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There’s no doubt one of the upcoming careers in India and the prospect of great job opportunities makes it worthy to seek a career in this field Zoology is a branch of biology which is involved in scientific study of animals, including protozoa, fish, reptiles, mammals and birds.
In other words, Zoology is a branch of science which deals with study of animals and their existence in the environment. Zoology comprises topics for study, like structure & anatomy, characteristics, behavioural pattern, nutrition, distribution, physiology, genetics, evolution, classification etc. of zoological species (animals).
Zoology includes study of household pets, marine animals, zoo animals, wild animals etc. The professionals who study this field are called as Zoologists. Since Zoology is a branch of biology related to animal kingdom, Zoologists are also called as animal biologists or animal scientists. The branch of zoology specialising in study of birds is called as ornithology, specialising in study of fish and their habitats is known as Icthylogy or Fisheries. The branch of Zoology which studies amphibians and reptiles is called as Herpetology and which is involved in studying mammals, is called as Mammalogy.
An aspirant of Zoology can get a job either as an academician or on project basis in research. A Zoologist not only works in a zoo but in a natural habitat too. His job includes preparing various reports on traits and behavioural aspects of animals and managing them. A zoologist works in the field as well as in a laboratory. Other jobs include zookeeper, animal caretaker, veterinary technician/technologist, research assistant, laboratory technician etc. A school teaching job for science subject along with other essential qualifications like B.Ed or D. Ed could be an option too.
Educational qualification in Zoology includes Bachelor in Science (B.Sc.), Master in Science (M. Sc.) and Doctorate degree (Ph.D). Most of the universities and colleges in India of various states having courses in fundamental biology, provide courses in Zoology too. Foreign universities also provide similar degree of education in zoology. In case of job, it is always good to have higher level education for better understanding, greater responsibility and more salary. For those who want to make their career in research, a master’s degree or doctorate degree is must. For any job in zoology, apart from educational qualifications, other skills like critical thinking, problem solving attitude, ability to deal in bad weathers, active learning, quick decision making, etc are also useful. Computer skills like data analysis, knowledge of MS office particularly MS Excel (for data mining), MS word for report making is must. Last but not the least, love for animals and curiosity for science is very essential for those who want to make their career in Zoology.
In Industry, Zoologists can be hired by companies working closely with animals like manufacturing veterinary products. Salary depends upon various factors like educational qualification, location of job, form of job etc. However, on an average a zoologist should earn not less than 3.5 lakhs per year.
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