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Mining scam in India | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Mining scam in India 00:00:46 1 Illegal iron ore mining in Karnataka 00:01:23 1.1 Investigation by Income Tax Department 00:03:34 1.2 Interim Lokayukta report of December 2008 00:04:27 1.3 Collusion of officials and politicians in permitting illegal mining 00:05:50 1.4 Underpayment of royalties to state 00:06:42 1.5 Environmental damage 00:07:18 1.6 Belekeri port scandal 00:07:45 1.7 Related road damage, accidents and loss of lives 00:08:13 1.8 Recommendation to ban iron-ore exports 00:08:39 1.9 Lokayukta Report of July 2011 00:10:07 2 Illegal mining in the Aravali Range 00:10:22 3 Bauxite, Iron Ore, Chromite and coal mining in Orissa 00:18:09 4 Iron ore mining in Madhya Pradesh 00:18:59 5 Sand mining in Madhya Pradesh 00:19:29 6 Illegal mining in Goa 00:23:30 7 Illegal mining and stone crushing in the Ganges river bed 00:24:25 8 Union government commission to probe illegal mining Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Mining scam in India (colloquially Indian mining scam) refers to a series of alleged widespread scams in various ore-rich states of India, which has generated controversy. Such issues span encroachment of forest areas, underpayment of government royalties, conflict with tribals regarding land-rights. The spill-over of the effects of legal mining into issues such as Naxalism and the distortion of the Indian political system by mixed politics and mining interests, has gained international attention.The latest scam that has come out is the Coal Mining Scam in which Government has had a presumable conservative loss Rs1.86 trillion (short scale), due to the delayed implementation of competitive bidding process for allotment of coal blocks, says the CAG.
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AP IRON ORE MINING OBULAPURAM MINING COMPANY VIS
 
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Self flagellation and bloodshed on Muharram in India
 
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Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar. Muharram is so called because it is unlawful to fight during this month, the word is derived from the word haraam, meaning "sinful". It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which to Shia Muslims is part of the Mourning of Muharram. Some Muslims fast during this day, because it is recorded in the hadith[citation needed] that Musa (Moses) and his people obtained a victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram; accordingly Islamic prophet Muhammad asked Muslims to fast on this day that is Ashura and on a day before that is 9th so that they are not similar to Jews (since, according to him, Jews used to fast for one day due to the same reason, and many practices recorded in the hadith are specifically performed to avoid any apparent similarity to those of contemporary neighbouring Jews and Christians). Many Muslims cook something sweet like sweet rice and distribute it throughout their family and circle of friends to eat when breaking their fast. Fasting differs among the Muslim groupings; mainstream Shia Muslims stop eating and drinking during sunlight hours and do not eat until late afternoon. Sunni Muslims also fast during Muharram for the first ten days of Muharram, or just the tenth day, or on both the ninth and tenth days; the exact term depending on the individual. Shia Muslims do so to replicate the sufferings of Hussein ibn Ali on the Day of Ashura. Shia Muslims go further in their replication, including self-flagellation. Saurce: Wikipedia This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of imagery from South Asia. The Wilderness Films India collection comprises of thousands of hours of high quality broadcast imagery, mostly shot on HDCAM 1080i High Definition, HDV and XDCAM. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. We pride ourselves in bringing the best of India and South Asia to the world... Reach us at wfi @ vsnl.com and [email protected]
Persia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Persia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also known as Persia (), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen)), is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader, and severely restricts the participation of candidates in popular elections as well as other forms of political activity. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. ...
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History of slavery in the Muslim world | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of slavery in the Muslim world 00:02:48 1 Slavery in pre-Islamic Arabia 00:04:46 2 Slavery in Islamic Arabia 00:04:56 2.1 Early Islamic history 00:08:00 2.2 Arab slave trade 00:11:57 2.3 Roles of slaves 00:13:16 3 Women and slavery 00:17:00 4 Choosing elite slaves for the grooming process 00:18:34 4.1 Rebellion 00:19:28 4.2 Political power 00:19:58 5 Slavery in India 00:22:40 6 Slavery in the Ottoman Empire 00:25:03 7 Slavery in Sultanates of Southeast Asia 00:31:33 8 19th and 20th centuries 00:35:48 8.1 20th-century suppression and prohibition 00:37:24 9 Slavery in the late 20th and 21st century Muslim world 00:38:03 9.1 Islamist opinions 00:40:34 9.2 Mauritania and Sudan 00:42:37 9.3 Saudi Arabia 00:43:37 9.4 Libya and Algeria 00:45:20 9.5 Jihadists 00:47:04 10 See also 00:47:46 11 Bibliography 00:49:23 12 Further reading 00:54:27 13 Notes 00:54:51 14 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia, and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade. Throughout Islamic history, slaves served in various social and economic roles, from powerful Emirs to harshly treated workers. Early on in Muslim history they were used in plantation labor similar to that in the Americas, but this was abandoned after harsh treatment led to destructive slave revolts, the most notable being the Zanj Rebellion. Slaves were widely employed in irrigation, mining, pastoralism, but the most common use was as soldiers, guards and domestic workers. Some rulers relied on military and administrative slaves to such a degree that the slaves were sometimes in the position to seize power. Among black slaves, there were roughly two females to every one male. Two rough estimates by scholars of the number of slaves held over twelve centuries in the Muslim world are 11.5 million and 14 million, while other estimates indicate a number between 12 to 15 million of slaves until the 20th century.Manumission of a slave was encouraged as a way of expiating sins. Many early converts to Islam, such as Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi, were the poor and former slaves. In theory, slavery in Islamic law does not have a racial or color component, although this has not always been the case in practice. In 1990, the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam declared that "no one has the right to enslave" another human being. Many slaves were often imported from outside the Muslim world. Bernard Lewis maintains that though slaves often suffered on the way before reaching destination, they received well-treatment and some degree of acceptance as members of the household in the owners' houses.The Arab slave trade was most active in West Asia, North Africa, and Southeast Africa. In the early 20th century (post World War I), slavery was gradually outlawed and suppressed in Muslim lands, largely due to pressure exerted by Western nations such as Britain and France. Slavery in the Ottoman Empire was abolished in 1924 when the new Turkish Constitution disbanded the Imperial Harem and made the last concubines and eunuchs free citizens of the newly proclaimed republic. Slavery in Iran was abolished in 1929. Among the last states to abolish slavery were Saudi Arabia and Yemen, which abolished slavery in 1962 under pressure from Britain; Oman in 1970, and Mauritania in 1905, 1981, and again in August 2007. However, slavery claiming the sanction of Islam is documented presently in the predominantly Islamic countries of the Sahel, and is also practiced in territories controlled by Islamist rebel groups, for instance in Libya.
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Iranian nuclear programme | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_program_of_Iran 00:03:56 1 History 00:04:05 1.1 1950s & 1960s 00:05:04 1.2 1970s 00:08:21 1.3 Post-revolution, 1979–1989 00:15:03 1.4 1990–2002 00:17:44 1.5 2002–present 00:17:53 1.5.1 Overview 00:27:05 1.5.2 2002–2006 00:46:50 1.5.3 2007–present 00:47:00 1.5.3.1 UN Security Council 00:49:02 1.5.3.2 International Atomic Energy Agency 00:51:44 1.5.3.2.1 February 2007 Report 00:53:03 1.5.3.2.2 May 2007 Report 00:53:39 1.5.3.2.3 August 2007 Report and Agreement between Iran and the IAEA 00:58:03 1.5.3.2.4 November 2007 report 01:00:16 1.5.3.2.5 February 2008 report 01:03:47 1.5.3.2.6 May 2008 report 01:06:48 1.5.3.2.7 September 2008 report 01:12:59 1.5.3.2.8 February 2009 report 01:20:13 1.5.3.2.9 August 2009 Report 01:21:04 1.5.3.2.10 November 2009 Report 01:21:48 1.5.3.2.11 February 2010 Report 01:22:21 1.5.3.2.12 May 2010 Report 01:23:38 1.5.3.2.13 November 2011 Report 01:25:52 1.5.3.2.14 February 2012 report 01:28:48 1.5.3.2.15 May 2012 report 01:29:52 1.5.3.2.16 August 2012 report 01:35:38 1.5.3.2.17 November 2012 report 01:38:54 1.5.3.2.18 February 2013 report 01:44:11 1.5.3.2.19 March 2015 report 01:44:42 1.5.3.2.20 December 2015 report 01:45:55 1.5.3.3 Iran 02:05:44 1.5.3.4 United States 02:23:30 1.5.3.5 Negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 02:24:12 1.5.3.5.1 October 2009 Geneva negotiations 02:24:23 1.5.3.5.2 January 2011 Istanbul meeting 02:25:09 1.5.3.5.3 April 2012 Istanbul meeting 02:27:23 1.5.3.5.4 May 2012 Baghdad negotiations 02:27:33 1.5.3.5.5 February and April 2013 Almaty negotiations 02:27:44 1.5.3.5.6 September 2013 Ministerial meeting 02:28:09 1.5.3.5.7 October–November 2013 negotiations 02:30:15 1.5.3.5.8 Implementation 02:31:03 1.5.3.5.9 February–July 2014 negotiations 02:32:08 1.5.3.5.10 July 2015 negotiations 02:32:18 1.5.3.6 Second enrichment plant 02:35:55 1.5.3.7 Cooperation with Venezuela 02:36:35 1.5.3.8 Enrichment 02:38:43 1.5.3.9 Tehran Nuclear Declaration 02:44:56 1.5.3.10 Possible espionage and assassinations 02:46:17 1.5.3.11 Dismantling 02:46:37 2 Research and development in nuclear weapons 02:58:48 3 Nuclear power as a political issue 02:59:00 3.1 Iran's nuclear program and the NPT 03:07:47 3.2 Iranian statements on nuclear deterrence 03:10:59 3.3 Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East 03:11:41 4 Views on Iran's nuclear power program Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7720411732323421 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The nuclear program of Iran has included several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants. In 1970, Iran ratified the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), making its nuclear program subject to the IAEA's verification. Iran's nuclear program was launched in the 1950s with the help of the United States as part of the Atoms for Peace program. The participation of the United States and Western European governments in Iran's nuclear program continued until the 1979 Iranian Revolution that toppled the last Shah of Iran. Following the 1979 Revolution, most of the international nuclear cooperation with Iran was cut off. In 1981, Iranian officials concluded that the country's nuclear development should continue. Negotiations took place with France in the late 1980s and with Argentina in the early 1990s, and agreements were reached. In the 1990s, Russia formed a joint research organization with Iran, providing Iran with Russian nuclear experts and technical information. In the 2000s, the revelation of Iran's clandestine uranium enrichment program raised concerns that it might be intended for non-peaceful uses. The IAEA launched an investigation in 2003 after an Iranian dissident group revealed undeclared nuclear activities carried out by Iran. In 2006, because of Iran's noncompliance with its NPT obligations, ...
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Compagnie Française des Pétroles | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Total_S.A. 00:00:49 1 History 00:00:58 1.1 Compagnie française des pétroles (CFP): 1924–1985 00:03:46 1.2 Total CFP and re branding to Total: 1985–2003 00:06:04 1.3 Total: 2003–present 00:13:34 2 Organization 00:13:43 2.1 Business segments 00:14:43 2.2 Subsidiaries and affiliates of Total S.A. 00:15:37 2.3 Head office 00:16:07 2.4 Senior management 00:17:11 2.4.1 Group Performance Management Committee 00:19:04 2.4.2 Executive committee 00:19:55 3 Operations 00:20:47 3.1 Investments in Iran 00:21:29 4 Acquisitions 00:22:57 5 Sponsorship 00:26:55 6 Environmental and safety records 00:30:01 7 Climate Commitments 00:31:23 8 Controversies 00:31:41 8.1 Malta 00:32:30 8.2 Myanmar investments 00:33:14 8.3 Italian bribes 00:33:53 8.4 UN Oil-for-Food Programme for Iraq 00:34:44 8.5 Bribery in Iran 00:35:31 8.6 Western Sahara oil exploration 00:36:33 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8019819486941654 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Total S.A. (French pronunciation: ​[tɔtal]; English: or ) is a French multinational integrated oil and gas company and one of the seven "Supermajor" oil companies in the world. Its businesses cover the entire oil and gas chain, from crude oil and natural gas exploration and production to power generation, transportation, refining, petroleum product marketing, and international crude oil and product trading. Total is also a large scale chemicals manufacturer. Total has its head office in the Tour Total in La Défense district in Courbevoie, west of Paris. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.
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Mining in India | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Mining in India Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Mining industry in India is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of India. The GDP contribution of the mining industry varies from 2.2% to 2.5% only but going by the GDP of the total industrial sector it contributes around 10% to 11%. Even mining done on small scale contributes 6% to the entire cost of mineral production. Indian mining industry provides job opportunities to around 700,000 individuals.As of 2012, India is the largest producer of sheet mica, the third largest producer of iron ore and the fifth largest producer of bauxite in the world. India's metal and mining industry was estimated to be $106.4bn in 2010.However, the mining in India is also infamous for human rights violations and environmental pollution. The industry has been hit by several high-profile mining scandals in recent times.
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உன்னை தின்னும் உணவு | Dr G Sivaraman | TEDxSonaCollege
 
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In this thought provoking talk, Dr.G.Sivaraman explains how the daily food is harmful for health and the politics in food industry. He insists on the consumption of millet based food for better health. An household name in Tamil Nadu today, Dr Sivaraman has taken multi-tasking to a new height. Besides being a most-sought after Siddha practitioner - His very successful Arogya Siddha hospital in Chennai can be seen brimming with patients day after day – Dr Sivaraman is also a prolific writer, a passionate environmentalist and a connoisseur of organic food - all rolled into one. It is only natural that a person of such caliber has been a recipient of several awards including Best writer award Journalism for development & Social change for the year 2013- for AARAAM THINAI Column, Anandhavikatan, Best Doctor Award- conferred by Tamilnadu Dr. MGR Medical University for exemplary contribution in the field of Siddha Medicine 0n April 2012, SKM- Best Clinical Practitioner award for 2010 and Tamil Nadu Govt. Best book award for the year 2004 for the book Vaanga vaazhalam. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 360217 TEDx Talks
History of Western civilization | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of Western civilization Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is linked to the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy. The civilizations of Classical Greece and Ancient Rome are considered seminal periods in Western history; a few cultural contributions also emerged from the pagan peoples of pre-Christian Europe, such as the Celts and Germans, as well as some significant religious contributions derived from Judaism and Hellenistic Judaism stemming back to Second Temple Judea, Galilee, and the early Jewish diaspora; and some other Middle Eastern influences. Christianity and Roman Catholicism has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization, which throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture. (There were Christians outside of the West, such as China, India, Russia, Byzantium and the Middle East). Western civilization has spread to produce the dominant cultures of modern Americas and Oceania, and has had immense global influence in recent centuries in many ways. Following the 5th century Fall of Rome, Western Europe entered the Middle Ages, during which period the Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left in the West by the fall of the Western Roman Empire, while the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire) endured in the East for centuries, becoming a Hellenic Eastern contrast to the Latin West. By the 12th century, Western Europe was experiencing a flowering of art and learning, propelled by the construction of cathedrals and the establishment of medieval universities. Christian unity was shattered by the Reformation from the 16th century. A merchant class grew out of city states, initially in the Italian peninsula (see Italian city-states), and Europe experienced the Renaissance from the 14th to the 17th century, heralding an age of technological and artistic advance and ushering in the Age of Discovery which saw the rise of such global European Empires as those of Spain and Portugal. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 18th century. Under the influence of the Enlightenment, the Age of Revolution emerged from the United States and France as part of the transformation of the West into its industrialised, democratised modern form. The lands of North and South America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand became first part of European Empires and then home to new Western nations, while Africa and Asia were largely carved up between Western powers. Laboratories of Western democracy were founded in Britain's colonies in Australasia from the mid-19th centuries, while South America largely created new autocracies. In the 20th century, absolute monarchy disappeared from Europe, and despite episodes of Fascism and Communism, by the close of the century, virtually all of Europe was electing its leaders democratically. Most Western nations were heavily involved in the First and Second World Wars and protracted Cold War. World War II saw Fascism defeated in Europe, and the emergence of the United States and Soviet Union as rival global powers and a new "East-West" political contrast. Other than in Russia, the European Empires disintegrated after World War II and civil rights movements and widescale multi-ethnic, multi-faith migrations to Europe, the Americas and Oceania lowered the earlier predominance of ethnic Europeans in Western culture. European nations moved towards greater economic and political co-operation through the European Union. The Cold War ended around 1990 with the collapse of Soviet imposed Communism in Central and Eastern Europe. In the 21st century, the Western World retains significant global economic power and influ ...
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Sabitha Indra Reddy Exclusive Interview || Time to Talk || Telangana Congress || YOYO TV Channel
 
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Sabitha Indra Reddy Exclusive Interview || Time to Talk || Telangana Congress || YOYO TV Channel Patlolla Sabitha Indra Reddy is an Indian politician. She is the first woman Home Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India. Earlier, she was a member of Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy's Council of Ministers. Sabitha Indra Reddy has held the position of Mines and Geology Minister in the earlier government. She was the first female home Minister for Andhra Pradesh. Sabitha Indra Reddy was born on 5 May 1963 at Tandur to G. Mahipal Reddy. She has done her education till B.Sc and has been a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh [MLA] for two terms from Chevella. She is married to P. Indra Reddy who was also the Home Minister in N. T. Rama Rao's Cabinet and has three sons. Karthik Reddy has grown up in a family of three sons. The CBI arrested V. D. Rajagopal and Y. Srilakshmi, as third and fourth accused respectively in the investigation into illegal mining by Obulapuram Mining Company. The permission for mining in Anantapur was for captive mining, i.e. the ore mined in that region is to be used in the local steel plant and not to be exported. Srilakshmi is accused of dropping the term "captive mining" in the final order approving a mining license to Obulapuram. Y. Srilakshmi suggested that this was done at the insistence of the former Minister of Mines and current Andhra Pradesh Home minister Sabitha Indra Reddy. However the CBI defended the Home minister, who is a senior local politician of the ruling Congress party. As of April 2013, Sabitha Indra Reddy submitted her resignation letter from the Cabinet after the CBI named her as an accused in the Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy illegal investments case. Follow Us on: Facebook: http://bit.ly/2hkcu66 https://plus.google.com/+YOYOTVChannel Twitter: https://twitter.com/YOYOTVChannel Website: http://yoyoiptv.com/ Subscribe Us https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJ97pLhPp-CU9Tj4-dp9B6g?sub_confirmation=1 Top10 Today Telangana BJP Leader Kishan Reddy Fires on AIMIM MP Asaduddin Owaisi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MONSXUnjQJs Lyricist Chandrabose @ Ram Charan Rangasthalam Movie Success Meet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrCDtlMZTXQ Mahesh Achanta Emotional Words About Sukumar https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0NE-Im3XG78 CM KCR Funny Question to BJP MLA Kishan Reddy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OYgl2J6DFHk Telangana Folk Singer Suman Exclusive Interview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qYCcWKQY58 YOYO TV Bathukamma Song 2017 Making Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KB0HEmijG_U Sri Reddy Sensational Decision About Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TSr-aDsBkqs Kalyan Dileep Sunkara Meets And Discuss With Pawan kalyan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjNpN28X668 Lagadapati Survey on AP Politics for 2019 Elections https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZI1DyPC_P0 Tollywood Director Vinay Babu Counter to Actress Sri Reddy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSoefZ11KqQ yoyo tv channel top 10 videos How Human Life Would Be in 2050 - Future Prediction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_O1lzKPaKVA Actor Bharat Final Cremation Rites https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-lNWn64IXw YOYO TV Bathukamma Song 2017 Making Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KB0HEmijG_U Srimathi Oka Bahumathi Webisode - Singer Pranavi And Raghu Master https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-cjNrjd8R8 Pawan Kalyan Fan Made Song - Narmada O Narmada - PSPK#25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zr3aUdcoj9s Telugu TV Serial & Movie Actress Ragini Exclusive Interview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NTbU0kX0o2M Choreographer Rakesh Master Sensational Interview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnzHk8lwJ4M అనంత పద్మనాభుని ఆరో గది తెరవకముందే అరిష్టం మొదలైందా - The Mysterious Last Door https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ma4T44MM8TM నా పరువు తీసింది నా కోడలే - Dance Master Shiva Shankar Reveals His Personal Life https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DbhxFGY2wUM అమ్మ ఆత్మగా మారిందా? జయలలిత ఆత్మ శాంతించలేదా? Jayalalitha's Spirit at Marina Beach https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vvkIO5IZdjY
Views: 6497 YOYO TV Channel
Prudent Media| Head On |  Girish Chodankar|   07 jan 19 |  Ep 182
 
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PRUDENT MEDIA GOA | Most Popular Goa News Channel Check out latest news on Goa, Politics, Business, Cricket, Technology, Automobile, Lifestyle & Health and Travel. #Goa_news_channel #konkani_news #Konkani_Goa_News_Live_Today Subscribe on youtube ► https://goo.gl/taiJmn More on https://www.prudentmedia.in
Views: 6197 Prudent Media Goa
India  - Wiki
 
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India officially the Republic of India Bh rat Ga ar jya is a country in South Asia It is the seventh largest country by area the second most populous country with over billion people and the most p... Creative Commons 2.0 Wikipedia.com Beta Test
Views: 2301 Wiki for Blind
Iran | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:48:34
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran 00:04:11 1 Name 00:06:37 1.1 Pronunciation 00:08:04 2 History 00:08:13 2.1 Prehistory 00:09:52 2.2 Classical antiquity 00:15:37 2.3 Medieval period 00:20:28 2.4 Early modern period 00:24:05 2.5 From the 1800s to the 1940s 00:29:05 2.6 Contemporary era 00:35:29 3 Geography 00:37:50 3.1 Climate 00:39:26 3.2 Fauna 00:40:56 3.3 Regions, provinces and cities 00:44:00 4 Government and politics 00:45:09 4.1 Leader 00:48:23 4.2 Guardian Council 00:49:14 4.3 President 00:51:14 4.4 Legislature 00:52:26 4.5 Law 00:53:26 4.6 Foreign relations 00:56:06 4.7 Military 00:58:31 5 Economy 01:02:16 5.1 Tourism 01:04:04 5.2 Energy 01:06:14 6 Education, science and technology 01:10:49 7 Demographics 01:12:22 7.1 Languages 01:14:27 7.2 Ethnic groups 01:16:41 7.3 Religion 01:19:42 8 Culture 01:20:08 8.1 Art 01:23:02 8.2 Architecture 01:23:48 8.3 Weaving 01:24:15 8.4 Literature 01:25:31 8.5 Philosophy 01:26:54 8.6 Mythology 01:28:05 8.7 Music 01:30:48 8.8 Theater 01:32:36 8.9 Cinema and animation 01:36:46 8.10 Observances 01:38:51 8.10.1 Public holidays 01:41:22 8.11 Cuisine 01:42:59 8.12 Sports 01:45:27 8.13 Media 01:48:16 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also called Persia () and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen)), is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE. The Islamization of Iran led to the decline of Zoroastrianism, which was by then the country's dominant religion, and Iran's major contributions to art and science spread within the Muslim rule during the Islamic Golden Age. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Seljuq Turks and the Ilkhanate Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. The Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century led to the establishment ...
Views: 30 wikipedia tts
Zimbabwe | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:36:49
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Zimbabwe Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly 16 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then-government, and from which it withdrew in December 2003. The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity.Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way.On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
Views: 129 wikipedia tts
Ace Combat 7: List of All 42 Confirmed Aircraft (2018)
 
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Here's a compilation of all 42 aircraft that have been confirmed to appear in Ace Combat 7 so far and their status: playable or unplayable. It is said the game will have around 30 playable aircraft available at the release. For more videos about Ace Combat 7: https://goo.gl/7KpmA1 ✈✈ FAQ ✈✈ Q: Will there be Chinese aircraft in the game? A: This is very unlikely given that the developers are Japanese and they have never featured Chinese aircraft in earlier games. Q: Will there by propeller planes? A: Not playable ones. Q: Will we be able to play with bombers? A: Though not confirmed, this is extremely unlikely. Q: How many special weapon can we carry? A: In addition to the gun and standard missiles you can carry 1 special weapon from a choice of 3. Q: What kind of customization will be available? A: You will be able to add/switch parts of your aircraft to improve its specs. You will also be able to choose your paint scheme and emblems. ✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈✈ Follow me on social media for more Ace Combat! Twitter - https://twitter.com/Ace_Combat_Fan Twitch - https://www.twitch.tv/ace_combat_fan Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/AceCombatFan Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/AceCombatFan/
Views: 86190 Ace Combat Fan
Co-exsisting on Garbage: Delhi
 
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Delhi is a metropolitan region in India that includes the national capital city, New Delhi. With a population of 22 million in 2011, it is the world's second most populous city and the largest city in India in terms of area. The NCT and its urban region have been given the special status of National Capital Region (NCR) under the Constitution of India's 69th amendment act of 1991. The NCR includes the neighbouring cities of Baghpat, Gurgaon, Sonepat, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida and other nearby towns, and has nearly 22.2 million residents. Although technically a federally administered union territory, the political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, and is the capital of the NCT of Delhi. Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BC. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires. It has been captured, ransacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and the modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region. This is why Delhi is sometimes called the City of cities. Delhi was the site of ancient Indraprastha, the mythical capital of the Pandavas during the Mahabharata. Delhi re-emerged as a major political, cultural and commercial city along the trade routes between northwest India and the Gangetic plain during the Delhi sultanates. In AD 1639, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built a new walled city named Shahjahanabad, in Delhi, which served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1649 until the Rebellion of 1857. Shahjahanabad today is Old Delhi. The greater part of Old Delhi is still confined within the space of Shah Jahān's walls, and several gates built during his rule—the Kashmiri Gate, the Delhi Gate, the Turkman Gate, and the Ajmeri Gate—still stand. In 1911 the British determined to shift the capital of India from Calcutta (Kolkata) to Delhi, and a three-member committee was formed to plan the construction of the new administrative center. The key architect on the committee was Sir Edwin Lutyens; it was he who gave shape to the city. The British moved to the partially built New Delhi in 1912, and construction was completed in 1931. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. When the British left India in 1947, New Delhi became its national capital and seat of government. Source:Wikipedia This footage is part of the professionally-shot broadcast stock footage archive of Wilderness Films India Ltd., the largest collection of HD imagery from South Asia. The Wilderness Films India collection comprises of tens of thousands of hours of high quality broadcast imagery, mostly shot on HDCAM 1080i High Definition, HDV and XDCAM. Write to us for licensing this footage on a broadcast format, for use in your production! We are happy to be commissioned to film for you or else provide you with broadcast crewing and production solutions across South Asia. We pride ourselves in bringing the best of India and South Asia to the world... Reach us at wfi @ vsnl.com and [email protected]
Views: 93 WildFilmsIndia
Ku Klux Klan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:27:45
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Ku Klux Klan Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Ku Klux Klan (), commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan and commonly misspelled as the Klu Klux Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States. Each has advocated extremist reactionary positions such as white supremacy, white nationalism, anti-immigration and—especially in later iterations—Nordicism and anti-Catholicism. Historically, the KKK used terrorism—both physical assault and murder—against groups or individuals whom they opposed. All three movements have called for the "purification" of American society and all are considered right-wing extremist organizations. In each era, membership was secret and estimates of the total were highly exaggerated by both friends and enemies. The first Klan flourished in the Southern United States in the late 1860s, then died out by the early 1870s. It sought to overthrow the Republican state governments in the South during the Reconstruction Era, especially by using violence against African-American leaders. With numerous autonomous chapters across the South, it was suppressed around 1871, through federal law enforcement. Members made their own, often colorful, costumes: robes, masks and conical hats, designed to be terrifying and to hide their identities.The second group was founded in the South in 1915 and it flourished nationwide in the early and mid-1920s, including urban areas of the Midwest and West. Taking inspiration from D. W. Griffith's 1915 silent film The Birth of a Nation, which mythologized the founding of the first Klan, it employed marketing techniques and a popular fraternal organization structure. Rooted in local Protestant communities, it sought to maintain white supremacy, often took a pro-Prohibition stance, and it opposed Catholics and Jews, while also stressing its opposition to the Catholic Church at a time of high emigration from the mostly Catholic nations of Central Europe and Southern Europe. This second organization was funded by selling its members a standard white costume. It used K-words which were similar to those used by the first Klan, while adding cross burnings and mass parades to intimidate others. It rapidly declined in the later half of the 1920s. The third and current manifestation of the KKK emerged after 1950, in the form of localized and isolated groups that use the KKK name. They have focused on opposition to the civil rights movement, often using violence and murder to suppress activists. It is classified as a hate group by the Anti-Defamation League and the Southern Poverty Law Center. As of 2016, the Anti-Defamation League puts total Klan membership nationwide at around 3,000, while the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) puts it at 6,000 members total.The second and third incarnations of the Ku Klux Klan made frequent references to America's "Anglo-Saxon" blood, hearkening back to 19th-century nativism. Although members of the KKK swear to uphold Christian morality, virtually every Christian denomination has officially denounced the KKK.
Views: 205 wikipedia tts
IAS/IPS BEAUTY WITH BRAIN||MOST BEAUTIFUL IAS/IPS OFFICER||MARIN JOSEPH, B CHANDRAKALA,TINA DABI ETC
 
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HELLO FRIENDS,WELCOME TO COMPETITION GURUJI. MAKE A PROPER PREPARATION STRATEGY, PLANNING AND TIME MANAGEMENT YOU WILL ABSOLUTELY ACHIEVE YOUR GOAL. "BEST OF LUCK" (-COMPETITION GURUJI TEAM) ×-----COMPETITION GURUJI TEAM-----× "THANKS FOR WATCHING VIDEOS OF COMPETITION GURUJI". 'SUBSCRIBE COMPETITION GURUJI-https://goo.gl/dXbXGk FOLLOW COMPETITION GURUJI FB PAGE- https://m.facebook.com/competitionguruji' MUSIC CREDIT-https://www.bensound.com #beatifuliasipsofficers,#iasipsofficer
Views: 929 Competition Guruji
Social Media स्टार B Chandrakala के घर के साथ CBI ने UP में 12 और जगहों पर ली तलाशी | The Lallantop
 
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CBI Raided IAS B Chandrakala house in Lucknow city of Uttar Pradesh #BChandrakala #AkhileshYadav #UttarPradesh Install The Lallantop Android App: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.thelallantop Like The Lallantop on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thelallantop/ Follow The Lallantop on Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheLallantop Produced By: The Lallantop Edited By: Vineet Sharma
Views: 404967 The Lallantop
Bangladesh | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:52:54
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Bangladesh Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Bangladesh ( ( listen); Bengali: বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh [ˈbaŋladeʃ] ( listen), lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma).The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal Delta, the largest delta on Earth. The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 mi) of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. The longest unbroken sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast. It is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal. The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade. As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy. The country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education, healthcare and corruption. Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation. It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is also a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces.
Views: 500 wikipedia tts
India | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:55
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: India Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= India (IAST: Bhārat), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. A pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society, it is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
Views: 217 wikipedia tts
India | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:07:00
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: India Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= India (IAST: Bhārat), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. A pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society, it is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
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JOGI (RECREATE) - Feroz Khan, Jatinder Jeetu | Punjabi Video Song 2017
 
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Watch "Jogi (Recreate)" latest Punjabi video song by Feroz Khan, music by Jatinder Jeetu and lyrics by Lal Athouliwala only on T-Series ApnaPunjab ♪ Available on ♪ iTunes : http://bit.ly/JogiRecreate_iTunes Apple Music : http://bit.ly/JogiRecreate_AppleMusic Hungama : http://bit.ly/JogiRecreate_Hungama Google Play : http://bit.ly/JogiRecreate_GooglePlay ♫ Song: Jogi (Recreate) ♫ Singer: Feroz Khan ♫ Music: Jatinder Jeetu ♫ Lyrics: Lal Athouliwala ♫ Director: Gopi Dhillan ♫ Film By: Yellow Sapphire ♫ Music Label: T-SERIES --------------------------------------------------------------- Connect with T-SERIES APNAPUNJAB ---------------------------------------------------------------- For Latest Punjabi video's and songs stay connected with us!! ► SUBSCRIBE - http://www.youtube.com/tseriesapnapunjab ► LIKE US - http://www.facebook.com/tseriesapnapu... ► Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/tseries.official ------------------------------------------------------------- For Ringtone → sms JOGIR1 To 54646 → Vodafone Subscribers Dial 5379594339 → Airtel Subscribers Dial 5432116271380 → Reliance Subscribers SMS CT 9594339 to 51234 → Idea Subscribers Dial 567899594339 → Tata DoCoMo Subscribers dial 5432119594339 → Aircel Subscribers sms DT 6692062  To 53000 → BSNL (South / East) Subscribers sms BT 9594339 To 56700 → BSNL (North / West) Subscribers sms BT 6692062 To 56700 → Virgin Subscribers sms TT 9594339 To 58475 →MTS Subscribers sms CT 6691693 to 55777 → Telenor Subscribers dial 50019594339 → MTNL Subscribers sms PT 9594339 To 56789
Views: 1654186 T-Series Apna Punjab
Shri Krishna Singh (politician) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Shri Krishna Singh (politician) 00:01:53 1 Family and early life 00:02:59 2 Freedom struggle 00:07:17 3 Legacy 00:11:30 4 Indian National Congress Resolution on conferring Bharat Ratna to Sri Babu 00:12:27 5 Bharatiya Janata Party on Sri Babu 00:14:24 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Shri Krishna Singh (21 October 1887 – 31 January 1961), also known as Sri Krishna Sinha, was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–61). Except for the period of World War II, Sinha was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961. Along with the nationalists Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Singh is regarded among the Architects of Modern Bihar. He led the Dalit entry into the Baidyanath Dham temple (Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar), reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits. He was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish the zamindari system. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years in British India. S.K.Sinha's mass meetings brought hordes of people to hear him. He was known as "Bihar Kesari" for his lionlike roars when he rose to address the masses. His close friend and eminent Gandhian Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha in his essay mere Shri Babu wrote that, "Since 1921, the History of Bihar has been the history of the life of Shri Babu".The former President of India, Pratibha Patil, released a book on the letters of exchange between Sinha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru titled Freedom and Beyond. The Nehru-Sinha correspondence touches on subjects such as Indian democracy in the making in early years of Independence, Centre-State relations, role of governor, turbulence in Nepal, Zamindari abolition and education scenario. Sinha was known for his scholarship and erudition and he had given his personal collection of 17,000 books to the public library in Munger in 1959 which is now named after him as Sri Krishna Seva Sadan.
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Indian black money | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Indian black money 00:01:36 1 Sources of income black money 00:05:39 2 The use of Swiss banks for storing black money 00:09:43 3 2015 HSBC leaks 00:10:54 4 2016 Panama Papers leak 00:11:47 5 2016 demonetisation drive 00:14:38 6 Domestic black money 00:15:04 7 SIT and Supreme court case 00:19:19 7.1 Double taxation agreements 00:20:29 7.2 Criticism of government 00:21:38 8 Hasan Ali case 00:23:20 9 Estimates 00:24:07 10 Public protests and government's response 00:24:30 10.1 MC Joshi committee 00:26:17 10.2 Tax Information Exchange Agreements 00:27:07 11 Demonetisation of 500 and 1000 rupee currency notes 00:28:59 11.1 Previous Information 00:31:04 12 Proposals to prevent Indian black money 00:31:15 12.1 History 00:31:49 12.2 Current Proposals 00:32:06 12.3 Reducing disincentives against voluntary compliance 00:33:09 12.4 Banking transaction tax 00:33:40 12.5 Economic liberalisation 00:34:36 12.6 Reforms in vulnerable sectors of the economy 00:36:46 12.7 Creating effective credible deterrence 00:37:27 12.8 Supportive measures 00:38:00 12.9 Amnesty 00:38:34 12.10 Excessive demonetised currency notes 00:39:18 12.11 International enforcement 00:39:51 12.12 Modified currency notes 00:40:36 12.13 Holding United States currency 00:41:39 12.14 Corruption in education 00:42:46 12.15 Withdrawal of currency notes of higher denomination 00:43:13 13 Books 00:43:38 13.1 iThe Black White & Grey/i 00:44:20 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= In India, black money is funds earned on the black market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid. Also, the unaccounted money that is concealed from the tax administrator is called black money. The black money is accumulated by the criminals, smugglers, hoarders, tax-evaders and other anti-social elements of the society. Around 22000 crores of rupees are supposed to have been accumulated by the criminals for vested interests, though writ petitions in the supreme court estimate this to be even larger, at ₹90 lakh crores.The total amount of black money deposited in foreign banks by Indians is unknown. Some reports claim a total of US$1.06 - $1.4 trillions is held illegally in Switzerland. Other reports, including those reported by the Swiss Bankers Association and the Government of Switzerland, claim these reports are false and fabricated, and the total amount held in all Swiss bank accounts by citizens of India is about US$2 billion. In February 2012, the director of India's Central Bureau of Investigation said that Indians have US$500 billion of illegal funds in foreign tax havens, more than any other country. In March 2012, the government of India clarified in its parliament that the CBI director's statement on $500 billion of illegal money was an estimate based on a statement made to India's Supreme Court in July 2011.In March 2018, it was revealed that the amount of Indian black money currently present in Swiss and other offshore banks is estimated to be ₹90 lakh crores or US$1500 billion.
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Illuminati   The Rothschild Bloodline Financial Wizzards & Wealthy Cults
 
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Illuminati - The Rothschild Bloodline Financial Wizzards & Wealthy Cults Top 8 Related Videos: 1. The State of Internet Censorship in Europe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znsoQPJD3A0 2. Feed the Frequency - Choosing our Vibes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aU5weNIyCE 3. What is Spacetime ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0AKLSIy2mg 4. What does the Spike in the Schumann Resonance Mean? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESKhimIppp8 5. We are Killing Off our Vital Insects Too https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZJ4ptboH58 6. Is the Brain Really Necessary - The Answer Seems to be a No-Brainer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFPp2HfvuqE 7. Humanity Itself is the Collateral Damage of The War on Disease https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uex_-Nd-PH8 8. The Age of Tyrannical Surveillance - We're Being Branded, Bought and Sold for Our Data https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29tfgQbiJ1o
Margaret Thatcher | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Margaret Thatcher Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (née Roberts; 13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office. A Soviet journalist dubbed her "The 'Iron Lady'", a nickname that became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented policies known as Thatcherism. A research chemist at Somerville College, Oxford, before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959. Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his Conservative government. In 1975, Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become Leader of the Opposition, the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom. She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election. Thatcher introduced a series of economic policies intended to reverse high unemployment and Britain's struggles in the wake of the Winter of Discontent and an ongoing recession. Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions. Thatcher's popularity in her first years in office waned amid recession and rising unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983. She survived an assassination attempt in the Brighton hotel bombing in 1984. Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her subsequent support for the Community Charge ("poll tax") was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership. After retiring from the Commons in 1992, she was given a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher (of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire) which entitled her to sit in the House of Lords. In 2013, she died of a stroke in London at the age of 87. Always a controversial figure, she is nonetheless viewed favourably in historical rankings of British prime ministers, and her tenure constituted a realignment towards neoliberal policies in the United Kingdom; despite the passage of time, debate over the complicated legacy of Thatcherism persists.
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Iran–Iraq War | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Iraq_War 00:02:37 1 Terminology 00:03:48 2 Background 00:03:58 2.1 Iran–Iraq relations 00:04:52 2.2 After the Iranian Revolution 00:08:43 2.3 Iraqi preparations 00:10:44 2.4 Iranian preparations 00:15:04 2.5 Border conflicts leading to war 00:16:52 3 Course of the war 00:17:02 3.1 1980: Iraqi invasion 00:23:18 3.1.1 First Battle of Khorramshahr 00:25:12 3.1.2 Iraqi advance stalls 00:27:23 3.2 1981: Stalemate 00:28:51 3.2.1 Battle of Dezful 00:32:01 3.2.2 Attack on H3 00:33:48 3.2.3 Introduction of the human wave attack 00:37:16 3.2.4 Operation Eighth Imam 00:38:25 3.2.5 Operation Tariq al-Qods 00:39:55 3.3 1982: Iraqi retreat, Iranian offensive 00:41:12 3.3.1 Operation Undeniable Victory 00:43:11 3.3.2 Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas 00:45:36 3.3.2.1 Liberation of Khorramshahr (Second Battle of Khorramshahr) 00:46:56 3.3.3 State of Iraqi armed forces 00:49:20 3.3.4 International response in 1982 00:55:09 3.3.5 Ceasefire proposal 00:58:25 3.3.6 Iran invades Iraq 00:58:34 3.3.6.1 Iraqi tactics against Iranian invasion 01:02:29 3.3.6.2 Operation Ramadan (First Battle of Basra) 01:06:56 3.3.6.3 Fighting during the rest of 1982 01:09:02 3.4 1983–84: Strategic stalemate and war of attrition 01:10:42 3.4.1 Operation Before the Dawn 01:12:39 3.4.2 Dawn Operations 01:16:44 3.4.3 Iran's change in tactics 01:20:28 3.4.4 Battle of the Marshes 01:25:16 3.4.5 "Tanker War" and the "War of the Cities" 01:25:57 3.4.5.1 Attacks on shipping 01:31:43 3.4.5.2 Attacks on cities 01:35:45 3.4.6 Strategic situation in 1984 01:37:03 3.5 1985–86: Offensives and retreats 01:38:54 3.5.1 Operation Badr 01:42:13 3.5.2 Strategic situation at the beginning of 1986 01:46:09 3.5.3 First Battle of al-Faw 01:49:33 3.5.4 Battle of Mehran 01:51:28 3.5.5 Strategic situation at the end of 1986 01:55:07 3.5.5.1 Iraq's dynamic defense strategy 01:59:06 3.6 1987–88: Towards a ceasefire 02:00:53 3.6.1 Karbala operations 02:01:02 3.6.1.1 Operation Karbala-4 02:02:21 3.6.1.2 Operation Karbala-5 (Sixth Battle of Basra) 02:03:11 3.6.1.3 Operation Karbala-6 02:04:15 3.6.2 Iranian war-weariness 02:08:17 3.6.2.1 Strategic situation in late 1987 02:11:16 3.6.2.2 Air and tanker war in 1987 02:17:46 3.6.3 1988: Iraqi offensives and UN ceasefire 02:19:44 3.6.3.1 Iran's Kurdistan Operations 02:22:34 3.6.3.2 Second Battle of al-Faw 02:25:09 3.6.3.3 Operation Praying Mantis 02:26:05 3.6.3.4 Iranian counteroffensive 02:27:07 3.6.3.5 Operation Forty Stars 02:27:58 3.6.3.6 Tawakalna ala Allah operations 02:32:20 3.6.3.7 Iran accepts the ceasefire 02:36:39 3.6.4 Operation Mersad and end of the war 02:42:12 4 Aftermath 02:46:17 4.1 Peace talks and postwar situation 02:54:38 4.2 Economic situation 02:57:05 4.3 Science and technology 02:58:31 5 Domestic situation 02:58:42 5.1 Iraq 03:01:14 5.1.1 Gaining civilian support 03:03:17 5.2 Iran 03:05:08 5.2.1 Civil unrest 03:06:44 5.2.2 Economy 03:10:09 6 Comparison of Iraqi and Iranian military strength 03:11:48 7 Foreign support to Iraq and Iran 03:16:34 7.1 Iraq 03:19:15 7.1.1 Financial support 03:20:51 7.2 Iran 03:22:24 7.3 Both countries 03:24:26 8 U.S. involvement 03:25:09 8.1 U.S. embargo 03:27:20 8.2 Iraqi attack on U.S. warship 03:28:57 8.3 U.S. military actions toward Iran 03:30:40 8.3.1 U.S. shoots down civilian airliner 03:32:07 9 Iraq's use of chemical weapons 03:38:14 10 Differences from other conflicts 03:45:06 11 Iran and Iraq's Modern Relationship Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8264839729753404 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, beginning on 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, and ending on 20 August 1988, when Iran accepted the UN-brokered ceasefire. Iraq wanted to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state, and was worried that the 1979 Iranian Revolution would lead Iraq's Shi'ite ...
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Persecution of Muslims | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Persecution of Muslims Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Persecution of Muslims is the religious persecution inflicted upon followers of Islamic faith. This page lists incidents in both medieval and modern history in which Muslim populations have been targeted by non-Muslim groups.
Views: 151 wikipedia tts
NARENDRA MODI - WikiVidi Documentary
 
01:11:08
Narendra Damodardas Modi is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi. Modi, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party , is a Hindu nationalist and member of the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh . Born to a Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea as a child, and later ran his own stall. He was introduced to the RSS at the age of eight, beginning a long association with the organisation. He left home after graduating from school, partly, because of an arranged marriage which he rejected. Modi traveled around India for two years, and visited a number of religious centres. He returned to Gujarat and moved to Ahmedabad in 1969 or 1970. In 1971 he became a full-time worker for the RSS. During the state of emergency imposed across the country in 1975, Modi was forced to go into hiding. The RSS assigned him to ... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:03:39: Early life and education 00:08:13: Early political career 00:12:56: Taking office 00:14:39: 2002 Gujarat riots 00:19:57: 2002 election 00:22:05: Second term 00:26:12: Development projects 00:29:32: Development debate 00:34:00: Final years 00:37:15: 2014 Indian general election 00:41:41: Prime Minister 00:42:15: Economic policies 00:48:21: Health and sanitation policies 00:51:06: Hindutva and education policy 00:55:17: Foreign policy 00:58:31: Defence policy 01:00:55: Environmental policies 01:03:21: Governance and other initiatives ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narendra_Modi
Soviet–Afghan War | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:53:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Soviet–Afghan War Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government, mostly in the rural countryside. The mujahideen groups were backed primarily by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan, making it a Cold War proxy war. Between 562,000 and 2,000,000 civilians were killed and millions of Afghans fled the country as refugees, mostly to Pakistan and Iran. Prior to the arrival of Soviet troops, Afghanistan's communist party took power after a 1978 coup, installing Nur Mohammad Taraki as president. The party initiated a series of radical modernization reforms throughout the country that were deeply unpopular, particularly among the more traditional rural population and the established traditional power structures. The government's Stalinist-like nature of vigorously suppressing opposition, executing thousands of political prisoners and ordering massacres against unarmed civilians, led to the rise of anti-government armed groups, and by April 1979 large parts of the country were in open rebellion. The government itself experienced in-party rivalry, and in September 1979 Taraki was murdered under orders of his rival and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hafizullah Amin, which soured relations with the Soviet Union. Eventually the Soviet government, under leader Leonid Brezhnev, decided to deploy the 40th Army on December 24, 1979. Arriving in the capital Kabul, they staged a coup, killing president Amin and installing Soviet loyalist Babrak Karmal from a rival faction. The deployment had been variously called an "invasion" (by Western media and the rebels) or a legitimate supporting intervention (by the Soviet Union and the Afghan government) on the basis of the Brezhnev Doctrine. In January 1980, foreign ministers from 34 nations of the Islamic Conference adopted a resolution demanding "the immediate, urgent and unconditional withdrawal of Soviet troops" from Afghanistan, while the UN General Assembly passed a resolution protesting the Soviet intervention by a vote of 104 (for)–18 (against), with 18 abstentions and 12 members of the 152-nation Assembly absent or not participating in the vote. Afghan insurgents began to receive massive amounts of aid and military training in neighboring Pakistan and China, paid for primarily by the United States and Arab monarchies in the Persian Gulf. As documented by the National Security Archive, "the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) played a significant role in asserting U.S. influence in Afghanistan by funding military operations designed to frustrate the Soviet invasion of that country. CIA covert action worked through Pakistani intelligence services to reach Afghan rebel groups." Soviet troops occupied the cities and main arteries of communication, while the mujahideen waged guerrilla war in small groups operating in the almost 80 percent of the country that was outside government and Soviet control, almost exclusively being the rural countryside. The Soviets used their air power to deal harshly with both rebels and civilians, levelling villages to deny safe haven to the mujahideen, destroying vital irrigation ditches, and laying millions of land mines.The military intervention was sharply and almost immediately denounced by the international community, with numerous sanctions and embargoes being imposed against the Soviet Union and the U.S.-led 1980 Summer Olympics boycott against Moscow, which was holding the event; the boycott and sanctions exacerbated Cold War tensions and enraged the Soviet government which later began and led a revenge boycott of the 1984 Olympics held in Los Angeles. The Soviets initially planned to secure towns and roads, stabilize the government under new leader Karmal, and withdraw within six ...
Views: 236 wikipedia tts
Afghanistan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Afghanistan Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Afghanistan ( (listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‬, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within south-central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experience very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, whilst the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city. Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviet, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires". The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate. This evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years. The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, and a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed. Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Afghanistan's economy is the world's 108th largest, with a GDP of $64.08 billion; the country fares much worse in terms of per-capita GDP (PPP), ranking 167th out of 186 countries in a 2016 report from the International Monetary Fund.
Views: 111 wikipedia tts
Chittagong | Wikipedia audio article
 
42:32
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Chittagong 00:03:04 1 Etymology 00:04:23 2 History 00:04:32 2.1 Early trade 00:04:40 2.1.1 Prehistory 00:05:19 2.1.2 Visitors 00:05:54 2.1.3 Bengal 00:07:04 2.2 Establishment of colonies 00:07:13 2.2.1 Arab and Persian settlers 00:08:08 2.2.2 Portugal 00:09:12 2.2.3 Mughal response 00:10:30 2.2.4 Britain 00:11:19 2.3 British occupation 00:11:28 2.3.1 Rebellions 00:12:01 2.3.2 Industry 00:13:00 2.3.3 World War Two 00:14:12 2.4 Independence 00:14:21 2.4.1 Commerce 00:15:12 2.4.2 Liberation war 00:16:19 2.4.3 Bangladesh 00:17:41 3 Geography 00:17:50 3.1 Topography 00:18:52 3.2 Ecological hinterland 00:19:49 3.3 Climate 00:20:19 4 Government 00:21:44 4.1 Military 00:22:33 5 Economy 00:25:02 6 Culture 00:27:24 7 Demographics 00:29:45 8 Media and communications 00:31:01 9 Utilities 00:32:02 10 Education 00:35:17 11 Health 00:36:07 12 Transport 00:36:38 12.1 Road 00:38:09 12.2 Rail 00:39:00 12.3 Air 00:40:24 13 Sports 00:41:58 14 Twin towns – Brother cities 00:42:14 15 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Chittagong (), officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh. The city has a population of more than 2.5 million while the metropolitan area had a population of 4,009,423 in 2011, making it the second-largest city in the country. It is the capital of an eponymous District and Division. The city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal. Much of Chittagong Division is located within the ecological Indo-Burma zone on the boundary of the India Plate and Burma Plate. This makes Chittagong the crossroads of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The natural harbour of Chittagong is an ancient gateway to the region of Bengal. It was noted as one of the largest Eastern ports by the Roman geographer Ptolemy in the 1st century. As part of the rich seafaring tradition of the Bengali people, coastal Chittagong was settled and ruled by different regional kingdoms. Arab traders saw well-developed currency, banking and shipping in Chittagong during the 9th century. Early cosmopolitan Muslims established dominance over the port as an entrepôt of maritime trade, while Arakan, Bengal and Tripura competed for control of the wider hinterland. Muslim conquest took place in the 14th century. Chittagong became the principal port of the Bengal Sultanate. It was used by several leading medieval global explorers, including Ibn Battuta and Niccolò de' Conti. Later, Mrauk U, with assistance from Portuguese trading posts, gained control of the area. The Mughal conquest of Chittagong reestablished Bengali control and ushered an era of stability and trade. The city was renamed as Islamabad. This diverse history is reflected in the rural Chittagonian dialect of Bengali, which has a nearly 50% Arabic-origin vocabulary, as well as Persian and Portuguese loanwords.Ceded to the British East India Company in 1760, Chittagong became the chief port of Eastern Bengal and Assam under the British Raj, as well as a hub of railways. A notable anti-colonial uprising took place in 1930. It was an important base for Allied forces during the Burma Campaign in World War II. Rapid industrialization followed the war, as Chittagong became part of East Pakistan. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Chittagong was site of the country’s declaration of independence. Modern Chittagong is an important economic hub in South Asia. It is home to the Chittagong Stock Exchange and many of Bangladesh's oldest and largest companies. The Port of Chittagong is the largest international seaport on the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest base of the Bangladesh Navy. Chittagong is reputed as a relatively clean city, but still confronts substantial logistical and socioeconomic problems. The mountainous hinterland of Chittagong is the most biodiverse region in Bangladesh, with 2000 endemic plants and various critically endangered wildlife.
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Afghanistan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:37
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Afghanistan 00:03:28 1 Etymology 00:04:14 2 History 00:05:30 2.1 Pre-Islamic period 00:09:05 2.2 Islamization and Mongol invasion 00:11:32 2.3 Hotak dynasty and Durrani Empire 00:14:21 2.4 British influence and independent kingdom 00:18:45 2.5 PDPA coup d'état and Soviet war 00:22:40 2.6 Proxy and civil war and Islamic jihad 1989–96 00:26:27 2.7 Taliban Emirate and Northern Alliance 00:28:50 2.8 Recent history (2002–present) 00:31:54 3 Geography 00:35:06 4 Demographics 00:36:28 4.1 Ethnic groups 00:36:44 4.2 Languages 00:37:40 4.3 Religion 00:38:32 5 Governance 00:39:51 5.1 Elections and parties 00:41:31 5.2 Administrative divisions 00:43:04 5.3 Foreign relations and military 00:44:44 5.4 Law enforcement 00:46:17 6 Economy 00:50:03 6.1 Mining 00:52:10 7 Transportation 00:52:19 7.1 Air 00:53:15 7.2 Rail 00:54:13 7.3 Roads 00:55:11 8 Health 00:57:00 9 Education 00:59:45 10 Culture 01:02:24 10.1 Media and entertainment 01:04:47 10.2 Communication 01:05:33 10.3 Cuisine 01:06:06 10.4 Poetry 01:06:46 10.5 Sports 01:09:15 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Afghanistan ( (listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‬, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within south-central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experience very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, whilst the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city. Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires". The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate. This evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years. The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, and a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed. Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, th ...
Views: 121 wikipedia tts
Asom Gana Parishad | Wikipedia audio article
 
10:39
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Asom Gana Parishad 00:01:09 1 History 00:05:24 2 Internal Splits and Mergers 00:07:21 3 Splits from AGP 00:09:01 4 2016-present 00:09:58 5 List of Chief Ministers 00:10:23 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Asom Gana Parishad (translation: Assam Peoples Association, AGP) is a state political party in Assam, India. The AGP was formed after the historic Assam Accord of 1985 and formally launched at the Golaghat Convention held from 13–14 October, 1985 in Golaghat, that let Prafulla Kumar Mahanta to be elected as the youngest chief minister of the state. The AGP has formed government twice from 1985 to 1989 and from 1996 to 2001. The party split, with former Chief Minister, Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, forming the Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive), but regrouped on 14 October 2008 in Golaghat.The party won 14 seats out of 126 in the 2016 Legislative Assembly Elections; a historic win for the party. Further, it shares power with the Bodoland People's Front and Bharatiya Janata Party. Currently it is a part of North-East Regional Political Front consisting of political parties of the northeast which has supported the National Democratic Alliance (India).
Views: 27 wikipedia tts
Afghanistan | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:47
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Afghanistan 00:03:29 1 Etymology 00:04:15 2 History 00:05:31 2.1 Pre-Islamic period 00:09:06 2.2 Islamization and Mongol invasion 00:11:33 2.3 Hotak dynasty and Durrani Empire 00:14:22 2.4 British influence and independent kingdom 00:18:47 2.5 PDPA coup d'état and Soviet war 00:22:42 2.6 Proxy and civil war and Islamic jihad 1989–96 00:26:30 2.7 Taliban Emirate and Northern Alliance 00:28:53 2.8 Recent history (2002–present) 00:31:57 3 Geography 00:35:10 4 Demographics 00:36:33 4.1 Ethnic groups 00:36:48 4.2 Languages 00:37:45 4.3 Religion 00:38:37 5 Governance 00:39:56 5.1 Elections and parties 00:41:36 5.2 Administrative divisions 00:43:09 5.3 Foreign relations and military 00:44:49 5.4 Law enforcement 00:46:22 6 Economy 00:50:09 6.1 Mining 00:52:16 7 Transportation 00:52:26 7.1 Air 00:53:21 7.2 Rail 00:54:20 7.3 Roads 00:55:18 8 Health 00:57:08 9 Education 00:59:53 10 Culture 01:02:32 10.1 Media and entertainment 01:04:56 10.2 Communication 01:05:41 10.3 Cuisine 01:06:15 10.4 Poetry 01:06:55 10.5 Sports 01:09:25 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Afghanistan ( (listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‬, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range, which experience very cold winters. The north consists of fertile plains, whilst the south-west consists of deserts where temperatures can get very hot in summers. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city. Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires". The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate. This evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years. The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, and a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed. Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, th ...
Views: 55 wikipedia tts
Iran | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:51:45
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Iran Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ( listen)), also known as Persia (), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen)), is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader, and severely restricts the participation of candidates in popular elections as well as other forms of political activity. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran ...
Views: 68 wikipedia tts
Nicolae Ceaușescu | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:01:15
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nicolae Ceaușescu Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nicolae Ceaușescu (; Romanian: [nikoˈla.e t͡ʃe̯a.uˈʃesku] (listen); 26 January 1918 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian Communist politician. He was the general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party from 1965 to 1989, and hence the second and last Communist leader of Romania. He was also the country's head of state from 1967, serving as President of the State Council, from 1974 concurrently as President of the Republic, until his overthrow in the Romanian Revolution in December 1989, part of a series of anti-Communist and anti-Soviet Union uprisings in Eastern Europe that year. Born in 1918 in Scornicești, Olt County, Ceaușescu was a member of the Romanian Communist youth movement. Ceaușescu rose up through the ranks of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej's Socialist government and, upon Gheorghiu-Dej's death in 1965, he succeeded to the leadership of Romania’s Communist Party as General Secretary.Upon his rise to power, he eased press censorship and openly condemned the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in his speech on 21 August 1968, which resulted in a surge in popularity. The resulting period of stability was very brief, however; his government very soon became severely totalitarian, and was considered the most repressive in Eastern Europe of the time. His secret police, the Securitate, was responsible for mass surveillance as well as severe repression and human rights abuses within the country, and he suppressed and controlled the media and press, implementing methods that were among the harshest, most restrictive and brutal in the world. Economic mismanagement due to failed oil ventures during the 1970s led to skyrocketing foreign debts for Romania; in 1982, he exported much of the country's agricultural and industrial production in an effort to repay them. The shortages that followed drastically lowered living standards, leading to heavy rationing of food, water, oil, heat, electricity, medicine, and other necessities. His cult of personality experienced unprecedented elevation, followed by extensive nepotism and the intense deterioration of foreign relations, even with the Soviet Union. As anti-government protesters demonstrated in Timișoara in December 1989, he perceived the demonstrations as a political threat and ordered military forces to open fire on 17 December, causing many deaths and injuries. The revelation that Ceaușescu was responsible resulted in a massive spread of rioting and civil unrest across the country. The demonstrations, which reached Bucharest, became known as the Romanian Revolution—the only violent overthrow of a communist government in the turn of the Revolutions of 1989. Ceaușescu and his wife, Elena, fled the capital in a helicopter, but were captured by the armed forces after the armed forces changed sides. On 25 December, after being tried and convicted of economic sabotage and genocide, they were immediately executed by firing squad, and Ceaușescu was succeeded as President by Ion Iliescu, who had played a major part in the revolution. Capital punishment was abolished shortly thereafter.
Views: 42 wikipedia tts
Adivasi | Wikipedia audio article
 
52:53
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Adivasi Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Adivasi is the collective term for the indigenous peoples of mainland South Asia. Adivasi make up 8.6% of India's population, or 104 million people, according to the 2011 census, and a large percentage of the Nepalese population. They comprise a substantial indigenous minority of the population of India and Nepal and a minority group of the Sri Lankan society called Vedda. The same term Adivasi is used for the ethnic minorities of Bangladesh and the native Tharu people of Nepal. The word is also used in the same sense in Nepal, as is another word, janajati (Nepali: जनजाति; janajāti), although the political context differed historically under the Shah and Rana dynasties. Adivasi societies are particularly prominent in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, and some north-eastern states, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Many smaller tribal groups are quite sensitive to ecological degradation caused by modernisation. Both commercial forestry and intensive agriculture have proved destructive to the forests that had endured swidden agriculture for many centuries. Adivasis in central part of India have been victims of the Salwa Judum campaign by the Government against the Naxalite insurgency.
Views: 47 wikipedia tts
Treaty of Versailles | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:17:33
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Treaty of Versailles Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Treaty of Versailles (French: Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand which directly led to World War I. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I signed separate treaties. Although the armistice, signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919. Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required "Germany [to] accept the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage" during the war (the other members of the Central Powers signed treaties containing similar articles). This article, Article 231, later became known as the War Guilt clause. The treaty required Germany to disarm, make ample territorial concessions, and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers. In 1921 the total cost of these reparations was assessed at 132 billion marks (then $31.4 billion or £6.6 billion, roughly equivalent to US $442 billion or UK £284 billion in 2018). At the time economists, notably John Maynard Keynes (a British delegate to the Paris Peace Conference), predicted that the treaty was too harsh—a "Carthaginian peace"—and said the reparations figure was excessive and counter-productive, views that, since then, have been the subject of ongoing debate by historians and economists from several countries. On the other hand, prominent figures on the Allied side such as French Marshal Ferdinand Foch criticized the treaty for treating Germany too leniently. The result of these competing and sometimes conflicting goals among the victors was a compromise that left no one content: Germany was neither pacified nor conciliated, nor was it permanently weakened. The problems that arose from the treaty would lead to the Locarno Treaties, which improved relations between Germany and the other European powers, and the re-negotiation of the reparation system resulting in the Dawes Plan, the Young Plan, and the indefinite postponement of reparations at the Lausanne Conference of 1932. Although it is often referred to as the "Versailles Conference", only the actual signing of the treaty took place at the historic palace. Most of the negotiations were in Paris, with the "Big Four" meetings taking place generally at the Quai d'Orsay.
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Ganges | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:08:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Ganges Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Ganges ( GAN-jeez), or Ganga (Hindustani: [ˈɡəŋɡaː]; Sanskrit: गंगा), is a trans-boundary river of the Indian subcontinent which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 km (1,569 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India. After entering West Bengal, it divides into two rivers: the Hooghly River and the Padma River. The Hooghly, or Adi Ganga, flows through several districts of West Bengal and into the Bay of Bengal near Sagar Island. The other, the Padma, also flows into and through Bangladesh, and also empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Ganga is one of the most sacred rivers to Hindus. It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. It is worshipped in Hinduism and personified as the goddess Gaṅgā. It has also been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Kannauj, Kampilya, Kara, Prayag or Allahabad, Kashi, Pataliputra or Patna, Hajipur, Munger, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Nabadwip, Saptagram, Kolkata and Dhaka) located on its banks. The Ganges is highly polluted. Pollution threatens not only humans, but also more than 265 fish species, 90 amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin. The levels of fecal coliform bacteria from human waste in the waters of the river near Varanasi are more than 100 times the Indian government's official limit. The Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative to clean up the river, has been a major failure thus far, due to rampant corruption, lack of will on behalf of the government and its bureaucracy, lack of technical expertise, poor environmental planning, and lack of support from religious authorities.
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Iran | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:51:45
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Iran Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] ( listen)), also known as Persia (), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen)), is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader, and severely restricts the participation of candidates in popular elections as well as other forms of political activity. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran ...
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Presidency of Barack Obama | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:40:38
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Presidency of Barack Obama 00:02:30 1 Major acts and legislation 00:02:40 2 2008 presidential election 00:04:15 3 Transition period and inauguration 00:05:27 4 Personnel 00:05:36 4.1 Cabinet appointees 00:06:59 4.2 Notable non-Cabinet positions 00:09:20 4.3 Judicial nominees 00:09:29 4.3.1 United States Supreme Court 00:10:57 4.3.2 Other courts 00:11:53 5 First 100 days 00:14:36 6 Domestic affairs 00:14:45 6.1 Health care reform 00:19:00 6.2 Wall Street reform 00:21:04 6.3 Climate change and the environment 00:25:42 6.4 Economy 00:29:31 6.5 Taxation 00:32:17 6.6 Budget and debt ceiling 00:35:31 6.7 LGBT rights 00:37:37 6.8 Education 00:40:37 6.9 Immigration 00:42:47 6.10 Energy 00:44:47 6.11 Drug policy and criminal justice reform 00:46:46 6.12 Gun control 00:48:39 6.13 Cybersecurity 00:49:55 6.14 Racial issues 00:51:58 6.15 NASA 00:53:33 6.16 Other initiatives 00:54:52 7 Foreign affairs 00:56:30 7.1 Iraq and Afghanistan 01:00:03 7.2 East Asia 01:01:29 7.3 Russia 01:03:21 7.4 Israel 01:04:56 7.5 Trade agreements 01:07:26 7.6 Guantanamo Bay detention camp 01:09:11 7.7 Killing of Osama bin Laden 01:10:32 7.8 Drone warfare 01:12:52 7.9 Cuban thaw 01:14:52 7.10 Iranian nuclear negotiations 01:16:39 7.11 Arab Spring and its aftermath 01:17:53 7.12 Syrian civil war 01:19:59 7.13 Libya 01:21:33 7.14 Foreign and domestic surveillance 01:23:15 8 Ethics 01:23:24 8.1 Lobbying reform 01:24:46 8.2 Transparency 01:27:29 9 Elections during the Obama presidency 01:27:40 9.1 2010 mid-term elections 01:28:40 9.2 2012 re-election campaign 01:30:12 9.3 2014 mid-term elections 01:30:54 9.4 2016 elections and transition period 01:32:45 10 Approval ratings and other opinions 01:38:20 11 See also 01:38:41 12 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democrat, took office following a decisive victory over Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential election. Four years later, in the 2012 election, he defeated Republican Mitt Romney to win re-election. He was the first African American president, the first multiracial president, the first non-white president, and the first president to have been born in Hawaii. Obama was succeeded by Republican Donald Trump, who won the 2016 presidential election. Obama's first-term actions addressed the global financial crisis and included a major stimulus package, a partial extension of the Bush tax cuts, legislation to reform health care, a major financial regulation reform bill, and the end of a major US military presence in Iraq. Obama also appointed Supreme Court Justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor, the latter of whom became the first Hispanic American on the Supreme Court. Democrats controlled both houses of Congress until Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections. Following the elections, Obama and Congressional Republicans engaged in a protracted stand-off over government spending levels and the debt ceiling. The Obama administration's policy against terrorism downplayed Bush's counterinsurgency model, expanding air strikes and making extensive use of special forces and encouraging greater reliance on host-government militaries. The Obama administration orchestrated the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011. In his second term, Obama took steps to combat climate change, signing a major international climate agreement and an executive order to limit carbon emissions. Obama also presided over the implementation of the Affordable Care Act and other legislation passed in his first term, and he negotiated rapprochements with Iran and Cuba. The number of American soldiers in Afghanistan fell dramatically during Obama's second term, though U.S. soldiers remained in Afghanistan throughout Obama's presidency and continue to as of 2018 ...
Views: 50 wikipedia tts
International Day for Disappeared persons-Otsieno Namwaya,Researcher-Human Rights Watch
 
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International Day for Disappeared persons-Otsieno Namwaya,Researcher-Human Rights Watch. This comes after Mombasa Governor Ali Hassan Joho's led protests over the unlawful police killing of Tony Katana got postponed. All of which have been culminated by the disappearance of over 70 people in Mombasa alone. Otsieno tries to explain how this happens and what steps or measures to take when a person disappears. SUBSCRIBE to our YouTube channel for more great videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/KTNClassics Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/KTNNews Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/KTNNewsKenya For more great content go to http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/ktnnews and download our apps: http://std.co.ke/apps/#android KTN News is a leading 24-hour TV channel in Eastern Africa with its headquarters located along Mombasa Road, at Standard Group Centre. This is the most authoritative news channel in Kenya and beyond.
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Saddam Hussein | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:16:46
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Saddam Hussein Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (; Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba'ath Party and its regional organization the Iraqi Ba'ath Party—which espoused Ba'athism, a mix of Arab nationalism and socialism—Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup (later referred to as the 17 July Revolution) that brought the party to power in Iraq. As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflicts between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and foreign banks leaving the system eventually insolvent mostly due to the Iran–Iraq War, the Gulf War, and UN sanctions. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatus of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were mostly filled with Sunni Arabs, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.Saddam formally rose to power in 1979, although he had already been the de facto head of Iraq for several years. He suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements which sought to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively, and maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War and the Gulf War. Whereas some in the Arab world lauded Saddam for opposing the United States and attacking Israel, he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship. The total number of Iraqis killed by the security services of Saddam's government in various purges and genocides is conservatively estimated to be 250,000. Saddam's invasions of Iran and Kuwait also resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths. He acquired the title "Butcher of Baghdad".In 2003, a coalition led by the United States invaded Iraq to depose Saddam, in which United States President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair falsely accused him of possessing weapons of mass destruction and having ties to al-Qaeda. Saddam's Ba'ath party was disbanded and elections were held. Following his capture on 13 December 2003, the trial of Saddam took place under the Iraqi Interim Government. On 5 November 2006, Saddam was convicted by an Iraqi court of crimes against humanity related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'a, and sentenced to death by hanging. He was executed on 30 December 2006.
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Iranian nuclear program | Wikipedia audio article
 
03:28:00
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_program_of_Iran 00:04:14 1 History 00:04:24 1.1 1950s & 1960s 00:05:30 1.2 1970s 00:09:04 1.3 Post-revolution, 1979–1989 00:16:17 1.4 1990–2002 00:19:10 1.5 2002–present 00:19:21 1.5.1 Overview 00:29:19 1.5.2 2002–2006 00:50:48 1.5.3 2007–present 00:50:58 1.5.3.1 UN Security Council 00:53:17 1.5.3.2 International Atomic Energy Agency 00:56:11 1.5.3.2.1 February 2007 Report 00:57:37 1.5.3.2.2 May 2007 Report 00:58:15 1.5.3.2.3 August 2007 Report and Agreement between Iran and the IAEA 01:02:58 1.5.3.2.4 November 2007 report 01:05:25 1.5.3.2.5 February 2008 report 01:09:12 1.5.3.2.6 May 2008 report 01:12:29 1.5.3.2.7 September 2008 report 01:19:07 1.5.3.2.8 February 2009 report 01:26:55 1.5.3.2.9 August 2009 Report 01:27:50 1.5.3.2.10 November 2009 Report 01:28:37 1.5.3.2.11 February 2010 Report 01:29:13 1.5.3.2.12 May 2010 Report 01:30:36 1.5.3.2.13 November 2011 Report 01:33:00 1.5.3.2.14 February 2012 report 01:36:09 1.5.3.2.15 May 2012 report 01:37:18 1.5.3.2.16 August 2012 report 01:43:33 1.5.3.2.17 November 2012 report 01:47:09 1.5.3.2.18 February 2013 report 01:52:54 1.5.3.2.19 March 2015 report 01:53:28 1.5.3.2.20 December 2015 report 01:54:47 1.5.3.3 Iran 02:16:13 1.5.3.4 United States 02:35:27 1.5.3.5 Negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 02:36:14 1.5.3.5.1 October 2009 Geneva negotiations 02:36:25 1.5.3.5.2 January 2011 Istanbul meeting 02:37:15 1.5.3.5.3 April 2012 Istanbul meeting 02:39:40 1.5.3.5.4 May 2012 Baghdad negotiations 02:39:51 1.5.3.5.5 February and April 2013 Almaty negotiations 02:40:03 1.5.3.5.6 September 2013 Ministerial meeting 02:40:30 1.5.3.5.7 October–November 2013 negotiations 02:42:49 1.5.3.5.8 Implementation 02:43:41 1.5.3.5.9 February–July 2014 negotiations 02:44:51 1.5.3.5.10 July 2015 negotiations 02:45:01 1.5.3.6 Second enrichment plant 02:48:56 1.5.3.7 Cooperation with Venezuela 02:49:39 1.5.3.8 Enrichment 02:51:59 1.5.3.9 Tehran Nuclear Declaration 02:58:45 1.5.3.10 Possible espionage and assassinations 03:00:12 1.5.3.11 Dismantling 03:00:34 2 Research and development in nuclear weapons 03:13:45 3 Nuclear power as a political issue 03:13:57 3.1 Iran's nuclear program and the NPT 03:23:28 3.2 Iranian statements on nuclear deterrence 03:26:57 3.3 Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East 03:27:42 4 Views on Iran's nuclear power program Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7301439553683039 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The nuclear program of Iran has included several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants. In 1970, Iran ratified the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), making its nuclear program subject to the IAEA's verification. Iran's nuclear program was launched in the 1950s with the help of the United States as part of the Atoms for Peace program. The participation of the United States and Western European governments in Iran's nuclear program continued until the 1979 Iranian Revolution that toppled the last Shah of Iran. Following the 1979 Revolution, most of the international nuclear cooperation with Iran was cut off. In 1981, Iranian officials concluded that the country's nuclear development should continue. Negotiations took place with France in the late 1980s and with Argentina in the early 1990s, and agreements were reached. In the 1990s, Russia formed a joint research organization with Iran, providing Iran with Russian nuclear experts and technical information. In the 2000s, the revelation of Iran's clandestine uranium enrichment program raised concerns that it might be intended for non-peaceful uses. The IAEA launched an investigation in 2003 after an Iranian dissident group revealed undeclared nuclear activities carried out by Iran. In 2006, because of Iran's noncompliance with its NPT obligations, ...
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Persia | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:47:07
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Persia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also known as Persia (), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen)), is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries.Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. The sovereign state of Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
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