy. The Petroleum Geology program launched in 2002, thanks to a $1 million endowment from Western alumnus Paul Rady, Chariman and CEO of Antero Resources. Mr. Rady followed up in 2014 with another $1.5 million gift. Another $2.5 million in gifts from legendary oilman W.A. “Tex” Moncrief Jr. of Ft. Worth, Texas, in 2005 and 2007, established the Moncrief Petroleum Geology program. This further strengthened the program and indicates the significance of Western’s efforts to the industry. Learn more at http://western.edu/petroleumgeology
Ring of Fire Biomonitoring
 
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By Vanessa Bourne Winner, Best Cinematography, 2016 Eagle Awards (VLWL) Freshwater is a resource that is essential to the functioning of our ecosystems, and monitoring the effects we are having on freshwater systems is critical to the survival of many organisms. The Ring of Fire - one of the most promising mineral development opportunities in Ontario in over a century - is situated in the Hudson Bay Lowlands, an area that supports a thriving ecosystem and the third largest wetland in the world. Mining developments have the potential to introduce many stressors that could impact these rivers and streams. In order to monitor the environmental impacts of future mining on this near pristine area, Vanessa Bourne's graduate research is helping to determine the baseline environmental conditions as part of the Ring of Fire Biomonitoring Project.
Space Exploration
 
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Heidi Hammel says reallocating money toward science could do us a lot of good. Question: What is inhibiting space exploration today? Heidi Hammel: It's clear that the only thing that is inhibiting us from doing further human exploration of space is money and the will to do it. I mean, if we could do it 30, 40 years ago, 50 years ago, whatever, we could certainly do it now. It costs a lot of money, and you need to have a good reason to do it. And in the past our reasons were not science, and don't let scientists tell you otherwise. That just means they haven't read history. We were not doing moon landings to do geological exploration of the surface. In fact, when we got to that point, the program was canceled, so human spaceflight at this point is not about science. It really needs to be about economics or politics. So there's nothing technological preventing us from doing it. We have the technology to live in space for years right now. Getting to Mars is a little more challenging. It's a lot further than the moon, a lot further than the moon. People don't really appreciate that, but it's going to be a lot harder, and people worry about the sun and whether those solar flares will hurt the astronauts. But that's just a technological problem. You could think of ways to get around it. It just costs money and costs the will power. So there's people willing to go right now. Some of these astronauts, they want to go to space. They want. That's what they want to do. I don't want to go, but that's just my own personal thing. I'm happy here on the surface of the earth. If space travel ever got to be as simple as jet travel today, yeah, I'd take a jet flight to the moon. But right now it's too cramped and tiny, and I just don't want to do that. My kids, if they want to, I mean, there's nothing preventing it except it costs money. I wish that our resources in our country were devoted to things like exploration and expanding our boundaries rather than some of the other things that we're spending 10 billion dollars on every two weeks. But that's not my choice to make really, except as a citizen I vote all the time. Because exploration is not science driven, you've got to ask what is it driven by? And it's driven by politics. And I gave a public lecture quite a few years ago now, where I was talking about the future of planetary exploration. And I said in this very public lecture, I said, you know, "I think the only way that the U.S. human spaceflight program is going to get really revitalized, really put sort of an Apollo level push on it, is if some other country, perhaps China, were to actually have a landed flight to the moon and brought back our American flag and put it in Tiananmen Square. Now I think that might be a provocative enough maneuver that the U.S. might stand up and say, oh, well, well, we can do that, too. We can go back to the moon. To me that's the only kind of thing that will make our government turn around and start investing in human spaceflight. With that said, I think the world is changing. I think that the private industries are now starting to get interested enough in space that we may see a very different paradigm come up for human spaceflight. It may be the Branson's, the Virgin Galactic Spaceship One, it may be those people, sort of like the Orville and Wilbur Wright's of spaceflight, who actually with their small spacecraft make it more of a tourist industry, and they start to get enough money. And once you get enough money going, then other people throw money at it, and as I said earlier, money is all you need. There's no technological barrier to space exploration. It's money. The private part of our industry may overtake the government part. And we may see space, human spaceflight, coming at us from a very different direction than our current thinking has put it. A lot of science fiction writers have talked about that in the past, where you've got your asteroid mining companies, and that they are the ones that are really going to make space exploration happen. It may turn out to be something like that. I don't see any reason that it can't happen. We just need to find the money and the will to make it happen.
Views: 245 Big Think
Healing Crystals Sphalerite Information Video
 
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More information on Sphalerite: http://www.healingcrystals.com/Sphalerite_Articles_14838.html To view all our crystals, please go to this link, http://www.healingcrystals.com/categories.html For more information on crystals for various issues, challenges, and ailments, go to this link, http://www.healingcrystals.com/Crystals_for_Common_Conditions_Articles_12069.html To receive a 10% discount on your order, please use this code, YTVideo10. Crystal Blessings!
Views: 828 healingcrystals
Whether the Earth was designed for People ? (geology climate faith belief god)
 
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1) WHETHER THE EARTH WAS DESIGNED FOR PEOPLE ? 2) THE MOON - 4 cm is walking away from the Earth for the year 3) our planet because of that is becoming less and less stable, will cause it extreme climate change 4) CONTINENTAL DRIFT - they cause earthquakes and explosions of volcanoes 5) causes changes in the length and direction of ocean currents, another drastic climate change 6) WEATHER - 8.6 of the million of lightning is hitting of every twenty-four hours 7) extreme temperatures rocking and surroundings of the equator, very strong winds 8) LANDS -- it is only a 29% of an entire surface 9) what for people it is only friendly from 17% of the surface of the entire planet 10) WATER - resources: 97% salt water, 3% fresh water of the 99% of the living space occupy oceans 11) in the middle of the ocean the man for which the Earth was designed can die of desire 12) PEOPLE - about 106 billion peoples lived so far 13) if people didn't die the way it was supposed to be, how would the entire available land look like .. ? 14) WHETHER SOMETIMES THE EARTH WASN'T DESIGNED FOR SALTWATER ORGANISMS ? Earth, also called the world[n 4] and, less frequently, Gaia,[n 5] (or Terra in some works of science fiction[27]) is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life. The earliest life on Earth arose at least 3.5 billion years ago.[28][29][30] Earth's biodiversity has expanded continually except when interrupted by mass extinctions.[31] Although scholars estimate that over 99 percent of all species that ever lived on the planet are extinct,[32][33] Earth is currently home to 10–14 million species of life,[34][35] including over 7.2 billion humans[36] who depend upon its biosphere and minerals. Earth's human population is divided among about two hundred sovereign states which interact through diplomacy, conflict, travel, trade and communication media. According to evidence from radiometric dating and other sources, Earth was formed around four and a half billion years ago. Within its first billion years,[37] life appeared in its oceans and began to affect its atmosphere and surface, promoting the proliferation of aerobic as well as anaerobic organisms and causing the formation of the atmosphere's ozone layer. This layer and the geomagnetic field blocked the most life-threatening parts of the Sun's radiation, so life was able to flourish on land as well as in water.[38] Since then, the combination of Earth's distance from the Sun, its physical properties and its geological history have allowed life to persist In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.[1] The concept of God as described by theologians commonly includes the attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. Monotheism is the belief in the existence of one God or in the oneness of God. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God is purported not to exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within the context of agnosticism. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".[1] Many notable medieval philosophers and modern philosophers have developed arguments for and against the existence of God Geology (from the Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse"[1][2]) is an earth science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change. Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any celestial body (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars). Geology gives insight into the history of the Earth by providing the primary evidence for plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, and past climates. Geology is important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, evaluating water resources, understanding of natural hazards, the remediation of environmental problems, and for providing insights into past climate change. Geology also plays a role in geotechnical engineering and is a major academic discipline. A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation. Collectively, for example, the contemporary Frisians and Danes are two related Germanic peoples, while various Middle Eastern ethnic groups are often linguistically categorized as the Semitic people. See the list of contemporary ethnic groups for more examples.
Views: 58 Majeranek 1731
In Chinese Gold, Demand for Stability over Profits
 
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For more news and videos visit ☛ ‪http://english.ntdtv.com Follow us on Twitter ☛ ‪http://twitter.com/NTDTelevision Add us on Facebook ☛ ‪http://facebook.com/NTDTelevision World gold prices have soared recently amid financial fears. While you might expect this to mean more output, some Chinese mining firms have a different approach--working lower grade ore. The gold price is hovering near the $2,000 range, as global finance markets remain unstable. For many world mining operations, this has meant something of a golden age. The law of supply and demand dictates that as gold is worth more, there will be greater efforts to boost output and take advantage of the price conditions. But things are different in the east Chinese city of Zhaoyuan. It's known as the country's gold capital for its abundant deposits. One small privately-owned gold mine here is estimated to produce some 350 kilograms of gold a year, out of 120 tons of gold ore explored every day. Production has stayed stable despite the recent price jumps—like some other Chinese gold mines, Zhaoyuan's are keeping output steady, by expanding operations into lower grade ore. [Hao Zengbao, Zhaoyuan Gold Administrator]: "This is a resource-type enterprise, as gold mines have their own limited service life spans, and mining exploration usually has to expand year by year, so as to make exploration and mining balanced." Once unprofitable, low-grade sources can now be explored without incurring losses—though this means losing out on the large potential profits from the current prices, if more gold were mined and sold. Some analysts think that this giving up of profits may actually be worth it to local officials—because prolonging the overall gold supply of their mines may prolong their own careers. Private firms may be persuaded by such officials to pursue stability, rather than maximize their own performance.
Views: 978 NTDTV
Moonstone: Feldspar's Crystal Form by GIA
 
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http://gia.edu/gem-encyclopedia Moonstone: Feldspar's Crystal Form by GIA. What makes feldspar's crystal form so special? In this video, learn about the characteristics and properties of feldspar crystals that set them apart from other gemstones. In fact, these crystals are a type of moonstone crystal composed of minerals found in the Earth's crust. As a variety of the feldspar-group mineral orthoclase, moonstone can be found in Tanzania, among other locations around the world, and is a highly prized gem. Appreciate the most appealing aspect of the feldspar crystal moonstone: the soft, billowy adularescence that gives this gem its unique qualities. Though other feldspar minerals can also show adularescence, blue moonstone adularescence is more desirable than white. Learn more about moonstone with GIA's gem encyclopedia: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone • Moonstone Quality Factors: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone-quality-factor • Moonstone Description: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone-description • Moonstone Buyer’s Guide: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone#buyers-guide • Moonstone History and Lore: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone-history-lore • Moonstone Care and Cleaning Guide: http://www.gia.edu/moonstone-care-cleaning The Official GIA Channel on YouTube is also a great resource for moonstone knowledge • Moonstone Adularescence: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VJ2qomzJ5Pk • Moonstone’s Properties: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7akovqGNMc • Moonstone's Rare Phenomena: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBzxly0E0MI&index=2&list=PLWlzLnp9A9J1Lk13CYfy3NNHjoMMWkAar • Constantin Wild | Lovely Tanzanian Moonstone: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNyVTbjtyt8 GIA exists to connect people to the understanding of gems. Our videos provide more information on diamonds, gems, and other related topics • How to Choose a Diamond | GIA Diamond Grading Guide: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PafhSuJQb30 • How to Read a GIA Grading Report: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZ2UtygPnt4 • Sapphire and Ruby Mine in Palin, Cambodia: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKX-Zpg3nOo • Mining for Emerald in Brazil: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rhWIK_yZ7XA • What Attracts Us to Ruby | History: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D2ZmHEQNjUs SUBSCRIBE TO OUR CHANNEL https://www.youtube.com/officialGIAchannel FOLLOW US Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GIA4Cs Blog: http://4csblog.gia.edu/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/gianews Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/giapins/ Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/107659062959606193241
Views: 1217 Official GIA Channel
🇮🇳 India: The Lost Boys | 101 East
 
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India: The Lost Boys Karma,16, has worked as a miner for over a year in India's northeastern state of Meghalaya, crawling deep inside a 'rat-hole' tunnel to dig coal for seven hours a day. "Inside it is very unstable. The smell is awful," he said sitting on a pile of coal. "It is so dirty, and it is difficult to move. You breathe in the coal and the dust. People get sick like this. There is no water to drink and it is so muddy. It is not nice at all." Child rights activists have reported that there are thousands of children like Karma working in Meghalaya's coal pits, because only those who are small in size are able fit in the claustrophobic tunnels. Many of them, like Karma, are believed to be from neighbouring Indian states, or from nearby Nepal and Bangladesh. Hasina Kharbhih has been fighting the exploitation of these children for several years through her NGO Impulse. She said agents working for mine owners help traffic children to the coal-rich Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya. They promise impoverished parents high salaries in return for their children's work, but fail to mention the dangerous conditions they will be living in. The mines often flood without warning or cave in, trapping and killing workers. There is rarely any compensation for the victims. "If we die, we die," said Ram Kumar Rai, 40, a Nepalese miner in Jaintia Hills. "They just bury us here. If we live, we suffer and we can't earn. We rot here and die. People who have money, friends or family here, their body will be sent back to Nepal. And those who don’t have anyone, they will just throw their bodies here or there." Rai was recently trapped in a tunnel after a massive rock fell on him. He had severe pain in his back and chest but received no compensation or money for medical treatment from the mine owner. "When someone dies, they hide the body so no one will know. That way the owner does not pay compensation to the family. He doesn't pay a single cent," he said. There are several national laws in India that set labour and safety standards for mines, and ban children aged under 18 from working there. But the industry in Meghalaya is openly flouting these regulations because the state government has failed to implement these laws and punish offenders. Karma has been labouring here since he was 14. His family of seven moved to Jaintia Hills a few years ago from Assam, desperately searching for work. His father had just died of tuberculosis after spending a lifetime in Meghalaya's mines. "I would like to have the chance to study but then my brother would be the only one working and we cannot afford it. And if I try to do another job, the salary would be less. So do we eat or do I go to school?" Karma said. Karma works most days, using a pick-axe to remove coal from the walls of the tunnels. "When I first went in the rat-hole, I was so scared," he said. "I thought the roof would fall on me. My knees were all scratched, but after two weeks I got used to it." "There are boys who are nine to 10 years of age who are doing this work. Younger than that they cannot do it." Despite several reports by the media and child advocates, Ampareen Lyngdoh, Meghalaya's labour minister, said she had yet to see hard evidence of young labourers. "The mining owners were telling me that a child actually cannot pull out the coal from the mine," she said from her office in the state's capital, Shillong. "You need to verify the ages of these so-called children. We are a community which is very small built. If you looked at my face you would not know how old I am. I can challenge you on that. So I might look sweet 16 but my age is something else. "Every time we rescue these so-called children, they come to a medical officer and they manage to get a certificate which says they are above such and such age." Despite her reservations, Lyngdoh said the government is drafting the state's first ever mining policy so they can register all mine owners and set standards for what they can and cannot do. Child labour is banned under these guidelines but 'rat-hole' mining is not, which is why children are employed in the first place. Child rights activist Hasina Kharbhih is sceptical about the state government's sincerity in tackling child labour. "The political will has not been there because half of the mines are also owned by a lot of political leaders. So definitely there is a vested interest of the political leaders to actually ensure that you slow down the whole process of whatever complaint is coming," she said. "These people have no rights at all. A democratic country like India will not be developing and prospering through violation of rights. It is inhumane." More from 101 East on: YouTube - http://aje.io/101eastYouTube Facebook - http://facebook.com/101east Twitter - http://twitter.com/aj101east Instagram - http://instagram.com/aj101east Website - http://aljazeera.com/101east
Views: 116710 Al Jazeera English
Zenyatta Ventures Ltd.- Unique Hydrothermal Graphite Deposit - Educational Video
 
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1. Largest (Hydrothermal) GRAPHITE Deposit being developed in the World 2. Metallurgical testing yielded Ultra High Purity Carbon - 99.99% 3. Targeting $13 Billion High Purity (Synthetic) GRAPHITE Market ** Educational Video for Illustration Purposes Only; Not to Scale*** "CAUTIONARY STATEMENT: This Article includes certain "forward-looking statements", which often, but not always, can be identified by the use of words such as "believes", "anticipates", "expects", "estimates", "may", "could", "would", "will", or "plan". These statements are based on information currently available to Zenyatta and Zenyatta provides no assurance that actual results will meet management's expectations. Forward-looking statements include estimates and statements with respect to Zenyatta's future plans, objectives or goals, to the effect that Zenyatta or management expects a stated condition or result to occur, including Zenyatta's estimates with respect to mineral resource quantities, grades and economic potential, future exploration and business plans, and the timing for completion of a 43-101 compliant resource estimate and a Preliminary Economic Assessment. Since forward-looking statements are based on assumptions and address future events and conditions, by their very nature they involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Actual results relating to, among other things, results of exploration, project development, reclamation and capital costs of Zenyatta's mineral properties, and Zenyatta's financial condition and prospects, could differ materially from those currently anticipated in such statements for many reasons such as: changes in general economic conditions and conditions in the financial markets; changes in demand and prices for minerals; litigation, legislative, environmental and other judicial, regulatory, political and competitive developments; technological and operational difficulties encountered in connection with Zenyatta's activities; and other matters discussed in this News Release and in filings made with securities regulators. This list is not exhaustive of the factors that may affect any of Zenyatta's forward-looking statements. These and other factors should be considered carefully and readers should not place undue reliance on Zenyatta's forward-looking statements. Zenyatta does not undertake to update any forward-looking statement that may be made from time to time by Zenyatta or on its behalf, except in accordance with applicable securities laws."
Cyclic Apocalypses
 
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A look at the possibility of future civilizations rising and falling. Visit our sponsor: https://skl.sh/isaac It's long been observed that empires tend to rise and fall in a seeming cycle, never identical but sharing many similarities. Today we will examine the idea that this may be the reason that we have encountered no advanced civilizations in our own galaxy, and that the solution the Fermi Paradox, as to why we have seen no alien civilizations, may be that they are caught in a perpetual loop. Unable or unwilling to use technology which might allow them to travel the cosmos. We will also consider if such a loop may await us, or that we are already in it. Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur SFIA Merchandise available: https://www.signil.com/sfia Social Media: Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Isaac_A_Arthur on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: https://discord.gg/v5UKTsz Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/Cyclic-Apocalypses Episode's Narration-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/Cyclic-Apocalypses-narration-only Credits: The Fermi Paradox: Cyclic Apocalypses Season 4, Episode 24 Writers: Isaac Arthur Editors A.T. Long Darius Said Dillon Olander Keith Blockus Mark Warburton Producer: Isaac Arthur Cover Artist: Jakub Grygier https://www.artstation.com/jakub_grygier Graphics Team: Darth Biomech Justin Dixon LegionTech Studios https://hades9.com Kristijan Tavar Narrator: Isaac Arthur - [email protected] Music Manager: Luca De Rosa Music: Miguel Johnson, "Attack on the Colonies" https://soundcloud.com/migueljohnsonmjmusic Stellardrone, "A Moment Of Stillness" https://stellardrone.bandcamp.com Kai Engel, "Endless Story About Sun and Moon" https://www.kai-engel.com/ Miguel Johnson, "The Endless Dark" https://soundcloud.com/migueljohnsonmjmusic Markus Junnikkala, "Always Tell Me The Odds" https://www.markusjunnikkala.com/ Lombus, "Hydrogen Sonata" https://lombus.bandcamp.com H.S. Crow, "Night King" https://www.hscrowofficial.com Brandon Liew, "Into the Storm" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQ2I19QUIXA
Views: 151938 Isaac Arthur
Outward Bound: Colonizing Mercury
 
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Today we take a trip inward, to explore Sun-Scorched Mercury. Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/IsaacArthur/ Mercury is the nearest planet to the Sun, a seeming airless wasteland little discussed in conversations about colonizing our solar system. Today we will challenge that, and show that Mercury may be one of the most promising places for humanity to make new homes on. Watch Isaac's Interview on TMRO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OrElrA-Qtio&t=1767 Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur SFIA Merchandise available: https://www.signil.com/sfia Social Media: Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Isaac_A_Arthur on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: https://discord.gg/v5UKTsz Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/colonizing-mercury Episode's Narration-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/colonizing-mercury-narration-only Credits: Outward Bound: Colonizing Mercury Season 4, Episode 23 Writers: Isaac Arthur Editors: A.T. Long Darius Said Derek Hightower Edward Nardella Keith Blockus Jerry Guern Luca DeRosa Luke Parrish Mark Warburton Oliver Epsom Sam McNamara Sigmund Kopperud Producer: Isaac Arthur Cover Artist: Jakub Grygier https://www.artstation.com/jakub_grygier Graphics Team: Jarred Eagley Jeremy Jozwik Justin Dixon Katie Byrne Ken York Kris Holland (Mafic Studios) www.maficstudios.com Kristijan Tavar Mihail Yordanov Sergio Botero https://www.artstation.com/sboterod?fref=gc Narrator: Isaac Arthur Music Manager: Luca De Rosa - [email protected] Music: Markus Junnikkala, "Hail the Victorious Dead" https://www.markusjunnikkala.com/ Koalips, "Kvazar" http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Koalips/ Aerium, "Fifth Star of Aldebaran" https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRnUJY3l5vIJFGsY3XvW4dQ Kai Engel, "Endless Story about Sun and Moon" https://www.kai-engel.com/ Denny Schneidemesser, "Across the Universe" https://soundcloud.com/denny-schneidemesser Lombus, "Cosmic Soup" https://lombus.bandcamp.com
Views: 116438 Isaac Arthur
NASA InSight: The Science and Engineering of a Mars Lander
 
01:49:25
Original Air Date: Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2018 PART 1: Engineering Briefing Prior to landing on the Red Planet NASA discusses the engineering that went into the InSight lander. Launched on May 5, InSight marks NASA's first Mars landing since the Curiosity rover in 2012. The landing will kick off a two-year mission in which InSight will become the first spacecraft to study Mars' deep interior. Its data also will help scientists understand the formation of all rocky worlds, including our own. InSight is being followed to Mars by two miniature NASA spacecraft, jointly called Mars Cube One (MarCO), the first deep-space mission for CubeSats. If MarCO makes its planned Mars flyby, it will attempt to relay data from InSight as it enters the planet's atmosphere and lands. InSight and MarCO flight controllers will monitor the spacecraft's entry, descent and landing from Mission Control at JPL. Speakers include: - Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator - Tom Hoffman, InSight project manager at JPL - Stu Spath, InSight Program Manager, Lockheed Martin Science - Rob Grover, Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) Phase Lead for InSight, NASA-JPL - Anne Marinan, MarCO-B Mission Manager, NASA-JPL PART 2: Science Overview Speakers include: Lori Glaze, Acting Director of NASA’s Planetary Science Division, NASA Headquarters Bruce Banerdt, InSight Principal Investigator, NASA-JPL Sue Smrekar, InSight Deputy Principal Investigator, NASA-JPL Philippe Laudet, SEIS (Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure) Project Manager, CNES (French Space Agency) Tilman Spohn, HP 3 (Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe) Principal Investigator, DLR (German Aerospace Agency)

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