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The Mining Act of 1995 is a long-wrought tragedy for indigenous peoples
 
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The benefits of mining argued by mining corporations as compensatory for its immense social costs and environmental destruction is a lie. Mining corporations in collusion with the government paint a rosy picture of mining, insisting on "responsible mining" and "there is life in mining" yet its impacts on the environment and people, especially to the indigenous peoples, tell a different story. The Mining Act of 1995 is a long-wrought tragedy to indigenous people. It worsens foreign-favored, one sided, anti-people policy of liberalization of the mining industry. It bridges and aggravates the centuries-old foreign plunder of resources in our lands. The Mining Act of 1995 worsens the oppressions against us. As our ancestors did, we have valiantly defended our lands from the transgressions, and today we defend our land and life from liberalized mining. However, we found ourselves pitted against government forces as they play protector of large-scale mines. Deployment of military forces where there are large-scale mining interests are massive. As if the massive deployment of military was not enough, the AFP recruits indigenous peoples to paramilitary groups. Reneging its campaign promise to dissolve paramilitary groups at the aftermath of the Ampatuan massacre, President BS Aquino beefs up the viciousness of its armed forces by allowing the formation of paramilitary groups and use them as pawns in counter-insurgency and as mining security. Under the BS Aquino presidency, 50 indigenous peoples, including 6 indigenous women and 6 indigenous children, were slain by the AFP and paramilitary groups. The violation of human rights of indigenous peoples worsened as a result of mining and militarization. On October 18, 2012, member of the 26th Infantry Battalion strafed the home of Juvy Capion, a Blaan woman and one of the leaders of the Blaan people's fight against the mining operations of SMI-Xstrata in their ancestral lands. The attack on their home killed and 8 months- pregnant Juvy, and her two young sons. Kitari Capion, Datu Anting Freay, and 16-year-old Victor Freay adds to the lists of Blaan people killed by suspected military forces in the SMI-Xstrata mining site between 2012 and 2013. Military operations also caused the forced evacuation of communities. Thousands of indigenous peoples repeatedly evacuated in Surigao del Sur, agusan del Sur, Compostela Valley, and Bukidnon among others. In tandem with violence, the government uses deception to facilatate the entry of mining outfits in ancestral lands. The connivance of the government and mining corporations is best exemplified by the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP.) The NCIP is the lead agency in deceiving, manipulating, bribing and dividing indigenous peoples. Instead of upholding IP rights and welfare against business interests, NCIP only negotiated in favor of the latter. The NCIP conducts "consultations" for mining outfits to fulfill the mandated Free Prior Informed Consent of indigenous communities. However, the FPIC process is riddled with issues of corruption, bribery, and coercion; and it has been used to legalize the entry of development projects in ancestral lands. The IPRA neither projects nor defends the rights of indigenous peoples to their lands and self-determination. It is tool of the State, deceptive and lethal, for plunder and exploitations of indigenous people's lands. The Mining Act of 1995, aided by the IPRA and strengthened BS Aquino's very own EO 79 is a deadly combination for the rights of indigenous peoples to their lands and to self-determination. For us indigenous peoples, the BS Aquino administration brings no respite from environmental destruction, human rights violations, repression, and oppressions similar to past regimes. Its continued implementation of the Mining Act of 1995 is a testament to this fact.
Views: 667 kodao phils
AP Homework - PH Mining Act of 1995
 
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solo po ako.
Views: 378 IllusoryPride
DENR to review Mining Act
 
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Mining Act, muling pag-aaralan ng DENR
Views: 2164 ABS-CBN News
On the 23rd year of Philippine Mining Act of 1995
 
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"March 3 is the 23rd year of the implementation of the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 which caused the landgrab of the ancestral domain of indigenous peoples all over the country where minerals are abundantly found. Indigenous peoples experience continuous, intensified militarization and destruction of their communities due to destructive mining operations. Even the so-called due-process through "free, prior and informed consent" (FPIC) is violated. On the other hand, this process serves as a means to deprive indigenous peoples of their ancestral lands. Now, we face the issue of changing the present constitution which will lead to the worsening condition of the indigenous peoples through the constitutionalization of 100% foreign-ownership of mining. This is the aim of our lawmakers -- to give our lands to foreign corporations. At present, even the small-scale miners continually experience oppression through the formation of the National Task Force on Mining Challenge that is actually a clearing operation to get rid of the small scale miners and pave the way for large-scale mining operations. They say that they intend to protect nature and the environment but the areas they target belong to the ancestral domain of indigenous peoples, who safeguards and ensures that their lands are preserved and taken care of. The Cordillera Peoples Alliance therefore reiterates our call for communities and organizations to continue our struggle, our fight, to oppose charter change and the plans of the government through the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), to forcibly displace the small-scale miners from their lands." - Santi Mero, CPA Vice-Chairperson for Internal Affairs
Abandoned Mined Land (AML) reclamation program for former coal mines
 
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A national program to remediate safety and environmental hazards from past coal mining was created by the passage of federal law -- The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). SMCRA, Title 4, Abandoned Mined Land Reclamation http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/30/25/IV The administering agency is the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE or OSM) within the U.S. Department of the Interior. See: http://www.osmre.gov/aml/AML.shtm More about SMCRA and OSMRE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8uq7YI8AHnQ Abandoned Mines: Stay out, stay alive: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EsZqik612U (I was with OSM from April 1978 to May 1995; this helped get me to leave): On the night of March 4, 1995, an entire eastbound lane of Interstate 70 in Guernsey County, Ohio suddenly collapsed into a 10-foot crater swallowing a car and nearly several others plus a semi-truck --- the entire interstate being closed for six months until $4.4 million in repairs were made. On September 15, 1994, Robert Mooney, an acting field director for the federal Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, had sent the state a letter expressing concern for a worsening situation. The state ignored his request for an investigation of voids in the abandoned coal mines beneath the highway. More: http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/i-70-collapse 1/13/2011 - Interstate-72 bridge damaged by mine subsidence http://www.sj-r.com/carousel/x512656240/I-72-bridge-damaged-by-mine-subsidence (Excerpts) A routine bridge inspection last fall showed damage from mine subsidence under the bridge on the east side of the river, said Illinois Department of Transportation spokesman Josh Kauffman. He said the subsidence has had "a very slight impact" on the bridge, which was built in 1974. "It is still able to carry the loads it was built for," Kauffman said. "It is a very small dip." IDOT is coordinating efforts with the Illinois Department of Natural Resources' Office of Mines and Minerals. "We have devised a plan to stabilize the structure by drilling a series of bore holes to the depth of the abandoned mine and injecting a concrete grout mixture to fill any voids left from coal mining operations," Kauffman said. Department of Natural Resources spokesman Chris McCloud said the agency's Abandoned Mined Land Reclamation Division said a DNR contractor will be at the bridge Monday, weather permitting, to begin filling the area east of the river with concrete. Underground coal mine fires: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SxlykI9WSGI This clip is from A Page in Time (1996): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KpDwRYy7BYg
Views: 4111 rhmooney3
CSAC Webinar - Mining Law Modernization: AB 1142 and SB 209 – What They Did
 
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On January 1, a host of changes to the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMARA) kick in. Counties and the mining industry have only a few months to make sure they are ready to implement and abide by the new requirements. Join CSAC, CalCIMA, and RCRC on a free webinar that will review: The need for SMARA improvements. Changes to financial assurance and reclamation plan approvals. Inspection and enforcement changes. Regulatory implementation. The presenters on these subjects have been chosen for their knowledge and for their roles in implementing the new laws. Panel of experts: Bradley Johnson, Partner, Harrison, Temblador, Hungerford & Johnson Jeffrey Schmidt, Executive Officer, State Mining and Geology Board Kerry Shapiro, Partner, Jeffer Mangels Butler and Mitchell, LLP Pat Perez, Supervisor of Mine Reclamation, California Department of Conservation
Views: 97 CSACCounties
Statement from Ashley Judd over backlash about recent comments about mountaintop removal
 
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Statement from Ashley Judd over backlash about recent comments about mountaintop removal
Views: 796 WYMT Television
Crisis on Tap Full Video for CAHR
 
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Filled with interviews and interesting facts from indigenous peoples and scientists from Canada and around the world, fresh footage and new perspectives, this documentary offers a unique insight into the current conditions of water quality in Canada’s First Nations Communities. Some of these results are surprising and some are shocking and it is our hope that this documentary will engage, but more importantly, inform viewers. The Producer and Director is Dr Jeffrey Reading, (Mohawk Tyendinaga), and the Associate Producers are Robynne Edgar, (Metis Ancestry from Batoche) and Karen Davies (Cedarwood Productions).
Views: 5121 cedarwoodproductions
The Toxic Mining Law
 
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While everyone is distracted by a certain orange presidential candidate, a river turned orange in Colorado. The Animas River disaster happened when contractors working for the EPA accidentally released a toxic stew from an old abandoned gold mine. Before we go and dismantle the EPA and eliminate government entirely, let’s take a look at why the deadly mining waste was there in the first place. You can see more at http://www.MarkFiore.com. Stay up-to-date with the latest animation! http://tinyurl.com/fiore-update Follow me on Twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/markfiore or on Facebook: http://tinyurl.com/fiore-fb And of course, there's an iPhone app! http://tinyurl.com/newstoons
Views: 1262 Mark Fiore
Leadville Mine, June 1993
 
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Underground with Mom & Dad at the Black Cloud Mine in Leadville, CO 1993
Views: 318 Sterling Wainscott
The Mining Rap
 
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LYRICS: Chorus: One of the world's biggest industries A vast amount of minerals and history A process that's been around since the Earth's birth It's basically taking minerals out of the Earth The minerals found are so bright and blinding It's a job for a man, no room for whining And it keeps on getting bigger, not so surprising What am I talking about? M-I-N MINING Verse 1: It's time to start a new chapter Go flip the page 10,000 years ago, in the Neolithic Age, Cavemen were mining for minerals like Nickel It was as easy as cake Despite the long wait These men went on a mineral resource shopping spree Resources had divisions that were divided into three First was metallic from Gold to Uranium Second was non-metallic from Calcium to Magnesium Then the last is used for powering our tools It's none other than the mineral fuels Powers our machines to help reach our goals This ranges from Petroleum to Coal How do they get these? They use a lot of tactics The most basic one of them is using Mathematics This is Trigonometry So in other words it's not anymore a mystery So we can move on to its history (Repeat Chorus) Verse 2 Wanna travel back in time? Let's go! The Neolithic Period 10,000 years ago Where primitive men used to mine for Nickel It was easy as cake straightforward as a pickle Then fast forward by 7,000 years When the Egyptian bad boys were making a tear Then they started to organize mining to separate the men from the boys They mined for Gold, Silver and Turquoise Then the Greeks and Romans got their own take on mining They made various techniques and eventually defined it The Middle Ages arrived, and mining really beamed From being labour-intensive, they leveled up to steam And here's something you already knew It spread to the land of the red, white, and blue They dominated the game and no one could get in range Or in other words, they brought the game change The Philippines took a hand of it, and mining really helps our country survive From the Royal Decree of 1837 to the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 Special thanks to SADIKBeatz for the beat1
Views: 1167 deodex
Mining
 
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019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 79587 Bozeman Science
Responsible Mining
 
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Miranda Alto Concession
Views: 78 HOSTTITANIUM
Alpha Natural Resources - Running Right?
 
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For the past decade Dickenson Russell Coal Company a subsidiary of Alpha Natural Resources has been dewatering the abandoned McClure 1 mine to make room for coal waste slurry injection from the McClure 1 Coal Preparation plant. This occurs at the former air return shaft located beside Highway 83 just 6 miles east of Clintwood, Virginia. The water is discharged untreated into the McClure River which flows into the Russell Fork , then the Big Sandy, Ohio, and Mississippi. According to Eric Greear who works for the Department of Mines Minerals and Energy's Division of Mined Land Reclamation, only acidity and metal tests are performed on the water before it is discharged into the river. When asked about chemical testing, he said tests for chemicals were not required. The McClure #1 mine was in operation from 1978 to 1995. Has no one thought of the thousands of gallons of used hydraulic oil and gears oils that leaked from the machinery over the mine's lifespan? There are also many other chemicals that are left behind in the mining process including adhesives, strong cleaning agents, and anti-freeze to name a few. How can it be legal and considered "Running Right" to pump stagnant polluted mine water straight into our streams? \Alpha Natural Resources....Running Right?
Views: 4170 ThoughtfulCoalMiner
DUST TO ROOTS: A Documentary About Mine Rehabilitation
 
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DUST TO ROOTS is the culmination of weeks of preparation, production, and post production by a team of geology students comprised of Ralph Delatore, Arianne Espina, and Alwin Robel (with the group name Envigeoists). The purpose of this documentary is to inform and educate the public on what mining really is: the purpose of the industry and its benefits, and how it must be done responsibly. For most people, mining has this ugly appearance due to the nature of the industry. It is the reason for their quick judgement on how it is destructive to our environment. Oftentimes, the social benefits it bring in a community are overlooked. But, through the mine rehabilitation, the mining industry and environmental sustainability can go together and bring development in a community. The creators of this film documentary are enrolled under the course Environmental Conflicts and Social Change (CHE99) under the School of Chemical, Biological, and Materials Engineering and Sciences of Mapúa University handled by Professor Dante Bernabe. The team acknowledge and thank Mr. Dante Bernabe (Course Professor), Mr. Teodorico Marquez Jr. (MGB Mine Safety, Environment, and Social Development Division's Senior Science Research Specialist, resource person) , and Engr. Marcial Mateo (MGB Mine Safety, Environment, and Social Development Division's Chief of Mine Rehabilitation Section) for making this documentary possible. And also, to Inda, Sebastian, Lorenzo, Danilo, Johnny, and Raphael who allowed the team to get their opinions. To know more about the mining in the Philippines and the Mines and Geosciences Bureau, visit http://www.mgb.gov.ph/ #Mining #ResponsibleMining #Environment #EnvironmentalSustainability #SocialDevelopment
Views: 188 Ralph Delatore
Critical Issues Webinar: Induced Seismicity in the Mid-Continent
 
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This webinar provides current information about induced seismic activity in the United States, specifically in the mid-continent, and includes information on mitigation planning, the current state of seismic monitoring at the state level, and the challenges in communicating the science of the issue to the public and decision-makers. Our speakers include: Bill Ellsworth, U.S. Geological Survey Austin Holland, Oklahoma State Seismologist, Oklahoma Geological Survey Rex Buchanan, Kansas Geological Survey This webinar is co-sponsored by the Association of American State Geologists (AASG). For more information: www.americangeosciences.org/policy-critical-issues/webinars
Mining in the Philippines
 
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Tapatan sa Aristocrat Malate, Manila October 10, 2016 Topic: Mining in the Philippines: SUNRISE or SUNSET INDUSTRY? Guests: 1. Atty. Ronald S. Recidoro - VP for Legal & Policy, Chamber of Mines of the Philippines 2. Mr. Jose P. Leviste, Jr. - Chairman, Oceana Gold 3. Mr. Jose Bayani "JB" Baylon - VP for Corporate Communications, Nickel Asia Corp.
Darwin Green, Vice President Exploration, Constantine Metals - 2015 Subscriber Investment Summit
 
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Recorded October 8, 2015 in Vancouver, Canada Constantine is a base and precious metal exploration company focused on premier North American mining environments, led by a top tier technical team with a discovery track record. The Company's flagship Palmer VMS Project is located in a very accessible part of southeast Alaska and host to a NI 43-101 compliant 8.125 million tonne inferred resource grading 1.41% copper, 5.25% zinc, 0.32 g/t gold and 31.7 g/t silver (using an NSR cut-off of US$75/t; see news release dated May 11, 2015) that is open to expansion. The Palmer Project is being advanced in partnership with Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd., who can earn 49% in the Project by making aggregate expenditures of US$22 million over four years. http://www.constantinemetals.com Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements: Forward looking statements: This presentation contains certain “forward-looking information within the meaning of Canadian securities legislation and "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (collectively "forward looking statements") concerning Constantine’s plans for its properties, operations and other matters. Forward-looking statements include predictions, projections and forecasts and are often, but not always, identified by the use of words such as “seek”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “plan”, “estimate”, "forecast", “expect”, "potential", "project", "target", "schedule", budget" and “intend” and statements that an event or result “may”, “will”, “should”, “could” or “might” occur or be achieved and other similar expressions and includes the negatives thereof. All statements other than statements of historical fact, including, without limitation, statements regarding potential mineralization, the estimation of mineral resources, the realization of mineral resource estimates, interpretation of prior exploration and potential exploration results, the timing and success of exploration activities generally, the timing and results of future resource estimates, permitting time lines, metal prices and currency exchange rates, availability of capital to Constantine and its joint venture partner, government regulation of exploration operations, environmental risks, reclamation, title, statements with respect to the future price of gold and other metals, and future plans and objectives of Constantine are forward-looking statements that involve various risks and uncertainties. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate and actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Forward-looking statements are based on a number of material factors and assumptions. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from Constantine’s expectations include actual exploration results, changes in project parameters as plans continue to be refined, results of future resource estimates, future metal prices, availability of capital and financing on acceptable terms to Constantine and its joint venture partner, general economic, market or business conditions, uninsured risks, regulatory changes, defects in title, availability of personnel, materials and equipment on a timely basis, accidents or equipment breakdowns, delays in receiving government approvals, unanticipated environmental impacts on operations and costs to remedy same, and other exploration or other risks detailed herein and from time to time in the filings made by the Company with securities regulators. Although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause such actions, events or results to differ materially from those anticipated. There can be no assurance that forward-looking statements will prove to be accurate and accordingly readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.
Views: 222 CEO.CA
Black 9/11: Money, Motive, Technology, and Plausible Deniability
 
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Special thanks to Michael C. Ruppert, Mark H. Gaffney, and Kevin Ryan for their dedicated research in bringing this information out of the shadowy black operations underworld from which it came. This video is a compilation of evidence they have uncovered. "Inside Job" Documentary on the Financial "Crisis" of 2008 http://www.theotherschoolofeconomics.org/?p=2499 "Crossing the Rubicon" - The Decline of American Empire at the end of the age of oil http://www.fromthewilderness.com "Black 911" by Mark H. Gaffney: http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2011/05/25/black-911-a-walk-on-the-dark-side-part-3/ Was 9/11 an Inside Job? http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article20521.htm A guide to 9/11 Whistleblowers http://www.corbettreport.com/articles/20100305_911_whistleblowers.htm Project Hammer http://decryptedmatrix.com/live/bushs-project-hammer/ WTC 6 http://www.whale.to/b/wtc_6_h.html SEC Act Section 12(k)2: http://www.sec.gov/rules/other/34-44791.htm Richard Grove's testimony (complete transcript) http://www.freewebs.com/abigsecret/grove.html "Collateral Damage" by E.P. Heidner http://www.wanttoknow.info/911/Collateral-Damage-911-black_eagle_fund_trust.pdf The CIA's forty-year complicity in the narcotics trade by Alfred W. McCOY http://www.cob.sjsu.edu/facstaff/davis_r/fallout.htm Executive Order 12333 created an agreement between the CIA and Justice Department (DEA) to look the other way on Government Drug Trafficking: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/eo/eo-12333-2008.pdf AIG and Drug Money http://www.fromthewilderness.com/free/ciadrugs/part_2.html Maurice Greenberg's report for the CFR http://www.fas.org/irp/cfr.html Richard Armitage, Frank Carlucci, Herbert Winokur, and company http://digwithin.net/2012/04/08/911-as-a-sequel-to-iran-contra/ Post 9/11 Promotions: http://arabesque911.blogspot.com/2007/11/911-incompetence-sabotage-and.html#_edn10 9/11 Gold Theft and other smoking guns: http://911review.org/Wget/Killtown/9_11-Smoking-Guns.html http://killtown.911review.org/oddities.html#February26,1993-WTC_gold Kevin Ryan's landmark article on who had "Demolition access to the WTC Towers": Tenants: http://www.911review.com/articles/ryan/demolition_access_p1.html Security: http://www.911review.com/articles/ryan/demolition_access_p2.html Convergence: http://www.911review.com/articles/ryan/carlyle_kissinger_saic_halliburton.html Clean Up: http://www.911review.com/articles/ryan/demolition_access_p4.html Kevin R. Ryan, et al, Environmental anomalies at the World Trade Center: evidence for energetic materials, The Environmentalist, Volume 29, Number 1 / March, 2009, http://www.springerlink.com/content/f67q6272583h86n4/ Kevin R. Ryan, The Top Ten Connections Between NIST and Nanothermites, Journal of 9/11 Studies, July 2008, http://www.journalof911studies.com/volume/2008/Ryan_NIST_and_Nano-1.pdf Website for In-Q-Tel, http://www.iqt.org/technology-portfolio/index-by-practice-area.html Wikipedia page for Jerome Hauer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Hauer Peter Jennings interview with Jerome Hauer, ABC, on 9/11, 14:53, available on You Tube, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dj0Rz9ZsDAg Taku Murakami, US Patent 5532449 - Using plasma ARC and thermite to demolish concrete, http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/5532449/description.html Albert Gibson et al, Integral low-energy thermite igniter, US Patent number: 4464989, http://www.google.com/patents/about?id=rKl1AAAAEBAJ&dq=US+4464989 Michael C. Ruppert, Suppressed Details of Criminal Insider Trading Lead Directly into the CIA's Highest Ranks, October 9, 2001, http://www.fromthewilderness.com/free/ww3/10_09_01_krongard.html Kevin R. Ryan, Mahmud Ahmed's itinerary from his Washington DC visit the week of 9/11, 911blogger.com, 11/27/2009, http://www.911blogger.com/node/21978 The agreement between LLNL and Savannah River can be found here - https://www.llnl.gov/str/News597.html Savannah's reference to developing sol-gels can be found here - http://srnl.doe.gov/mat_sci.htm SEC document for Washington pre-payments - http://www.secinfo.com/dRqWm.4G1Vx.c.htm The Ties That Bind, Descended from family business empires, six huge business groups dominate the Japanese economy, Multinational Monitor, October 1983 - http://multinationalmonitor.org/hyper/issues/1983/10/ties.html Securacomm Consulting Inc. v. Securacom Incorporated, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, January 20, 1999, 49 U.S.P.Q.2d 1444; 166 F.3d 182, http://altlaw.org/v1/cases/1099498 Wikipedia page for Stratesec, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratesec SEC filing for Stratesec, May 2, 1997, http://www.secinfo.com/dS7kv.82.htm Kroll Inc website, http://www.kroll.com/about/
Views: 225737 AlienScientist
DENR Sec. Lopez, muling inilatag ang panganib at epekto na dulot ng pagmimina
 
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DENR Sec. Lopez, muling inilatag ang panganib at epekto na dulot ng pagmimina For more news, visit: ►http://www.ptvnews.ph Subscribe to our YouTube channel: ►http://www.youtube.com/ptvphilippines Like our facebook page: ►PTV: http://facebook.com/PTVph ►Good Morning Pilipinas: https://www.facebook.com/gmorningpilipinas ►PTV SPORTS: http://facebook.com/PTV4SPORTS Follow us at Twitter: ►http://twitter.com/PTVph Follow us at Instagram: ►https://www.instagram.com/ptvph Follow our livestream at ►http://ptv.ph Watch our News Programs, every Monday to Friday RadyoBisyon - 6:00 am - 7:00 am Good Morning Pilipinas - 7:00 am - 8:00 am PTV News - 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm PTV News - 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm PTV News - 9:15 pm - 10:15 pm Saturday & Sunday: ►PTV News - 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm
Views: 124 PTV
Decolonizing Language Revitalization
 
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September 25, 2013 - How has Eurocentric anthropology and linguistics affected the way we interpret our elders and ancestors who share their cultural knowledge with foreign researchers? Join us for a presentation with Khelsilem Rivers and April Charlo, indigenous peoples from community-based and cultural revitalization backgrounds, who will be discussing decolonization of language revitalization. Their presentation and open dialogue will address the context of rapid language loss and decline, and how colonization has affected or is embedded in the strategies of revitalization. In an effort to revitalize Indigenous languages, communities may have unknowingly adopted or assimilated colonized ways of thinking as they invest interest and attempt to repair or restore ties to culture and language. Are we learning to speak Sḵwx̱wú7mesh, Nēhiyawēwin, Kanien'kéha, et all with an English-mind or are we learning to speak Sḵwx̱wú7mesh, Nēhiyawēwin, Kanien'kéha with a Sḵwx̱wú7mesh, Nēhiyaw, Kanien'keháka mind? Indigenous languages represent one of the darkest ways in which ethnocide and cultural genocide have occurred. It is expected in the next twenty-five years over 700 of the worlds Indigenous languages will be forgotten. In the Vancouver area alone, the two Indigenous languages are considered critical endangered; Sḵwx̱wú7mesh (Squamish) language has five to seven fluent speakers and hən̓q̓əmin̓əm has one fluent speaker left. Decolonizing Language Revitalization aims to put forward perspectives of shifting values, cultural understandings, and impacts on community. It is the stories we tell ourselves (as a people) that impacts who we believe we are, and then who we become. But if the stories -- even including, or especially the Indigenous ones -- are filtered through colonialism, we have become a different people because of it. April Charlo from Bitterroot Salish people and is a member of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, Montana. Khelsilem Rivers is a Sḵwx̱wú7mesh-Kwakwa̱ka̱'wakw language revitalization activist from Vancouver. Supported by SFU's Vancity Office of Community Engagement http://sfuwoodwards.ca/index.php/community
6. Marine Food-Chains: Mercury
 
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Environmental Politics and Law (EVST 255) The military's use of the Puerto Rican island of Vieques as a training site is discussed to highlight the challenges involved in identifying and restoring hazardous sites. Political opposition is faced while attempting to get a site recognized as hazardous, deciding how to compensate those affected, and determining an appropriate level of environmental restoration. The recurring theme of government secrecy and its effect on efforts to protect the environment is also covered during this lecture, as the US military is reluctant to allow researchers to examine testing grounds. The reclamation of these sites involves many environmental statutes, including the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Endangered Species Act, the Clean Water Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). 00:00 - Chapter 1. Recognizing and Restoring Hazardous Sites 12:25 - Chapter 2. The Problems of Historical Reconstruction at Vieques 19:31 - Chapter 3. Vieques Prior to U.S. Military Takeover 27:04 - Chapter 4. Weaponry and the Island's Changing Landscape 42:15 - Chapter 5. The Consequences of Leasing Out Vieques Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 7774 YaleCourses
Environment Matters 2018, Episode 4
 
26:47
Featured this month: a former West Virginia Superfund site gets a national award for site reuse; WVU's EcoCAR3 team finishes strong; hundreds of volunteers turn out for the 2018 Ohio River Sweep; how adding a rain barrel can save money and help the environment.
Mining industry | Wikipedia audio article
 
57:15
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining 00:01:48 1 History 00:01:57 1.1 Prehistoric mining 00:03:13 1.2 Ancient Egypt 00:04:23 1.3 Ancient Greek and Roman mining 00:08:00 1.4 Medieval Europe 00:12:01 1.5 Classical Philippine civilization 00:13:12 1.6 The Americas 00:16:14 1.7 Modern period 00:17:49 2 Mine development and lifecycle 00:20:32 3 Mining techniques 00:22:00 3.1 Surface mining 00:23:03 3.2 Underground mining 00:24:32 3.3 Highwall mining 00:26:16 4 Machines 00:27:38 5 Processing 00:30:22 6 Environmental effects 00:34:25 6.1 Waste 00:36:53 6.2 Renewable energy and mining 00:37:36 7 Mining industry 00:41:45 7.1 Corporate classifications 00:42:33 7.2 Regulation and governance 00:46:31 7.3 World Bank 00:48:38 8 Safety 00:52:16 9 Records 00:54:44 10 Metal reserves and recycling Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.998962699879125 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water. Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Book I, Para. 1Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed. Hence, most of the world's nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact. Work safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines. Levels of metals recycling are generally low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some rare metals may become unavailable for use in a variety of consumer products. Due to the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves.
Views: 51 wikipedia tts
Maria Gunnoe, 2012 Wallenberg Lecture
 
01:21:02
Maria Gunnoe is a fearless advocate for environmental and social justice. Despite threats and intimidation Ms. Gunnoe works to educate and build citizen advocacy, and to rally communities that face the destruction of their natural environment in her home of Boone County, West Virginia. About the Wallenberg Medal and Lecture Each year the recipient of the Wallenberg Medal is invited to present a lecture at the University of Michigan. The medalists take the stage at Rackham Auditorium and share their stories with an audience drawn from our campus and many surrounding communities. Each Lecture is different. In some years, survivors of Nazi persecution recounted their physical resistance in face of hellish danger. In others, medalists considered the effect over the years that the bravery of friends and family has had on the course of history. Lectures have been given by politicians who explain why they resisted unjust governments and, in turn, worked to develop a new order, honoring their personal vision with decades of public service. Some medalists have focused on their missions: to reject a life of wealth and rescue people who are literally slaves of corrupt businesses; to devote a life to the non-violent and peaceful pursuit of human rights. What the Wallenberg Lecturers have in common is their ability to inspire all with their vision, and the reality of their strength to act upon that vision. Here is the power of an eyewitness account to convince us that, although evil truly occurs, with moral courage individual actions effect a change in the world. In their Lectures, the Wallenberg medalists reveal a common characteristic: they acted selflessly without expectation of reward. The Lectures are profiles of moral excellence in ordinary people. The words of the medalists help us to imagine how it is that some can see all people as human; they share a vision of human dignity. http://www.wallenberg.umich.edu/gunnoe.html
House Session 2012-06-05 (15:00:00-16:02:51)
 
01:02:52
1) H.R. 2060 - Central OR Jobs and Water Security Act 2) H.R. 2336 - York River Wild and Scenic River Study Act 3) H.R. 1740 - To amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act to designate a segment of Illabot Creek in Skagit County, Washington, as a component of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System 4) H.R. 3263 - Lake Thunderbird Efficient Use Act 5) H.R. 241 - To authorize the conveyance of certain National Forest System lands in the Los Padres National Forest in California 6) H.R. 2512 - Three Kids Mine Remediation and Reclamation Act 7) H.R. 4222 - To provide for the conveyance of certain land inholdings owned by the United States to the Tucson Unified School District and to the Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona, and for other purposes 8) S. 363 - A bill to authorize the Sec of Commo convey property of the NOAA to the City of Pascagoula, MS, and for other purposes 9) S. 292 - Salmon Lake Land Selection Resolution Act 10) H.R. 4282 - International Child Support Recovery Improvement Act
Views: 294 CSPANHouse2012
Mining
 
52:45
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, or reef, which forms the mineralized package of economic interest to the miner. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 258 encyclopediacc
Environment Matters - June 2013, Part 1
 
12:14
Different rivers, different problems - same end result. Now decades long cleanup efforts are showing impressive results in West Virginia's Cheat and Kanawha Rivers.
Views: 251 Environment Matters
New Economic and Political Model to Change the Global Profit Culture of Excessive Greed & Corruption
 
03:27:44
Press CC button for the SUBTITLES (bottom right of the video). For convenience CLICK ON TIME STAMPS: LEAD-IN TO PILLAR ONE: The Resource Oriented Economy to Peg our Currencies with; and the Supply-Demand-Resupply Inventory Network as the Job Creator = (34:51) PILLAR TWO: The People’s Power over Money and Credit—using Public Banks along with the Universal Single Payer system to Compensate Us All = (1:23:20) PILLAR THREE: The Culture of Transparency and Sharing—Open Patents, Sources, Information…Open Everything…along with the Free Public Neutral Internet = (2:37:23) DESCRIPTION: Details to Change Our Global Economic and Political Corporatocracy Culture; so that we reasonably transition the power and the levers of control from the Establishment to the hands of the People! READ THIS ARTICLE: Ascending The Globe Series Part 1: A Revelation for Mankind By Edward D.R. James / http://ascendingtheglobe.com PLEASE TRANSLATE THIS VIDEO TO OTHER LANGUAGES; and Let's Ascend the Global Economic and Political Culture...Together!!! FOLLOW ME: Twitter: https://twitter.com/edwarddrjames Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/EdwardD.R.James Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/edwarddrjames Google+: https://plus.google.com/102613747434654135198
Views: 477 Edward D. R. James
Mining | Wikipedia audio article
 
59:03
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mining 00:01:51 1 History 00:02:00 1.1 Prehistoric mining 00:03:18 1.2 Ancient Egypt 00:04:31 1.3 Ancient Greek and Roman mining 00:08:15 1.4 Medieval Europe 00:12:23 1.5 Classical Philippine civilization 00:13:36 1.6 The Americas 00:16:44 1.7 Modern period 00:18:22 2 Mine development and life cycle 00:21:09 3 Mining techniques 00:22:39 3.1 Surface mining 00:23:44 3.2 Underground mining 00:25:16 3.3 Highwall mining 00:27:02 4 Machines 00:28:27 5 Processing 00:31:18 6 Environmental effects 00:35:27 6.1 Waste 00:38:00 6.2 Renewable energy and mining 00:38:45 7 Mining industry 00:43:04 7.1 Corporate classifications 00:43:54 7.2 Regulation and governance 00:47:59 7.3 World Bank 00:50:07 8 Safety 00:53:52 9 Records 00:56:26 10 Metal reserves and recycling Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9838512602070575 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory. Mining in a wider sense includes extraction of any non-renewable resource such as petroleum, natural gas, or even water. Mining of stones and metal has been a human activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Book I, Para. 1Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed. Hence, most of the world's nations have passed regulations to decrease the impact. Work safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines. Levels of metals recycling are generally low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some rare metals may become unavailable for use in a variety of consumer products. Due to the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves.
Views: 11 wikipedia tts
Nunavut
 
21:04
Nunavut /ˈnuːnəˌvʊt/ (from Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᕗᑦ [ˈnunavut]) is the largest, northernmost and newest territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since the incorporation of the new province of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949. Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Its vast territory makes it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world, as well as the largest in North America. The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay") on Baffin Island, in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite. Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay. Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west and Akimiski Island in James Bay to the far south. It is the only geo-political region of Canada that is not connected to the rest of North America by highway. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 470 Audiopedia
Netherlands | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:24
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Netherlands Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərlɑnt] ( listen)) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany. The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij). Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and the world's largest outside Asia.'Netherlands' literally means 'lower countries', referring to its low land and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level. Most of the areas below sea level are the result of land reclamation beginning in the 16th century, resulting in large areas known as polders that amount to nearly 17% of the country's territory. With a population of 17.25 million living within a total area of roughly 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi), of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres (13,000 sq mi), the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products after the United States, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, and intensive agriculture.The Netherlands was the third country in the world to have representative government, and has been administered as a parliamentary constitutional monarchy since 1848, with a unitary structure. A policy of pillarisation historically segregated society and institutions between Catholics, Calvinists and socialists, but Dutch society is today one of the most cosmopolitan in the world. The country has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal country, having legalised abortion, prostitution, and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD, and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organizations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital.' Its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. One of the world's most prosperous countries, the Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life. Its strong performance is owed in large part to a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, and a range of social benefits. It is also known for its polder model, the country's leading socioeconomic model based on consensus decision-making.
Views: 76 wikipedia tts
Netherlands | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Netherlands Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərlɑnt] ( listen)) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany. The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij). Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and the world's largest outside Asia.'Netherlands' literally means 'lower countries', referring to its low land and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level. Most of the areas below sea level are the result of land reclamation beginning in the 16th century, resulting in large areas known as polders that amount to nearly 17% of the country's territory. With a population of 17.25 million living within a total area of roughly 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi), of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres (13,000 sq mi), the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products after the United States, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, and intensive agriculture.The Netherlands was the third country in the world to have representative government, and has been administered as a parliamentary constitutional monarchy since 1848, with a unitary structure. A policy of pillarisation historically segregated society and institutions between Catholics, Calvinists and socialists, but Dutch society is today one of the most cosmopolitan in the world. The country has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal country, having legalised abortion, prostitution, and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD, and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organizations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital.' Its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. One of the world's most prosperous countries, the Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life. Its strong performance is owed in large part to a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, and a range of social benefits. It is also known for its polder model, the country's leading socioeconomic model based on consensus decision-making.
Views: 83 wikipedia tts
Sicily | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:19:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sicily 00:02:21 1 Geography 00:05:47 1.1 Rivers 00:06:24 1.2 Climate 00:08:18 2 Flora and fauna 00:09:52 3 History 00:10:01 3.1 Ancient tribes 00:11:56 3.2 Phoenician, Carthaginian, Greek and Roman period 00:15:23 3.3 Germanic and Byzantine periods (440–965) 00:15:36 3.3.1 Germanic (440–535) 00:16:36 3.3.2 Byzantine (535–965) 00:19:58 3.4 Arab Period (827–1091) 00:22:07 3.5 Norman Sicily (1038–1198) 00:24:19 3.6 Kingdom of Sicily 00:25:26 3.7 Hohenstaufen dynasty 00:27:06 3.8 Sicily under Aragonese rule 00:30:25 3.9 Italian unification 00:32:40 3.10 20th and 21st centuries 00:34:19 4 Demographics 00:35:49 4.1 Emigration 00:36:46 5 Politics 00:38:22 5.1 Administrative divisions 00:38:54 6 Economy 00:40:07 6.1 Agriculture 00:42:25 6.2 Industry and manufacturing 00:43:44 6.3 Statistics 00:43:52 6.3.1 GDP growth 00:44:08 6.3.2 Economic sectors 00:44:24 6.3.3 Unemployment rate 00:44:40 7 Transport 00:44:49 7.1 Roads 00:45:32 7.2 Railways 00:47:01 7.3 Airports 00:48:17 7.4 Ports 00:50:02 7.5 Planned bridge 00:51:03 8 Tourism 00:52:09 8.1 UNESCO World Heritage Sites 00:54:16 8.1.1 Tentative Sites 00:54:37 8.2 Archeological sites 00:55:59 8.3 Castles 00:56:11 8.4 Coastal towers 00:57:26 9 Culture 00:58:11 9.1 Art and architecture 00:59:03 9.1.1 Sicilian Baroque 01:00:16 9.2 Music and film 01:01:14 9.3 Literature 01:02:48 9.4 Language 01:04:22 9.5 Science 01:06:18 9.6 Education 01:07:33 9.7 Religion 01:08:57 9.8 Cuisine 01:11:19 9.9 Sports 01:13:38 9.10 Popular culture 01:16:51 9.11 Regional symbols 01:19:34 10 Notable people 01:19:44 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Sicily (Italian: Sicilia [siˈtʃiːlja]; Sicilian: Sicilia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is an autonomous region of Italy, in Southern Italy along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as Regione Siciliana. Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate. The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC. By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek colonies and, for the next 600 years, it was the site of the Sicilian Wars and the Punic Wars. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily. The Norman conquest of southern Italy led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily, which was subsequently ruled by the Hohenstaufen, the Capetian House of Anjou, Spain, and the House of Habsburg. It was finally unified under the House of Bourbon with the Kingdom of Naples as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It became part of Italy in 1860 following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, and a plebiscite. Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region on 15th May 1946, 18 days before the Italian constitutional referendum of 1946. Albeit, much of the autonomy still remains unapplied, especially financial autonomy, because the autonomy-activating laws have been deferred to be approved by the parithetic committee (50% Italian State, 50% Regione Siciliana), since 1946. Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Erice and Selinunte.
Views: 35 wikipedia tts
Athabasca oil sands
 
01:04:45
The Athabasca oil sands are large deposits of bitumen or extremely heavy crude oil, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada – roughly centred on the boomtown of Fort McMurray. These oil sands, hosted primarily in the McMurray Formation, consist of a mixture of crude bitumen, silica sand, clay minerals, and water. The Athabasca deposit is the largest known reservoir of crude bitumen in the world and the largest of three major oil sands deposits in Alberta, along with the nearby Peace River and Cold Lake deposits. Together, these oil sand deposits lie under 141,000 square kilometres of boreal forest and muskeg and contain about 1.7 trillion barrels of bitumen in-place, comparable in magnitude to the world's total proven reserves of conventional petroleum. The International Energy Agency lists the economically recoverable reserves, at 2006 prices and modern unconventional oil production technology, to be 178 billion barrels, or about 10% of these deposits. These contribute to Canada's total proven reserves being the third largest in the world, after Saudi Arabia and Venezuela's Orinoco Belt. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 472 Audiopedia
Glen Canyon Dam
 
41:51
Glen Canyon Dam is a concrete arch dam on the Colorado River in northern Arizona in the United States, near the town of Page. The dam was built to provide hydroelectricity and flow regulation from the upper Colorado River Basin to the lower. Its reservoir is called Lake Powell, and is the second-largest artificial lake in the country, extending upriver well into Utah. The dam is named for Glen Canyon, a colorful series of gorges, most of which now lies under the reservoir. The dam was proposed in the 1950s as part of the Colorado River Storage Project, a U.S. Bureau of Reclamation federal water project that would develop reservoir storage on the upper Colorado River and several of its major tributaries. The project's main purpose was to provide water storage to ensure the delivery of sufficient water to the lower basin during years of drought, so as to allow the upper basin to better utilize its allocation of river flow as designated in the 1922 Colorado River Compact. However, problems arose when the USBR proposed to build dams in the federally protected Echo Park canyon in Utah. After extensive policy disputes and legal challenges with environmental organizations such as the Sierra Club, they settled for a high dam at Glen Canyon. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 215 Audiopedia
Right- and left-hand traffic
 
01:51:17
The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively. This is so fundamental to traffic flow that it is sometimes referred to as the rule of the road. This basic rule improves traffic flow and reduces the risk of head-on collisions. Today, about 65% of the world's population live in countries with right-hand traffic and 35% in countries with left-hand traffic. About 90% of the world's total road distance carries traffic on the right and 10% on the left. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1120 Audiopedia
History of the United States (1865–1918) | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:23:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States (1865–1918) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the United States from 1865 until 1918 covers the Reconstruction Era, the Gilded Age, and the Progressive Era, and includes the rise of industrialization and the resulting surge of immigration in the United States. This article focuses on political, economic, and diplomatic history. This period of rapid economic growth and soaring prosperity in the North and the West (but not in the South) saw the U.S. become the world's dominant economic, industrial, and agricultural power. The average annual income (after inflation) of non-farm workers grew by 75% from 1865 to 1900, and then grew another 33% by 1918.With a decisive victory in 1865 over Southern secessionists in the Civil War, the United States became a united and powerful nation with a strong national government. Reconstruction brought the end of legalized slavery plus citizenship for the former slaves, but their new-found political power was rolled back within a decade, and they became second-class citizens under a "Jim Crow" system of deeply pervasive segregation that would stand for the next 80–90 years. Politically, during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System the nation was mostly dominated by Republicans (except for two Democratic presidents). After 1900 and the assassination of President William McKinley, the Progressive Era brought political, business, and social reforms (e.g., new roles for and government expansion of education, higher status for women, a curtailment of corporate excesses, and modernization of many areas of government and society). The Progressives worked through new middle-class organizations to fight against the corruption and behind-the-scenes power of entrenched, state political party organizations and big-city "machines". They demanded—and won—women's right to vote, and the nationwide prohibition of alcohol 1920-1933. In an unprecedented wave of European immigration, 27.5 million new arrivals between 1865 and 1918 provided the labor base necessary for the expansion of industry and agriculture, as well as the population base for most of fast-growing urban America. By the late nineteenth century, the United States had become a leading global industrial power, building on new technologies (such as the telegraph and steel), an expanding railroad network, and abundant natural resources such as coal, timber, oil, and farmland, to usher in the Second Industrial Revolution. There were also two very important wars. The U.S. easily defeated Spain in 1898, which unexpectedly brought a small empire. Cuba quickly was given independence, as well as the Philippines (in 1946). Puerto Rico (and some smaller islands) became permanent U.S. possessions, as did Alaska (added by purchase in 1867). The independent Republic of Hawaii voluntarily joined the U.S. as a territory in 1898. The United States tried and failed to broker a peace settlement for World War I, then entered the war after Germany launched a submarine campaign against U.S. merchant ships that were supplying Germany's enemy countries. The publicly stated goals were to uphold American honor, crush German militarism, and reshape the postwar world. After a slow mobilization, the U.S. helped bring about a decisive Allied Forces victory by supplying badly needed financing, food, and millions of fresh and eager soldiers.
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
Forty acres and a mule | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:01:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Forty acres and a mule 00:01:46 1 Background 00:04:37 2 War 00:05:16 2.1 Grand Contraband Camp 00:07:47 2.2 Sea Islands 00:10:56 2.2.1 Port Royal Experiment 00:13:34 2.2.2 Landownership in the Sea Islands 00:16:54 2.2.3 "Negroes of Savannah" 00:19:26 2.2.4 Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 15 00:21:36 2.2.5 Significance 00:22:30 2.3 Wage labor system 00:23:54 2.4 Davis Bend 00:27:05 3 Freedmen's Bureau 00:31:30 3.1 Circular #13 00:34:30 3.2 Black Codes 00:35:09 4 Colonization and homesteading 00:35:42 4.1 Foreign colonization plans 00:38:22 4.2 Domestic colonization plans 00:39:05 4.3 Southern Homesteading Act 00:41:58 5 Outcomes 00:42:36 5.1 Hopes and expectations 00:43:59 5.2 Wage labor 00:46:04 5.3 Tidewater Virginia 00:48:34 5.4 Sea Islands 00:54:14 5.5 Davis Bend 00:55:19 5.6 Politics 00:56:08 6 Legacy 00:59:40 6.1 Symbolism 01:00:22 6.2 Reparations 01:00:51 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Forty Acres and a Mule refers to a promise made in the United States for agrarian reform to former enslaved black farmers by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman on January 16, 1865. It followed a series of conversations between Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and Radical Republican abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens following disruptions to the institution of slavery provoked by the American Civil War. Many freedmen believed and were told by various political figures that they had a right to own the land they had long worked as slaves, and were eager to control their own property. Freed people widely expected to legally claim 40 acres (16 ha) of land (a quarter-quarter section) and a mule after the end of the war, long after proclamations such as Sherman's Special Field Orders, No. 15 and the Freedmen's Bureau Act were explicitly reversed. Some land redistribution occurred under military jurisdiction during the war and for a brief period thereafter. However, federal and state policy during the Reconstruction era emphasized wage labor, not land ownership, for blacks. Almost all land allocated during the war was restored to its pre-war white owners. Several black communities did maintain control of their land, and some families obtained new land by homesteading. Black land ownership increased markedly in Mississippi during the 19th century, particularly. The state had much undeveloped bottomland behind riverfront areas that had been cultivated before the war. Most blacks acquired land through private transactions, with ownership peaking at 15,000,000 acres (6,100,000 ha) in 1910, before an extended financial recession caused problems that resulted in the loss of their property for many.
Views: 17 wikipedia tts
Automotive industry in New Zealand | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:32:48
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automotive_industry_in_New_Zealand 00:02:24 1 First automobiles 00:05:11 2 Early indigenous cars 00:08:35 3 Level of car ownership 00:09:32 4 Impact of legislation 00:10:44 4.1 America's domination 00:13:10 4.2 Cars from Britain 00:14:54 4.3 Australia and Japan 00:17:42 4.4 Used imports 00:18:28 5 Assembly process 00:19:39 6 Assembly plants 00:22:03 6.1 1922 Colonial Motor Company 00:23:48 6.2 1926 General Motors 00:26:53 6.3 1931 Rover 00:29:20 7 Government action 00:30:51 7.1 Completely knocked down 00:32:10 7.2 Import quotas by value 00:37:33 8 Assembly plants continued 00:37:43 8.1 1935 Todd Motors 00:40:23 8.2 1936 Ford Motor Company 00:41:12 8.3 New Zealand Motor Corporation 00:42:31 8.3.1 1936 Motor Assemblies 00:45:33 8.3.2 1937 Seabrook Fowlds 00:47:05 8.3.3 1939 Austin South Island 00:48:10 8.3.4 1939 Dominion Motors 00:50:50 9 Second World War 00:53:35 10 No-remittance licences 00:54:53 11 Assembly plants continued 00:55:03 11.1 1946 Austin Distributors Federation 00:55:28 11.1.1 1946 Associated Motor Industries and Austin Distributors Federation 00:56:13 11.2 1958 Motor Holdings 00:57:40 11.3 1964 Steel Brothers 01:00:19 11.4 1964 Campbell Motor Industries 01:03:09 12 New Zealand Motor Bodies 01:03:19 13 1970 Nissan 01:03:34 14 Components industry 01:04:38 15 Location of assembly plants 01:05:12 16 A snapshot of the industry 1966 01:11:20 17 Japanese Cars 01:13:54 17.1 iOther makes/i 01:15:07 18 New Zealand assembled 1967 01:15:45 19 NZIER review 1971 01:17:39 19.1 Demise of the assembly plants 01:19:11 20 Second Hand Imports and Left Hand Drive vehicles 01:20:58 21 Local manufacturers 01:21:07 21.1 From Trekka to date 01:24:54 21.2 Alternative fuel vehicle development 01:27:29 21.3 Kit cars and replicas 01:30:53 22 New vehicles registered and used imports registered 01:31:09 23 Museums and collections 01:31:47 24 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7598713086317785 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The automotive industry in New Zealand supplies a market which has always had one of the world's highest car ownership ratios. The distributors of new cars are essentially the former owners of the assembly businesses. At the dealership level they have maintained their old retail chains in spite of the establishment of the many new independent businesses built since the 1980s by specialists in used imports from Japan. Toyota entered into direct competition with those used-import businesses refurbishing old Toyotas from Japan and selling them through their own dealers as a special line. The nation's car fleet is accordingly somewhat older than in most developed countries. New Zealand no longer assembles passenger cars. Assembly plants closed after tariff protection was removed and distributors found it cheaper to import cars fully assembled. Cars had been assembled at a rate nearing 100,000 a year in 1983 but with the country's economic difficulties their numbers dropped sharply. Towards the end of the decade the removal of various restrictions as part of the nation's restructuring of its economy made available low-priced old used cars from Japan. These used cars met the local need for high ownership levels in a financially straitened world but since that time continue to arrive in such large numbers they substantially increase the average age of the nation's fleet. Toyota, Ford, and General Motors Holden division still dominate the new car market. The tiny home market—the size of a large city— and distance from potential export customers worked with first-world pay rates against the formation of any significant indigenous manufacturers. Only small boutique kit and replica car firms were able to survive. They produce original kit and replica cars using locally-made car bodies and imported componentry for both the local and international markets. Several ...
Views: 14 wikipedia tts
History of the United States (1865–1918) | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:23:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States (1865–1918) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the United States from 1865 until 1918 covers the Reconstruction Era, the Gilded Age, and the Progressive Era, and includes the rise of industrialization and the resulting surge of immigration in the United States. This article focuses on political, economic, and diplomatic history. This period of rapid economic growth and soaring prosperity in the North and the West (but not in the South) saw the U.S. become the world's dominant economic, industrial, and agricultural power. The average annual income (after inflation) of non-farm workers grew by 75% from 1865 to 1900, and then grew another 33% by 1918.With a decisive victory in 1865 over Southern secessionists in the Civil War, the United States became a united and powerful nation with a strong national government. Reconstruction brought the end of legalized slavery plus citizenship for the former slaves, but their new-found political power was rolled back within a decade, and they became second-class citizens under a "Jim Crow" system of deeply pervasive segregation that would stand for the next 80–90 years. Politically, during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System the nation was mostly dominated by Republicans (except for two Democratic presidents). After 1900 and the assassination of President William McKinley, the Progressive Era brought political, business, and social reforms (e.g., new roles for and government expansion of education, higher status for women, a curtailment of corporate excesses, and modernization of many areas of government and society). The Progressives worked through new middle-class organizations to fight against the corruption and behind-the-scenes power of entrenched, state political party organizations and big-city "machines". They demanded—and won—women's right to vote, and the nationwide prohibition of alcohol 1920-1933. In an unprecedented wave of European immigration, 27.5 million new arrivals between 1865 and 1918 provided the labor base necessary for the expansion of industry and agriculture, as well as the population base for most of fast-growing urban America. By the late nineteenth century, the United States had become a leading global industrial power, building on new technologies (such as the telegraph and steel), an expanding railroad network, and abundant natural resources such as coal, timber, oil, and farmland, to usher in the Second Industrial Revolution. There were also two very important wars. The U.S. easily defeated Spain in 1898, which unexpectedly brought a small empire. Cuba quickly was given independence, as well as the Philippines (in 1946). Puerto Rico (and some smaller islands) became permanent U.S. possessions, as did Alaska (added by purchase in 1867). The independent Republic of Hawaii voluntarily joined the U.S. as a territory in 1898. The United States tried and failed to broker a peace settlement for World War I, then entered the war after Germany launched a submarine campaign against U.S. merchant ships that were supplying Germany's enemy countries. The publicly stated goals were to uphold American honor, crush German militarism, and reshape the postwar world. After a slow mobilization, the U.S. helped bring about a decisive Allied Forces victory by supplying badly needed financing, food, and millions of fresh and eager soldiers.
Views: 15 wikipedia tts
Nunavut | Wikipedia audio article
 
29:00
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nunavut Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nunavut ( (listen); French: [nynavy(t)]; Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ [ˈnunavut]) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since the incorporation of the province of Newfoundland in 1949. Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Its vast territory makes it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world, as well as North America's second-largest (after Greenland). The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite. Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay. Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west and Akimiski Island in James Bay far to the southeast of the rest of the territory. It is Canada's only geo-political region that is not connected to the rest of North America by highway.Nunavut is the largest in area and the second-least populous of Canada's provinces and territories. One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 35,944, mostly Inuit, spread over an area of just over 1,750,000 km2 (680,000 sq mi), or slightly smaller than Mexico. Nunavut is also home to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place, Alert. Eureka, a weather station also on Ellesmere Island, has the lowest average annual temperature of any Canadian weather station.
Views: 5 wikipedia tts
Metro Cebu | Wikipedia audio article
 
21:44
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Metro Cebu Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Metropolitan Cebu, or simply Metro Cebu, (Cebuano: Kaulohang Sugbo, Filipino: Kalakhang Cebu), is the main urban center of the province of Cebu in the Philippines. Metro Cebu is located along the central eastern portion of the island including the nearby island of Mactan. It accounts for 20 percent of the land area and 61.5 percent of the population (2015 census) of the entire island of Cebu. Metro Cebu is a metropolitan area that consists of Cebu City (the capital of Cebu and the regional center of Central Visayas) along with twelve surrounding cities and municipalities. The Metropolitan Cebu Development and Coordinating Board (MCDCB) is a body mandated to formulate development plans for the Metro Cebu area and coordinate their implementation. Unlike the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, the MCDCB does not have legal and institutional powers. However, MMDA's powers are limited by jurisdiction to only the core of the agglomeration. It is the second largest metropolitan area in the Philippines, after Metro Manila.
Views: 10 Subhajit Sahu
Nunavut | Wikipedia audio article
 
30:28
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nunavut Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Nunavut ( ( listen); French: [nynavy(t)]; Inuktitut syllabics ᓄᓇᕗᑦ [ˈnunavut]) is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since the incorporation of the province of Newfoundland in 1949. Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Its vast territory makes it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world, as well as North America's second-largest (after Greenland). The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite. Other major communities include the regional centres of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay. Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the far north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west and Akimiski Island in James Bay far to the southeast of the rest of the territory. It is Canada's only geo-political region that is not connected to the rest of North America by highway.Nunavut is the largest in area and the second-least populous of Canada's provinces and territories. One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 35,944, mostly Inuit, spread over an area of just over 1,750,000 km2 (680,000 sq mi), or slightly smaller than Mexico. Nunavut is also home to the world's northernmost permanently inhabited place, Alert. Eureka, a weather station also on Ellesmere Island, has the lowest average annual temperature of any Canadian weather station.
Views: 3 Subhajit Sahu
History of the United States (1865–1918) | Wikipedia audio article | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:23:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the United States (1865–1918) | Wikipedia audio article Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the United States from 1865 until 1918 covers the Reconstruction Era, the Gilded Age, and the Progressive Era, and includes the rise of industrialization and the resulting surge of immigration in the United States. This article focuses on political, economic, and diplomatic history. This period of rapid economic growth and soaring prosperity in the North and the West (but not in the South) saw the U.S. become the world's dominant economic, industrial, and agricultural power. The average annual income (after inflation) of non-farm workers grew by 75% from 1865 to 1900, and then grew another 33% by 1918.With a decisive victory in 1865 over Southern secessionists in the Civil War, the United States became a united and powerful nation with a strong national government. Reconstruction brought the end of legalized slavery plus citizenship for the former slaves, but their new-found political power was rolled back within a decade, and they became second-class citizens under a "Jim Crow" system of deeply pervasive segregation that would stand for the next 80–90 years. Politically, during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System the nation was mostly dominated by Republicans (except for two Democratic presidents). After 1900 and the assassination of President William McKinley, the Progressive Era brought political, business, and social reforms (e.g., new roles for and government expansion of education, higher status for women, a curtailment of corporate excesses, and modernization of many areas of government and society). The Progressives worked through new middle-class organizations to fight against the corruption and behind-the-scenes power of entrenched, state political party organizations and big-city "machines". They demanded—and won—women's right to vote, and the nationwide prohibition of alcohol 1920-1933. In an unprecedented wave of European immigration, 27.5 million new arrivals between 1865 and 1918 provided the labor base necessary for the expansion of industry and agriculture, as well as the population base for most of fast-growing urban America. By the late nineteenth century, the United States had become a leading global industrial power, building on new technologies (such as the telegraph and steel), an expanding railroad network, and abundant natural resources such as coal, timber, oil, and farmland, to usher in the Second Industrial Revolution. There were also two very important wars. The U.S. easily defeated Spain in 1898, which unexpectedly brought a small empire. Cuba quickly was given independence, as well as the Philippines (in 1946). Puerto Rico (and some smaller islands) became permanent U.S. possessions, as did Alaska (added by purchase in 1867). The independent Republic of Hawaii voluntarily joined the U.S. as a territory in 1898. The United States tried and failed to broker a peace settlement for World War I, then entered the war after Germany launched a submarine campaign against U.S. merchant ships that were supplying Germany's enemy countries. The publicly stated goals were to uphold American honor, crush German militarism, and reshape the postwar world. After a slow mobilization, the U.S. helped bring about a decisive Allied Forces victory by supplying badly needed financing, food, and millions of fresh and eager soldiers.
Views: 9 wikipedia tts
Computer recycling | Wikipedia audio article
 
52:14
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_recycling 00:02:11 1 Reasons for recycling 00:07:42 2 Regulations 00:07:51 2.1 Europe 00:09:58 2.2 United States 00:10:07 2.2.1 Federal 00:11:09 2.2.2 State 00:12:22 2.3 Asia 00:15:35 2.4 South Africa 00:16:09 3 Recycling methods 00:16:19 3.1 Consumer recycling 00:16:48 3.2 Scrapping/recycling 00:19:39 3.3 Sale 00:20:10 3.4 Take back 00:21:31 3.5 Exchange 00:23:00 3.6 Donations/nonprofits 00:24:23 3.7 Junkyard Computing 00:26:46 4 History 00:31:17 4.1 E-cycling 00:33:22 4.1.1 Pros of e-cycling 00:36:24 4.1.2 Criticisms of e-cycling 00:38:03 4.1.3 The fate of e-waste 00:40:48 4.1.4 Policy issues and current efforts 00:44:59 5 Data security 00:46:09 5.1 Reasons to destroy and recycle securely 00:48:21 5.2 Secure recycling 00:50:30 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7759999731296031 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Computer recycling, electronic recycling or e-waste recycling is the disassembly and separation of components and raw materials of waste electronics. Although the procedures of re-use, donation and repair are not strictly recycling, they are other common sustainable ways to dispose of IT waste. In 2009, 38% of computers and a quarter of total electronic waste was recycled in the United States, 5% and 3% up from 3 years prior respectively. Since its inception in the early 1990s, more and more devices are recycled worldwide due to increased awareness and investment. Electronic recycling occurs primarily in order to recover valuable rare earth metals and precious metals, which are in short supply, as well as plastics and metals. These are resold or used in new devices after purification, in effect creating a circular economy. However one can also make use of the useful components of the dead computers that may be damaged beyond repair so as to make or use the parts on new computers which may cover on material costs as another cheap way of recycling at homes and working areas. Recycling is considered environmentally friendly because it prevents hazardous waste, including heavy metals and carcinogens, from entering the atmosphere, landfill or waterways. While electronics consist a small fraction of total waste generated, they are far more dangerous. There is stringent legislation designed to enforce and encourage the sustainable disposal of appliances, the most notable being the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive of the European Union and the United States National Computer Recycling Act.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts