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Mining
 
06:51
019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 76114 Bozeman Science
Where does gold come from? - David Lunney
 
04:35
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/where-does-gold-come-from-david-lunney Did you know that gold is extraterrestrial? Instead of arising from our planet’s rocky crust, it was actually cooked up in space and is present on Earth because of cataclysmic stellar explosions called supernovae. CERN Scientist David Lunney outlines the incredible journey of gold from space to Earth. Lesson by David Lunney, animation by Andrew Foerster.
Views: 3337983 TED-Ed
Mars mineral globe
 
02:30
This unique atlas comprises a series of maps showing the distribution and abundance of minerals formed in water, by volcanic activity, and by weathering to create the dust that makes Mars red. Together the maps provide a global context for the dominant geological processes that have defined the planet's history. The maps were built from ten years of data collected by the OMEGA visible and infrared mineralogical mapping spectrometer on Mars Express. The animation cycles through maps showing: individual sites where a range of minerals that can only be formed in the presence of water were detected; maps of olivine and pyroxene, minerals that tell the story of volcanism and the evolution of the planet's interior; and ferric oxide and dust. Ferric oxide is a mineral phase of iron, and is present everywhere on the planet: within the bulk crust, lava outflows and the dust oxidised by chemical reactions with the martian atmosphere, causing the surface to 'rust' slowly over billions of years, giving Mars its distinctive red hue. The map showing hydrated minerals includes detections made by both ESA's Mars Express and by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Copyright: Hydrated mineral map: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay; NASA/JPL/JHUAPL; Olivine, pyroxone, ferric dust & dust maps: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay Orsay; Video production: ESA.
US Getting Serious About Space Mining
 
02:55
The US Geological Survey (USGS) is starting to look seriously at “off-Earth” assets as a way to mine resources. The new approach taking by the USGS is seeing to accurately portray how humanity could exploit space mining rather than making estimates on the value of resources in space. RT’s Rachel Blevins reports. Find RT America in your area: http://rt.com/where-to-watch/ Or watch us online: http://rt.com/on-air/rt-america-air/ Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTAmerica Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_America
Views: 7660 RT America
What is ASTEROID MINING? What does ASTEROID MINING mean? ASTEROID MINING meaning & explanation
 
04:46
What is ASTEROID MINING? What does ASTEROID MINING mean? ASTEROID MINING meaning - ASTEROID MINING definition - ASTEROID MINING explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Asteroid mining is the exploitation of raw materials from asteroids and other minor planets, including near-Earth objects. Minerals and volatiles could be mined from an asteroid or spent comet then used in space for in-situ utilization (e.g. construction materials and rocket propellant) or taken back to Earth. These include gold, iridium, silver, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhenium, rhodium, ruthenium and tungsten for transport back to Earth; iron, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, aluminium, and titanium for construction; water and oxygen to sustain astronauts; as well as hydrogen, ammonia, and oxygen for use as rocket propellant. Due to the astronomically high costs of current space transportation, extraction techniques still being developed and lingering uncertainties about target selection, terrestrial mining is currently the only means of raw mineral acquisition today. Based on known terrestrial reserves, and growing consumption in both developed and developing countries, key elements needed for modern industry and food production could be exhausted on Earth within 50–60 years. These include phosphorus, antimony, zinc, tin, lead, indium, silver, gold and copper. In response, it has been suggested that platinum, cobalt and other valuable elements from asteroids may be mined and sent to Earth for profit, used to build solar-power satellites and space habitats, and water processed from ice to refuel orbiting propellant depots. Although asteroids and Earth accreted from the same starting materials, Earth's relatively stronger gravity pulled all heavy siderophilic (iron-loving) elements into its core during its molten youth more than four billion years ago. This left the crust depleted of such valuable elements until a rain of asteroid impacts re-infused the depleted crust with metals like gold, cobalt, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhenium, rhodium, ruthenium and tungsten (some flow from core to surface does occur, e.g. at the Bushveld Igneous Complex, a famously rich source of platinum-group metals). Today, these metals are mined from Earth's crust, and they are essential for economic and technological progress. Hence, the geologic history of Earth may very well set the stage for a future of asteroid mining. In 2006, the Keck Observatory announced that the binary Jupiter trojan 617 Patroclus, and possibly large numbers of other Jupiter trojans, are likely extinct comets and consist largely of water ice. Similarly, Jupiter-family comets, and possibly near-Earth asteroids that are extinct comets, might also provide water. The process of in-situ resource utilization—using materials native to space for propellant, thermal management, tankage, radiation shielding, and other high-mass components of space infrastructure—could lead to radical reductions in its cost. Although whether these cost reductions could be achieved, and if achieved would offset the enormous infrastructure investment required, is unknown. Ice would satisfy one of two necessary conditions to enable "human expansion into the Solar System" (the ultimate goal for human space flight proposed by the 2009 "Augustine Commission" Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee): physical sustainability and economic sustainability. From the astrobiological perspective, asteroid prospecting could provide scientific data for the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). Some astrophysicists have suggested that if advanced extraterrestrial civilizations employed asteroid mining long ago, the hallmarks of these activities might be detectable. Why extraterrestrials would have resorted to asteroid mining in near proximity to earth, with its readily available resources, has not been explained.
Views: 240 The Audiopedia
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 1
 
15:13
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 4272 Jarrah White
Mining for Water on the Moon
 
02:33
NASA sent a rocket directly toward the moon in order to test for water particles in the explosion debris. Wit Johnson reports.
Views: 2921 CBS
A Shared Moon Dream - The 2028 Lunar Mineral Parade
 
04:21
The 2028 Mid August Day Lunar Mineral Parade is a speculative event which takes place in the newly formed Lunar Economic Zone, an administrative agglomeration of Shenzhen and the Moon, on August 15, 2028. Coordinated by Zhan Wang, the event is designed to be seen by the mechanical eyes of the world's media and is an external projection of pomp and ceremony showcasing an emerging resource rich, technology advanced superpower. As the media frenzy descends on the city the world is invited to the grand parade that marks the first consignment of lunar minerals touching down on earth. The parade route takes spectators along the main axis of city from the 10000 meter tall space elevator to the mega ships of the world's largest mineral port. As the world's largest rare earth producer China currently controls 90% of the mineral market. Their recent limits placed upon mineral exports has artificially driven rare earth prices to unprecedented levels. Western nations are scrambling to find their own mineral deposits to counter the Chinese monopoly. Between documentary and fiction, between propaganda and news the Lunar ­­Economic Zone plays on our fears of a localised resource economy.
Views: 400 zhan wang
Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS)
 
27:32
Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) - National Archives and Records Administration 1973 - ARC Identifier 1257667 / Local Identifier 255-HQ-223 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (10/01/1958 - ). This film illustrates how the Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) helped to meet the need for a worldwide survey of Earth resources in order to assist scientists and governments plan their use and conservation.
Views: 416 PublicResourceOrg
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 6
 
15:13
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 5373 Jarrah White
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 4
 
14:00
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 682 Jarrah White
NASA Finds a Mineral on Mars That Could Change History
 
01:08
There’s a bit of a mystery unfolding on Mars. Late last year, Curiosity drilled into the surface of the Red Planet and unearthed something unexpected, a mineral called tridymite. Tridymite is a silicon dioxide mineral that crystallizes at low pressure and high temperatures in excess of 800 degrees Celsius (which is 1,472 degrees F). As far as we know, it is only associated with the high temperatures and conditions seen in silicic volcanism — volcanoes with magma containing a large proportion of silica. These geological processes are the result of plate tectonics and flowing water on Earth, but Mars doesn’t have either of those. The tridymite on Mars was found in Gale Crater after Curiosity drilled down in search of interesting minerals, which were identified via x-ray examination. After confirming a high concentration of tridymite in the samples, NASA began looking at terrestrial processes that might provide an alternative way of producing the mineral — something that Mars does have. According to the paper, they’ve come up with no alternative. http://www.geek.com/science/nasa-finds-a-mineral-on-mars-that-could-rewrite-its-entire-history-1658837/ http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Views: 1029 Wochit News
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 7
 
06:19
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 1509 Jarrah White
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 3
 
15:19
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 938 Jarrah White
MoonFaker: Moon Rocks Revisited. Episode 10, SMART-1 & Lunar Minerals Different to Apollo. PART 2
 
14:06
JARRAH WHITE DOES NOT CLAIM CALCIUM IS A MINERAL. Now that that's out the way. Perhaps the most revealing evidence that the Apollo moon rocks are fake, is the fact that when the SMART-1 space probe crashed into the Lake of Excellence in 2006 a mismatch was found between Apollo samples and the real thing. ABC News reported: "By punching a 10 meter hole in the moon's surface, the probe has uncovered minerals different to the rocks gathered on the surface during moonwalks." The propagandists who have the guts to even mention this are desperate. Some have claimed that the lunar material collected below ground is supposed to be different. This claim is easily disproved just by looking at the deep drill core data from the later Apollo flights, which supposedly took drilling equipment to the moon. More recently, Phil Webb has produced an extremely convoluted response and gone for volume to muddy the waters. First by twisting the reporter's words, substituting "different minerals" with "new minerals", implying that the SMART-1 merely discovered new minerals in addition to those in Apollo rocks. He is clearly distorting the quote's intended meaning. "Different minerals" generally means "different mineralogy". Webb then claims the reporter made up the story about different minerals to sound more sensational. Then he alleges that they lifted a piece from one of their earlier articles on the discovery of lunar meteorite mineral "hapkeite", and attributed it to SMART-1. Then he claims he claims scientists *expect* to find different minerals. Which is it? All of these claims warrant thorough responses. In regard to scientists expecting it, Webb knows this is false. Firstly, SMART-1 crashed in the lunar maria. And the Apollo samples supposedly collected from the various maria regions are generally the same in chemistry and mineralogy. Secondly, Webb went out of his way to copy and paste stuff from Randy L. Korotev's website at least once per video. Yet strangely he seemed to have missed this particular quote: "As noted above, there are known exceptions to the generalizations, and we lunatics certainly hope that we haven't discovered all the minerals and rock types that occur on the Moon. However, known samples of unusual composition and mineralogy are rare and usually occur only as small (less than 1 gram) clasts in breccias or in the soil. We have no reason to suspect, based on data obtained from orbit on the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions, that any region of the Moon is rich in types of rocks significantly different from those we know about or postulate might exist. Most ore-forming processes on Earth involve water, so we would not expect any hidden ore deposits on the Moon. Keep in mind that if more than 40 lunar meteorites have been blasted off the Moon and found on Earth, then at any given point on the lunar surface there can be rocks from any other point. For this reason, the fact that the lunar surface was "poorly sampled" by the Apollo and Luna missions is in itself not a good reason to suspect that rocks vastly different from those that we have studied exist at unsampled points on the Moon. Tens of thousands of lunar rocks and rocklets have been studied since the Apollo missions. It is highly unlikely that any yet-unfound lunar meteorite will differ substantially in the minerals it contains or in its geochemical character from the Apollo lunar rocks." Gee, I wonder how he could have missed that! Not to mention the fact that in his previous video, he cited data from NASA's Clementine as evidence for Apollo. Yet ignored its data that indicates the lunar geology is supposedly the same as the Apollo rocks all round. Through strained cherry picking, quote-mining and word games, Webb proceeds to allege that SMART-1's D-CIXS experiment remotely verified the chemistry and mineralogy of the Apollo samples. Reading the cited articles in context indicates the exact opposite. He then creates the mother of all strawman arguments. Phil Webb has cut and pasted out of context clips from MoonFaker Exhibit D to falsely claim I said that calcium was the "new mineral" discovered during the SMART-1 impact. All I said was that SMART-1's D-CIXS remotely verified the CHEMISTRY of the Soviet moon samples as far as calcium goes. One would think if the Apollo and Soviet Luna samples were identical, as Phil Plait claimed, the remote detection of calcium would apply to all sample return missions, not just the Russian flights. Be sure to see Part 6 of this series for my debunking of Webb's strawman of epic proportions. Also discussed in this video is the minerals Hapkeite, Fercilicite and Ferdicilicite, which were discovered in lunar meteorite Dhofar 280 by Anand et al. It is believed that these minerals, particularly Hapkeite, are quite common to the lunar soil. Yet they have never been found in Apollo samples. It could also be pointed out that Dhofar 280 is chemically different to the Apollo rocks.
Views: 898 Jarrah White
SSC Chemistry : Chapter 10( ধাতু নিষ্কাশন ) Extraction of metal || Moon Sir || New || HD
 
17:57
ধাতু নিষ্কাশন Extraction of metal =========================== Follow us: Facebook: https://www.fb.co/mtutorialhome https://www.fb.com/moontutorialhome Email: [email protected] =============================== #Metal_extraction #ধাতু_নিষ্কাশন #Chemistry =========================== extraction of metals, extraction of metals igcse, extraction of metals from ores, extraction of metals igcse chemistry, extraction of metals class 10, extraction of metal from concentrated ore, extraction of metal by electrolysis, extraction of metals in hindi, extraction of metals from their ores, extraction of metals animation, extraction of metal from ore, extraction of metal class 10, extraction of metal in hindi, extraction of metal class 12, extraction of metal from concentrated ore class 10, extraction of metal of high reactivity, extraction of metal class 10 in hindi, extraction of sodium metal by down's process, extraction of sodium metal by electrolysis, extraction of metal class 12 pdf, extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore, extraction of crude metal from concentrated ore class 12, extraction of crude metal from the ore, general principle of extraction of metal, extraction of metal from its ore, extraction of metal means, extraction of metal meaning in urdu, extraction of metal ore, extraction of crude metal from ore, occurrence and extraction of metal, extraction of metal from the concentrated ore, what is extraction of metal, extraction of metals class x ======================== science, extraction of metals, chemistry, reduction, oxidation, revision, gcse, ores, froth floatation, class 10 science, smelting, bronze, how secure is my password, lastpass.com, delete account mobogram, lastpass premium features, laspass, lastpas, recover, password manager, generate password, random password generator, lastpass premium, lastpass download, lastpass chrome, password generator, password, lastpass login, lastpass, malachite, metallurgy, metal, copper age, electrochemistry, extract, ore, last password, mineralogy, geology, rockhounding ============================================ metal extraction, metal extraction process, metal extraction by electrolysis, metal extraction igcse, metal extraction chemistry, metal extraction class 10, metal extraction class 12, metal extraction from ores, metal extraction tube, metal extraction using carbon, biological metal extraction, extraction of crude metal, extraction of metal class 10th, igcse chemistry metal extraction, metal extraction documentary, metal extraction electrolysis, freesciencelessons metal extraction, metal gear extraction, extraction of metal in hindi, heavy metal extraction, extraction of metal, extraction of metal class 10, extraction of sodium metal, extraction of metal class 12, extraction of metal by electrolysis, extraction of iron metal, extraction of zinc metal, precious metal extraction, zn metal extraction, metal gear solid 5 extraction, metal gear solid 5 extraction vehicles ================================ science, ores, chemistry, smelting, froth floatation, revision, minerals, iron, gcse, blast furnace, metal extraction, minerals and ores, ore, metal, electrochemistry, ingot, crucible, furnace, last password, how secure is my password, lastpass.com, delete account mobogram, lastpass premium features, laspass, lastpas, recover, password manager, generate password, random password generator, lastpass premium, lastpass download, lastpass chrome, password generator, password, lastpass login, lastpass, malachite, metallurgy, copper age, minecraft
Views: 424 Moon Tutorial Home
Mining | Define Mining at Dictionary.com
 
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Educators are mining student data to help forecast and improve their success. But to get off the highway and into historic mining towns. Data mining may prove a ...
Views: 106 王凯
Race to the bottom? India plans deep dive for seabed minerals
 
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In the 1870 Jules Verne classic "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea", underwater explorer Captain Nemo predicted the mining of the ocean floor's mineral bounty - zinc, iron, silver and gold. India is catching up with that only now, as it prepares to unearth treasures down below, aiming to boost its economy. The floor of the world's seas is scattered with vast beds of black potato-shaped polymetallic nodules comprising copper, nickel, cobalt, manganese, iron and rare earth elements. These natural goodies are key to making modern gadgets, from smartphones and laptops to pacemakers, hybrid cars and solar panels. As expanding technology and infrastructure fuel global demand for these resources - whose supply is dwindling fast onshore - more and more countries, including manufacturing powerhouses India and China, are eyeing the ocean. Read full story: http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=422fdb8b-c6d4-4620-a6d7-1754aca1f9c8 ABOUT THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION The Thomson Reuters Foundation acts to promote the highest standards in journalism and spread the practice of legal pro bono worldwide. The organisation runs free services that provide individuals and organisations with vital access to information and services around the globe: free legal assistance to NGOs and social enterprises, editorial coverage of the world’s under-reported news, media development and training, and Trust Conference (http://www.trustconference.com). Read our news: http://news.trust.org/ Learn more: http://www.trust.org/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TR_Foundation or Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Thomson.Reuters.Foundation/ We welcome all comments that contribute constructively to the debate. We have the right to remove any posting if, in our opinion, your post does not comply with the content standards set out in the Acceptable Use Policy on http://news.trust.org/.
Redefining the search space for minerals
 
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This presentation describes the misalignment between the current mineral industry practice and the future mineral and resource needs of society. Meeting these needs will requiring a fundamental shift how the mineral industry does their exploration targeting. Exploration will need to shift from looking at longer life but increasingly lower grade and high energy consumption brownfield deposits to seeking higher quality greenfield deposits. Finding new mineral districts, particularly those in areas of challenging cover, will require innovations in both technology and understanding mineral systems on a greater scale. Presented by Prof. Campbell McCuaig, Director of the Centre for Exploration Targeting (CET) at the University of Western Australia.
Views: 380 EarthExplorerTV
What Type Of Minerals Are Found In Antarctica?
 
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19 nov 2012 the difficult antarctic conditions, even when the technology works well elsewhere, make exploitation unlikely. Squid fishing boats are thought to be starting pose a threat particularly in sub antarctic waters the food available for many native species of penguin and seal khmaralite from mcintyre island, khmara bay, casey enderby land, antarctica (type locality khmaralite)mineral. Once minerals are mined, antarctica is a long way from world markets, and material would have to be transported over the treacherous southern ocean. The resources of antarctica are almost ex clusively in the category speculative re sources on basis figure as indicators type mineral province; They africa. The minerals illustrated on this site were purchased from 18 dec 2013 a kind of rock that often contains diamonds has been found in antarctica for the first time, hinting at mineral riches vast, icy continent where mining is banned 19 type called kimberlite (pictured), which antarctica. Cheaper sources exist elsewhere in the 20 may 2014 'four of these minerals boralsilite, stornesite, chopinite and tassieite; Are entirely new to science; Three which have not been found anywhere else on earth,' dr carson added. The most valuable resources of antarctica lie offshore, namely the oil and natural gas fields found in ross sea 1973. Coal has been found in two regions antarctica the transantarctic mountains and prince charles. An ore is a mineral containing significant amount of. Antarctic minerals new to science geoscience australia. One of the antarctic treaty nations far better reserves are found elsewhere on earth and they not yet exploited. The brazilian shield also contains rences are similar to mineralization of major important deposits these types. There are many resources in antarctica, which include mineral and energy most is currently covered by snow, including the world's largest known coalfield 14 sep 2014 antarctica's surface 98. What natural resources does antarctica have? A level geography fact file, what is it like in antarctica, antarctic mineral gallery from online museum may have a new type of ice diamonds reuters. Mining in antarctica would be very difficult, dangerous and geological survey circular 705. Please support our sponsor mimetite for sale allminerals johnbetts fineminerals online mineral museum. Mining in antarctica australian antarctic division. And the new boron prince charles mountains contain significant deposits of iron ore. Antarctica mining, minerals and fuel resources azomining. In the last 50 years of scientific research, no large deposits mineralized rocks have been found. Are there diamonds in antarctica? Precious stones could be lurking harvesting ice, mining minerals university of cante
Views: 186 Hadassah Hartman
LIVE - Why cant we see the Apollo sites from Earth with Marc D'Antonio - replay
 
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Our 1st live steam where looked at a subject I covered before about 15 months ago, of Why can't we see the Apollo sites from Earth but this time with the help of astronomer Marc D'Antonio in more detail with viewer questions. Timestamped Sections Marc D'Antonio 0:34 Main topic start 2:15 Q&A start 28:04 Marc's Battleship Office 1:22:59 Marc's 3D printed Crators 1:27:00 Mutual UFO network 1:30:35 Our guest speaker is Marc Dantonio www.fxmodels.com SkyTour LiveStream with Marc Dantonio on YouTube link: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKy1byNPZrXLwd82TB6RPqQ? www.mufon.com SkyTour Radio on KGRA with Marc Dantonio http://kgraradio.com/skytour-radio/ Thanks to our chat moderators Andy Munzer Rebecca Kelly Roy OSOC Intro music by Mike G Mullen, BMI, www.positrosmic.com Images : LROC, NASA Some links to items in the show A working out of the maths to resolve an image the size of the LM from Hubble and Earth http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/disclaimer/45-our-solar-system/the-moon/the-moon-landings/122-are-there-telescopes-that-can-see-the-flag-and-lunar-rover-on-the-moon-beginner Hubble Shots of the Moon http://hubblesite.org/image/796/news_release/1999-14 Apollo 11 as seen from the LRO https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/news/apollo-11.html LRO Quick Map target.lroc.asu.edu/da/qmap.html Another good reference why we cant see the apollo sites http://www.science20.com/robert_walker/why_we_cant_use_hubble_to_see_the_lunar_lander_how_could_we_see_it_in_high_resolution-225243
Views: 46658 Curious Droid
DMC Lecture: Finding Useful Minerals and Mining on Mars
 
01:01:27
Del Mar College Natural Science Lecture with W. Vernon Kramer. Finding Useful Mineral and Mining on Mars Isn't Easy. Recorded February 15, 2008
Views: 91 Del Mar College
10 Things You Didnt Know The World Is Running Out Of
 
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Are we about to run out of chocolate, wine or even sperm? Humanity is certainly going through its resources at an alarming rate, so what important items are on the brink of extinction? Click to Subscribe.. http://bit.ly/WTVC4x FAQ's: What editing software do we use?: http://amzn.to/2p8Y4G2 What mic do we use for our voice overs?: http://amzn.to/2pbWBzr What camera do we use to film?: http://amzn.to/2pbMv1A What computer do we edit on?: http://amzn.to/2p951qu Check out the best of Alltime10s - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLec1lxRhYOzt2qqqnFBIpUm63wr5yhLF6 Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: http://ow.ly/3FNFR Twitter: http://ow.ly/3FNMk
Views: 1250208 Alltime10s
OEMF2015 - Day 2 - Dr Jonathan Clarke - Mining Mars
 
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For more info on the 2nd Off Earth Mining Forum see http://www.acser.unsw.edu.au/oemf2015 - Mining Mars Mars offers many opportunities for using in situ resources to reduce the logistic overhead of human missions to the planet. Recent discoveries confirm that Mars has an abundance of water, a history of magmatism, basin development, fluid migration, regolith processes, and evolved granitoid crust that have resulted in observed localised enrichment in potential resources. Use of these potential resources would greatly facilitate Mars exploration and perhaps subsequent settlement. Identifying potential resources is therefore a priority for NASA landing site selection. Split-mission architectures may provide opportunities for commercially funded automated extraction and stockpiling of water, propellants, breathing gases, and perhaps regolith resources before the arrival of crew. Subsequent opportunities at permanent Mars research stations include fabrication of basic structures from regolith resources such as basalt and gypsum, and research into extraction of iron and magnesium. and use of hydrothermal silica and clays. Localised enrichment in base metals have been observed and potential exists for future discovery of sulphide mineralisation. These resources would not be for the development of export industries, but to support development of Mars-based infrastructure and settlement. Australian expertise in all the related fields of resource geology, exploration geophysics and geochemistry, remote area operations, mining, metallurgy, field robotics has an opportunity to make a significant contribution in the field of Mars resource utilisation at an early stage. Experience with the development of good legal frameworks for exploration, development, taxation, and environmental protection in Australia may also aid in shaping the current poorly defined legal framework for martian resources. --- Jon is an astrogeologist who completed his undergraduate and honours degree at the University of Tasmania and a PhD at Flinders University. He with a broad background in the resource, university and government sectors. Jon has spent 13 years in mineral exploration with Comalco, Seltrust, and WMC Resources with particular involvement in nickel, copper, gold, diamonds and zinc exploration in WA, SA, NT, QLD, The Philippines, and Chile. He has been associated with Melbourne and the Australian National Universities and with the Australian Centre for Astrobiology. Most recently Jon spent 11 years with Geoscience Australia working in groundwater, salinity management, and precompetitive mineral exploration . He is the current president and research director of Mars Society Australia (MSA), a non-profit approved research institute. Through MSA Jon has been researching Mars mission architecture, exploration strategies, geomorphology, analogues, and potential mineral resources, as well as education and outreach programs.
Views: 85 ACSER UNSW
Simulating the Moon's Surface - Lunar Regolith Simulant Sample
 
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Simulating the Moon's Surface - Lunar Regolith Simulant Sample
Views: 336 RCSpacePioneers
Fracking explained: opportunity or danger
 
05:04
Fracking explained in five minutes. Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter. We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water. This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt Fracking explained: opportunity or danger Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
🇮🇳 India: The Lost Boys | 101 East
 
25:01
India: The Lost Boys Karma,16, has worked as a miner for over a year in India's northeastern state of Meghalaya, crawling deep inside a 'rat-hole' tunnel to dig coal for seven hours a day. "Inside it is very unstable. The smell is awful," he said sitting on a pile of coal. "It is so dirty, and it is difficult to move. You breathe in the coal and the dust. People get sick like this. There is no water to drink and it is so muddy. It is not nice at all." Child rights activists have reported that there are thousands of children like Karma working in Meghalaya's coal pits, because only those who are small in size are able fit in the claustrophobic tunnels. Many of them, like Karma, are believed to be from neighbouring Indian states, or from nearby Nepal and Bangladesh. Hasina Kharbhih has been fighting the exploitation of these children for several years through her NGO Impulse. She said agents working for mine owners help traffic children to the coal-rich Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya. They promise impoverished parents high salaries in return for their children's work, but fail to mention the dangerous conditions they will be living in. The mines often flood without warning or cave in, trapping and killing workers. There is rarely any compensation for the victims. "If we die, we die," said Ram Kumar Rai, 40, a Nepalese miner in Jaintia Hills. "They just bury us here. If we live, we suffer and we can't earn. We rot here and die. People who have money, friends or family here, their body will be sent back to Nepal. And those who don’t have anyone, they will just throw their bodies here or there." Rai was recently trapped in a tunnel after a massive rock fell on him. He had severe pain in his back and chest but received no compensation or money for medical treatment from the mine owner. "When someone dies, they hide the body so no one will know. That way the owner does not pay compensation to the family. He doesn't pay a single cent," he said. There are several national laws in India that set labour and safety standards for mines, and ban children aged under 18 from working there. But the industry in Meghalaya is openly flouting these regulations because the state government has failed to implement these laws and punish offenders. Karma has been labouring here since he was 14. His family of seven moved to Jaintia Hills a few years ago from Assam, desperately searching for work. His father had just died of tuberculosis after spending a lifetime in Meghalaya's mines. "I would like to have the chance to study but then my brother would be the only one working and we cannot afford it. And if I try to do another job, the salary would be less. So do we eat or do I go to school?" Karma said. Karma works most days, using a pick-axe to remove coal from the walls of the tunnels. "When I first went in the rat-hole, I was so scared," he said. "I thought the roof would fall on me. My knees were all scratched, but after two weeks I got used to it." "There are boys who are nine to 10 years of age who are doing this work. Younger than that they cannot do it." Despite several reports by the media and child advocates, Ampareen Lyngdoh, Meghalaya's labour minister, said she had yet to see hard evidence of young labourers. "The mining owners were telling me that a child actually cannot pull out the coal from the mine," she said from her office in the state's capital, Shillong. "You need to verify the ages of these so-called children. We are a community which is very small built. If you looked at my face you would not know how old I am. I can challenge you on that. So I might look sweet 16 but my age is something else. "Every time we rescue these so-called children, they come to a medical officer and they manage to get a certificate which says they are above such and such age." Despite her reservations, Lyngdoh said the government is drafting the state's first ever mining policy so they can register all mine owners and set standards for what they can and cannot do. Child labour is banned under these guidelines but 'rat-hole' mining is not, which is why children are employed in the first place. Child rights activist Hasina Kharbhih is sceptical about the state government's sincerity in tackling child labour. "The political will has not been there because half of the mines are also owned by a lot of political leaders. So definitely there is a vested interest of the political leaders to actually ensure that you slow down the whole process of whatever complaint is coming," she said. "These people have no rights at all. A democratic country like India will not be developing and prospering through violation of rights. It is inhumane." More from 101 East on: YouTube - http://aje.io/101eastYouTube Facebook - http://facebook.com/101east Twitter - http://twitter.com/aj101east Instagram - http://instagram.com/aj101east Website - http://aljazeera.com/101east
Views: 118095 Al Jazeera English
Ancient Annunaki Petroglyphs In New Mexico - Cosmic Catastrophe - Rewriting Of Ancient History
 
01:24:53
Join Rex Bear and I for an amazing discussion about ancient cultures, petroglyphs and their actual meaning. Cutting edge science and ancient mythology coalesce into one of the most amazing narratives in recent times.. and that's a boom! Incredible Chart that links Solar Cycles and Mass Events from Randall Carlson https://sacredgeometryinternational.com/randall-carlson/ Interdimensional Beings, Looking Petroglyphs http://thetrekplanner.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DSC_0076-1024x681.jpg http://thetrekplanner.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/DSC_0089-1024x681.jpg LEAK PROJECT Over 2,000 Podcasts, Exclusive Content and Products Specials http://www.leakproject.com Oppenheimer Ranch Preparedness Store - BOOM! https://www.amazon.com/shop/oppenheimerranchproject Discord - Join The Discussion NOW - https://discord.gg/Mv9e8ud Abundant Harvest - Ultimate Food Security Book Use Coupon Code - Harvest Boom for $3 Off The Cover Price **Oppenheimer Exclusive** Here Is The E-Book - https://payhip.com/b/6Zzd/af5b3cdf1933de5 Here Is The PDF - https://payhip.com/b/XMVw/af5b3cdf1933de5 Oppenheimer Ranch Project Store: https://teespring.com/stores/oppenheimer-ranch-project COLD TIMES - Oppenheimer Ranch Project SPECIAL Just $14.95 (over 20% off the cover price of $18.95!) No shipping charge. https://www.auctoritaspublishing.org/specials HEMPLUCID - EXPERIENCE LIFE AGAIN 20% OFF + FREE SHIPPING Simply use the coupon code- BOOM (all caps) Oppenheimer Ranch Project Exclusive Link https://lddy.no/4a7z Support our work on Patreon here: https://www.patreon.com/OppenheimerRanchProject My Patriot Supply - The original Patriot survival company https://mypatriotsupply.com/?rfsn=1708188.df0e05 Check out our WEBSITE!! https://www.3canyons.org/ https://www.oppenheimerranch.org/ One Time Donations: https://www.paypal.me/OppenheimerRanchProj Bitcoin: 17NV3vtcQhRnsRnjckCcYkKVEUcnirKQ62 Dtube: https://d.tube/#!/c/solarshutdown Steemit: https://steemit.com/@solarshutdown Please Visit Our Facebook Resources: Solar Shutdown: https://www.facebook.com/SolarShutdown/ Comet C/2017 K2 - Panstarrs: https://www.facebook.com/OppenheimerRanchProject/ Plasma Geology: https://www.facebook.com/Plasma-Geology-321021831434846/ Oppenheimer Ranch Project: An experiment in high alpine sustainability. https://www.facebook.com/oppenheimerranch/ Check Out Ice Age Farmer on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI-Am0t4qQaP_Do9FwMWw3Q Please SUBSCRIBE to our channel if you enjoyed the content. Share this video with like-minded individuals ​
Geology professor confirms Zenyatta's graphite deposit is 'special and rare'
 
07:12
March 14, 2014 -- Dr. Andrew Conly, associate professor at the Department of Geology at Lakehead University, spoke to Tracy Weslosky, Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of InvestorIntel, about the unique Albany deposit in central Ontario, being developed by Zenyatta Ventures (TSXV: ZEN | OTCQX: ZENYF). Dr. Conly has advised Zenyatta since 2011 and the Government of Canada has awarded a collaborative research grant through the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council ('NSERC') to assist Dr. Andrew Conly's study of the Albany deposit. Zenyatta was also recently granted support from the National Research Council of Canada Industrial Research Assistance Program for metallurgical testing. Dr. Conly observed, "The Albany deposit is what we call a 'breccia' graphite deposit; to the best of my knowledge, there's nothing else out there. This is a potential world-class deposit; it is unique in terms of its geological simplicity and how it's formed; it is unique compared to any other graphite deposit." The research at the Albany hydrothermal deposit will help to create the first genetic model for this special variety of graphite. The importance of the Albany deposit's characteristics for investors, who may not be geologists, is that it has a very high carbon graphitic content; in other words, it is pure enough to compete with synthetic graphite. Dr. Conly confirms that Zenyatta's target customers are the ones who have, until recently, had no alternative to synthetic graphite. "That's the market they would be going after, replacing the synthetic graphite market with a natural occurring, high grade, high purity natural graphite. When you look at it, the benefits of that are phenomenal; is that it's cheaper to produce natural graphite....So far the processing has been highly successful in getting a nice high-grade, pure product with minimal cost and minimal detrimental environmental effects." Indeed, compared to synthetic graphite, which is a petroleum by-product with "astronomical" costs to process, the graphite from Zenyatta's Albany deposit is difficult to beat. Dr. Conly adds that most graphite deposits involve amorphous or flake type, and that they are making many efforts to show that graphite companies are trying to show how their graphite could be purified to reach Zenyatta's purity. However, that would require more refining and may still lack the quality of Zenyatta's deposit. Quality and purity are very important to the targeted end users in the green technology and clean-tech sectors. The Albany deposit's purity, therefore, allows Zenyatta to set ambitious sales targets, lithium-ion batteries, pebble nuclear reactors, solar power capacitors, wind power generators and graphene. Dr. Conly suggests that the very uniqueness of the Albany deposit has compelled Zenyatta to perform a lot of 'homework' to provide investor confidence. He says "that's something they've done from their academic studies with me to all their testing and their product and they have taken a very systematic approach to ensure what they're saying is backed up by sound science...and investors in today's climate still seem weary, but you have a company that is really doing its homework to ensure that this will go to development". For investors, this means that Zenyatta's graphite will command high prices. Disclaimer: Zenyatta Ventures is an advertorial member of InvestorIntel. To access the full Disclaimer for ProEdge Media Corp., please go to the following URL: disclaimer link: http://investorintel.com/?disclaimer=1
Views: 2946 InvestorIntel
FULL EPISODE Lesson 20 Anatomy Of A Continent - Understanding The Earth
 
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FULL EPISODE Lesson 20 Anatomy Of A Continent - Understanding The Earth Planet of Man Series -- Shield of Plenty Intro - Dr. David Pearson Starring; Tuzo Wilson -- renowned geophysicist Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 1 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Typical topography of Northern Ontario and northern Canada •Canada's wealth is found in the shield •Precambrian characteristic -- red, granitic & contorted •Oldest rock in the world - precambrian •Cambrian name derived from rocks found in Wales that are .5 billion years old •Grenville rocks formed about 1 billion years ago •Mining footage from the 1960's -- showing headframes, blasting in open pits and underground •17% of earth is made of Precambrian shield; Canadian Shield, South American Shield, Indian Shield, Baltic, African, Australian •Shields are hard to live in and difficult to penetrate •Precambrian rocks found at bottom of canyons - Grand Canyon •Precambrian rocks found at base of mountains -- New Mexico •Geological time -- Precambrian time -- scale showing time •20th century idea of age of the earth-- 1917; earth age 1 billion, 1947; 3 billion years old today 4.5 billion years •Precambrian rocks still being studied and researched. Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 2 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Canadian pacific railway through Canadian Shield which lead to the discovery of the Sudbury basin •Vintage footage showing underground mining •Fred Larose -- silver ore discovered Cobalt Ontario •Vintage footage of silver smelting in the Cobalt area •Exploration of Precambrian rocks •Stromatolites in Northwest territories and Australia •Radiometric dating guide in determining age of rock •Archean and Proterozoic rocks •Greenstone belts -- formation and origin unknown but wealth of resources are found here. •Differences between Archean and Proterozoic rock types are important. Anatomy of a Continent-Lesson 20-Part 3 of 6 Planet of Man -- Shield of Plenty •Geological exploration team analysing Precambrian rock in Northwest territories •Differences between Archean and Proterozoic rock types are important. •Precambrian rocks of the Grand Canyon a layer above the Precambrian is missing?? •Sedimentary rock was once thought the oldest rocks on earth •Elliot lake ores discussed by David Pearson -- sedimentary rock Brannierite ores are Precambrian time. •No oxygen in the Precambrian Evidence of life in the Precambrian -- Stromatolite • Formation of the atmosphere in early time •Geologists collecting rock samples in the Precambrian shield preparing to leave •Fossils are few in Precambrian •More information needs to be found about Precambrian although still hunting for minerals in the Precambrian will always exist Anatomy of a Continent Lesson 20 - Part 4 of 6 Host Dr. David Pearson •Canada is a good case study of the geological makeup or in other words geological anatomy of continents. •Geological maps on a map - dip, strike, type, age of years •Explaining, from a geological map of Canada, the various items on a geological map. •Patterns of Anticline, syncline •Patterns of faulting Anatomy of a Continent - Lesson 20 - Part 5 of 6 •Patterns of faulting. •Greenstone belts - Iron formation (red and black bands), Basalt (greenish), originated in water. •Pillow Lavas - best exposure in Yellowknife. •Greenstone Origins. •Divisions-units (age) in the Canadian Shield. Anatomy of a Continent - Lesson 20 - Part 6 of 6 •Proto continents •Unconformity •Elliot Lake Sediments accumulated on the edge of a Proto continent. •Great example that shows the behavior of the continental crust. Great Slave Lake area between Yellowknife and the arctic coast. •Ancient Limestone's in Great Slave Lake area. •Stromatolites - Great Slave Lake area.
Views: 4011 mineguy101
►12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy◄
 
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●12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy Amazing Video ►Next Great Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fo1zLgLGyHY From Borealis Basin to Lunar Water here are 12 Craziest Discoveries in the Galaxy. Would you explore outer space? ►Don't Forget to Subscribe! 6. Kepler-186f NASA astronomers and their super space telescope Kepler discovered the first planet suitable for human habitation that is around the same size as Earth in July 2015. Other similar planets have been found, but they have been at least 40 percent larger than Earth. Kepler-186f lies in the constellation Cygnus, which is about 500 light years from Earth. The system in which the planet was found contains four other planets that all orbit a star that is about half the mass of our sun. Its star provides Kepler-186f with about a third of the energy that the Sun provides Earth. 5. Borealis Basin According to a study released by NASA in 2009 researchers analysis of NASA, spacecraft observation revealed what is by far the largest impact crater ever found in the solar system. The Borealis Basin is located in the northern hemisphere and covers around forty percent of Mars. The crater is 5,300 miles across, which is around four times wider than the next largest known crater, the Hellas basin on southern Mars. An accompanying analysis suggested that the object that made the basin must have been 1,200 miles across making it larger than Pluto. 4. Lunar Water Though the moon is drier than the barest deserts on earth, it does contain small quantities of water. According to studies published in late 2009 observations from three different spacecraft presented unambiguous evidence of the presence of water on the moon. Scientists estimate that there are around six hundred metric tons of water ice in craters on the north pole of earth’s only satellite. Lunar water could theoretically be converted into rocket fuel, potentially allowing the moon to be used as a lunar gas station for anyone who wanted to take a spacecraft on a long journey through space in the future. 3. Curiosity Since landing on Mars in November of 2011, the car-sized rover Curiosity has sent remarkable photos like this one (the lights were added for effect and to make it a better wallpaper) and made surprising discoveries about the planet that have fascinated the humble people of Earth. Its instruments were able to detect high levels of manganese oxide in rocks, pointing to the idea that oxygen was more abundant on the planet in the past than experts previously theorized. In October 2016 the robot stumbled on a small metallic meteorite with a smooth surface unlike any ever seen before. Scientists dubbed the surprising find “Egg Rock.” 2. Titan As the only other planet in the solar system known to have an earthlike cycle of liquids flowing on its surface, Titan has drawn an enormous amount of interest from the public. Titan is the second-largest moon in the solar system and orbits the planet Saturn. Though Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovered its existence on March 25, 1655, humans didn’t explore the moon in any way until the 1990’s. In 1994 NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope took pictures of Titan that showed that it had large bright and dark regions on its surface. In July 2004 NASA’s Cassini spacecraft arrived in Titan’s vicinity. Specially built to see through Titan’s clouds the craft was able to map a large portion of Titan’s surface. Cassini was also able to make detailed studies of the moon’s atmosphere. 1. Helium 3 Rare on Earth, researchers discovered that Helium 3 is abundant on the moon. This find is incredibly exciting because the isotope could be used to create clean nuclear energy through nuclear fusion. Helium 3 isn’t radioactive and doesn’t create any dangerous waste byproducts. Plenty of people are proponents of mining the moon for its abundance of Helium 3 and other resources including former NASA astronaut and Apollo geologist Harrison Schmidt. Moon Express is the first private company to receive government permission to travel beyond Earth’s orbit, and they recently announced that they would be sending a small robotic spacecraft to the surface of the moon by the end of the year. Once there they hope to mine the moon for Helium 3 and other valuable resources. They also hope to travel 500 meters across its surface and send high definition video and pictures back to Earth. If the mission is entirely successful, they would not only be the first entity that isn’t a world superpower to land a craft on the moon, but they would also win the Google Lunar XPRIZE competition and its reward of 20 million dollars. ●Thank you for Watching! ●Subscribe! ➥Goot Luck!
Senior Level Mine Builder Looks To Revive Gold Production in the Kootenays, BC
 
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http://goldstocktrades.com/blog MX Gold (MXL.V or MXLGF) has recently gotten a lot of interest after they announced the appointment of 37 year veteran mine builder Bert McPherson who came from GoldCorp (GG). They have been able to close on a few financings strengthening the financial situation since Bert has taken the helm. Bert managed the Penasquito Mine in Mexico with over 1400 workers reporting directly to his office. It is the second largest mine and the largest gold producer in Mexico and has been a great mine for Goldcorp. Before Goldcorp Bert built mines for Kinross, Barrick and Xstrata. Now Bert wants to build a profitable operation for MX Gold in the Kootenays in British Columbia. They own a gold asset and a permitted mill that appear to show excellent economics. A lot has been put into these operations by prior companies as there is approximately $100 million invested with large tax loss pools. Attracting a senior level mine builder like Bert McPherson is a huge step in the right direction and now the company should move efficiently into production. I would not be surprised if some mid tier producers look to acquire this company once the operations come together. Disclosure: I own securities in MX Gold and the company is a current website sponsor of mine. Please be aware of these conflicts of interest and do your own due diligence. Owning securities and receiving compensation is a conflict of interest as I could personally benefit from a price/volume increase. Please do your own due diligence as this is not financial advice! See my full disclosure by clicking on the following link: http://goldstocktrades.com/blog/featured-companies-on-gold-stock-trades/ Investing in stocks is risky and could result in losing money. Buyer Beware! Section 17(b) provides that: “It shall be unlawful for any person, by the use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce or by the use of the mails, to publish, give publicity to, or circulate any notice, circular, advertisement, newspaper, article, letter, investment service, or communication, which, though not purporting to offer a security for sale, describes such security for a consideration received or to be received, directly or indirectly, from an issuer, underwriter, or dealer, without fully disclosing the receipt, whether past or prospective, of such consideration and the amount thereof.” I am biased towards my sponsors (Featured Companies) and get paid in either cash or securities for an advertising sponsorship. I own shares in all sponsored companies. You must do your own due diligence and realize that small cap stocks is an extremely high risk area. Please do your own due diligence!
Views: 1137 goldstocktrades
3D Printing with Moon Regolith 720p
 
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Made in Space long term view la vision de "made in Space"
Views: 123 Maquinación 3D
CHINA'S mining of large-scale fire: Many skeptics
 
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CHINA'S mining of large-scale fire: Many skeptics It does not exclude the possibility that China has the most modern technology in the world to exploit firefighting. Dr. Phung Van Phach, director of the Institute of Geography and Marine Geology, said that China's determination to tap fire is similar to that of Japan and Korea. Because this is the kind of energy that many countries in the world are eager to own, so China's claim to exploit this resource on an industrial scale is also being considered. According to the TS, China is a follower, but a country with a strong economy, science and technology. Therefore, they do not exclude the possibility that they already own the world's most modern burner technology. SUBSCRIBE my channel here: http://bit.ly/2bekG3G URL video: http://bit.ly/2sGJbhe G+ here: http://bit.ly/2ceByt8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Hashtag: #HotNews #SouthChinaSea #ChinaSea
Views: 564 Hot News
What is GROUNDWATER? What does GROUNDWATER mean? GROUNDWATER meaning & explanation
 
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What is GROUNDWATER? What does GROUNDWATER mean? GROUNDWATER meaning & explanation. Groundwater (or ground water) is the water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. The depth at which soil pore spaces or fractures and voids in rock become completely saturated with water is called the water table. Groundwater is recharged from, and eventually flows to, the surface naturally; natural discharge often occurs at springs and seeps, and can form oases or wetlands. Groundwater is also often withdrawn for agricultural, municipal, and industrial use by constructing and operating extraction wells. The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydrogeology, also called groundwater hydrology. Typically, groundwater is thought of as water flowing through shallow aquifers, but, in the technical sense, it can also contain soil moisture, permafrost (frozen soil), immobile water in very low permeability bedrock, and deep geothermal or oil formation water. Groundwater is hypothesized to provide lubrication that can possibly influence the movement of faults. It is likely that much of Earth's subsurface contains some water, which may be mixed with other fluids in some instances. Groundwater may not be confined only to Earth. The formation of some of the landforms observed on Mars may have been influenced by groundwater. There is also evidence that liquid water may also exist in the subsurface of Jupiter's moon Europa. Groundwater is often cheaper, more convenient and less vulnerable to pollution than surface water. Therefore, it is commonly used for public water supplies. For example, groundwater provides the largest source of usable water storage in the United States and California annually withdraws the largest amount of groundwater of all the states. Underground reservoirs contain far more water than the capacity of all surface reservoirs and lakes in the US, including the Great Lakes. Many municipal water supplies are derived solely from groundwater. Polluted groundwater is less visible, but more difficult to clean up, than pollution in rivers and lakes. Groundwater pollution most often results from improper disposal of wastes on land. Major sources include industrial and household chemicals and garbage landfills, excessive fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture, industrial waste lagoons, tailings and process wastewater from mines, oil field brine pits, leaking underground oil storage tanks and pipelines, sewage sludge and septic systems.
Views: 1667 The Audiopedia
Curiosity Mining Minerals On Planet Mars
 
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NASA Video about minerals on Mars. Curiosity is a car-sized rover designed to explore Gale Crater on Mars as part of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. Credit: NASA Follow Us: Facebook: https://goo.gl/QapZAe Twitter: https://goo.gl/RoQSmJ
Views: 283 DEEP SPACE TV
Subterranean Civilizations
 
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Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/IsaacArthur/ Historically humanity has often taken shelter in caves or underground, and it is often thought we might do so again, on other worlds, in event of disasters, or simply because we run out of room on the ground above. In this episode we'll explore the concept of building underground, from simply subways and basements to advanced bunkers or entire cities beneath the Earth. Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur SFIA Merchandise available: https://www.signil.com/sfia/ Social Media: Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Isaac_A_Arthur on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: https://discord.gg/53GAShE Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/subterranean-civilizations Episode's Narration-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/subterranean-civilizations-narration-only Credits: Earth 2.0: Subterranean Civilizations Episode 169, Season 5 E03 Written by: Isaac Arthur Editors: A.T. Long Darius Said D. Hemanshi Evan Schultheis Keith Blockus Matthew Acker Steve Nixon Cover Art: Jakub Grygier https://www.artstation.com/jakub_grygier Graphics by: Bryan Versteeg http://spacehabs.com Fishy Tree https://www.deviantart.com/fishytree/ Jeremy Jozwik https://www.artstation.com/zeuxis_of_losdiajana Justin Dixon Ken York https://www.facebook.com/YDVisual/ LegionTech Studios https://hades9.com Sergio Botero https://www.artstation.com/sboterod?fref=gc Space ResourcesCGI Produced & Narrated by: Isaac Arthur Music Manager: Luca De Rosa - [email protected] Music: Denny Schneidemesser, "Across the Universe" https://soundcloud.com/denny-schneidemesser Scott Buckley, "Snowfall" http://www.scottbuckley.com.au Paradox Interactive, Andreas Waldetoft, "The Imperial Fleet" https://www.paradoxplaza.com Miguel Johnson, "The Hunt" https://soundcloud.com/migueljohnsonmjmusic Kai Engel, "Endless Story About Sun and Moon" https://www.kai-engel.com/ Chris Zabriskie, "NirvanaVEVO" http://chriszabriskie.com Scott Buckley, "Cobalt" & "Static" http://www.scottbuckley.com.au
Views: 104451 Isaac Arthur
Mining Services - Ascent Geomatics Solutions
 
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Ascent Geomatics Mining capabilities including use of UAV Photogrammetry and up-to-date video of a Mining facility.
2016 Lecture 04 Maps of Meaning: Anomaly
 
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Much of the complexity of the world is hidden from us while we pursue our focal, goal-directed actions. However, when our plans go wrong, and we don't get what we want, what we have ignored resurfaces. If the disruption is severe enough, major parts of our identity have to be reconfigured. This can be difficult to the point of trauma. Additional relevant links: Website: http://jordanbpeterson.com/ Books: 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos: https://jordanbpeterson.com/12-rules-for-life/ Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief: https://jordanbpeterson.com/maps-of-meaning/ Blog: https://jordanbpeterson.com/blog/ Podcast: https://jordanbpeterson.com/jordan-b-peterson-podcast/ Reading List: https://jordanbpeterson.com/2017/10/great-books/ 12 Rules for Life Tour: Dates, Cities and Venues: https://jordanbpeterson.com/events/ Self Authoring Suite: http://selfauthoring.com/ Understand Myself personality test: http://understandmyself.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/jordanbpeterson Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jordan.b.peterson/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/drjordanpeterson Support this channel: https://www.jordanbpeterson.com/donate
Views: 139548 Jordan B Peterson
LUNAR STRUCTURES AND ORB COMPLEXES:  NASA Hi-Res Images
 
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View in 480p Full Screen, if possible. This video points out some very odd features found on the Lunar surface courtesy of NASA hi-resolution satellite photography. While some of these images can be "explained away" by skeptics, there are many which defy explanation and call for the viewer to decide for themselves. As always, please comment and enjoy.
Views: 1369 OurUFOandETcontinuum
PEAK GOLD: MYTH or HARD FACT? | Tim Warman
 
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With signals pointing to gold set-up for a strong year in 2018, propelled by fed tightening and large investment capital rotation out of topping stocks into precious metals, will demand for physical gold outpace it's comparatively inelastic supply, DRIVING GOLD PRICES EVEN HIGHER? And have we PASSED PEAK GOLD production globally, or will rising gold prices enable major increases in supply to be quickly brought online? What are the real constraints to gold exploration, development, and production, from an industry insider's perspective? Fiore Gold CEO and President Tim Warman visits Reluctant Preppers as a professional geologist with over 25 years of experience in all phases of mineral exploration, from grassroots exploration to feasibility and development. He has held board or senior leadership roles with some of the most successful exploration and development companies of the past decade, which have together discovered over 30 million ounces of gold. Mr. Warman is a director of Continental Gold Inc. He was president of Dalradian Resources, which is developing the Curraghinalt gold project in Northern Ireland, from 2012 to 2015. Previously, Mr. Warman was vice-president, corporate development, of Aurelian Resources Inc. Find Mr. Warman & Fiore Gold online at: FioreGold.com Subscribe (it's FREE!) to Reluctant Preppers for more ► http://bit.ly/Subscribe-Free Channel graphics by http://JosiahJohnsonStudios.com Promotion by http://FinanceAndLiberty.com
Views: 2241 Reluctant Preppers
Outward Bound: Colonizing Mercury
 
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Today we take a trip inward, to explore Sun-Scorched Mercury. Visit our sponsor, Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/IsaacArthur/ Mercury is the nearest planet to the Sun, a seeming airless wasteland little discussed in conversations about colonizing our solar system. Today we will challenge that, and show that Mercury may be one of the most promising places for humanity to make new homes on. Watch Isaac's Interview on TMRO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OrElrA-Qtio&t=1767 Visit our Website: http://www.isaacarthur.net Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/IsaacArthur SFIA Merchandise available: https://www.signil.com/sfia Social Media: Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1583992725237264/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/IsaacArthur/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/Isaac_A_Arthur on Twitter and RT our future content. SFIA Discord Server: https://discord.gg/v5UKTsz Listen or Download the audio of this episode from Soundcloud: Episode's Audio-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/colonizing-mercury Episode's Narration-only version: https://soundcloud.com/isaac-arthur-148927746/colonizing-mercury-narration-only Credits: Outward Bound: Colonizing Mercury Season 4, Episode 23 Writers: Isaac Arthur Editors: A.T. Long Darius Said Derek Hightower Edward Nardella Keith Blockus Jerry Guern Luca DeRosa Luke Parrish Mark Warburton Oliver Epsom Sam McNamara Sigmund Kopperud Producer: Isaac Arthur Cover Artist: Jakub Grygier https://www.artstation.com/jakub_grygier Graphics Team: Jarred Eagley Jeremy Jozwik Justin Dixon Katie Byrne Ken York Kris Holland (Mafic Studios) www.maficstudios.com Kristijan Tavar Mihail Yordanov Sergio Botero https://www.artstation.com/sboterod?fref=gc Narrator: Isaac Arthur Music Manager: Luca De Rosa - [email protected] Music: Markus Junnikkala, "Hail the Victorious Dead" https://www.markusjunnikkala.com/ Koalips, "Kvazar" http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Koalips/ Aerium, "Fifth Star of Aldebaran" https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRnUJY3l5vIJFGsY3XvW4dQ Kai Engel, "Endless Story about Sun and Moon" https://www.kai-engel.com/ Denny Schneidemesser, "Across the Universe" https://soundcloud.com/denny-schneidemesser Lombus, "Cosmic Soup" https://lombus.bandcamp.com
Views: 123028 Isaac Arthur
Healing Crystals Sphalerite Information Video
 
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More information on Sphalerite: http://www.healingcrystals.com/Sphalerite_Articles_14838.html To view all our crystals, please go to this link, http://www.healingcrystals.com/categories.html For more information on crystals for various issues, challenges, and ailments, go to this link, http://www.healingcrystals.com/Crystals_for_Common_Conditions_Articles_12069.html To receive a 10% discount on your order, please use this code, YTVideo10. Crystal Blessings!
Views: 855 healingcrystals
shame illegal mines of zhuang nation  in African
 
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A voice of justice Zhuang people: a place called Serenade place, where so-called Zhuang and Han people went to illegal mining in Ghana, Africa and plunder of resources, destruction of the environment. Zhuang generations is a national passion for environmental protection, such as the so-called Zhuang people, Han is simply bogus. Zhuang people in their own land, the pollution of the environment will be subject to various penalties and damage to the environment they are forced to destroy factories, and death often occurs because of environmental pollution caused. Since their land is protected 30 million Zhuang people are unable to guarantee that no scum, those so-called Serenade Zhuang Zhuang is a disgrace, they must be cleaned out. Hope that all the countries of Africa, please go to clean up these Guangxi Zhuang people, especially the mining of these people, these people in Guangxi, China is identified as the perpetrators of the Zhuang people called on African countries to expel request these so-called Zhuang people, these mining company is basically a crime, please you confiscate their property and expel them out of your borders.
Views: 52 kattar Xun
Whether the Earth was designed for People ? (geology climate faith belief god)
 
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1) WHETHER THE EARTH WAS DESIGNED FOR PEOPLE ? 2) THE MOON - 4 cm is walking away from the Earth for the year 3) our planet because of that is becoming less and less stable, will cause it extreme climate change 4) CONTINENTAL DRIFT - they cause earthquakes and explosions of volcanoes 5) causes changes in the length and direction of ocean currents, another drastic climate change 6) WEATHER - 8.6 of the million of lightning is hitting of every twenty-four hours 7) extreme temperatures rocking and surroundings of the equator, very strong winds 8) LANDS -- it is only a 29% of an entire surface 9) what for people it is only friendly from 17% of the surface of the entire planet 10) WATER - resources: 97% salt water, 3% fresh water of the 99% of the living space occupy oceans 11) in the middle of the ocean the man for which the Earth was designed can die of desire 12) PEOPLE - about 106 billion peoples lived so far 13) if people didn't die the way it was supposed to be, how would the entire available land look like .. ? 14) WHETHER SOMETIMES THE EARTH WASN'T DESIGNED FOR SALTWATER ORGANISMS ? Earth, also called the world[n 4] and, less frequently, Gaia,[n 5] (or Terra in some works of science fiction[27]) is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to accommodate life. The earliest life on Earth arose at least 3.5 billion years ago.[28][29][30] Earth's biodiversity has expanded continually except when interrupted by mass extinctions.[31] Although scholars estimate that over 99 percent of all species that ever lived on the planet are extinct,[32][33] Earth is currently home to 10–14 million species of life,[34][35] including over 7.2 billion humans[36] who depend upon its biosphere and minerals. Earth's human population is divided among about two hundred sovereign states which interact through diplomacy, conflict, travel, trade and communication media. According to evidence from radiometric dating and other sources, Earth was formed around four and a half billion years ago. Within its first billion years,[37] life appeared in its oceans and began to affect its atmosphere and surface, promoting the proliferation of aerobic as well as anaerobic organisms and causing the formation of the atmosphere's ozone layer. This layer and the geomagnetic field blocked the most life-threatening parts of the Sun's radiation, so life was able to flourish on land as well as in water.[38] Since then, the combination of Earth's distance from the Sun, its physical properties and its geological history have allowed life to persist In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.[1] The concept of God as described by theologians commonly includes the attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. Monotheism is the belief in the existence of one God or in the oneness of God. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God is purported not to exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within the context of agnosticism. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".[1] Many notable medieval philosophers and modern philosophers have developed arguments for and against the existence of God Geology (from the Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse"[1][2]) is an earth science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change. Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any celestial body (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars). Geology gives insight into the history of the Earth by providing the primary evidence for plate tectonics, the evolutionary history of life, and past climates. Geology is important for mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, evaluating water resources, understanding of natural hazards, the remediation of environmental problems, and for providing insights into past climate change. Geology also plays a role in geotechnical engineering and is a major academic discipline. A people is a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation. Collectively, for example, the contemporary Frisians and Danes are two related Germanic peoples, while various Middle Eastern ethnic groups are often linguistically categorized as the Semitic people. See the list of contemporary ethnic groups for more examples.
Views: 58 Majeranek 1731
Synthesis for Lunar Simulants: Glass, Agglutinate, Plagioclase, Breccia
 
14:38
The video describes a process for making glass for lunar regolith simulants that was developed from a patented glass-producing technology. Glass composition can be matched to simulant design and specification. Production of glass, pseudo agglutinates, plagioclase, and breccias is demonstrated. The system is capable of producing hundreds of kilograms of high quality glass and simulants per day. Mostly silent, with some intermittent simulant production sounds. Released August 2012.
Views: 435 NASA STI Program
Space Exploration
 
04:56
Heidi Hammel says reallocating money toward science could do us a lot of good. Question: What is inhibiting space exploration today? Heidi Hammel: It's clear that the only thing that is inhibiting us from doing further human exploration of space is money and the will to do it. I mean, if we could do it 30, 40 years ago, 50 years ago, whatever, we could certainly do it now. It costs a lot of money, and you need to have a good reason to do it. And in the past our reasons were not science, and don't let scientists tell you otherwise. That just means they haven't read history. We were not doing moon landings to do geological exploration of the surface. In fact, when we got to that point, the program was canceled, so human spaceflight at this point is not about science. It really needs to be about economics or politics. So there's nothing technological preventing us from doing it. We have the technology to live in space for years right now. Getting to Mars is a little more challenging. It's a lot further than the moon, a lot further than the moon. People don't really appreciate that, but it's going to be a lot harder, and people worry about the sun and whether those solar flares will hurt the astronauts. But that's just a technological problem. You could think of ways to get around it. It just costs money and costs the will power. So there's people willing to go right now. Some of these astronauts, they want to go to space. They want. That's what they want to do. I don't want to go, but that's just my own personal thing. I'm happy here on the surface of the earth. If space travel ever got to be as simple as jet travel today, yeah, I'd take a jet flight to the moon. But right now it's too cramped and tiny, and I just don't want to do that. My kids, if they want to, I mean, there's nothing preventing it except it costs money. I wish that our resources in our country were devoted to things like exploration and expanding our boundaries rather than some of the other things that we're spending 10 billion dollars on every two weeks. But that's not my choice to make really, except as a citizen I vote all the time. Because exploration is not science driven, you've got to ask what is it driven by? And it's driven by politics. And I gave a public lecture quite a few years ago now, where I was talking about the future of planetary exploration. And I said in this very public lecture, I said, you know, "I think the only way that the U.S. human spaceflight program is going to get really revitalized, really put sort of an Apollo level push on it, is if some other country, perhaps China, were to actually have a landed flight to the moon and brought back our American flag and put it in Tiananmen Square. Now I think that might be a provocative enough maneuver that the U.S. might stand up and say, oh, well, well, we can do that, too. We can go back to the moon. To me that's the only kind of thing that will make our government turn around and start investing in human spaceflight. With that said, I think the world is changing. I think that the private industries are now starting to get interested enough in space that we may see a very different paradigm come up for human spaceflight. It may be the Branson's, the Virgin Galactic Spaceship One, it may be those people, sort of like the Orville and Wilbur Wright's of spaceflight, who actually with their small spacecraft make it more of a tourist industry, and they start to get enough money. And once you get enough money going, then other people throw money at it, and as I said earlier, money is all you need. There's no technological barrier to space exploration. It's money. The private part of our industry may overtake the government part. And we may see space, human spaceflight, coming at us from a very different direction than our current thinking has put it. A lot of science fiction writers have talked about that in the past, where you've got your asteroid mining companies, and that they are the ones that are really going to make space exploration happen. It may turn out to be something like that. I don't see any reason that it can't happen. We just need to find the money and the will to make it happen.
Views: 248 Big Think

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